Lesson 6; God's Word must be the absolute authority.
B1 Describe Jesus's use of Scriptures to refute error.
B2 Recognize the authority of Scripture over tradition.
B1 Matthew 15:1-20: The Tradition of the Elders
B2 Mark 12:18-27 The Resurrection
B3 2 Timothy 2:14-26 Practical tips for living a successful Christian Life
B1 The Tradition of the Elders
C1 The Scribes and Pharisees came from Jerusalem to ask Jesus a question.
C2 Why don't your disciples wash their hands before they eat?
C3 Tradition of the Elders was considered equal with the Old Testament in matters concerning belief and conduct. From ISBE, the International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, 3 classes of oral tradition.
D1 An oral tradition of quotes from Moses. These cannot be proven. Some religious groups still claim that they have traditions of Jesus's words that are not recorded in the Scriptures and they are equal to the Scriptures. Others have sayings today direct from Jesus himself.
D2 Decisions from highly respected Jewish religious judges.
D3 Interpretations of Scriptures given by a select group of highly regarded rabbis.
C4 Jesus answered their question with a question of His own.
B2 The Resurrection
C1 Sadducees did not believe in the resurrection of the body
C2 Though they had a fool proof argument against the resurrection.
C3 Asked Jesus a question, "Who would have the wife if she had 7 husbands (each dying before remarrying)?
C4 Jesus didn't hesitate to answer that they did not know the Scripture, not the power of God.
C5 No marriage in heaven.
B1 Was washing hands a commandment of God or tradition of the Elders?
C1 How they wasted their hands
D1 The minimum amount of water is 1/4th of a log (the volume of 1.5 medium sized eggs) and must reach the middle joint of the fingers. If you use more, you are blessed.
D2 With a cup/glass.
E1 The water after use must not touch the clean one.
E2 Someone else can do the pouring, or if alone must use a ritually cleanable container with two handles.
E3 The container/cup/pitcher as ceramic, metal, or plastic--basically a material that does not absorb like paper cups, etc.
E3 It is to be poured 2 (some say 3) times on one hand. (Fingers down, then fingers up)
E4 Then do the other.
E5 The right hand is cleaned first, then the left.
E6 Then rub the hands together using friction to clean debris.
E7 While you are pouring the water you must offer this prayer, "Blessed art Thou, O Lord our God, King of the universe, who has sanctified us with Thy commandments and has commanded us concerning the washing of the hands." (According to an article by Rabbi Dr. Louis Jacobs).
E8 After washing the hands, they need to be dried with a clean towel.
D3 Failure to do this is the same as unchastity or hanging out with a prostitute and is subject to be kicked out of the congregation.
D4 It was expected of Messiah to adhere to the strictest interpretations of the elders.
C2 For what reasons. This list is from Wikipedia and based on the Traditions and Writings of the Elders.
D1 Some types require a special vessel and with some it is OK to use tap water.
E1 Done with a blessing prior to eating
E2 Done after eating so as not to have impurities in the eyes
E3 After a full night's sleep or even a long nap.
E4 After touching
F1 Parts of the body that are normally covered as back, private parts, arm pits, etc.)
F2 Inside of the nose
F3 Inside of the ear
F4 The scalp (not just touching the hair)
F5 Leather shoes
F6 A ritually unclean animal
F7 Cutting your hair or nails
F8 Taking off your shoes
F9 Visiting a cemetery
F10 Sexual intercourse
F11 Expulsion of body fluids
F12 Participating in a funeral or coming within four cubits of a corpse.
F13 During the Passover meal before eating certain vegetables
F14 By a priest before offering a blessing on the people.
F15 Some would have before prayer, thus signifying purity before God.
D3 Body (thus a bath)
E1 A woman after her period
E2 Some Jews do on Friday afternoon before the Sabbath starts
E3 Upon conversion to Judaism.
E4 The day (eve) before certain special feasts (Passover, etc.).
E5 Before burial
E6 Before ascending the Temple Mount
C3 It is true that priests had required washings/baths before working/ministering in the Temple.
B2 Why did they put so much emphasis on the teaching of the Elders?
B3 Jesus was accused of violating the teaching of the Elders, but He showed plainly where they violating the teaching of God. How did this affect those Sadducees?
B4 Jesus calls them hypocrites. Is this the nice thing to say? (He's just telling the truth.)
B5 What does verse 11 teach us about what we say? (Certain food may defile an Jew, but certain type of talk is worse.)
B6 What do verses 19 & 20 say about defilement?
B7 How and when do we know to answer people's questions?
C1 A lot depends on their attitude. Do they want to know or are they asking a bunch of questions without even listening to the answer or worse just to trip up or make a teacher look stupid.
B8 Is the resurrection taught in the Old Testament?
C1 For I know that my Redeemer lives, And He shall stand at last on the earth; And after my skin is destroyed, this I know, That in my flesh I shall see God, Whom I shall see for myself, And my eyes shall behold, and not another. How my heart yearns within me! (Job 19:25-27 NKJV)
C2 Your dead shall live; Together with my dead body they shall arise. Awake and sing, you who dwell in dust; For your dew is like the dew of herbs, And the earth shall cast out the dead. (Isaiah 26:19 NKJV)
C3 And many of those who sleep in the dust of the earth shall awake, Some to everlasting life, Some to shame and everlasting contempt. (Daniel 12:2 NKJV)
C4 Then He said to them, "Thus it is written, and thus it was necessary for the Christ to suffer and to rise from the dead the third day, (Luke 24:46 NKJV)
D1 For You will not leave my soul in Sheol, Nor will You allow Your Holy One to see corruption. (Psalms 16:10 NKJV)
D2 and the graves were opened; and many bodies of the saints who had fallen asleep were raised; and coming out of the graves after His resurrection, they went into the holy city and appeared to many. (Matthew 27:52-53 NKJV)
B9 What Scripture did the Lord Jesus quote from? (Moreover He said, "I am the God of your father--the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob." And Moses hid his face, for he was afraid to look upon God. (Exodus 3:6 NKJV))
B7 Why didn't the Sadducees know the Scriptures of the power of God?
C1 They didn't believe God.
C2 They had a problem with their method of interpretation.
B8 What was the goal of the Sadducees in asking Jesus this question?
C1 They wanted to believe that He is not the Messiah.
C2 They wanted others to trust them rather than Jesus.
C3 They did not want to admit that Jesus was correct and they were wrong.
B9 How to we answer people with questions like this?
C1 The Scripture says...
C2 Interpret the passage in its plain, normal sense.
B10 2 Timothy 2:14. What are two things is Timothy to remind the believers of?
C1 Not to quarrel over words.
C2 Arguing does no good.
B11 How are we to apply this today?
C1 Yelling, screaming, getting in someone's face will not convince anyone. It will only harden them.
C2 Point out the truth. Speak the truth. Don't whitewash their spiritual condition.
B12 What is the word of truth? (Bible and Gospel).
B13 How do we rightly divide the Word of Truth? (A commentator, Alford, put it, "to manage rightly to treat truth fully without falsifying. Found in the Believer's Bible Commentary comment on 2 Timothy 2:15).
B14 What are profane and idle babblings? (They are nonsensical theological discussions as how many angels can dance of the head of a pin?). Where does that type of discussion lead to? (Ungodliness)
B15 Hymenaeus and Philetus taught false doctrine. They taught that the resurrection is past. How could this have been avoided?
C1 Interpret the Bible in its plain, normal sense in context.
C2 Continue in right doctrine as taught in interpreting the Bible in its plain, normal sense.
B16 In 2 Timothy 2:22 what are youthful lusts?
B17 What is worth pursuing? Is this happening in the churches today? What are church people searching for today?
B18 What's the best way to correct someone in fault? (As in wrong doctrine or lifestyle).
B19 What is the snare of the devil and what does it do to people?