27 November 2017

Doctrine Short: Truth

From time to time, I'll publish a short post on doctrine from my book. Sometimes the formating is not perfect, but I cannot correct it. Cheers.

B1 Truth

C1 Define
D1 Theories
E1 Correspondence = reality
F1 Facts = a thing that exists or happened
F2 Belief = acceptance of facts
E2 Coherence = agrees with a set of beliefs or concepts
E3 Pragmatic = truth is what works
E4 Narcissistic = what I believe is truth
D2 “I am lying”
E1 Is this true or false?
E2 We need:
F1 Context. The three words have no meaning with context as, “What are you talking about?”
F2 A standard to judge and know
D3 Some thoughts
E1 Eyewitness: as in testimony
E2 Repeatable: as in math
E3 Consistent
E4 Legal: based on law, as in speed limit
E5 Faithfulness: as in being true to a person or cause
E6 Fact vs. Opinion. This would be the difference of subjectively/objectively.
E7 Comment from IVPBBC:
The Greek concept of truth emphasized reality; the Old Testament word translated "truth" had more to do with integrity or faithfulness to one's word or character. Jewish thought characterized God as the Truth, so Jesus' hearers should realize that he refers specifically to God's truth in the Jewish sense. [Comment on John 8:32—The IVP Bible Background Commentary: New Testament Copyright © 1993 by Craig S. Keener]
E8 The Hebrew, 'emeth, has to do with stability.
E9 If there is no consistent, eternal standard, we cannot not know truth. If there was no standard like this, truth would be relative.
C2 For the Christian, truth is reality based on the perfect, untainted, standard of facts as revealed in the Bible. This is affirmed by the attributes of God as omniscience, omnisapience, omnipotence, and omnipresence.
C3 Verses
D1 God of truth: Into Your hand I commit my spirit; You have redeemed me, O LORD God of truth. (Psalms 31:5, NKJV)
D2 Truth in the core of our being: Indeed, you are pleased with truth in the inner person, and you will teach me wisdom in my innermost parts. (Psalms 51:6, ISV)
D3 To practice always: Let not mercy and truth forsake you; Bind them around your neck, Write them on the tablet of your heart, (Proverbs 3:3, NKJV)

Putting Others First

Theme: Body of Christ

Scriptures: 1 Corinthians 11:17-34
Objectives: (From the D6 Fusion Sunday School Lesson book)
Know: Divisions in the church in Corinth were demonstrated by the way they celebrated communion. Paul instructed the believers to unite around the sacrifice of Christ represented by the bread and cup.
Think: Let a constant awareness of Christ’s sacrificial love drive my interaction with all of my church family.
Do: Do my part to build unity in my local body of Christ.

Notes and questions
B1 The Corinthian believers had questions about Communion, the Lord’s Supper.
B2 Their remembrance of the Lord was badly flawed: 1 Corinthians 11:17-22 NKJV  Now in giving these instructions I do not praise you, since you come together not for the better but for the worse.  18  For first of all, when you come together as a church, I hear that there are divisions among you, and in part I believe it.  19  For there must also be factions among you, that those who are approved may be recognized among you.  20  Therefore when you come together in one place, it is not to eat the Lord's Supper.  21  For in eating, each one takes his own supper ahead of others; and one is hungry and another is drunk.  22  What! Do you not have houses to eat and drink in? Or do you despise the church of God and shame those who have nothing? What shall I say to you? Shall I praise you in this? I do not praise you. They
C1 Had divisions. These are splits (schisms) maybe due to socio-economic reasons.
C2 Had factions. This is believing and teaching false doctrine.
C3 Had the Lord’s Supper for the wrong reasons. Utley, in his commentary on this passage, writes: It is possible to understand this phrase in several ways.
1. The wealthy/educated/influential/high-born came early and ate their meal quickly so that when the poor arrived there was nothing, or hardly anything, left to eat.
2. Each person was to bring his own meal. The elite believers ate theirs quickly in the presence of the poor, or slave members of the church, who brought little or nothing.
C4 Had selfish motives and actions
C5 Had despise for the church of God (the people)
C6 Were shaming those who are poor. Utley gives further comment: The problem was selfishness and gluttony based on social distinctions instead of self-giving love, as Jesus' actions and precedent clearly taught. The Corinthian church did not believe that they were one in Christ. There was a radical dichotomy between
1. social haves vs.  have nots
2. wealthy vs. poor
3. men vs. women
4. freedmen vs. slaves
5. Romans vs. all others
6. spiritual elite vs. common believer
C7 The word drunk in 1 Corinthians 11:21 means intoxication.
C8 Questions
D1 What is their main problem?
D2 What happened to the oneness of the group? Oneness as
E1 John 13:34 NKJV  A new commandment I give to you, that you love one another; as I have loved you, that you also love one another.
E2 John 17:11 NKJV  Now I am no longer in the world, but these are in the world, and I come to You. Holy Father, keep through Your name those whom You have given Me, that they may be one as We are.
E3 Oneness is understood to be one in beliefs, gospel, doctrine, goals, etc. as in being one team.
B3 Paul set about to correct this.
B4 Basics of Communion
C1 In remembrance of what Jesus has done for us: 1 Corinthians 11:23-26 NRSV  For I received from the Lord what I also handed on to you, that the Lord Jesus on the night when he was betrayed took a loaf of bread,  (24)  and when he had given thanks, he broke it and said, "This is my body that is for you. Do this in remembrance of me."  (25)  In the same way he took the cup also, after supper, saying, "This cup is the new covenant in my blood. Do this, as often as you drink it, in remembrance of me."  (26)  For as often as you eat this bread and drink the cup, you proclaim the Lord's death until he comes.
D1 In remembrance of Me.
E1 Remembering the prophecies about Him, His birth, His baptism, His ministry, His teaching, His attributes, His warnings, His death, His resurrection, His ascension, His present ministry, His promises, His coming for us soon, His reign as King of Kings, etc.
E2 His suffering for our sins, the penalty paid, His offer of salvation, and His call to us.
E3 His love, His compassion, and His seeking us who were lost.
D2 Old and New Covenant

Comparing Old and New Covenant
Old Covenant
New Covenant
Was given to Israel Exodus 19:1-5
Was given to Abraham and cannot be annulled: Galatians 3:13-18
Given at Mt. Sinai Exodus 19:1-5
Given at the Last Supper as a memorial to remember the sacrificial gift of the Lord Jesus for the sins of the world
Conditional Exodus 19:5
Given to the nation of Israel
Promised to the nation of Israel: Jeremiah 31:31-34
Failed and is fading away Hebrews 8:3
Successful and everlasting
Jeremiah 32:40 with
Is everlasting and perfect: Hebrews 13:20

Promised and guaranteed by Jesus Christ: Hebrews 7:21-22
Inaugurated with blood of animals Hebrews 9:18
Inaugurated with blood of Christ 1 Corinthians 11:25
Must keep the whole law perfectly in thoughts, desires, words, and deeds Galatians 5:3
Jesus Christ kept the whole law perfectly in thoughts, desires, words, and deeds John 19:28 and
Hebrews 4:15
Perfect obedience is required in thoughts, desires, words, and deeds Exodus 19:5
Faith is required Romans 4:5 and Romans 5:1
Was given to convict people of their sinful condition: Galatians 3:19-24

Moses was the mediator: Galatians 3:19
Jesus is the mediator: Hebrews 8:6
The covenant with Israel had problems: Hebrews 8
The Old Covenant has been replaced: Hebrews 8:13

D3 If you want to read more about the New Covenant, read Jeremiah 31 and Hebrews 8-10.
D4 You proclaim the Lord’s death until He comes.
E1 We do not see Him today.
E2 We have this reminder from when He ate with His Apostles until He returns for us.
E3 It is for all believers until He returns.
E4 There is a promise that He will return.
B6 1 Corinthians 11:23-26 NKJV  For I received from the Lord that which I also delivered to you: that the Lord Jesus on the same night in which He was betrayed took bread;  24  and when He had given thanks, He broke it and said, "Take, eat; this is My body which is broken for you; do this in remembrance of Me."  25  In the same manner He also took the cup after supper, saying, "This cup is the new covenant in My blood. This do, as often as you drink it, in remembrance of Me."  26  For as often as you eat this bread and drink this cup, you proclaim the Lord's death till He comes.
C1 The word received has the idea that Paul learned this from the Lord Jesus.
C2 John 6:51-56 NKJV  I am the living bread which came down from heaven. If anyone eats of this bread, he will live forever; and the bread that I shall give is My flesh, which I shall give for the life of the world."  52  The Jews therefore quarreled among themselves, saying, "How can this Man give us His flesh to eat?"  53  Then Jesus said to them, "Most assuredly, I say to you, unless you eat the flesh of the Son of Man and drink His blood, you have no life in you.  54  Whoever eats My flesh and drinks My blood has eternal life, and I will raise him up at the last day.  55  For My flesh is food indeed, and My blood is drink indeed.  56  He who eats My flesh and drinks My blood abides in Me, and I in him.
D1 This is somewhat related to the passage we are studying.
D2 The idea is that we eat food and drink fluids to live physically. It is a source of life for us.
D3 Jesus Christ is our food and fluid to live spiritually. He is our source of life.
D4 Jesus created Adam and Eve (and us). Jesus recreates us in the New Birth. Without Jesus, there is no spiritual life. Spiritual life is only in Jesus. There is no other way. We cannot do this ourselves. 2 Corinthians 5:17 NKJV  Therefore, if anyone is in Christ, he is a new creation; old things have passed away; behold, all things have become new.
C3 From our passage what night was this supper?
C4 Jesus took the bread. What did He do next? How can we apply that for us today?
C5 How was Jesus’s body broken?
C6 Is blood necessary for salvation? Hebrews 9:22-28 NKJV  And according to the law almost all things are purified with blood, and without shedding of blood there is no remission.  23  Therefore it was necessary that the copies of the things in the heavens should be purified with these, but the heavenly things themselves with better sacrifices than these.  24  For Christ has not entered the holy places made with hands, which are copies of the true, but into heaven itself, now to appear in the presence of God for us;  25  not that He should offer Himself often, as the high priest enters the Most Holy Place every year with blood of another—  26  He then would have had to suffer often since the foundation of the world; but now, once at the end of the ages, He has appeared to put away sin by the sacrifice of Himself.  27  And as it is appointed for men to die once, but after this the judgment,  28  so Christ was offered once to bear the sins of many. To those who eagerly wait for Him He will appear a second time, apart from sin, for salvation.
C7 The idea of remembrance is recollection. Why do we need to be reminded?
C8 What are we proclaiming?
C9 How long is the church to do this?
B7 1 Corinthians 11:27-32 NKJV  Therefore whoever eats this bread or drinks this cup of the Lord in an unworthy manner will be guilty of the body and blood of the Lord.  28  But let a man examine himself, and so let him eat of the bread and drink of the cup.  29  For he who eats and drinks in an unworthy manner eats and drinks judgment to himself, not discerning the Lord's body.  30  For this reason many are weak and sick among you, and many sleep.  31  For if we would judge ourselves, we would not be judged.  32  But when we are judged, we are chastened by the Lord, that we may not be condemned with the world.
C1 How do we eat unworthily?
C2 With what do we examine ourselves? What is this standard?
C3 What is happening to the people in 1 Corinthians 11:30?
D1 Chastening
D2 Psalm 38 is one passage that answers the question. Here is Psalms 38:3 NKJV  There is no soundness in my flesh Because of Your anger, Nor any health in my bones Because of my sin.
C4 What is the solution, the healing of the problem?
C5 According to 1 Corinthians 11:32, what is a purpose of chastening?
B8 1 Corinthians 11:33-34 NKJV  Therefore, my brethren, when you come together to eat, wait for one another.  34  But if anyone is hungry, let him eat at home, lest you come together for judgment. And the rest I will set in order when I come.
C1 What is the importance of waiting for one another?
C2 What judgment might one experience if we do not the right thing?
C3 Do we do the Lord’s Supper as a family or as individuals? The family is referring to the whole congregation.
C4 Is the Lord’s Supper a necessary ritual, a rule for salvation?
C5 How does loving our neighbor as ourself apply to this passage?
C6 How are we to do this principle this week?
B9 Next week:
C1 Gifted to serve
C2 Theme: Spiritual Gifts
C3 Scriptures: 1 Corinthians 12

25 November 2017

Free to Love

Theme: Freedom in Christ

Scriptures: 1 Corinthians 8:1–9:23

Objectives: (From the D6 Fusion Sunday School Lesson book)
Know: Christ has set us free to put other’s needs and well-being ahead of our own.
Think: I consider other’s well-being as more important than my own desires.
Do: Use my freedom in Christ to choose what is best for others.

Notes and questions:
B1 What is freedom?
C1 Not under or following any laws
C2 “I can do what I want.”
C3 Freedom means getting rid of desires except one and that is, to love — the kind of love which doesn’t demand anything, even love in return. Source (in the comments).
C4 Freedom is the ability to resist.
C5 What else?
B2 Freedom lost
C1 Can freedom be lost?
C2 How is it lost?
B3 Freedom regained
C1 Are either of the following choices Scriptural?
C2 Second Council of Orange, Canon 13: The freedom of will that was destroyed in the first man can be restored only by the grace of baptism
C3 “Nobody can give you freedom. Nobody can give you equality or justice or anything. If you're a man, you take it”—Malcolm X Source
B4 Who is free?
C1  His (God–editor) will is completely free, because He cannot be forced to will, reject or permit [anything] either by the inward necessity of His nature, nor by external power either of some force or the efficacy of an object which either are outside Himself, or will be. (Arminian Confession of Faith (1621), Chapter 2.9)
C2 No person is free who is not master of himself.—Pythagoras
C3 "I hope for nothing. I fear nothing. I am free."—Nikos Kazantzakis Source
C4 In an irreverent TV commercial for the Freedom From Religion Foundation, Ron Reagan quips that he is "an unabashed atheist, not afraid of burning in hell." Source
C5 After reading these, who is free?
B5 Consider
C1 Is the first, second, or third quote freedom, or is it something else?
D1 Isaiah 14:12-13 NKJV  How you are fallen from heaven, O Lucifer, son of the morning! How you are cut down to the ground, You who weakened the nations!  13  For you have said in your heart: 'I will ascend into heaven, I will exalt my throne above the stars of God; I will also sit on the mount of the congregation On the farthest sides of the north.
D2 Malachi 3:15 NKJV  So now we call the proud blessed, For those who do wickedness are raised up; They even tempt God and go free.
D3 John 8:33 NKJV  They answered Him, "We are Abraham's descendants, and have never been in bondage to anyone. How can You say, 'You will be made free'?"
C2 The context of the third quote: John 8:33-36 NKJV  They answered Him, "We are Abraham's descendants, and have never been in bondage to anyone. How can You say, 'You will be made free'?"  34  Jesus answered them, "Most assuredly, I say to you, whoever commits sin is a slave of sin.  35  And a slave does not abide in the house forever, but a son abides forever.  36  Therefore if the Son makes you free, you shall be free indeed.
D1 Who is a slave in this passage?
D2 Is one who commits sin free?
B6 1 Corinthians 8,
C1 The Corinthians had a question about food and idols.
C2 Could they eat food that had been dedicated to an idol?
C3 Can we eat food offered to idols?
C4 Could we eat halal or kosher food?
C5 What is the weaker conscious that might be offended?
C6 What should the motivation be for the one who is free to eat towards the one who does not have that freedom?
C7 How does having love (God’s definition of it) change our perception of freedom?
C8 Are we our brother’s keeper?
C9 Could someone use this as an excuse to manipulate others?
C10 How else can we apply this principle today?
C11 Why is it necessary to limit our freedom?
B7 1 Corinthians 9,
C1 Rights
D1 What are rights?
E1 Some suffer for the greater good?
E2 What the rich and power want?
E3 What the government gives and takes?
E4 What we protest for?
D2 Who gives rights? Is it government, ourselves, peer pressure, or something else?
C2 Did Lucifer have the right to rebel against God?
C3 Did Adam have the right to eat from the Tree of the Knowledge of Good and Evil?
C4 Did Jesus have the right to lay down His life voluntarily as a sacrifice for our sins?
C5 1 Corinthians 9:11-12 NKJV  If we have sown spiritual things for you, is it a great thing if we reap your material things?  12  If others are partakers of this right over you, are we not even more? Nevertheless we have not used this right, but endure all things lest we hinder the gospel of Christ.
D1 The Apostles have a right to not work and have the financial assistance from believer’s gifts. They gain something.
D2 What rights do the givers have? They lose something.
D3 How does this apply, or maybe it doesn’t? 1 Corinthians 9:14 NKJV  Even so the Lord has commanded that those who preach the gospel should live from the gospel.
C6 1 Corinthians 9:20-23 NKJV  and to the Jews I became as a Jew, that I might win Jews; to those who are under the law, as under the law, that I might win those who are under the law;  21  to those who are without law, as without law (not being without law toward God, but under law toward Christ), that I might win those who are without law;  22  to the weak I became as weak, that I might win the weak. I have become all things to all men, that I might by all means save some.  23  Now this I do for the gospel's sake, that I may be partaker of it with you.
D1 Does this make Paul a hypocrite? He lives like a Jew when with Jews and a Gentile when with Gentiles.
D2 Does this help answer the question? Acts 16:3 NKJV  Paul wanted to have him go on with him. And he took him and circumcised him because of the Jews who were in that region, for they all knew that his father was Greek.
D3 Or this: Galatians 2:3 NKJV  Yet not even Titus who was with me, being a Greek, was compelled to be circumcised.
D4 Does a missionary to a foreign country have to live by the culture they know or the culture of the people they are ministering to?
D5 What is more important—the Gospel or “my rights?”
D6 How can we apply this today?
D7 When should we not adopt the culture of those we minister to?
B8 Questions
C1 How do we find the balance between tolerance and intolerance?
C2 When do “my rights” cause a problem for spreading the Gospel?
C3 How do we decide what activities I can do that others cannot?
D1 Alcohol
D2 Movies with cursing and the Lord’s name taken in vain
D3 Movies with just one sex scene (implied or otherwise)
D4 Doing the drug scene as an undercover police officer
B9 Next week