01 April 2015

Peter’s Denial

Peter's Denial

Peter's Denial


A1 Objectives

B1 Describe how Peter denied Jesus.

B2 Describe how Jesus restored Peter.

A2 Scriptures

B1 Mark 14:27-31 Jesus foretell Peter's denial.

B2 Mark 14:53-54 Peter follows Jesus.

B3 Mark 14:66-72 Peter denies Jesus 3 times.

B4 John 21:1-19 Jesus appears to the 7 disciples and restores Peter.

A3 Notes

B1 Peter denies Christ. What does deny mean?

C1 Definitions

D1 To say something is not true

D2 To refuse a request

D3 Synonyms

E1 Dispute, controvert, oppose, gainsay.

E2 Deny, contradict both imply objecting to or arguing against something.

E3 To deny is to say that something is not true: to deny an allegation.

E4 To contradict is to declare that the contrary is true: to contradict a statement. 5. renounce, abjure.

E5 Source: deny. Dictionary.com. Dictionary.com Unabridged. Random House, Inc. http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/deny (accessed: March 30, 2015).

C2 Biblical


D2 More or less has the same meanings as English

B2 Free Will Baptist Treatise

C1 Article # APPENDIX TO CHAPTER XIII Adopted July, 1969

C2 Quote: "2. We believe that a saved individual may, in freedom of will, cease to trust in Christ for salvation and once again be lost. This we hold in distinction from those who teach that a believer may not again be lost."

B3 Some Scripture

C1 "But he denied it before them all, saying, "I do not know what you are saying." And when he had gone out to the gateway, another girl saw him and said to them there, "This man was with Jesus the Nazarene." But again he denied with an oath, "I do not know the Man!" (Matthew 26:70-72, EMTV)

C2 "Who is a liar but the one who denies that Jesus is the Christ? This is the antichrist, the one who denies the Father and the Son." (1 John 2:22, EMTV)

C3 "But whoever denies Me before men, I also will deny him before My Father who is in heaven." (Matthew 10:33, EMTV)

C4 "If we endure, we shall also reign with Him. If we deny Him, He also will deny us." (2 Timothy 2:12, EMTV)

C5 "For certain men have crept in unawares, who long ago were marked out for this condemnation, ungodly men, changing the grace of our God into licentiousness and denying the only Master God and our Lord Jesus Christ." (Jude 1:4, EMTV)

C6 "But there were also false prophets among the people, even as there will be false teachers among you, who will secretly bring in destructive heresies, even denying the Master, the One having bought them, and bringing upon themselves swift destruction." (2 Peter 2:1, EMTV)

C7 To Pergamos. "I know your works, and where you live, where Satan's throne is. And you hold fast to My name, and did not deny My faith in the days in which Antipas was My faithful witness, who was killed among you, where Satan dwells." (Revelation 2:13, EMTV)

C8 To Philadelphia. "I know your works. Behold, I have set before you an open door, and no man can shut it; because you have a little strength and have kept My word, and you have not denied My name." (Revelation 3:8, EMTV)

B4 What is the difference between Peter's denial and those who deny the Lord Jesus and "lose" their salvation?

B5 What type of denial did Peter do? How do we know?

B6 How do we avoid such a condition?

A4 Questions

B1 Was Peter courageous? Yes!

C1 Then Simon Peter, having a sword, drew it and struck the servant of the high priest, and cut off his right ear. And the servant's name was Malchus. (John 18:10, EMTV)

C2 But Peter followed Him from a distance, right into the courtyard of the high priest, and he was sitting together with the attendants and warming himself at the fire. (Mark 14:54, EMTV)

B2 What was the motive for Peter's denial? What was the motive for Judas's denial?

B3 Peter's denial of the Lord Jesus is a very humiliating time in Peter's life.

C1 Why do you think this is recorded for us? If this happened to Peter, it might happen to us. We can repent.

C2 Does this record lend credibility to the infallibility of the Scriptures? Normally one would think that the humiliating aspects would not be included, yes positive things.

B4 Did the Lord Jesus know beforehand or was it decreed to have to happen? Technically it doesn't say, but to me, it seems most reasonable that Jesus foreknew this. If Jesus had decreed it to happen, then he led Peter to sin, which doesn't happen.

B5 "And the Lord turned and looked at Peter. And Peter remembered the word of the Lord, how He had said to him, "Before a rooster crows, you will deny Me three times." (Luke 22:61, EMTV) After denying Jesus these 3 times, Jesus looked at Peter. What type of look was it? Was it an angry look, a loving look, or an I-told-you-so look?

B6 After repenting and asking forgiveness, Peter is asked 3 times by Jesus, "Do you love me?" What action/attitude is Jesus showing? That Peter was really forgiven and that he had not forfeited a ministry to serve Jesus.

B7 Response to denial.

C1 Peter's response to his denial: "And going outside, Peter wept bitterly." (Luke 22:62, EMTV)

C2 Judas Iscariot's response: "Then Judas, the one betraying Him, seeing that He was condemned, feeling regret, returned the thirty silver coins to the chief priests and elders," (Matthew 27:3, EMTV)

C3 What was the difference between these two men? "For godly sorrow brings about repentance leading to salvation, without regret; but worldly sorrow brings about death." (2 Corinthians 7:10, EMTV)

B8 How would something like this affect Peter's life and how he served Jesus?

B9 How many of the disciples did stumble when Jesus was betrayed? All

B10 Why did they all have to stumble? They didn't, but God knew this.

B11 Did Peter take God's name in vain when it says, "Then he began to curse and to swear, "I do not know this Man whom you are speaking of" (Mark 14:71, EMTV)

C1 No

C2 The Greek word for curse is to "bind one's self under a curse and judgment." This word would be used to prove he was not lying, that is, he called for God to curse and punish him, if he was lying.

C3 The Greek word for swear is to "make an oath."

B12 Some would say that we cannot trust the Bible, because of the contradiction in the Gospels concerning the number of times that the rooster crowed and when Peter denied Jesus.

C1 Passages

D1 The prophecy.

E1 Jesus said to him, "Assuredly, I say to you that this night, before the rooster crows, you will deny Me three times" (Matthew 26:34).

E2 Then He said, "I tell you, Peter, the rooster shall not crow this day before you will deny three times that you know Me" (Luke 22:34).

E3 Jesus answered him… "Most assuredly, I say to you, the rooster shall not crow till you have denied Me three times" (John 13:38).

D2 The fulfillment.

E1 And immediately a rooster crowed. And Peter remembered the word of Jesus who had said to him, "Before the rooster crows, you will deny Me three times" (Matthew 26:74b-75).

E2 Immediately, while he was still speaking, the rooster crowed. And the Lord turned and looked at Peter. And Peter remembered the word of the Lord, how He had said to him, "Before the rooster crows, you will deny Me three times" (Luke 22:60-61).

H3 Peter then denied again [3rd time]; and immediately a rooster crowed (John 18:27).

D3 The above compared to Mark

E1 The prophecy: "...that today, even this night, before the rooster crows twice, you will deny Me three times" (Mark 14:30).

E2 The fulfillment.

F1 Peter denied knowing Jesus, then he again denied knowing Jesus--"went out on the porch, and a rooster crowed" (Mark 14:68).

F2 After Peter's third denial of Jesus, the rooster crowed "...a second time. Then Peter called to mind the word that Jesus had said to him, 'Before the rooster crows twice, you will deny Me three times' " (Mark 14:72)

D4 The problem is that it appears that the rooster would not crow until Peter had finished all the denials, but in Mark the rooster crowed before Peter finished all the denials.

C2 Answers

D1 Some say the Peter denied Jesus a total of six times and that the rooster crowed after each triad. To me this seems stretched. (See here)

D2 Some say the rooster crowed 2 times in a row. (CARM/Matt Slick). The reading of the text does not seem to allow this. (Mark 14:66-72)

D3 Jesus was indicating the crow would be the main crow which was the second crow. (Apologetic Press, Eric Lyon)

D4 Different observers and different accounts. (behindthebadge)

D5 Original manuscript did not have "second", it was added to later manuscripts for unknown reasons. (New International Version notes and others).

D6 Mark's, Luke's, and John's account has Jesus giving this prophecy in the upper room, while Matthew given the account having left the upper room and on their way to the garden. Thus when Jesus repeated in on the way to the garden, he mentioned the two crows. (Many).

B13 John 21

C1 How many disciples present? 7

C2 Where are they? By the Sea of Tiberius (Lake Galilee)

C3 What does Peter want to do? Go fishing.

C4 How long did they fish? All night.

C5 At sun rise whom did they see? A man--Jesus.

C6 Did they recognize Jesus at first? NO

C7 What did the man (Jesus) tell them to do? Throw the net out the right side of the boat.

C8 Why the right side? Would it have made any difference? Who cares, but Jesus specifically said the right side, so it is best. The disciples believed Jesus and did so.

C9 Would it be hard for these to throw that net out after catching nothing all night? Would we obey some dude on the beach who told us this?

C10 What happened? They caught lots of fish.

C11 What couldn't they do with the net? Haul it in, because it was so full.

C12 How did John know that this man was Jesus?

C13 Why did Peter react the way he did?

C14 How many fish did they catch? 153

C15 Why didn't the net tear?

C16 When they reached the shore, what did Jesus ask them to do? "Come and eat."

C17 Who served the food? Jesus.

C18 Can we learn something about God's character from this? Will it affect us?

C19 How many times did this make of Jesus's appearing? 3

C20 How many times did Jesus ask Peter a question? 3

C21 When Jesus asked Peter to feed His sheep, did this make Peter the first pope? No

C22 Who are these sheep? Those who trust in Jesus.

C23 What does feed mean? Is Jesus asking Peter to provide food for them or spiritual service? Spiritual service.

C24 Did Jesus trust Peter after Peter failed so miserably? Yes. Why?

C25 Is there hope for us when we fail? Yes.

C26 Is there any sin that Jesus cannot forgive when we ask for forgiveness? No

C27 Does verse 23 (John 21:23) help us in interpreting the Bible? Yes, we must interpret it in its plain, normal sense.

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