02 July 2015

Paul’s Third Journey

Sunday School Lesson




"Ephesus Curetes street" by Rita1234 - Own work. Licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0 via Wikimedia Commons - https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Ephesus_Curetes_street.jpg#/media/File:Ephesus_Curetes_street.jpg


God provides salvation from sin through Jesus.


A1 Objectives

B1 Describe how Paul's teaching was received in Ephesus.

B2 Describe how Paul encouraged the elders of Ephesus.

A2 Scriptures

B1 Acts 19:1-20

B2 Acts 20:17-38

A3 Notes

B1 Acts 19:1-20

C1 Paul at Ephesus Acts 19:1-12

D1 Setting

E1 Apollos at Corinth

E2 Paul travels to Ephesus

D2 At Ephesus

E1 With John's disciples

F1 Finds disciples

F2 Questions their theology--"Did you receive the Holy Spirit, having believed?"

F3 Answer--"We have not even heard whether there is a Holy Spirit."

F4 Questions their baptism--"What baptism were you baptized in?"

F5 Answer--"Johns"

F6 Teaches

G1 John

H1 Baptized with a Baptism of Repentance

H2 Taught that Messiah is whom they should believe in.

H3 Messiah was coming after him.

H4 Jesus Christ is Messiah.

G2 Baptism

H1 They want to be baptized in Messiah's name.

H2 Holy Spirit came upon them.

H3 They spoke in languages.

H4 They prophesied.

H5 Twelve men were baptized.

E2 In the synagogue

F1 Spoke boldly.

F2 Three months of speaking, debating, and persuading about the Kingdom of God.

F3 Results

G1 Some believed

G2 Some did not believe

H1 Hardened first

H2 Disbelieved

H3 Spoke evil to the Ephesians about the Christians and their faith.

G3 Paul withdrew from the unbelievers.

G4 Paul separated the unbelievers from the believers.

F4 Actions

G1 Met in Tyrannus' school.

G2 Debated

F5 Time there was 2 years.

F6 The Gospel spread throughout Asia (Eastern Turkey). Both Jews and Gentiles heard the Gospel.

F7 Miracles done through the Apostle Paul

G1 Laying on of Paul's hands, handkerchiefs, or aprons.

G2 Results

H1 Sick healed

H2 Evil spirits left those who were possessed.

C2 Seven Sons of Sceva Acts 19:13-20

D1 Exorcising demons

E1 Wandering Jews, not Christians, using the name of Jesus to cast our demons.

E2 Seven sons of Sceva

D2 Result

E1 Failure--Evil spirit

F1 Speaks, "Jesus I know, and Paul I know, but who are you?"

F2 Beat the seven up badly, won the fight, stripped their clothes off, and chased them out of the house.

E2 Success--The news spreads about this and the Ephesians understand the Jesus is a very special person. They

F1 Feared Jesus

F2 Praised Jesus

F3 Collected all their occultic manuscripts and books

F4 Burned all of it.

F5 Worth of books equaled 50,000 pieces of silver.

F6 Word of the Lord grew powerfully and prevailed.

B2 Acts 20:17-38 The Ephesian Elders Exhorted

C1 Setting

D1 At Miletus

D2 Sends message to Ephesian elders

D3 They arrive

C2 Message

D1 Rehearses history

E1 Preached the Gospel from the very first day in Ephesus

E2 Served the Lord in

F1 Humility

F2 Tears

F3 Trials from Jewish plots

F4 Spoke

G1 The whole truth

G2 Publicly

G3 From house to house (personally)

G5 To Jews and Gentiles

G6 Repentance toward God

G7 Faith toward our Lord Jesus

D2 Now

E1 Going to Jerusalem

F1 Bound in the spirit

F2 Knowing (by the Holy Spirit) that I would be

G1 In bonds

G2 Tribulations

E2 Attitude

F1 I'm not what is important, Jesus and His message is important.

F2 I wish to

G1 Complete

H1 My course with joy

H2 My ministry which I received from the Lord Jesus

G2 Bear solemn testimony to the Gospel of the grace of God

E3 Announces that he will not see them anymore in this life

E4 I will not be punished for anyone's rejection of the Gospel, because I preached it.

E5 I told you (Elders) the whole counsel of God.

E6 Warning

F1 About the Christians. Take heed

G1 For yourselves

G2 For the Christians in your flock, because the Holy Spirit has placed you as overseers.

F2 About your ministry. Shepherd this flock.

G1 The church of the Lord.

G2 The church of God, which He purchased with His own blood.

F3 About false teachers

G1 They

H1 Are savage wolves

H2 Will come into the church

H3 Will not spare the flock

H4 Will arise from even yourselves

H5 Will speak distorted things so they will have their own followers

G2 You

H1 Must be alert

H2 Must remember me that for 3 years day and night I warned you.

F4 About the elders

G1 Entrust you to

H1 God

H2 Word of His grace

I1 Will build you up (in the faith)

I2 Will give you an inheritance about the sanctified.

F5 About me

G1 I have coveted nothing.

G2 I have worked to provide for my needs and those with me.

G3 I have helped the weak.

G4 I have remembered the words of the Lord Jesus that it is more blessed to give than receive.

F6 He prays for them.

F7 A tearful goodbye.

G1 He has to leave.

G2 They will see hum no more.

G3 They accompanied him to the ship.

B3 Commentary

C1 Time--54-58 AD

C2 Distance--about 2,700 miles

C3 Main importance to Ephesians--Temple

C4 Worship

C5 Population at that time--~300,000

A4 Questions

B1 Why is Paul in Ephesus? (To preach the Gospel)

B2 Acts 19:2--what did Paul find in Ephesus? (Some disciples)

B3 Were these Christians? How do you know? (They were not because by believing in John the Baptist's message and having been baptized by him were still looking for Messiah to come).

B4 What is the Baptism of Repentance? Is it needed today?

C1 Baptism of Repentance

D1 Repentance--that they acknowledged that they were sinners and did not want to sin any more

D2 Baptism--water by immersion or poured showing

E1 Authority under the Messiah

E2 God is the one who cleanses from sin

E3 A dedication of one's self to God and His ways

D3 This baptism was preparatory for the coming Messiah about whom John preached was coming soon.

C2 Is it needed today?

D1 No, as we seen in Paul's answer to these disciples

D2 We have Messiah now and look forward to His return

D3 The Gospel is always the same it is by faith.

B5 Acts 19:4--what did Paul preach? (That Jesus was the Messiah that John the Baptist said to believe in).

B6 Acts 19:5--what did these men do? (They believed and were baptized in the name of Jesus).

B7 Acts 19:5--Jesus said to baptize in the name of the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit. Why did Paul baptize in the name of Jesus?

C1 Some believe (as Calvin) that this baptism refers to the Spirit's Baptism as recorded immediately after. This was to counter the idea of re-baptism. This baptism refers to water is clear.

C2 Some believe (Roman Catholic) that this is a different baptism. There is the baptism of John and this is the baptism of Jesus. Two different ones pointing to two different things.

C3 Some believe that the baptism of John is a Jewish baptism while the baptism of Jesus is Christian baptism.

C4 Being baptized in Jesus's name shows our submission to Him and so is emphasized.

B8 Acts 19:6--Baptized in the Holy Spirit. Does that happen today?

C1 Happens to all Christians at time of conversion

D1 "in whom you also, when you heard the word of truth, the gospel of your salvation; in whom also, having believed, you were sealed with the Holy Spirit of promise, who is the guarantee of our inheritance until the redemption of the possession, to the praise of His glory. " (Ephesians 1:13-14, EMTV)

D2 "But you are not in the flesh but in the Spirit, if in fact the Spirit of God dwells in you. But if anyone does not have the Spirit of Christ, he is not His. " (Romans 8:9, EMTV)

C2 The special Baptism of Holy Spirit as found 4 times in Acts.

D1 Fulfillment of promise in prophecy. Joel 2:28

E1 Acts 2:4 to show fulfillment to Jews

E2 Acts 8:17 to show that Samaritans are included.

E3 Acts 10:44 to show that Gentiles are included.

E5 Acts 19:6 to show that the disciples of John the Baptist are included.

D2 Apostles present.

D3 Spoke in languages

D4 No Apostles today to lay hands on or be present for.

D5 Tongues

E1 Greek word

F1 Is glōssa

F2 Means tongue

F3 Used in different ways. It all depends on the context

G1 Tongue as in the physical thing inside our mouths.

H1 Mark 7:33, Mark 7:35, Luke 1:64, Luke 16:24

H2 Revelation 16:10

G2 Tongue as in everyone, everyone who speaks, speaker

H1 Philippians 2:11 (referring to everyone (every speaker), not just every language)

H2 Romans 14:11, Revelation 5:9, Revelation 7:9

G3 Tongue as the organ of speech, thus what we say (Acts 2:26, Romans 3:13, James 1:26, James 3:5, James 3:6, James 3:8, 1 Peter 3:10, 1 John 3:18

G4 Tongue as in a language

H1 Mark 16:17,

H2 Acts 2:4, Acts 2:11, Acts 10:46, Acts 19:6, 1 Corinthians 12:10, 1 Corinthians 12:28, 1 Corinthians 12:30, 1 Corinthians 13:1, 1 Corinthians 13:8, 1 Corinthians 14:2, 1 Corinthians 14:4-6, 1 Corinthians 14:9, 1 Corinthians 14:13-14, 1 Corinthians 14:18-19, 1 Corinthians 14:22-23, 1 Corinthians 14:26-27, 1 Corinthians 14:39

H3 Revelation 5:9, Revelation 7:9, Revelation 10:11, Revelation 11:9, Revelation 13:7, Revelation 14:6, Revelation 17:11

G5 Tongue as in tongue shaped (Acts 2:3)

F4 See special topic below (A5)

C3 What did these men do when the Holy Spirit was poured out on them? (Languages and prophecy).

B7 Acts 19:8--What were the 3 things that Paul did in the synagogue? (Spoke boldly, debated, and persuading things about the Kingdom of God). The idea of debating is not a formal debate but holding a discussion asking and answering questions.

B8 Acts 19:9--What happens to some people when the refuse to believe? (Start telling lies about how evil the teachings and Christians are). Does this happen today?

B9 Acts 19:14--Who is Sceva? (He is the chief priest in Ephesus. It is possible that he had a high rank among all priests being the head of one of the 24 courses/ranks of priests for Temple service).

B10 Acts 19:15-16--What happens when non-Christians use the name of Jesus to cast out demons?

B11 Acts 19:18-20--What shows the changed lives of the Christians? (They gathered all there occultic literature and burned them).

B12 Acts 20:17-24--What were the two main things that Paul told the Ephesian elders?

C1 "I preached the Gospel. I did not hold back any thing."

C2 "I'm going to Jerusalem."

B13 Acts 20:25-31

C1 What are the two main points of Paul's words?

D1 Be alert for yourselves and others.

D2 Some of yourselves will fall away and start teaching false doctrine to have a following.

C2 Acts 20:28--

D1 What are they to shepherd? (The church)

D2 Who is it who bought the church with His own blood? (Jesus)

D3 What is Jesus referred to in this passage? (Lord and God).

B14 Acts 20:32-38

C1 What is the "word of His grace?" (The Gospel and the Scriptures)

C2 What can the "word of His grace" do?

D1 Build you up--make your faith stronger by knowing the Scriptures and doctrine better.

D2 Finally at the end give you the inheritance.

B15 Acts 20:33--Did Paul covet anything of the Corinthians? (No) What is covetousness? (Wanting what another has. "I want Joe's bank account).

B16 Acts 20:34--Did Paul work? (Yes, he worked and provided for all his needs). Did he have to do this? (No, what wanted to be an example to the people. Acts 20:35).

B17 Acts 20:36--After saying these things what did Paul and the elders do? (Had a prayer meeting).

B18 Would the elders ever see Paul again? (Not in this life).

A5 Special topic--1 Corinthians 14. Most of the meanings are covered already.

B1 In Acts it is a real language and an Apostle is present and involved.

B2 In 1 Corinthians it is a real language as well.

C1 1 Corinthians 12:10--the Holy Spirit gives the ability to speak a language unknown to them.

C2 I don't know Russian, so if I started speaking in Russian to spread the Gospel, it would have to be the Holy Spirit helping me.

C3 I read of a Bible smuggler who pulled up to a check point. All cars and trucks previously had been taken apart and checked for illegal materials, especially Bibles. This man and his partner had lots of Bibles in their car and knew there was no hope of getting through the check point without the Bibles being seen. They prayed. They pulled up to the check point, spoke to the guard in an unknown language, and he waved them through. The driver did not know the guard's language at all, so whatever was said in that conversion was unknown to the driver. This would be a modern day gift of the Holy Spirit and languages. The noises made by modern day tongues speakers are very lacking.

C4 1 Corinthians 12:28 and 30 would is the same idea as verse 10.

C5 1 Corinthians 13

D1 Verse 1 refers to real spoken, human languages

D2 Verse 8 has to refer to a real languages as well.

E1 Love, prophecies, languages (tongues), and knowledge are Gifts of the Holy Spirit as we know from 1 Corinthians 12:8-11.

E2 Love is said to never end.

E3 Prophecies are said to katargeo, that is, become idle, cease, stop, etc. The gift will not be operative any more.

E4 Languages (tongues) are said to pauo, that is, stop, quit, and come to an end.

E5 Knowledge is also said to katargeo, that is, become idle, cease, stop, etc.

E6 So of these 4 only love will continue to this day.

E7 The speaking of languages (unknown tongues) is to be with an interpreter present. The message of the tongue speaker is revelation, a message from God. Since there are no Apostles or prophets in this day, there is no one to authenticate it for us. We simply would not know if it is from God, from man, or from a demon.

C6 1 Corinthians 14

D1 General Comments

E1 Corinth was a messed up church. There were many problems (The following 19 points are from the book Spiritual Gifts by John MacArthur Chapter 1) The article is well worth your time to read.

F1 Divisions (1:10-11)

F2 Human wisdom (1:18-25)

F3 Human personality cliques (1:12-17)

F4 Carnality (3:1-9)

F5 Sexual perversion -- fornication and incest (5:1-8; 6:12-20)

F6 Worldliness (5:9-13)

F7 Lawsuits (6:1-8)

F8 Rebellion against apostolic authority (4:1-21)

F9 Marital conflict (7:1-40)

F10 Unmarried conflicts (7:1-40)

F11 Abuse of liberty (8:1-13; 10:23-33)

F12 Idolatry (8:4-13; 10:1-22)

F13 Pride (8:1-3; 10:12)

F14 Selfishness (11:17-22)

F15 Demon worship (10:19-22)

F16 Insubordination of women (11:2-16)

F17 Abuses of God's intended roles for men and women (11:2-16)

F18 Abuses of the Lord's Supper and love feast (11:17-34)

F19 Abuses and perversions of spiritual gifts (12:1-14:40)

E2 Many citizens of Corinth practiced the "Mystery Religions" where the Delphi would get a message from the gods telling the people by speaking in an unknown language. The priest then would interpret the message. Further info here and here.

E3 The Corinthian church took it a step further by some who had the gift of languages to pretend they were more spiritual.

E4 Paul writes 1 Corinthians 14 in particular to correct their false doctrine.

E5 In contrast to the false gift the real gift of languages

F1 Is given to some, not all

F2 Is a real language. The word "unknown" is not in Greek.

F3 Is spoken to God

F4 Is a message from God

F5 No one understands what is being said

F6 Does need an interpreter

F7 Not all are to speak at once

F8 If no interpreter is present, then they must keep quiet

F9 It comes down to this that the church service is to be in the language of the people unless there is an interpreter.

F11 Languages, as this gift is, will stop

F12 Prophecy is better, because people will learn and be edified. They understand those words

D2 Summary

E1 The Apostle does not forbid speaking or praying in languages other than the native language.

E2 If no one knows the language, there is no benefit to the church

E3 God wants the people of the church to understand and be edified.

E4 There is to be order in the church

E5 Tongues (languages) are going to come to an end in time. We see this in the history of the church.

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