General Principles on Interpretation
A1 The person
B1 Help of the Holy Spirit 1 Corinthians 2:13
C1 Bible is God's word
C2 Bible is 100% truth
C3 Faith is taking the Bible in the plain, normal sense
D1 To accept what it says rather than making/forcing it to say something that we want it to say.
D2 To understand that what God says is correct and perfect, whereas our understanding is corrupted.
D3 To believe and act in such a way that shows we believe that God is the boss, the final authority. What the Scripture says and teaches is final. It is God's teaching.
C5 Understand the concept that the Bible is the final authority. 2 Timothy 3:16-17
A2 The Method
B1 Plain, normal sense
C1 Definitions would be in the plain, normal sense
C2 Definitions need to be understood in their context
C3 Definitions need to take in consideration the Greek or Hebrew word
C1 Between Old Testament and New Testament
C2 Israel and the Church
B5 Cross references
B6 We are not to force an interpretation but simply understand it means what it says. 2 Peter 1:20-21. For example, the Apostle John wrote in the Book of Revelation many things had to understand. John did not see something and then hide the meaning in some mysterious terms. What John saw, he wrote, so we should accept that. We may guess at the meaning but must be careful not to force an interpretation. Also this passage refers to the idea that the prophets did not express their opinion, guess, or anything from themselves but were expressing God's words.
C1 The Greek word has been taken in two ways.
D1 A loosening, that is, a prophet gives what God has given him/her. Numbers 16:28, Jeremiah 23:16
D2 An interpretation, that is, what does this mean. 2 Corinthians 4:2, Ephesians 4:14, 1 Thessalonians 2:3-5
C2 It does not mean that only a certain class of people have a special authority to interpret. Many look to the Pope, or the living Prophet of the church, or to headquarters.
B7 The Bible was given in a progressive revelation where God revealed further information in time. Thus the New Testament helps us to understand the Old Testament. This does not mean that what was revealed first is incorrect but incomplete.
B8 Take note of modifiers as adjectives and adverbs that help define the word.
A3 The Application
B1 Not what does it mean to me, but what does it mean.
B2 We learn
C1 Things we must do. For example Ephesians 4:25-32 for both some things we must do and some things we must NOT do.
C2 Things we must NOT do.
C3 Principles of what to do or what not to do. Proverbs 16:18-20, Proverbs 19:11
C4 Examples of success or failure. 2 Samuel 11, Matthew 26:75, Luke 10:25-37, Luke 17:11-19