Theme: God made a covenant.
B1 God's call of Abraham--Genesis 12:1-9
B2 God's covenant with Abraham--Genesis 15:1-6
A2 Notes and questions
D1 A promise. A specialized promise, not the ordinary kind we make every day. It is a special promise between Yahweh and a person, persons, group, and clan (as in the case of Israel).
D2 "A usu. formal agreement between two or more parties to engage in or refrain from something." Wordsymth
- "Written, solemn, and binding agreement.
- 2.Binding promise explicitly or implicitly stipulated in a deed or contract (a loan agreement, for example), by a covenantee (a lender, for example), which the covenanter (a borrower, for example) must agree to (otherwise there is no agreement or deal). Once agreed to, the covenant is usually enforceable even if it is unwarranted and/or is unsupported by a consideration. A covenant need not be explicit if its implication is necessary to carry out the intention of the explicit covenant(s). Covenants can cover virtually anything; in a loan agreement, for example, covenants can restrict size of a firm's total debt, salaries of managers, and dividends to shareholders. A covenant may be (1) Positive, when it forces an action, (2) Negative, when it restrains or prevents, (3) Independent, when applicable on its own, or (4) Dependent, when its application requires a specific condition to occur.
C2 Bible Covenants
D1 Types--conditional and unconditional
D2 Typically 8 covenants are recognized
D3 Table THE EIGHT COVENANTS OF THE BIBLE
|Name of Covenant|
Made with Yahweh and
Conditional or unconditional
Nation of Israel
satan, Eve, and Adam
|Palestinian or Land Covenant|
David-eternal kingship (Messiah)
Body of believers in Jesus Christ
D4 Abrahamic covenant
E1 The covenant itself Genesis 12:1-9
E2 The ceremony Genesis 15:1-6 (21)
F1 Makes sealed and unconditional. Both parties would pass between the pieces, but here only God passed between the pieces.
F2 God is not seen except as the light moving being the pieces.
F3 Genesis 15:1-6 is a promise of a descendant and Abraham's conversion--he believed and God forgave.
B2 Genesis 12:1
C1 Who is speaking? (Yahweh)
C2 Who is listening? (Abram)
C3 In THIS verse what is commanded of Abram?
C4 Is this the norm for all the saints? (No, Yahweh is speaking to Abram, not everyone).
C5 Would it be hard for you to leave all you family members and your homeland?
C6 How does Abram know this is God? Didn't Mohammad say that Gabriel had brought God's message to him? How do we know what is God's voice and not God's voice? Do we follow something subjective or objective for our source of truth? Abraham was a prophet ("Now therefore, restore the man's wife; for he is a prophet, and he will pray for you and you shall live. But if you do not restore her, know that you shall surely die, you and all who are yours." (Genesis 20:7, NKJV).
E1 Good and pure=angels.
E2 Evil=unclean spirits, demons, etc. But these can and do know how to appear pure. They know the walk, the talk, and the dress/appearance of purity.
D2 Humans can be and are deceived.
D3 The only, absolute, 100% truth is the Bible. It is proven. See:
D1 Acts 7:3 (GNB92) and said to him, 'Leave your family and country and go to the land that I will show you.'
D2 Hebrews 11:8 (GNB92) It was faith that made Abraham obey when God called him to go out to a country which God had promised to give him. He left his own country without knowing where he was going.
D3 We learn that faith is not some wish, but it is believing God.
B3 Genesis 12:2-3
C1 Was this promise to Israel?
C2 Would this promise ever change?
C3 Was this covenant literally fulfilled?
D1 The land
E1 And the LORD said to Abram, after Lot had separated from him: "Lift your eyes now and look from the place where you are–northward, southward, eastward, and westward; "for all the land which you see I give to you and your descendants forever. "And I will make your descendants as the dust of the earth; so that if a man could number the dust of the earth, then your descendants also could be numbered. "Arise, walk in the land through its length and its width, for I give it to you." (Genesis 13:14-17, NKJV)
E2 So the LORD gave to Israel all the land that he had solemnly promised their ancestors he would give them. When they had taken possession of it, they settled down there. The LORD gave them peace throughout the land, just as he had promised their ancestors. Not one of all their enemies had been able to stand against them, because the LORD gave the Israelites the victory over all their enemies. The LORD kept every one of the promises that he had made to the people of Israel. (Joshua 21:43-45, GNB92)
E1 And Melchizedek, who was king of Salem and also a priest of the Most High God, brought bread and wine to Abram, blessed him, and said, "May the Most High God, who made heaven and earth, bless Abram! (Genesis 14:18-19, GNB92)
as Abraham "believed God, and it was accounted to him for righteousness." (Galatians 3:6, NKJV)
D3 Many descendants
E1 Genesis 22:17 (NKJV) "blessing I will bless you, and multiplying I will multiply your descendants as the stars of the heaven and as the sand which is on the seashore; and your descendants shall possess the gate of their enemies.
E2 Deuteronomy 1:10 (NKJV) 'The LORD your God has multiplied you, and here you are today, as the stars of heaven in multitude.
D4 THE descendant--Messiah, who is Jesus Christ
E1 Now to Abraham and his Seed were the promises made. He does not say, "And to seeds," as of many, but as of one, "And to your Seed," who is Christ. (Galatians 3:16, NKJV)
E2 For the promise that he would be the heir of the world was not to Abraham or to his seed through the law, but through the righteousness of faith. (Romans 4:13, NKJV). Seed is singular here though many understand it as a plural as English does with the word sheep (1 sheep, 10 sheep, etc.).
F1 Ask, and I will give you all the nations; the whole earth will be yours. (Psalms 2:8, GNB92)
F2 All kings will bow down before him; all nations will serve him. (Psalms 72:11, GNB92)
D5 Indeed those who believe like Abraham did also receive a blessing. List some of the blessings we receive because of Abraham?
E1 I will bless those who bless you, And I will curse him who curses you; And in you all the families of the earth shall be blessed." (Genesis 12:3, NKJV)
E2 And if you are Christ's, then you are Abraham's descendants, and heirs according to the promise. (Galatians 3:29, EMTV)
B4 Genesis 12:4-5
C1 What did Abraham do after he received the command from God?
C2 How old was Abraham? Could we start a "new" life at 75 years old?
C3 Abraham had no children. Did he still believe God?
B6 Genesis 12:6-9 What 2 important things did Abraham do? (Built altar to worship God. He, also, called on the name of the Lord (acknowledging the Yahweh is God).
B7 Genesis 15:1-6
C1 "After this..." What is this referring to? (Genesis 14:24. It was after the defeat of the kings and rescue of Lot).
C2 Does God care about each one of us individually? How can God do this when there are so many?
C3 Was Abraham discouraged (Genesis 15:2)?
C4 Did God scream and yell at him for his discouragement? Why do we sometimes think God is doing or will do this to us?
C5 How did God encourage Abraham? (Genesis 15:4-5)
C6 What great importance is taught in Genesis 15:6? (He believed God). Is faith a work as the Calvinists tell us? Is this blind faith or reasonable faith?
C7 Has the Gospel changed from age to age, or is it the same from age to age?
C8 Is God's timing better than ours? Do we get impatient at waiting? What can we do about it?
C9 What does God want us to do? (In the New Testament, which is our instruction manual from Jesus, we )
D1 Know there are some things we must not do.
D2 Know there are some things we must do.
D3 Principles of right and wrong.
D4 Examples of bad and good choices.