(From the D6 Fusion Sunday School Lesson book)
Justification has always been through faith, even in the Old
Maintain an awareness that I am totally dependent on Christ for
salvation and for power to live for Him each day.
Continue to walk by faith each and every day.
Galatians 3:1-5 NKJV O
foolish Galatians! Who has bewitched you that you should not obey the
truth, before whose eyes Jesus Christ was clearly portrayed among you
as crucified? This only I want to learn from you: Did you receive the
Spirit by the works of the law, or by the hearing of faith? Are you
so foolish? Having begun in the Spirit, are you now being made
perfect by the flesh? Have you suffered so many things in vain–if
indeed it was in vain? Therefore He who supplies the Spirit to you
and works miracles among you, does He do it by the works of the law,
or by the hearing of faith?
What did the Galatians have a clear description of?
Why did they not obey the truth? (Wilbur Pickering notes, Perhaps
3% of the Greek manuscripts omit “that you not be persuaded by the
Truth (as in NIV, NASB, LB, TEV, etc.)).
How does this verse apply to the Galatians (and perhaps, to us):
Proverbs 14:15 NKJV The
simple believes every word, But the prudent considers well his steps.
How would you summarize Jesus’s death? Give some physical aspects
of Jesus’s death and some spiritual aspects.
Does keeping the Law bring salvation, forgiveness of sins, and
reconciliation with God?
Can any human keep God’s Law?
Could Paul, the Apostle, keep God’s law?
There are 3 questions in this text. How do WE answer these questions?
You began by God's Spirit; do you now want to finish by your own
Did all your experience mean nothing at all?
Does God give you the Spirit and work miracles among you because you
do what the Law requires or because you hear the gospel and believe
Note the contrast between works
of the law
The Galatians knew little or nothing of the Law. What they had
experienced was a result of hearing the Gospel, not keeping Mosaic
Galatians 3:6-9 NKJV just
as Abraham “believed God, and it was accounted to him for
righteousness.” Therefore know that only those who are of faith are
sons of Abraham. And the Scripture, foreseeing that God would justify
the Gentiles by faith, preached the gospel to Abraham beforehand,
saying, “In you all the nations shall be blessed.” So then those
who are of faith are blessed with believing Abraham.
The Scripture referred to is the spoken word that God spoke to
Abraham. The only written Scripture at that time was possibly Job.
What did Abraham do to be accepted by God as righteous? Did He keep
the Law or believe? How could Abraham have kept the Law of Moses?
How are Israelites put right with God? How about Gentiles?
What Gospel did Abraham hear? How is that Gospel different from the
Gospel of today?
Galatians 3:10-12 NKJV For
as many as are of the works of the law are under the curse; for it is
written, “Cursed is everyone who does not continue in all things
which are written in the book of the law, to do them.” But that no
one is justified by the law in the sight of God is evident, for “the
just shall live by faith.” Yet the law is not of faith, but “the
man who does them shall live by them.”
What does trying to keep the Law result in?
How much of the Law is each person required to obey?
Is keeping the Law just in outward actions or in thoughts, desires,
words, AND deeds?
How many people have been justified by the Law?
What does the Law have to do with faith?
What does the Law require?
Galatians 3:13-14 NKJV Christ
has redeemed us from the curse of the law, having become a curse for
us (for it is written, “Cursed is everyone who hangs on a tree”),
that the blessing of Abraham might come upon the Gentiles in Christ
Jesus, that we might receive the promise of the Spirit through faith.
Explain how Christ became a curse for us.
How does Christ redeem us from the Law’s curse? Redeem has the idea
of buying back something. We humans are sold under sin; we are
enslaved to it. We are set free by faith and the sacrifice of Jesus
Christ on the cross.
How does a person receive the Spirit promised by God?
Galatians 3:15-18 NKJV Brethren,
I speak in the manner of men: Though it is only a man’s covenant,
yet if it is confirmed, no one annuls or adds to it. Now to Abraham
and his Seed were the promises made. He does not say, “And to
seeds,” as of many, but as of one, “And to your Seed,” who is
Christ. And this I say, that the law, which was four hundred and
thirty years later, cannot annul the covenant that was confirmed
before by God in
that it should make the promise of no effect. For if the inheritance
is of the law, it is no longer of promise; but God gave it to Abraham
Wilbur Pickering notes: Less
than 3% of the Greek manuscripts, of inferior quality, omit “in
Christ” (as in NIV, NASB, LB, TEV, etc.). Without Christ, the Seed,
there would have been no promise.
If 2 people agree on a business or legal matter, they have a written
contract. Can it be changed or broken without the other agreeing to
Who then can break God’s agreement with Abraham?
Who is the descendant (singular, not plural)?
What does God’s promise to keep this covenant mean today?
What is the difference between a gift and an obligation?
Did Abraham earn righteousness or receive it as a gift?
Galatians 3:19-20 NKJV What
purpose then does the law serve? It was added because of
transgressions, till the Seed should come to whom the promise was
made; and it was appointed through angels by the hand of a mediator.
Now a mediator does not mediate for one only, but God is one.
What is the purpose of the Law? Is it to forgive sins and find
reconciliation with God?
What was keeping (trying to keep) the Law meant to do?
How long was the Law to last (stay in effect)?
Galatians 3:21-22 NKJV Is
the law then against the promises of God? Certainly not! For if there
had been a law given which could have given life, truly righteousness
would have been by the law. But the Scripture has confined all under
sin, that the promise by faith in Jesus Christ might be given to
those who believe.
Does this mean that the Law is against God's promises?
Does the Law bring life?
What is the whole world (every human) enslaved to?
What is the gift of salvation based on?
Who receives this gift of salvation? Is it law keepers or those with
faith in Christ?
Galatians 3:23-25 NKJV But
before faith came, we were kept under guard by the law, kept for the
faith which would afterward be revealed. Therefore the law was our
tutor to bring us to Christ, that we might be justified by faith. But
after faith has come, we are no longer under a tutor.
What did the Law do to us before faith (the Gospel) was revealed?
What was the purpose of the Law?
How are people put right with God?
Does the Law have authority over us?
Galatians 3:26-29 NKJV For
you are all sons of God through faith in Christ Jesus. For as many of
you as were baptized into Christ have put on Christ. There is neither
Jew nor Greek, there is neither slave nor free, there is neither male
nor female; for you are all one in Christ Jesus. And if you are
Christ’s, then you are Abraham’s seed, and heirs according to the
God looks upon believers as His children. Was it through keeping
God’s Law or faith in Jesus Christ?
Is salvation’s status different if one is a male or female, a slave
or nonslave, between Jews or Gentile?
A topical study on...Obey the truth…
Truth is reality (the correspondence theory of truth).
Truth needs to be in thoughts, desires, words, and deeds.
Yahweh is the only source of 100% truth.
The Bible, given by inspiration by the Holy Spirit, is 100% truth.
The Gospel is truth.
Truth is rejected by many because it may bring discomfort in
revealing the real person we are.
God desires for us to come to the full knowledge of truth: 1 Timothy
2:4 WEB who
desires all people to be saved and come to full knowledge of the