A Few Thoughts on the Epistle of James—James 5:7-12
The Christian life—Suffering James 5:7-12
Believers Should Be Patient in Suffering James 5:7-9
Believers Should Know About Those Who Have Suffered Before Us James
Believers Should Know That Yes and No Are Better Than Oaths James
patient, therefore, brothers, until the Lord comes. Look how the
the valuable yield from the land and waits for a long time for the
early and later rains. 8 Likewise be patient and steady your hearts,
for the Lord’s coming draws near. 9 Do not complain about one
another, brothers, lest you be condemned. Look! The judge stands at
the doors. 10 My brothers, let the prophets who have spoken in the
name of the Lord be your example of suffering affliction and of
patience. 11 Look, we consider them happy who endure. You have heard
of the perseverance of Job and have seen the Lord’s conclusion [to
it], because the Lord is very compassionate and merciful. 12 But
above all, my brothers, do not take a vow, not by heaven, nor by the
earth, or anything else. Let your “Yes” be yes and your “No”
be no, lest you fall into hypocrisy.
list from James regarding how to live our Christian life.
patience is μακροθυμέω makrothyméō. It means to
persevere patiently and bravely (Thayer’s).
towards God to intervene in suffering. He wants all to repent.
18:7 NIV And
will not God bring about justice for his chosen ones, who cry out to
him day and night? Will he keep putting them off?
Peter 3:8-9 CSB Dear
friends, don’t overlook this one fact: With the Lord one day is
like a thousand years, and a thousand years like one day. The Lord
does not delay his promise, as some understand delay, but is patient
with you, not wanting any to perish but all to come to repentance.
patience is a character and action of love: 1 Corinthians 13:4 NIV
is patient, love is kind. It does not envy, it does not boast, it is
waited for many years: Hebrews 6:15 NIV And
so after waiting patiently, Abraham received what was promised.
need patience, too, in this world of evils. God gives grace. 2
Corinthians 12:8-10 GW I
begged the Lord three times to take it away from me. 9 But he told
kindness is all you need. My power is strongest when you are weak.”
I will brag even more about my weaknesses in order that Christ’s
power will live in me. 10 Therefore, I accept weakness,
mistreatment, hardship, persecution, and difficulties suffered for
Christ. It’s clear that when I’m weak, I’m strong.
is this coming?
is His coming for Christians, that is, the Rapture.
destroy Israel and the Temple, Israel, and the Jews that existed in
James time. Then Jesus would begin His reign.
why would James want the Temple and Israel destroyed? There is no
indication that he wanted such a thing. He wanted his people, his
kinsmen, to repent.
people that James wrote to want deliverance from evil. The Jews
aren’t the only ones who are evil. All people are evil.
Rapture Terms and Passages(pdf)
for the Blessed Hope(pdf)
need to stop complaining.
5:9 GW Brothers
and sisters, stop complaining about each other, or you will be
condemned. Realize that the judge is standing at the door.
we want to warn people.
2:7-8 GW He
will give everlasting life to those who search for glory, honor, and
immortality by persisting in doing what is good. But he will bring 8
anger and fury on those who, in selfish pride, refuse to believe the
truth and who follow what is wrong.
Corinthians 5:10-11 NKJV For
we must all appear before the judgment seat of Christ, that each one
may receive the things done in the body, according to what he has
done, whether good or bad. 11 Knowing, therefore, the terror of the
Lord, we persuade men; but we are well known to God, and I also
trust are well known in your consciences.
I understand this as a warning to those who do not believe that
judgment is coming.
many others understand the warning to be to Christians that we must
live a life pleasing to God, because we Christians will be judged.
make much difference though, we must persuade Christians to live a
life pleasing to God, and we must persuade non-Christians to
believe. Judgment is going to happen but there is a different
judgment for the believer and the unbeliever.
verse 10, James gives examples of those who suffer and are patient
are to patiently endure testing and temptation: James 1:12 NLT God
blesses those who patiently endure testing and temptation. Afterward
they will receive the crown of life that God has promised to those
who love him.
Lord Jesus is our example: Hebrews 12:2 NIV fixing
our eyes on Jesus, the pioneer and perfecter of faith. For the joy
set before him he endured the cross, scorning its shame, and sat
down at the right hand of the throne of God.
it is God’s grace that we can endure, but we also need each other
to comfort and pray for each other.
(verb) and נֶדֶרneder
(noun). They mean to do or give something, and is a promise to God.
It is understood to be voluntary and of a free will. Here is an
example: Ecclesiastes 5:4-5 CSB When
you make a vow to God, don’t delay fulfilling it, because he does
not delight in fools. Fulfill what you vow. Better that you do not
vow than that you vow and not fulfill it.
a vow is very serious and should be a rare occurrence.
yes and no should be sufficient.
a vow is necessary for someone to believe, it might mean that we
appear to not be totally honest.
honors truth. He does not lie; He cannot lie.
James is teaching is a reflection of the Lord Jesus who said,
you have heard that it was said to our ancestors, You must not break
your oath, but you must keep your oaths to the Lord. "But I
tell you, don’t take an oath at all: either by heaven, because it
is God’s throne; "or by the earth, because it is his
footstool; or by Jerusalem, because it is the city of the great
King. "Do not swear by your head, because you cannot make a
single hair white or black. "But let your “yes” mean “yes”
and your “no” mean “no;” Anything more than this is from the
evil one.“ (Matthew
there a difference between a Christian and non-Christian’s
are we to persuade others?
is making a vow to be a rather rare occurrence?