28 August 2015

Daily Bible Study—1 John 1:3

that which we have seen and heard we declare to you, in order that you also may have fellowship with us; and indeed our fellowship is with the Father and with His Son Jesus Christ.

(1 John 1:3 EMTV)

Daily Bible Study

daily Bible study

A1 Outline

B1 Evidence

C1 We have seen "that which"

C2 We have heard "that which"

B2 Action--we declare to you

B3 Purpose--fellowship

C1 With us

C2 With the Father and His Son Jesus Christ

A2 Notes

B1 That which is the neuter relative pronoun. It is in the accusative or direct object. The Apostles have seen and heard something. The something is Jesus Christ.

B2 Seen and heard is direct, eyewitness evidence

B3 The purpose is fellowship.

C1 Fellowship is

D1 Togetherness

D2 Something that ties people/things together

D3 Loyalty

D4 Shared goals, interests, plans, methods, friendship, support, etc.

D5 In the Bible sense includes enjoyment of togetherness

C2 With

D1 God (Father, Son, and Holy Spirit) 1 Corinthians 1:9, 2 Corinthians 13:14

D2 Holy, elect angels 1 Timothy 5:21, Hebrews 12:22

D3 Other Christians 1 John 1:7, compare 2 Corinthians 6:14, Galatians 2:9

A3 Questions

B1 Some experts question eyewitness testimony because of memory/recall issues. What about many eyewitnesses who see and heard over a period of at least 3 years?

B2 Is there any significance that is 1 John 1:1 evidence is listed as heard and seen, but here it is seen and heard?

B3 What is the purpose of all this eyewitness evidence?

B4 Why is fellowship important?

B5 How do we have fellowship with God in this life?

B6 What aspect of fellowship are we to do or not do in the following passages?

C1 Hebrews 10:23-25

C2 1 John 1:5-6

C3 1 Corinthians 10:20-21

C4 Ephesians 5:20

27 August 2015

Daily Bible Study—1 John 1:2

"and the life was manifested, and we have seen and testify and proclaim to you the eternal life which was with the Father and was manifested to us— " (1 John 1:2, EMTV)

Daily Bible Study—1 John 1:2

daily Bible study

A1 Outline

B1 Life was manifested

B2 We

C1 Have seen

C2 Testify

C3 Proclaim

D1 The eternal life

E1 Which

F1 Was with the Father

F2 Was manifested to us

A2 Notes

B1 Life refers to verse 1--the Word of Life

B2 Manifest means

C1 Greek

D1 φανερόω phaneroō

D2 "to make manifest or visible or known what has been hidden or unknown, to manifest, whether by words, or deeds, or in any other way" (Thayer)

C2 English

D1 "to show something such as a feeling or ability, so that it is easy to notice. Jane manifested an unwillingness to sit and talk to Lydia." Link

D2 Something that is not seen is in a state where it will be quickly and easily seen.

C3 Read Romans 16:25-26, 1 Timothy 3:16, Acts 10:41.

B3 Eternal can mean

C1 Starting now and never ending

C2 No start and no end

C3 Read John 17:3, 1 John 5:20, Revelation 1:8

A3 Questions

B1 What point is John emphasizing about Jesus again?

B2 Manifested in Greek is the aorist tense, which indicates past action without showing completion or continuation. It is used translated in the past tense. Why is manifested in the past tense (English)?

B3 Have seen is in the perfect tense which indicates completed action. Why is this tense uses?

B4 Testify (speak about truthfully) and proclaim are in the present tense. Why is the present tense used for these words?

B5 Who was with the Father?

B6 When was He there? John 1:1

B7 This passage uses the word "life" twice. The second time it is used there is the adjective "eternal." Why is this adjective used?

26 August 2015

Daily Bible Study—1 John 1:1

daily Bible study

"That which was from the beginning, which we have heard, which we have seen with our eyes, which we have gazed upon, and our hands have handled, concerning the Word of life— " (1 John 1:1, EMTV)

A1 Outline

B1 Main sentence "who was"

B2 Who

C1 From the beginning

C2 Which we have heard

C3 Which we have seen with our eyes

C4 Which we have gazed upon

C5 Our hands handled

B3 The "who" identified as the Word of Life

A2 Notes

B1 Beginning

C1 From eternity past. Before the creation of anything. It would the beginning in the sense of the whole era before creation. John 1:1, Acts 15:18, and Revelation 21:6

C2 Creation Isaiah 64:4 and Hebrews 1:10

C3 Start of Jesus's ministry John 15:27

C4 Start in the walk/life of wisdom Proverbs 1:7

C5 The greatest person Colossians 1:18

C6 Most likely it is referring to the creation. At the point when creation started, Jesus, the Word of Life, was already there. He is the creator, not created. Colossians 1:16-17, John 1:3, Hebrews 3:9, Hebrews 1:2

B2 Word of Life

C1 Jesus

D1 Because He is the source of life. He has life in Himself. We need to have life given to us, but Jesus does not; He is life. John 1:1, John 1:14, John 6:63

D2 As the Word He is

E1 Eternal John 1:1

E2 God John 1:1

E3 Part of the Trinity. He is God but is a distinct person. John 1:1

C2 Gospel

D1 It is called this because believing and obeying the Gospel brings life. Acts 5:20, Philippians 2:16, James 1:18

D2 The Gospel is the message that reveals to us our condition (we are sinners and not good), our punishment (hell), our savior (Jesus), and how to have forgiveness of sins and be reconciled to God. Romans 1:16, 1 Corinthians 15:3-4

C3 Word is defined as something said or thought that has meaning. If I say apple, you know what that means. I have conveyed a sound that has meaning. If I said hot, you know what that means. The context is important to know the shade of meaning, but it is a thought, a message. Jesus as the word means that He is the expression of God, since He is God. Whatever He does shows us what God is like. Whatever He says shows us what God thinks.

A3 Questions

B1 Is John the Apostle a reliable witness? Why?

B2 Is John's witness more reliable than today's scholar's witness about Jesus?

B3 Why does John use the words "from the beginning?"

B4 Why does John go into detail about hearing, seeing, gazing, and handling Jesus? (Docetism. See here, here, and here

Sunday School Lesson—Jesus’s Return

Jesus will return

God is faithful

Theme: God is faithful to His promises.

A1 Objectives

B1 Describes the certain aspects of Christ's return.

B2 Explain the hope Christians have in light of the Second Coming.

A2 Scriptures

B1 1 Thessalonians 4:15-18

B2 Matthew 24:15-31

B3 Revelation 20:1-10

B4 Titus 2:11-14

A3 Notes

B1 1 Thessalonians 4:15-18 (Start reading, however, as verse 13).

C1 Speaks of Jesus's return

C2 The main statement is in verse 13.

C3 Following this there are 3 points amplifying the main statement. These are verse 14,15, and 16.

C4 Next is a verse that starts with the word "then." This signifies a result from the previous 3 verses (14-16).

C5 Lastly there is verse 18 which starts with the word "therefore," which indicates an application for us.

B2 Matthew 24:15-31

C1 Speaks of Jesus coming at the end of tribulation.

C2 This passage speaks of the tribulation period. See here.

B3 Revelation 20:1-10

C1 Tells us what will happen to

D1 satan

D2 Nonbelievers

D3 Believers

C2 Tells us about the end

B4 Titus 2:11-14

C1 Teaches us the effects of the grace of God.

C2 Teaches us to look towards the return of Jesus Christ.

C3 Teaches us why Jesus gave Himself.

A4 Questions

B1 1 Thessalonians 4:13-18

C1 What is the main doctrine taught in 1 Thessalonians 4:13-15?

C2 Is doctrine important? Why? See here, here, and h

C3 1 Thessalonians 4:13-What was the motive to write this portion? (Paul didn't want them ignorant).

C4 What did Paul not want them ignorant of?

C5 In verse 13 what does "so that" refer to? (what has been said leads to a conclusion. In this case it refers to Paul not wanting the people to be sad about those Christians who have already died).

C6 Who are the two groups of Christians spoken of here? (Saints dead or alive).

C7 Why is the term "fall asleep" used?

C8 Is this teaching the lie of "soul sleep?" Soul sleep is the belief that the body dies, but the soul/immaterial part of a person sleeps until Jesus comes and calls him from the grace.

D1 Mainly taught by Seventh Day Adventists.

E1 Humans are mud/dirt/dust with the "breath of life" that God gave.

E2 When a person dies, the body/person becomes compost, and the "breath of life" returns to God.

E3 The "breath of life" is not a person, or soul, or nonmaterial part of the person, that is, the emotions, mind, attitude, etc. It is only the thing that animates the body.

E4 At the resurrection, those who had faith in Jesus Christ are raised from death with a new body and the return of the "breath of life" to live forever with God. Those who did not have faith in Jesus Christ are destroyed , that is, annihilated after they are resurrected.

D2 Problems with the concept

E1 Makes us a sophisticated robot. Something turns it on and off

E2 Enoch-Genesis

E3 Elijah--2 Kings 2:11

E4 Transfiguration--Matthew 17:3

E5 Rich man--Luke 16:19-31

E6 There is a soul/spirit that is separate from the flesh. Job 32:8, Isaiah 26:9, Matthew 10:28, Matthew 26:38, 1 Corinthians 2:11-12, 1Corinthians 6:20, 2 Corinthians 5:8.

E7 For more information see here,

C9 In verses 14 and 15 the word "for" is used. The Greek word is "gar" and in used in presenting points in an argument. What are the 2 points in Paul's presentation?

C10 In verse 14 what are 2 things that Paul states that we believe?

C11 In verse 14 who is coming back? (God). What does God refer to in this verse? (Jesus).

C12 In verse 14 who is coming back with God?

C13 In verse 15 who is going to be with God first?

C14 Who is next?

C15 In verse 16 where is the Lord?

C16 In verse 16 what two voices are heard?

C17 What is the order in meeting the Lord in the air?

C18 Does the Lord touch the earth?

C19 What is the therefore refer to? (Comfort one another with these words).

B2 Matthew 24:15-31

C1 Speaks of the tribulation period.

C2 What to look for.

C3 What to avoid.

C4 Matthew 24:30 When does the sign of the Son of Man appear? (After the horrible signs about the moon and sun).

C5 Matthew 24:30 Who sees Jesus return? (Everyone).

C6 Matthew 24:34 What generation does Jesus refer to in His statement, "...this generation will never pass away until all these things take place!" Does it refer to the generation that Jesus is talking to or to the generation who see the signs that He has just spoken about? (The generation of those who see the signs that He has just spoken about).

B3 Revelation 20:1-10

C1 Revelation 20:1-3

D1 Who keeps chained up?

D2 How long is the devil to be locked in prison (abyss)?

D3 What is one of the devil's main activities? (Deceive)

C2 Revelation 20:4

D1 Who is honored by Jesus?

D2 What had the anti-Christ done to the believers during the Tribulation period?

D3 Who reigns with Christ according to this passage?

C3 Revelation 20:5-6

D1 These believers had their resurrection just after the return of Jesus Christ.

D2 When did the nonbelievers have their resurrection?

D3 Would it be better to not have been killed by the anti-Christ or those who were killed by him?

D4 What is another blessing for the believers? (Second death has no effect on them. The Second Death is being sent to hell).

C4 Revelation 20:7-9

D1 What happens after the 1,000 years are over?

D2 Is the 1,000 years literal or figurative? (Literal just like everything else in this passage)

D3 After satan's release from his prison, what does he do?

D4 Is he successful?

D5 Where do those who believe satan go? (Revelation 20:9)

C5 Revelation 20:10

D1 What happens to the devil?

D2 How is hell described?

D3 Who is already there?

D4 How long will they be tormented?

B4 Titus 2:11-14

C1 What has appeared?

C2 Who is the one who preached this grace? (Jesus Christ)

C3 Is salvation for a few or offered to all?

C4 What three participles describe what the grace of God does? (Bringing, training, looking for).

C5 What are we to look for?

C6 Is it a blessed hope to go through the tribulation or be delivered before it happens?

C7 Titus 2:14--What important teaching is written here?

C8 Who is the Great God and Savior?

24 August 2015

Daily Bible Study—1 John 1:1-4

1 John 1:1-4

daily bible study


A1 Outline

B1 Scripture:

C1 "That which was from the beginning, which we have heard, which we have seen with our eyes, which we have gazed upon, and our hands have handled, concerning the Word of life— and the life was manifested, and we have seen and testify and proclaim to you the eternal life which was with the Father and was manifested to us— that which we have seen and heard we proclaim to you, in order that you also may have fellowship with us; and indeed our fellowship is with the Father and with His Son Jesus Christ. And these things we write to you that our joy may be complete." (1 John 1:1-4, EMTV)

C2 "That which was from the beginning, which we have heard, which we have seen with our eyes, which we looked upon and have touched with our hands, concerning the word of life— the life was made manifest, and we have seen it, and testify to it and proclaim to you the eternal life, which was with the Father and was made manifest to us— that which we have seen and heard we proclaim also to you, so that you too may have fellowship with us; and indeed our fellowship is with the Father and with his Son Jesus Christ. And we are writing these things so that our joy may be complete." (1 John 1:1-4, ESV2011)

C3 "We write to you about the Word of life, which has existed from the very beginning. We have heard it, and we have seen it with our eyes; yes, we have seen it, and our hands have touched it. When this life became visible, we saw it; so we speak of it and tell you about the eternal life which was with the Father and was made known to us. What we have seen and heard we announce to you also, so that you will join with us in the fellowship that we have with the Father and with his Son Jesus Christ. We write this in order that our joy may be complete." (1 John 1:1-4, GNB92)

B2 Word of Life John 5:26

C1 The Person

D1 Which

E1 Was from the beginning John 1:1, Genesis 1:1

E2 We have heard Acts 4:20

E3 We have seen John 1:14

E4 We have gazed upon

E5 Was manifested

D2 We

E1 Have touched Luke 24:39, John 20:27

E2 Have seen John 1:14, 2 Peter 1:16

D3 Manifested by

E1 Being seen John 19:35

E2 Being heard Acts 1:3

E3 Being testified

E4 Being proclaimed

E5 Being with the Father

C2 The Message

D1 Seen

D2 Heard

D3 Proclaimed

C3 Purpose

D1 To have fellowship

E1 With us

E2 With Father

E3 With His Son, Jesus Christ

D2 To have full joy

A2 Notes

B1 John states that he was an eyewitness.

C1 He saw Jesus

C2 He heard Jesus's message

C3 He touched Jesus

B2 Jesus is called the "Word of Life."

C1 Because

D1 He has the principle of life in Himself, that is, He was not given life but gives life.

D2 Word

E1 Concept

E2 Speaker for God

E3 God's message

E4 God's messenger--Jesus Christ

D3 Life

E1 Creator

E2 Re-creator as in the one who does the recreation of the soul after a person places faith into Jesus

C2 Since Jesus is life, it also implies no beginning and no end, that is, He, as God, is eternal.

A3 Questions

B1 Did John really see, hear, and touch Jesus?

B2 Have we?

B3 Why was it important for John to write?

B4 Who is he writing to?

B5 Why would fellowship with God be important?

B6 Why is there joy when there is fellowship with God?

My Lord Keeps a Record

Beautiful song done acapella by Grandpa's Neighbors.

[video width="426" height="244" mp4="http://lenoson.com/wp/wp-content/uploads/2015/08/MyLordKeepsARecord.mp4"][/video]

My Lord Keeps A Record

Words and Music by Carl Story & William York

What a wonderful beautiful picture I have / Of a place without sorrow or fear / And I'm going to live in that city someday / For my days are all numbered down here./

Chorus: My Lord (yes my lord) keeps a record ( keeps a record)) / Of the moments I'm living (living) down here (living down here) / He knows (yes He knows) all about me(all about me) all my troubles, my sorrows, my fears (my sorrows, my fears) / I live (yes I live)/ each moment (every moment) through the mercies of God's loving grace (God's loving grace) / And some day, (yes some day) / He will call me (he will call me) / To that wonderful beautiful place (marvelous place).//

Now I want to be doing the will of my Lord / As I travel this wearisome land / So I'll not be ashamed of my record up there / When I stand at the Saviors right hand.//


I will walk on the streets of that city of gold / I will bask in that heavenly light / And I'll look on the face of my Savior so dear / In that city that cometh no night./

My Lord (yes my lord) keeps a record ( keeps a record)) / Of the moments I'm living (living) down here (living down here) / He knows (yes He knows) all about me(all about me) all my troubles, my sorrows, my fears (my sorrows, my fears) / I live (yes I live)/ each moment (every moment) through the mercies of God's loving grace (God's loving grace) / And some day, (yes some day) / He will call me (he will call me) / To that wonderful beautiful place (marvelous place).//

21 August 2015

Daily Bible Study—1 John

I'm going to try to have a Bible for each day. Try not guarantee. The plan is to start from the general and go to the specific. In doing this the student will at first read the whole portion, then the next day or so we will be reading by paragraphs, and finally, we will read by a single verse. It will not always be this way, but that is the general plan. Who knows how much this might change in the future. So let us start.


daily bible study


Read all of 1 John


A1 1 John


A2 Notes

B1 Main idea--God has rules. We break rules, that is, we sin. God has a rule for Christian who sin--confess and ask forgiveness. Jesus is the Messiah for all our needs.

B2 Chapter one

C1 An introduction that the author, John the Apostle, knew Jesus personally. 1 John 1:1-4

C2 God is light and has no darkness. This means that God has no evil--ever. 1 John 1:5-7

C3 Christians sin, and the conditions needed for forgiveness. 1 John 1:8-10

B2 Chapter two

C1 Jesus Christ is the forgiver. 1 John 2:1-2

C2 Another test to know if we are a true Christian--obedience to God. 1 John 2:3-6

C3 Another test to know if we are a true Christina--a life of love. 1 John 2:7-11

C4 How we live and think, and what we love show our spiritual condition. 1 John 2:12-14

C5 Another test to know if we are a true Christian--if we love the world or not. 1 John 2:15-17

C6 Another test to know if we are a true Christian--if we lack the attitude of the anti-Christ. 1 John 2:18-19

C7 The role of the Holy Spirit in us, for us to know the truth. 1 John 2:20-21

C8 Another test to know if we are a true Christian--if we accept or deny the Jesus is the Messiah. A true Christian will affirm that Jesus is the Messiah. 1 John 2:22-23

C9 Another test to know if we are a true Christian--if we are steadfast to the teachings/doctrine of the New Testament. 1 John 2:24-25

C10 All true Christians can read and study the Bible with understanding. 1 John 2:26-27

C11 The need for perseverance. 1 John 2:28-29

B3 Chapter three

C1 The blessing of being God's children. 1 John 3:1-3

C2 Another test to know if we are a true Christian--do we continue to practice that same sins we had before we were a Christian? 1 John 3:4-10

C3 Another test to know if we are true Christians--love for other Christians. 1 John 3:11-12

C4 Another test to know if we are true Christians--what does the world (non-Christians) love us or not? 1 John 3:13-15

C5 Another test to know if we are true Christians--do we love others? 1 John 3:16-18

C6 Another test to know if we are true Christians--clear conscience. 1 John 3:19-24

B4 Chapter four

C1 The test of true Christian vs false convert, false prophet. 1 John 4:1-6

C2 How and why we should love as God loves. 1 John 4:7-12

C3 Another test to know if we are true Christians--we want to preach the Gospel. The motivation is love. 1 John 4:13-21

B5 Chapter five

C1 Another test to see if we are true Christians--obedience to the rules Jesus gave us. 1 John 5:1-5

C2 The witness that Jesus is truly the Messiah. 1 John 5:6-8

C3 Another test to see if we are true Christians--eternal life through Jesus Christ. 1 John 5:9-12

C4 Another test to see if we are true Christians--do we believe in the Son of God 1 John 5:13

C5 Answered prayer based on if it is God's will. 1 John 5:14-15

C6 Helping each other in this life when we sin. 1 John 5:16-17

C7 Another test to know if we are true Christians--do we keep us sinning or is there a change? 1 John 5:18

C8 Who the true God is. 1 John 5:19-20

C9 What to avoid--idols. 1 John 5:21


A3 Questions

B1 What is the relationship between Jesus and John?

B2 Why do the Scriptures say that God is Light? (See John 1:9, John 8:12, John 9:5, John 12:35-36. Light in this sense deals with truth and purity).

B3 What is sin?

B4 What is the main theme of 1 John? It is repeated over and over.

B5 How do we know if we are a true Christian?

B6 How are we to live?

B7 Who is Jesus?

B8 Is Jesus truly human? Does He truly have human flesh?

B9 How are Christian to help non-Christians?

B10 How are Christians to help other Christians?

Bible Interpretaion

Chapter 2 outline/notes of Methodical Bible Study by Robert A. Traina


literal figure of speech



A1 Purpose of Interpretation and Function of Interpreter

A2 Major phases of interpretation

B1 Definitive Phase--defining terms, words, phrases

B2 Rational Phase--why these terms, words, and phrases used instead of others

B3 Implicational Phase--besides the obvious meaning are their facets that are not obvious. For example, "And blessed is he who is not offended because of Me" (Matthew 11:6, NKJV) implies that one who is offended at and by Jesus is not going to be blessed.

A3 Specifics

B1 Interpretative Questions

C1 Defined--asking questions. "What does this mean?" "Why did he say this?" "Why did he say it this way?" These are but a few of the type of questions that could be asked.

C2 Types

D1 Who or what is involved in this passage?

D2 How is ________ accomplished?

D3 When does it happen?

D4 Where does this happen?

C3 Some will have a short answer and some will need a much longer answer.

C4 What is happening here? This is the main, underlying question.

C5 Example, "Jesus spoke these words, lifted up His eyes to heaven, and said: "Father, the hour has come. Glorify Your Son, that Your Son also may glorify You," (John 17:1, NKJV).

D1 What does the word "glorify" mean?

D2 What does it mean for Jesus to be glorified?

D3 How is Jesus to be glorified?

D4 When?

D5 Why Him?

C6 What form is this?

D1 Poetry

D2 Prose

D3 For a fuller list see here, here (a shorter list with an assignment),

C7 What attitude/tone is present (Traina uses the word "atmosphere")?

D1 Happy (Luke 24:41, for example)

D2 Sad (Psalm 3, for example)

D3 Condemning (Psalm 7, for example)

D4 Historical (Ezra 1, for example)

D5 Thanksgiving (Psalm 136, for example)

D6 Teaching (Psalm 1, for example)

C8 Rational/logic/defensive/apologetics, etc.

D1 These different words describe the argument the Bible writer employs to prove his statement. See Hebrews 1, for example, where the author states that Jesus Christ is superior and lists the reasons why.

D2 Sometimes is found in a cascade of "why" questions?

E1 Why did this happen?

E2 Why did they make the choices that they did?

E3 Where is God in this passage?

E4 What does this say, then why does it said it this way, then what does it mean? One could go on with another "why" question that builds on the previous one.

D3 Example Psalm 23

E1 What does "Lord" mean?

E2 Why is this word for God uses instead of another?

E3 Why is God compared to a shepherd?

E4 What are sheep in this passage?

E5 Many other questions come from the rest of the verses.

B2 Interpretative Answers

C1 Subjective

D1 The Bible is a spiritual book and must be understood thusly.

D2 The Bible is a book to be read and studied with common sense. If something is obvious, then it is obvious. Don't try to find some hidden meaning in an obvious passage.

D3 Illustrations by a teacher (Jesus used illustrations a lot) must be understood as illustration. Statements must be taken as statement. We cannot change the plain, obvious sense of a passage into an image. For example see here especially Test question #2. Also see Matthew 16:5-12. The phrase "leaven of the Pharisees" was understand as the yeast that Pharisees use, but Jesus uses it as an illustration, in a figurative sense.

"When the plain sense of Scripture

makes common sense,

seek no other sense;

Therefore, take every word

at its primary, ordinary,

usual, literal meaning

Unless the facts

of the immediate context,

studied in the light

Of related passages and

axiomatic and fundamental truths

indicate clearly otherwise." Dr. David L. Cooper

D4 We cannot let our life experiences interpret or have a bearing on our interpretation. We are not to say, "What does this passage mean to you?" We are to say, "What does this passage mean?"

C2 Objective

D1 Language

E1 Our own mother tongue. This deals with translation. Words rarely translate with the exact definition.

E2 Original language.

F1 Reference source such as "Theological Dictionary of the New Testament, Abridged in One Volume."

F2 See how the word is used in other passages and how other translations have it.

F3 When it is a compound word, do not place too much weight on the root word. For example ἐπίγνωσις epignosis does mean something different than its root word γνῶσις gnosis.

D2 Tense

E1 This is referring to the Greek tense as present or aorist, for example. For more information on tense, mood, and etc. see here, here, and here

E2 What do these various tenses mean?

E3 What effect do they have on the passage?

D3 Hebrew (aspect. There is no idea of tense in Biblical Hebrew). For information see here, here, and here

D4 Literary forms--simile and so on

D5 Mood--the tone of the writing as happy, warning, praise, etc.

D6 Historical setting

D7 Interpretations of others--Important because if I am the only one to come up with an interpretation since the New Testament was written, then it is most likely to be a false interpretation.

A4 False Kinds of Interpretation--Errors in Interpretation

B1 Fragmentary

C1 Approaches Scriptures as a bunch of isolated texts without any relationship to each other.

C2 Ignores context--especially the greater context

C3 Often happens in preaching where a text is chosen, a topic decided upon, and preached out of context.

B2 Dogmatic

C1 A certain doctrine is a well-established belief to that person.

C2 Any doctrine that does not seem to fit the said belief is ignored or changed.

C3 This is the idea of theology preceding Scriptures, that is, doctrine/theology is more important and of higher authority than the Bible.

B3 Rationalistic

C1 Some incidents in the Bible cannot be true because they cannot be explained with logic.

C2 Miracles are not accepted so are explained away.

C3 The feeding of the 5,000 could not happen the way it is recorded in the Gospels, so it must be every one brought their own sack lunch.

B4 Mythological

C1 Some things in the Bible cannot be explained.

C2 These passages then are considered to be a myth of ignorant people.

C3 Some teach what the Bible teaches about salvation is truth, but not necessarily science and history.

B5 Historical

C1 The Bible is only the historical writings of an ancient people.

C2 It is studied only in that sense.

C3 The spiritual implications and purposes are ignored.

B6 Allegorical

C1 This is often applied to parables, those all passages are open for their imagination.

C2 Sometimes greatly distorted definitions are given for objects in a lesson.

C3 There is only some spiritual truth to be taught.

B7 Literal

C1 Sometimes called wooden literalism.

C2 When the plain sense shows a passage to be an illustration/simile, but the interpreter understands it as literal.

B8 Typological

C1 Scriptures contain types.

C2 An example would be the Israeli sacrifices of Leviticus which point to the ultimate sacrifice of Messiah--Jesus Christ.

C3 Since C2 is true, then all Scripture is forced into this idea. Not much is taken in its plain, normal sense.

B9 Predictive

C1 Some Scriptures are predictive, that is, speaks of future events.

C2 Since some do, we must interpret all Scriptures speaking of the future.

B10 Systematized

C1 A New Testament passage deals with a particular action that we are to do.

C2 Then all the Bible is interpreted in light of that one action.

B11 Cross-reference

C1 Cross references are important to help understand a passage.

C2 But the cross references are not examined in their context.

B12 Encyclopedic

C1 The Bible has answers for many situations that arise in our life.

C2 Thus every single situation that happens to us has an answer in the Bible.

C3 The danger is that passages will be twisted/wrested to force an interpretation not fitting the context.

B13 Literary

C1 The Bible is great literature.

C2 It is nothing more.

B14 interpretation other

C1 Misinterpretation--the wrong interpretation

C2 Sub-interpretation--not getting the FULL interpretation from a Scripture verse/passage.

C3 Super-interpretation--getting more out of a passage than is really there.

C4 Grammatical-historical

C5 Traditional--a passage is not examined for its meaning because it is interpreted already by a denomination or church authority.

C6 The Bible author interprets a passage. This happens in some of the parables of Jesus where he interprets that passage.

A5 Further resources

B1 Bible Interpretation

C1 Bible Interpretation by Cooper Abrams III

C2 Inductive Bible Study

B2 Bible Interpretation Errors

C1 Nine common errors in Bible Interpretation

C2 Common Errors

Sunday School—Becoming Like Jesus

come follow me--jesus


Becoming Like Jesus


Theme: God works in believers to accomplish His purpose.


A1 Objectives

B1 Describe Jesus as the standard for our holiness of life.

B2 Explain the connection between the "armor of God" and holy living.

A2 Scriptures

B1 1 Peter 1:13-16

B2 Matthew 22:34-40

B3 Ephesians 6:10-20

A3 Notes

B1 1 Peter 1:13-16

C1 Therefore

C2 Three actions

D1 Gird up loins of mind

D2 Be sober

D3 Rest

E1 Two things for our rest

F1 In hope

F2 On grace

E2 In a future blessing/promise--the return of Jesus Christ

C3 Two contrasts

D1 Obedient children

D2 Disobedient children

E1 Natural state of all humans which is to be conformed to our fleshy lusts

E2 Natural state of all humans done because of ignorance

C4 God's character/our character

D1 God is holy

D2 God's will is for us to be holy in the same way/conduct

B2 Matthew 22:34-40

C1 But (showing contrast with what was said preceding this).

C2 When (showing timing of what is to follow).

C3 Pharisees (who were they and what they believed).

C4 Heard (showing the action that happened).

C5 That He had silenced the Sadducees (dependent clause showing what they had heard).

C6 They gathered together (fulfills the time word "when" and shows the result of the previous words).

C7 The lawyer's question--"Teacher, which is the great commandment in the law?"

C8 Jesus answer

D1 The first and great commandment

E1 You

E2 Shall love

E3 The LORD your God

E4 with all

F1 Your heart

F2 Your soul

F3 Your mind

D5 The second

E1 You

E2 Shall love

E3 Your neighbor

E4 As

E5 Yourself

D6 All the Law and Prophets are based on that foundation

B3 Ephesians 6:10-20--The Armor of God, or God's provision for our protection (mainly spiritual).

C1 Command

D1 Be strong in the Lord

D2 Be strong in the power of His might

D3 Put on the whole armor of God

C2 Reason

D1 Be able to stand against the wiles of the devil.

D2 The spiritual fight

E1 We do not wrestle against flesh and blood

E2 We do wrestle against

F1 Principalities

F2 Powers

F3 Rules of darkness of this age

F4 Spiritual hosts of wickedness in heavenly.

C3 Equipment

D1 We need the whole armor

E1 To be able to stand in the evil day

E2 After doing everything to still stand

D2 Truth

D3 Righteousness

D4 Prepared with the Gospel of Peace

D5 Faith

D6 Salvation

D7 Word of God (Scriptures)

D8 Prayer

E1 Alertness

E2 Perseverance

E3 Supplication

F1 All Christians

F2 Paul

G1 To preach Gospel

G2 To preach boldly and as he ought

A4 Questions

B1 1 Peter 1:13-16

C1 Therefore

D1 What does the word therefore indicate/ask of us? (The Scriptures preceding have given material/teaching on a topic. Because of that material we are not called to applied it. It would indicate "because of what has been said, we are not required to..."

D2 What are the three actions we are not required to do? (Gird, be sober, and rest)

D3 What are loins of the mind? (There is no such thing, so it is a word picture of something physical. Physically it refers to picking up the bottom edge of the robe/tunic and tuck it in so we will not trip over it/stumble while we are doing some demanding work or action. Applying this to the mind would mean to be ready for action without something getting in the way).

D4 What are some ways we can "gird up the loins of our mind?"

C2 What is being sober? (Not drunk)

C3 What do this imply? (Our minds must be clear and ready for action).

C4 What about those who say we must use centering prayers, still the mind, quiet, empty the mind and other such terms? (The mind is not active in these situations. Those types have an inactive mind and are disobedient to God's teaching/will in this passage).

C5 What are we resting in? (The return of Jesus Christ).

C6 Why is this a rest?

C7 How does being sober affect our mind? How does not being sober affect our mind?

C8 What is the difference between an obedient and disobedient child?

C9 What type of children are described here? (Spiritual children)

C10 In what ways are Christians spiritual and physically disobedient?

C11 What kind of obedience is God's calling us to?

C12 What is holiness?

C13 Does God ever sin?

B2 Matthew 22:34-40

C1 What had the Pharisees heard? (Jesus's clear teaching about the resurrection to the Sadducees).

C2 Why did the Pharisees gather together?

C3 What is a lawyer? (See here. "The work of the "lawyers," frequently spoken of as "scribes," also known as "doctors" of the law (Lk 2:46 margin), was first of all that of jurists. Their business was threefold: (1) to study and interpret the law; (2) to instruct the Hebrew youth in the law; (3) to decide questions of the law. The first two they did as scholars and teachers, the last as advisers in some court." From "Lawyer" in ISBE.

C4 Why would a question test Jesus?

C5 Why would the lawyer want to know if Jesus know the first and great command?

C5 How do we love God?

C6 How do we love ourselves?

C7 How does this apply to loving our neighbor?

C8 What is the foundation for all the Law and Prophets? Why?

C9 Why would the Pharisees want to "test" Jesus?

B3 Ephesians 6:10-20

C1 Why do we need protection?

C2 How will this armor help us be successful or a failure in the Christian life.

C3 Let us look at some people in the Bible and see how they were successful/unsuccessful in God's eyes.

D1 Lucifer/Satan (Isaiah 14:12 (Some say this refers to the "King of Babylon" or since the title refers to Messiah, the anti-Christ usurped it, but can such a description here refer to any man?), 2 Peter 2:4, 1 John 3:8, Zechariah 3:1, 1 Thessalonians 2:18).

D2 Adam

D3 Eve

D4 Cain

D5 Able

D6 Noah

D7 The world before the flood

D8 Abraham

D9 Lot

D10 Citizens of Sodom/Gomorrah

D11 King David

D12 King Solomon

D13 Zachariah (father of John the Baptist)

D14 Mary

D15 Joseph

D16 Peter

D17 Judas

D18 Paul

D19 You

14 August 2015

Methodical Bible Study

Methodical Bible Study

Methodical Bible Study by Robert A. Traina is published by Zondervan Publishers of Grand Rapids, MI and is copyrighted by them.

You can buy the book from many places including Christian Book, Barnes and Noble, and Amazon.

The following is an outline from Chapter 1. It is written in my style and varies from the book form. It is for teaching purposes only with no explanation. If you need that, you need to buy the book.

methodical bible study

Chapter 1




A1 Definition and Purpose of Observation

B1 Definition

C1 Taking notice

C2 Mentally aware (Perception/awareness)

B2 Function

C1 Observe so carefully every term and phrase.

C2 Totally aware of the every term and phrase.

A2 Requisites of Observation

B1 The will to observe

B2 The exactness in observation

B3 Persistence in observation

A3 Analysis of Observation

B1 Terms

C1 Definition

D1 Of each word in context

D2 Mainly one meaning for each word in context even though the word itself may have many meanings

C2 Kinds of terms

D1 Routine and non-routine terms

E1 Routine as "an" though sometimes it may be. Good observation is developed over time.

E2 Non-routine

F1 Difficult to understand

F2 Crucial terms

F3 Those not crucial but significant

F4 Those which express profound concepts as "transfigured" and "appeared" as in Mark 9:2-4.

D2 Literal and figurative terms

E1 Literal as in the plain, normal sense of the word. For example, the word "tree" in Genesis 1:12 is literal.

E2 Figurative as in symbolic, for example, the word "tree' in Romans 11:24 is not literal.

D3 Identity and inflections of terms

E1 Parts of speech as nouns, etc. We need to know and recognize them and their function.

E2 Inflections refers to "In grammar, inflection or inflexion is the modification of a word to express different grammatical categories such as tense, mood, voice, aspect, person, number, gender and case. The inflection of verbs is also called conjugation, and the inflection of nouns, adjectives and pronouns is also called declension." (Inflection. (2015, July 23). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 23:48, August 13, 2015, from https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Inflection&oldid=672662751

C3 Homework--See if each word is routine or non-routine, literal or figurative, and inflections.

D1 Mark 10:13-52

D2 Romans 6

B2 Relations

C1 Structure

D1 This is how the sentence is put together. For help see here.

D2 For sentence subunits as clauses, etc. see here.

C2 Importance of seeing the structures parts as even in diagramming. See here and here or even for help.

C3 Types of structure

D1 Structure may be understood at the phrase, verse, chapter, or book level.

D2 Surface and subsurface

E1 Surface is more obvious as Romans 1:18-32 where the pivot/hinge of the passage is "therefore" in verse 24.

E2 Subsurface is less obvious as the contrast between Joseph and his brother Judah in Genesis 38-39.

E3 Knowing the structure helps see the general flow of the writing.

D3 Primary and secondary structure--primary has the greater importance in the passage.

C4 Specific laws of structure

D1 For Bible interpretation the paragraph should be the starting place for observing structure.

D2 There is a need for observing what is the subject and predicate.

D3 Connectives

E1 These short words that give relationships to various clauses and phrases or even paragraphs.

E2 A few examples are before and after (showing time), where (geological), because and for (logical), so (result), so that (purpose), although and but (contrast), likewise and also (comparison), first (series of facts), if (condition), and only (emphatic).

E3 Some of those connectives can used in more than one way.

D4 Structure shouldn't be used so carefully that the parts are analyzed more than the whole sentence or paragraph.

D5 Whereas the above points look at clauses and phrases within a sentence or paragraph, one should also view the structure of greater portions of Scripture as paragraphs, sections, and books.

E1 Comparison as in Hebrews 5:1-10 which focus on similar things. Note the words "so also" in Hebrews 5:5.

E2 Contrast as in Romans 4.

E3 Repetition as in Leviticus that uses the word "holy" often.

E4 Continuity as in Luke 15 when a number of parables are grouped together.

E5 Continuation as in two or more chapters are really speaking about the same topic. It is as if it were only one chapter.

E6 Climax which shows the build of topics to the climax of the book.

E7 Cruciality as in 2 Samuel where chapters 11-12 show a definite turn of events.

E8 Interchange as in 1 Samuel where there are repeated contrasts between Eli and his sons with Samuel.

E9 Particularization and generalization as in Matthew 6:1-18 where the text flows from general to specific.

E10 Causation and substantiation as in Romans 1:18-32. Here the verses show a cause and effect.

E11 Instrumentation as in John 20:30-31. John reveals the purpose for his writing this book.

E12 Explanation or analysis as in Mark 4. This type something is written and then interpreted.

E13 Preparation or introduction as in Genesis 2. This is an introduction to the events of Genesis 3.

E14 Summarization as in Joshua 12 which summarizes the previous material. It is a repetition of sorts.

E15 Interrogation as in Romans 6-7. A question is asked and then answered.

E16 Harmony as in Romans 1:18-3:20 and the agreement in Romans 3:21 and the following passages.

E17 Sometimes there is more than one type. These rules just show the possibilities that we need to be aware of when interpreting.

E18 Be aware that there may be more than one opinion.

C5 Materials for effecting structure

D1 Biographical--who are the people in this passage? What does Scripture show us about their character in other passages where they are mentioned?

D2 Historical--what was happening in secular and Biblical history of that time.

D3 Chronological--What happens before and after the passage? When did the events occur in the ministry or life of someone or country, city, or world (compare The Gospel of John)?

D4 Geographical--what is the weather or terrain like?

D5 Ideological--what are the main ideas of a passage or book?

C6 By combining the Laws of structure (comparison, repetition, etc.) with the materials effecting structure (biographical, etc.) help us to understand and interpret the passage with greater clarity. An example would be Climax/Historical as Exodus or also Climax/Ideological as Ecclesiastes.

C7 Selectivity and Structure

D1 Defining selectivity--a purpose or the purpose the writer of Scripture had in mind.

D2 Selectivity and structure relationship--the purpose and method of expressing their message.

D3 Kinds of selectivity

E1 Quantitative--how many chapters are devoted to a particular topic or time span. For example Genesis 12-50 deals with only four lifespans (from Abraham to Joseph), but Genesis 1-11 deals with many hundreds of years.

E2 Non-quantitative--referring to a onetime event.

B3 Observation of general literary forms

C1 Discourse--as in the sermons of Jesus in the Gospel of John

C2 Prose--this is general writing as the book of Genesis.

C3 Poetry--as Psalms

C4 Drama--describing an event is dramatic terms with the reader being able to picture those events clearly.

C5 Parabolic--parables

C6 Apocalyptic--passages as found in Daniel and Revelation

B4 Atmosphere

C1 This is the tone of the passage. Some examples may be joy, thanksgiving, desire, etc.

C2 In any particular passage there may be a variety of tones.

A5 Some basic pointers.

B1 Read and understand the passage in its plain, normal sense.

B2 Note the time and circumstances that a passage was written.

B3 Note the terrain if it is mentioned.

B4 Who are the people mentioned.

B5 Observe the passage by individual words and by clauses and phrases.

B6 Consult other writers. We do this to prevent an interpretation that has been ruled out in previous generations.

A6 Read John 3:1-21, Jesus's conversation with Nicodemus and apply the above principles.