1 John 2:1-2
My little children, these things I write to you, that you may not sin. And if someone should sin, we have an Advocate with the Father, Jesus Christ the righteous. And He Himself is the propitiation for our sins, and not only concerning ours, but also concerning those of the whole world. (1 John 2:1-2, EMTV)
B1 1 John 2:1
C1 First sentence
D1 My little children
D2 These things
D3 I write
D4 To you
E2 May not sin
C2 Second sentence
E3 Should sin
D4 Main clause
E3 An Advocate
F1 With the Father
G1 Jesus Christ
H1 The Righteous
B2 1 John 2:2
C1 He Himself is
C2 The propitiation
D1 For our sins
D2 Not only ours
D3 Of the whole world
B1 This is a continuation of the thought from 1 John 1:8-10. It deals on forgiveness. What are we to do with sin? The answer is here.
B2 God wants us to live a godly, blameless life. Galatians 5:24, 1 Timothy 6:11, Titus 2:12, etc.
B3 It is inevitably that we will sin. A provision has been planned and enacted. Hebrews 4:14-16, Hebrews 7:25
B4 Often it is in reading/studying the Scriptures that we learn of our sin.
B5 Jesus is the Advocate for us with the Father in heaven. The Holy Spirit is the advocate for our earthly journey.
C1 The Greek word is παράκλητος parakletos.
C2 It means to call someone over to help them and is translated intercessor, helper, comforter, and advocate.
C3 We need to call; Jesus is listening and willing to help. He loves us and wants to forgive sins.
C4 1 Timothy 2:5, Hebrews 9:24.
C5 It is also used of the Holy Spirit. John 14:16-17
C6 From the Preacher's Complete Homiletical Commentary on 1 John 2:1:
Advocate.—Same word as St. John uses in his gospel. It is there translated "Comforter" (John 14:16; John 14:25; John 15:26; John 16:7). One who is ready to plead for us; and One who has peculiar power, and right, to plead. See our word "Intercessor." With the Father.—With is literally towards. But the point is, that the Advocate is always with the Father, and His help is therefore always available. The name for God, Father, is intended to remind us that the apostle is not here speaking about anybody and everybody's sins against God, but precisely about the sins of God's children, which are sins against their spiritual and Divine Father. The righteous.—Or, the perfect, ideal, model Son, who never sins, but does always the things that please the Father. His standing before the Father as the righteous Son is the perpetual plea for merciful dealing with those who want to be such sons as He is, and cannot be by reason of their bodily and human frailties. Righteous sonship is the best of pleas with the righteous Father.
C7 This Advocate is with (literally towards) the Father ministering for us.
B6 Jesus Christ, the Righteous. This is because Jesus never sinned. He obeyed His Father and went to the cross where He suffered for our sins and is the perfect mediator. 1 Timothy 2:5
B7 There is no other who is a "propitiation for our sins."
C1 Wilbur Pickering writes on 1 John 2:2 propitiation: "Now there is a good deal! Having Himself paid my debt, when the Son pleads my case before the Father, I will be cleared. Thank you, Lord! The term 'propitiation' is not so well known these days, but it has a specific theological content that needs to be preserved. It refers to an atoning sacrifice that is required to satisfy God's outraged character, outraged by our sin."
C2 We continuously see throughout Scripture that sin makes God very angry. Since it makes Him very angry, we need to avail ourselves of the only method that satisfies His justice.
B8 It is not only the sins of the elect but all peoples' sins if they meet God's conditions.
B1 According to 1 John 2:1, what is one of the purposes that John wrote this letter?
B2 What is the solution for a Christian's sin?
B3 What is the extent of Jesus Christ's salvation?
B4 What is an advocate?
B5 Is Jesus the only propitiation for sins?
B6 Is Jesus the propitiation for just Christians?