08 August 2020

1 Timothy 6:1-5

 

B1 Paul continues the pastoral responses to various congregational issues. 

B2 Employers and employees 

C1 Servants (I’ve already answered the question about slavery and the Bible). 

C2 The application of this for most of us today is employee and employer relations. Some thoughts: 

D1 Employers: 

E1 Treat them properly and do not retaliate: Job 31:13-15 NLT If I have been unfair to my male or female servants when they brought their complaints to me, 14 how could I face God? What could I say when he questioned me? 15 For God created both me and my servants. He created us both in the womb. 

E2 Be honest with their pay: James 5:4 NLT for listen! Hear the cries of the field workers whom you have cheated of their pay. The wages you held back cry out against you. The cries of those who harvest your fields have reached the ears of the LORD of Heaven's Armies. 

E3 No verbal abuse: Ephesians 6:9 WEB You masters, do the same things to them, and give up threatening, knowing that he who is both their Master and yours is in heaven, and there is no partiality with him. 

E4 The way we treat our employees, is the way God will treat us at judgment time: Colossians 4:1 NLT Masters, be just and fair to your slaves. Remember that you also have a Master—in heaven. 

E5 To supply the necessary tools to do the job and a fair wage: Psalms 123:2 NRSV As the eyes of servants look to the hand of their master, as the eyes of a maid to the hand of her mistress, so our eyes look to the LORD our God, until he has mercy upon us. 

D2 Employees: 

E1 Doing reliable, high quality work whether the employer is present or not: Ephesians 6:6 BBE Not only under your master's eye, as pleasers of men; but as servants of Christ, doing the pleasure of God from the heart. 

E2 To do our work as is expected: Titus 2:9 BBE Servants are to be under the authority of their masters, pleasing them in all things, without argument. 

E3 At least one day off a week for rest: Exodus 23:12 BBE For six days do your work, and on the seventh day keep the Sabbath; so that your ox and your ass may have rest, together with the son of your servant and the man from a strange land living among you. 

E4 To be faithful in our work and attendance: Proverbs 25:13 NRSV Like the cold of snow in the time of harvest are faithful messengers to those who send them; they refresh the spirit of their masters. 

C3 We are to give respect to our employer. The reason for this is that God will be honored, and His teachings respected. 

C4 If our employer is a believer, then we must not despise them. Even though they are our brother or sister we are to obey what they expect of us in our work. 

1 Timothy 6:3-5 

B2 Insist on these things 

C1 The Apostles taught God’s way. God’s way in lifestyle, worldview, and His rules lead to peace and success: 1 Timothy 6:3 NLT Some people may contradict our teaching, but these are the wholesome teachings of the Lord Jesus Christ. These teachings promote a godly life. 

C2 Someone who teaches differently is not a faithful servant of Jesus Christ: 1 Timothy 6:4 NLT Anyone who teaches something different is arrogant and lacks understanding. Such a person has an unhealthy desire to quibble over the meaning of words. This stirs up arguments ending in jealousy, division, slander, and evil suspicions. 

D1 Described as arrogant. 

D2 Described as not having understanding. 

D3 Described as enjoying arguing over the definition of words, etc. They are nitpicking. 

D4 The arguments result in jealousy, divisions, slander, and evil suspicions. None of these are God approved actions. 

C3 Their attitude and actions result in envy, discord, abusive verbal attacks, and evil suspicions. If a church member acts like this list, then it could be they are the person described in the first part of verse 4. 

C4 Not only are they in a sick spiritual state, but they are also described as having corrupt minds, a total lack of truth, and have the wrong attitude that if he/she is rich, they are held in high regard by God. 

C5 God’s advice is to withdraw from these people. Put them out of the congregation because they only cause trouble for the others. 

C6 Question: What is the pastor or church to do when another member disagrees with these rules?

06 August 2020

Devotional Notes Romans 11

B1 What does this mean? 

C1 God Knows the Remnant of Israel 

D1 Someone might now say that no Jew can be saved. But this is false, because Paul is a Jew and is saved. 

D2 God foreknows. Is this decreed? Or, does God have the character trait of actually knowing the future? Does knowing mean it has to happen?  

E1 Some resources: 

FThere is a difference between certainty and necessity. Thomas Ralston on the Compatibility of Freedom and Foreknowledge With Regards to Judas Betraying Jesus   

E2 A thought (logical or not) 

F1 God can decree. 

G1 He is sovereign. 

G2 He can plan and program His creation. 

F2 God can decree a free will that has limits. 

G1 Sex is beautiful, but God decreed some limits to what He blesses or curses. It is only for marriage. 

G2 Food is beautiful, but God decreed some limits. If we eat too much, we can be charged with gluttony. 

G3 Money is beautiful, but God decreed some limits. If I love money, I am both an idolater and greedy, etc.  

F3 God created this free will and gave it to beings. 

G1 God made limits to free will. I may wish to flap my arms and fly, but I cannot. I may wish to not get sick or die, etc. Nevertheless, I do get sick and will eventually die. 

G2 God knows everything by foresight. 

D3 Verse 4 shows God’s knowledge. Wilbur Pickering writes: Evidently Elijah knew nothing about them, and perhaps each of them also thought he was the only one. I see a practical application here: I must never assume that what God is doing to and through me is the whole show, or even a major part of it. Now, much more than in Elijah's day, God is doing all sorts of interesting things all over the world!  

D4 Verse 5 shows there are still some Jews who believe. 

D5 Verse 6 shows the contrast between grace and works. They cannot both be true. Those who believe do not deserve salvation because of their works. It is pure grace, not because of works. Salvation is by the rule of grace (election), not from what they did. No one is sinless. This rule is if we believe. Just like Abraham believed, so do we. 1 Timothy 2:3-4 GNB This is good and it pleases God our Savior, 4 who wants everyone to be saved and to come to know the truth. 

D6 Verse 7. All have opportunity, but all do not believe. Those who believe are the chosen. Those who refuse to believe are blinded. People refuse to believe (in my opinion) because of pride and love of sinful pleasure. Final rejection (the last time God opened their heart to understand and call them to repent and believe) has profound consequences. 

E1 Pride: Malachi 3:14-15 GNB You have said, 'It's useless to serve God. What's the use of doing what he says or of trying to show the LORD Almighty that we are sorry for what we have done?  15 As we see it, proud people are the ones who are happy. Evil people not only prosper, but they test God's patience with their evil deeds and get away with it.' " 

E2 Love of sinful pleasures: Psalms 10:4 ESV in the pride of his face the wicked does not seek him; all his thoughts are, “There is no God.” 

D7 Verse 8. When did spiritual dullness happen? Did it happen in eternity past or after they had rejected God’s Gospel? The word given has the idea of giving them what they earned.  

D8 So verse 9: Romans 11:9 WEL Even David says, “Let their table become a snare, a trap, and a stumbling-block, and a just payback to them. 

E1 The word payback has the idea of requital. 

E2 Robertson’s Word Pictures on this verse: A recompense (eis antapodoma). Late word from double compound verb antapodidōmi, to repay (both anti and apo). Ancient Greeks used antapodosis. In lxx and Didache. In N.T. only here (bad sense) and Luke 14:12 (good sense). 

E2 Translations: 

F1 Romans 11:9 NRSV And David says, "Let their table become a snare and a trap, a stumbling block and a retribution for them. 

F2 Romans 11:9 NIV And David says: "May their table become a snare and a trap, a stumbling block and a retribution for them. 

D9 Verses 9-10 is the retribution. The Jews would have known these verses well. 

C2 Blessing Extended to Gentiles with a Warning Not to Fall from Faith 

D1 Verses 11-12 show that their sin leads to a blessing for the Gentiles. Their sin was not good. Their punishment was to make them jealous which would lead to their repentance. 

Barclay writes:   It can happen to any man. If a man takes his own way long enough, he will in the end become insensitive to the appeal of God. If he goes on sinning, he will in the end become insensitive to the horror of sin and the fascination of goodness. If a man lives long enough in ugly conditions he will in the end become insensitive to them. As Burns wrote: 

 

"I waive the quantum of the sin, 

 

The hazard of concealing; 

 

But och! it hardens a' within, 

 

And petrifies the feeling!" 

 

Just as a callus can grow on the hand, a callus can grow on the heart. That is what had happened to the mass of Israel. God save us from that!  

D2 Verses 13-14, Paul’s desire for Israel to become jealous of the salvation of believing Gentiles and repent. 

D3 The great blessings for the world will happen when Israel does believe. See Romans 11:26. 

E2 Isaiah 59:20-21 NIV The Redeemer will come to Zion, to those in Jacob who repent of their sins," declares the LORD. 21 "As for me, this is my covenant with them," says the LORD. "My Spirit, who is on you, will not depart from you, and my words that I have put in your mouth will always be on your lips, on the lips of your children and on the lips of their descendantsfrom this time on and forever," says the LORD. 

E3 Jeremiah 31:33-34 NIV This is the covenant I will make with the people of Israel after that time," declares the LORD. "I will put my law in their minds and write it on their hearts. I will be their God, and they will be my people. 34 No longer will they teach their neighbor, or say to one another, 'Know the LORD,' because they will all know me, from the least of them to the greatest," declares the LORD. "For I will forgive their wickedness and will remember their sins no more. 

D4 Verses 15-24 

E1 To Israel (Jews) 

F1 Unbelief cast off the unbelieving Israel. 

F2 Believing Jews are restored. 

E2 To gentiles 

F1 Unbelieving gentiles were never a part of God’s blessings (the natural tress). 

F2 Believing gentiles are grafted in to receive the Gospel blessings. 

F3 Denying Christ if in a permanent sense will result in the branch being removed. 

C3 God’s Promise to Save All of The Remnant of Israel 

D1 God’s gifts and calling are without repentance. Repentance when applied to God means His conditions have been met and whatever action was spoken is now not taken. It can be applied to doing evil or doing what is right. 

E1 Evil as in Genesis 6:5-7 ESV The LORD saw that the wickedness of man was great in the earth, and that every intention of the thoughts of his heart was only evil continually. 6 And the LORD regretted that he had made man on the earth, and it grieved him to his heart. 7 So the LORD said, “I will blot out man whom I have created from the face of the land, man and animals and creeping things and birds of the heavens, for I am sorry that I have made them. 

E2 Right as in Jonah 3:5-7 GNB the people of Nineveh believed God's message. So they decided that everyone should fast, and all the people, from the greatest to the least, put on sackcloth to show that they had repented. 6 When the king of Nineveh heard about it, he got up from his throne, took off his robe, put on sackcloth, and sat down in ashes. 7 He sent out a proclamation to the people of Nineveh: "This is an order from the king and his officials: No one is to eat anything; all persons, cattle, and sheep are forbidden to eat or drink. 

D2 At one time we also refused to believe, but through the ministry of the Holy Spirit our hearts, minds, and understanding were opened, and we realized the sinfulness of our hearts. We did not resist the Holy Spirit’s call. 

E1 The Holy Spirit’s initiative: John 16:8 ESV and when he comes, he will convict the world concerning sin and righteousness and judgment. 

E2 Acts 7:51 ESV “You stiff-necked people, uncircumcised in heart and ears, you always resist the Holy Spirit. As your fathers did, so do you. 

C4 Praising to God for His Wisdom 

D1 God’s wisdom is beyond our understanding. All we can do is stand amazed. 1 Corinthians 1:25 NIV for the foolishness of God is wiser than human wisdom, and the weakness of God is stronger than human strength. 

D2 Verses: 

E1 Matthew 8:27 NIV the men were amazed and asked, "What kind of man is this? Even the winds and the waves obey him!" 

E2 John 5:20 NIV For the Father loves the Son and shows him all he does. Yes, and he will show him even greater works than these, so that you will be amazed. 

E3 Acts 13:12 NIV When the proconsul saw what had happened, he believed, for he was amazed at the teaching about the Lord. 

D3 God’s wisdom and knowledge are beyond us. 

D4 He needs nothing. We cannot give Him anything. 

D5 God’s providence. What is divine providence?  

C5 Questions: 

D1 Does God’s foreknowledge mean it has to happen? 

D2 What is spiritual dullness, and where does it come from? 

D3 Explain belief and unbelief. Why do some believe, and others do not?