21 October 2020

A Few Thoughts About Colossians 2:2-3


Colossians 2:2-3 WEL That their hearts may be comforted by being knit together in love and into the all the riches of the full assurance of understanding, into the full knowledge of the mystery of the God, even of Father and of the Christ 3 In whom are hidden all the treasures of wisdom and knowledge.


B1 Assurance

C1 The Greek word is πληροφορία plērophoría.

C2 It means full assurance and confidence.

C3 Two examples of the same word

D1 Hebrews 10:22 ISV let us continue to come near with sincere hearts in the full assurance that faith provides, because our hearts have been sprinkled clean from a guilty conscience, and our bodies have been washed with pure water.

D2 1 Thessalonians 1:5 NLT For when we brought you the Good News, it was not only with words but also with power, for the Holy Spirit gave you full assurance that what we said was true. And you know of our concern for you from the way we lived when we were with you.

C3 Example

D1 We have faith that Jesus is the Messiah. This is most reasonable.

D2 We have faith, we believe, that Jesus will return for us. This is most reasonable.

D3 We have hope that this will happenmaybe, even today. This is reasonable.

D4 We have assurance from the character, teaching, and life of Jesus.

E1 That what He told us is the truth (authenticated by the miracles He did in His earthly ministry).

E2 That His promises are true.

E3 This is the solid ground we can stand on. It is the proof (most reasonably so) of what He taught. We can rest. We can have peace. We have the full assurance of understanding. It is not hidden. It is revealed.

B2 Understanding

C1 The Greek word is σύνεσις sýnesis.

C2 It means full understanding, that is, not just the facts but whythe principles of why the facts work a certain way. It is usually used as spiritual insight. See Mounce here and Mounce's Complete Expository Dictionary of Old and New Testament Words, Copyright © 2006 by William D. Mounce.

C3 Two example of the same word.

D1 Luke 2:47 EMTV And those who heard Him were astonished at His understanding and His answers.

D2 2 Timothy 2:7 GNB Think about what I am saying, because the Lord will enable you to understand it all.

C4 Paul wants them to have a solid faith based on truth and the revealed teaching about Jesus and what Jesus taught in His ministry. It is not hidden. Compare: Luke 10:21 NLT At that same time Jesus was filled with the joy of the Holy Spirit, and he said, "O Father, Lord of heaven and earth, thank you for hiding these things from those who think themselves wise and clever, and for revealing them to the childlike. Yes, Father, it pleased you to do it this way.

B3 Full knowledge

C1 The Greek word is ἐπίγνωσις epígnōsis.

C2 It means precise and correct knowledge (Thayer), acquaintance, discernment, recognition (Abbott-Smith).

C3 Two examples of the same word.

D1 Philippians 1:9 LSV and this I pray, that your love may abound yet more and more in full knowledge, and all discernment. Robertson comments on this

May abound (περισσευηι — perisseuēi). Present active subjunctive of περισσευω — perisseuō may keep on overflowing, a perpetual flood of love, “yet more and more” (ετι μαλλον και μαλλον — eti mallon kai mallon), but with necessary limitations (river banks), “in knowledge” (εν επιγνωσει — en epignōsei in full knowledge) “and all discernment” (πασηι αιστησει — pāsēi aisthēsei). The delicate spiritual perception (αιστησις — aisthēsis old word from αιστανομαι — aisthanomai only here in N.T. as the verb only in Luke 9:45 in N.T.) can be cultivated as in αιστητηριον — aisthētērion (Hebrews 5:14)

D2 2 Timothy 3:7 ESV always learning and never able to arrive at a knowledge of the truth.

C4 Paul wants them (and us) to have full knowledge about God, even the Father and the Son. This would be God’s character traits, worldview, lifestyle, plans, rules, etc. We can know.

B4 Mystery

C1 The Greek word is μυστήριον mystḗrion.

C2 It means things that are hidden as thoughts, plans, knowledge. For, the natural human cannot know these things about God without God initiating it. It is why Jesus came into the world.

C3 Two uses of the word:

D1 Matthew 13:11 NIV He replied, "Because the knowledge of the secrets of the kingdom of heaven has been given to you, but not to them.

D2 1 Corinthians 2:6-9 NLT Yet when I am among mature believers, I do speak with words of wisdom, but not the kind of wisdom that belongs to this world or to the rulers of this world, who are soon forgotten. 7 No, the wisdom we speak of is the mystery of God--his plan that was previously hidden, even though he made it for our ultimate glory before the world began. 8 But the rulers of this world have not understood it; if they had, they would not have crucified our glorious Lord. 9 That is what the Scriptures mean when they say, "No eye has seen, no ear has heard, and no mind has imagined what God has prepared for those who love him."

B5 Wisdom

C1 The Greek word is σοφία sophía.

C2 It means σοφία (sophia), GK 5053 (S 4678), 51x. sophia is a word meaning “wisdom.” It denotes the capacity to not only understand something (Acts 7:22) but also to act accordingly (Col 1:9; 4:5). It is the latter that separates wisdom from knowledge. (Mounce)

C3 Two examples of its use.

D1 Natural human wisdom: Acts 7:22 NLT Moses was taught all the wisdom of the Egyptians, and he was powerful in both speech and action.

D2 Colossians 1:9 NLT So we have not stopped praying for you since we first heard about you. We ask God to give you complete knowledge of his will and to give you spiritual wisdom and understanding.

B6 Knowledge

C1 The Greek word is γνῶσις gnōsis.

C2 It means knowledge, that is, knowing facts.

C3 Two examples of the word.

D1 Only God has perfect knowledge. We can know if we study the Bible and ask Him. Romans 11:33 GNB How great are God's riches! How deep are his wisdom and knowledge! Who can explain his decisions? Who can understand his ways?

D2 Concerning Jesus: Philippians 3:8-9 GNB Not only those things; I reckon everything as complete loss for the sake of what is so much more valuable, the knowledge of Christ Jesus my Lord. For his sake I have thrown everything away; I consider it all as mere garbage, so that I may gain Christ 9 and be completely united with him. I no longer have a righteousness of my own, the kind that is gained by obeying the Law. I now have the righteousness that is given through faith in Christ, the righteousness that comes from God and is based on faith.

B7 The difference between knowledge and wisdom is this. Knowledge is a list of the facts. Wisdom is how to use the facts to build, teach, live, etc. There is human wisdom, which will be destroyed, and God’s wisdom, which is eternal. God has complete and perfect knowledge (omniscience) and wisdom (omnisapience).

Some thoughts

B1 Paul fears that the Colossian believers will be swayed by the false views of the Gnostics and other esoteric teachers.

C1 Fears that they might be swayed by the false promises of secret wisdom that only their few teachers have.

C2 Fears that they might be swayed by the false promise, “Come and join us to learn the true wisdom that can only be learned by listening to our teachers.”

C3 What we need to learn is that there are still this type of teachers.

D1 “You cannot learn the true interpretation of Scripture unless you join us, listen to our teachers, and buy our books.”

D2 “You cannot learn by studying on your own.”

D3 “You must be passive, in the silence, bypassing your brain, seeking the presence of God who will give you true knowledge and guide. You cannot get this from a book [that is the Bible, what they term is the old manna], you have to listen to our teachers and get the fresh manna directly from God.”

B2 Paul teaches these believers and us that we CAN know the mystery of God, even of Father and the Messiah. It is not hidden. It is revealed. 2 Timothy 3:16-17 EMTV All Scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness, 17 that the man of God may be proficient, having been thoroughly equipped for every good work.

B3 From Expositor's Bible Commentary (Abridged Edition): New Testament: This Christ is now described as the One "in whom are hidden all the treasures of wisdom and knowledge." This statement contains two thoughts. (1) All the treasures of wisdom and knowledge are in Christ. The false teachers claimed to have, through their relation with a supposed hierarchy of supernatural beings, a higher knowledge than that possessed by ordinary believers. Against this, Paul argues that all wisdom and knowledge are in Christ and that their treasures are accessible to every believer. (2) The treasures of wisdom are in Christ in a hidden way. "Hidden" does not, however, mean that they are concealed but rather that they are laid up or stored away as a treasure.

We can have confidence of what we read and learn from the Scriptures in its plain, normal sense can lead us to live a richer Christian life having the worldview, lifestyle, and attitudes that please our Lord Jesus.

Hebrews Chapters 9-13


Hebrews Chapter 9

The Earthly Tabernacle

1 Now truly, even the first [covenant] had regulations for worship and an earthly holy place.

2 For a tent was completely prepared. The outer part [had] in it the candlestick, the table, and the showbread. This is the Holy Place.

3 Behind the second curtain of the tent is [the place] called the Holy of Holies,

4 Having the golden alter of incense and the ark of the covenant, which was totally covered with gold [containing] the golden jar that held manna, Aaron’s rod that budded, and the tablets of the covenant.

5 Over it [were] the cherubim of glory whose shadow covered the mercy seat concerning which we cannot now speak in detail.

6 Now after these things were completely prepared, the priests always went into the outer tent doing the service [of God].

7 But only the high priest [goes] into the inner tent and then only once a year, and never without blood which he brought for himself and for the errors of the people.

8 The Holy Spirit making it evident that while the first tent was still standing the way into the Holy of Holies was not yet open.

9 This was a symbol for the present time, in which both gifts and sacrifices that are offered cannot make the conscience of the one who serves perfect,

10 Since [they dealt with] only foods, drinks, various washings, and regulations [for the] body imposed [on them] until the time things would be straightened out.

Jesus Is Priest of Heavenly Tabernacle

11 But now Christ has come as a High Priest of the good things to come through a greater and more perfect tent, not made with hands, that is, not of this creation.

12 He entered the Holy of Holies only one time, not with the blood of goats and calves but through his own blood, to obtain eternal redemption.

13 For if the blood of bulls and goats and the ashes of a heifer sprinkled on the ceremonially unclean [people], for [the purpose of] sanctifying the flesh, makes [them] ceremonially clean,

14 Then how much more will the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered himself without blemish cleanse your conscience from dead works to serve the living God? [Compare 1 Peter 3:21]

15 For this reason, he is the mediator of the new covenant, so that those who are called might receive the promise of eternal inheritance by a death for redemption from the violations under the first covenant.

16 For where there is a will, there must also be the death of the testator.

17 For a will [is] in force after death, seeing that it is not binding while the testator lives.

18 That is why not even the first [covenant] was initiated without blood.

19 For after Moses had spoken every rule to all the people as the law commanded, he took the blood of calves and goats, along with water, scarlet wool, and hyssop and sprinkled both the book and all the people.

20 He said, “This [is] the blood of the covenant which God has commanded you.”

21 Likewise, he sprinkled blood both on the tent and all the utensils of the religious service.

22 In fact, according to the law nearly everything is cleansed with blood, and without the shedding of blood, [there] is no forgiveness.

23 Therefore, it was necessary that the copies of the heavenly things should be purified with these but the heavenly things themselves with better sacrifices than these.

24 For Christ did not enter into the Holy of Holies of human construction, [which is] a copy of the original, but into heaven itself, now to appear in the presence of God for us,

25 Not, however, that he should offer himself frequently, like the high priest enters the Holy of Holies every year with blood not his own,

26 For then he would have had to suffer many times from the foundation of the world. But now at the end of the world, he has appeared one time to annul sin by the sacrifice of himself.

27 As it is appointed for people to die one time, and after that The Judgment,

28 So Christ was offered one time to bear the sins of many, and for those who look for him, he will appear the second time not to deal with sin but for salvation.

Hebrews Chapter 10

Earthly Sacrifices Do Not Cleanse Sin

1 For the law having a shadow of good things to come, not the thing itself, can never with those sacrifices, which they continually offer year after year, make those who come perfect.

2 For wouldn’t they have stopped being offered? Because once purified, those serving should have no more consciousness of sins.

3 But in those [sacrifices there is] a recollection of sins every year,

4 Because [it is] impossible for the blood of bulls and goats to take away sins.

Messiah’s Sacrifice Cleanses From Sin

5 For this reason when he came into the world, he said, “Sacrifice and offering is not what you want, but you have prepared a body for me.

6 “You were not pleased with burnt offerings or sin-offerings.

7 “Then I said, ‘Look! I am here (in the scroll of the book it is written about me) to do your will, O God.’” [Compare Psalm 40]

8 When he said above, “Sacrifice, offering, burnt offerings, and sin-offerings you didn’t want nor were pleased [with them].” ([Referring] to those offered by the law).

9 He then said, “See, I have come to do your will, O God.” He abolishes the first, so that he may establish the second.

10 By that will we have been sanctified from the guilt of sin through the one-time sacrifice of the body of Jesus Christ.

11 Every priest stands day after day doing service and offering the same sacrifices over and over, which can never take away sins.

12 He [Jesus] himself, however, after he had offered one permanent sacrifice for sins, sat down on the right hand of God,

13 From then on waiting until his enemies are made his footstool.

14 For by one sacrifice, he has perfected forever those who are being sanctified.

15 The Holy Spirit is also a witness to us, because after what he had said previously,

16 “This [is] the covenant that I will make with them after those days,’ says the Lord, ‘I will put my laws into their heart, and I write them in their minds,

17 “’And I will no longer remember their sins and lawless actions.’” [Jeremiah 31:33-34]

18 Now where [there is] forgiveness of these, there [is] no more sacrifice for sin.

Messiah’s Blood Was the Acceptable Sacrifice

19 Therefore, brethren, having boldness to enter into the Holy of Holies by the blood of Jesus,

20 By a new and living way which he has initiated for us through the curtain, that is, his flesh,

21 [Having] a High Priest over the house of God,

22 Let us come near with a true heart in full assurance of faith, [because] our hearts have been sprinkled from an evil conscience and our bodies washed with pure water.

23 Let us tightly hold on to the confession of hope without wavering, for the one who promised is faithful.

24 Let us keep considering one another in order to stimulate love and good works.

25 Do not forsake our meeting together as [is] the practice of some, but encourage [each other] and more so as you see the Day coming,

Our Faith Must Continue

26 Because, if we keep on sinning deliberately after we have received the knowledge of the truth, there doesn’t remain any more sacrifice for sins,

27 Only a certain fearful expectation of judgment and indignation of fire which will devour the adversaries.

28 Anyone who despised Moses’ law died without compassion on the testimony of two or three witnesses.

29 How much worse punishment, do you think, will be deserving the one who has spurned the Son of God and has considered the blood of the covenant, with which he was sanctified, an unholy thing and has insulted the Spirit of grace?

30 For we know him who has said, “Vengeance is mine; I will repay,” says the Lord. And in addition, “The Lord will judge his people.” [Deuteronomy 32:35-36]

31 [It is] a terrifying thing to fall into the hands of the living God.

32 But remember the past days, in which, after you were enlightened, you endured a great struggle of hardship.

33 At times, you were viewed with scorn, both with insults and persecutions, and at times, you were associated with those who were treated this way.

34 For you had compassion on me in my imprisonment and with joy allowed the stealing of your possessions, knowing in yourselves that you have better and enduring possessions in heaven.

35 Therefore, do not throw away your boldness, which has great reward.

36 You need perseverance, so that, after doing God’s will, you will receive the promise.

37 For besides, in a little while, he, who will come, will come, and will not delay.

38 Now the just will live by faith, but if he turns back, my soul will not be pleased with him. [Habakkuk 2:3-4]

39 But we are not those who turn back into eternal ruin but of those who have faith for preserving the soul.

Hebrews Chapter 11

Faith Defined and Examples

1 Now faith is the foundation of the things we hope for, the evidence of the things we cannot see.

2 For by it the elders received a good testimony.

3 It is through faith that we understand that the universe was established into systematic order by the word of God, so that the things that we see did not come into existence from things that are visible.

4 By faith Abel offered to God a more excellent sacrifice than Cain, by which he gave witness that he was righteousGod testifying about his offering. By it―even though he is dead―he continues to speak.

5 By faith Enoch was taken away without experiencing death and was not found, because God had taken him away, and before he was taken away, he had the testimony that he pleased God.

6 For without faith, [it is] impossible to please [God], because the one who comes to God must believe that he exists and is a rewarder of those who diligently seek him.

7 By faith Noah was warned by God concerning things never seen yet. So, fearing [God] he built an ark for the saving of his family. By this, he condemned the world and became heir of the righteousness, which comes by faith.

8 By faith Abraham, when called to go to a place which he would later receive as an inheritance, obeyed and left, even though he did not know where he was going.

9 By faith he lived as a foreigner in the Promised Land living in tents with Isaac and Jacob, who were heirs with him of the same promise,

10 Because he looked for a city whose designer and builder is God, [a city] with foundations.

11 By faith Sarah also received the miracle to conceive offspring and delivered a child when she was too old, because she considered him faithful who had promised.

12 Therefore, there was born from one, and him as good as dead, as many as the multitude of stars of the sky and like the innumerable sands of the seashore.

13 These all died in faith, not having received the promises but anticipating them. They were convinced about them, welcomed [them], and confessed that they were strangers and pilgrims on the earth.

14 Now, they that say such things declare plainly that they seek a country.

15 Truly, if they kept thinking about the [country] from where they came, they would have the chance to return.

16 But now they desire a better [country], that is, a heavenly one. Therefore, God is not ashamed to be called their God, for indeed, he has prepared a city for them.

17 By faith, Abraham, when he was tested, offered up Isaac. He who had received the promises offered up his only begotten son,

18 Of whom it was said, “That through Isaac will be descendants be named.”

19 Reasoning that God was able to raise [him], even from the dead, from where, figuratively speaking, he did receive him.

20 By faith Isaac blessed Jacob and Esau concerning things to come.

21 By faith Jacob, when he was dying, blessed both sons of Joseph and worshiped [leaning] on the top of his staff.

22 By faith Joseph, when he was dying, mentioned the departure of the children of Israel and gave instructions concerning his bones.

23 By faith Moses, when he was born, was hidden for three months by his parents, because they saw a beautiful child, and they were not afraid of the king’s commandment.

24 By faith Moses, when he had grown up, refused to be called the son of Pharaoh’s daughter,

25 Having preferred to suffer affliction with the people of God instead of enjoying the pleasures of sin for a short time,

26 Considering being insulted for the sake of Christ to be greater riches than the treasures in Egypt, because he kept focusing on the future reward.

27 By faith he left Egypt without fearing the king’s wrath, because he was unshakable as if seeing him who is invisible.

28 By faith he kept the Passover and the sprinkling of blood, lest he who destroyed the firstborn would touch them.

29 By faith they passed through the Red Sea as if on dry land, which when the Egyptians attempted to do drowned.

30 By faith the walls of Jericho collapsed, after they went around them seven days.

31 By faith Rahab, the harlot, was not killed with those who refused to believe, because she had received the spies with peace.

32 What more can I say? There is not enough time for me to speak about Gideon, Samson, Jephthah, David, Samuel, and the prophets.

33 Who, through faith, overcame kingdoms, did what was right, received the promises, shut lion’s mouths,

34 Quenched the violence of fire, escaped the edge of the sword, from weakness were made strong, became valiant in battle, turned back foreign armies.

35 Women received their dead raised to life again. Others were tortured, not accepting deliverance, so they might obtain a better resurrection.

36 Others experienced derision and whipping, and after that chains and the dungeon.

37 They were stoned; they were sawn in two, were cruelly tempted, and were slain with the sword. They wandered around in sheepskins and goatskins, destitute, afflicted, [and] tormented.

38 (Of whom the world was not worthy), they wandered in deserts and mountains; [they lived] in caves and holes in the earth.

39 These all, having received a good testimony through faith, did not receive the promise.

40 God having provided something better for us, in order that they would not become perfect without us.

Hebrews Chapter 12

Let Us Persevere To The End

1 Therefore, since we are surrounded with such a great throng of witnesses, let us get rid of every hindrance and the sin that so easily entangles us, and let us run with perseverance the race that lies before us.

2 Let us keep our eyes fixed on Jesus, the author and finisher of [our] faith, who instead of the joy setting before him patiently persevered the cross, despising the shame, and has sat down at the right hand of God’s throne.

3 Therefore, carefully think about him who persevered such a contradiction of sinners against him, lest you become weary and faint in your souls.

God’s Discipline

4 You have not yet resisted, striving against sin, to the point of bloodshed.

5 Have you forgotten the encouragement which speaks to you like children? “My child do not despise the Lord’s training, nor despair when rebuked by him.

6 “For whom the Lord loves, he trains and punishes.” [Proverbs 3:11-12]

7 If you calmly endure discipline, God treats you as children, because what child is [there] whom the father doesn’t discipline?

8 But if you are without any training, of which all are partakers, then you are illegitimate, not children.

9 Furthermore, we have had human fathers who trained [us], and we gave [them] great respect. Will we not much more be under the authority to the Father of our spirits and live?

10 Truly, they disciplined us for only a few days according to what seemed best to them, but he for our benefit, so that we may be partakers of his holiness.

11 Now no training at the time seems joyous but joyless, nevertheless, after it is all over, it produces the peaceful fruit of righteousness to those who are trained by it.

12 For this reason, lift the hands which hang down and those feeble knees,

13 And make straight paths for your feet, lest what is lame become dislocated, instead let it be healed.

Warning To Not Falter

14 Pursue peace with all, as well as holiness. Without [holiness] no one will see the Lord.

15 Beware lest anyone comes short of God’s grace, that no root of bitterness springing up troubles [you] and through it many become defiled,

16 Lest any be a fornicator or profane person like Esau, who for a single meal gave away his birthright.

17 For you know that afterwards when he would have inherited the blessing, he was rejected, because he could find no opportunity to reverse [what had happened] even though he sought it carefully with tears.

We Do Not Come To The Mountain of Fear

18 For you have not come to a physical mountain with its burning fire, blackness, gloom, violent winds,

19 Trumpet blast, and spoken words, which when they heard, the hearers begged that the message wouldn’t be spoken to them anymore.

20 For they could not tolerate what was commanded, “If even an animal touches the mountain, it must be killed by stoning or spearing.” [Exodus 20:19]

21 So terrifying was the sight that Moses said, “I’m terrified and shaking.” [Exodus 19:13]

We Come To The Mountain of Joy

22 But you have come to Mount Zion, to the City of the Living God, the heavenly Jerusalem, to an innumerable group of angels,

23 To the joyful gathering and assembly of the firstborn (whose names are written in heaven), to God the Judge of all, to the spirits of just people made perfect,

24 And to Jesus the mediator of the new covenant, and the sprinkling of blood that speaks better than Abel’s.

Do Not Reject God’s Warning

25 Beware, that you don’t refuse him who speaks, because if they didn’t escape him who spoke on earth, how much more will we not escape if we turn away from him who [speaks] from heaven.

26 His voice shook the world then, but now he has promised, “Yet once more, I [will] shake, not only the earth, but also heaven.” [Exodus 19:18 and Haggai 2:6]

27 Now this quote, “Yet once more,” indicates the removal of shakable things that are made, so that those things which cannot be shaken will stay in place.

28 Therefore, receiving a kingdom that cannot be shaken, let us keep holding on to grace through which we can serve God acceptably with reverence and godly fear,

29 Because our God [is] a consuming fire.

Hebrews Chapter 13

Various Rules and Requests

1 Let brotherly love continue.

2 Do not forget to be hospitable to strangers, because in doing so some have unknowingly been hospitable to angels.

3 Remember those who are in prison, as though you were in prison with them. [Remember] those who are mistreated, as though your body is being [mistreated] also.

4 Let marriage be honored by all, and let the marriage bed be undefiled, but fornicators and adulterers God will judge.

5 Let your conduct be without covetousness. Be satisfied with what you have, because he has said, “I will never leave you, nor forsake you.” [Deuteronomy 31:6, Joshua 1:5, and 1 Chronicles 28:20]

6 So then, we can boldly say, “The Lord is my helper,” and “I will not be afraid of what anyone will do to me.“ [Psalm 37:25, Psalm 27:1, and Psalm 118:6]

7 Remember those leading you, who spoke the word of God to you. Imitate their faith. Carefully think about the outcome of their way of life.

8 Jesus Christ [is] the same yesterday, today, and forever!

9 Do not be carried away with various and strange teachings. For [it is] a good thing that the heart be stabilized by grace, not with foods that have not benefited those who follow [those rules].

10 We have an altar from which, those serving The Tabernacle, have no right to eat.

11 For the bodies of those animals, whose blood is brought into the Holy Place by the High Priest for sin, are burned outside the camp.

12 For this reason, Jesus also, so he might sanctify the people with his own blood, suffered outside the gate.

13 Therefore, let us go out to him, outside the camp, and sharing his reproach.

14 For here we have no permanent city, but we are looking for one to come.

15 Therefore, through him let us continually offer the sacrifice of praise to God, that is, the fruit of [our] lips confessing [this] to his name.

16 Do not forget to do good and share, because with such sacrifices God is well pleased.

17 Be persuadable by those who lead you and yield yourselves, because they watch over your souls as those who must give an answer [and] so that they may do it with joy and not grieving, because that would not be profitable for you.

18 Pray for us, because we are confident that we have a good conscience and are always wanting to live doing what is right.

19 I beg [you] even more to do this, so that I may be quickly restored to you.

Blessing and Prayer

20 Now may the God of peace, who brought again from the dead our Lord Jesus, that great shepherd of the sheep, through the blood of the everlasting covenant,

21 Bring you to perfection in every good work to do his will, doing in you that which is well pleasing in his sight through Jesus Christ, to whom be glory forever and ever.

22 Brothers, I urge you to allow this message of encouragement, for I have written to you a brief letter.

23 Know that [our] brother Timothy is set free; with whom, if he comes soon, I will see you.

24 Greet your leaders and all the saints. Those from Italy greet you.

25 Grace [be] with all of you. Amen.

20 October 2020

Hebrews Chapters 1-8 WEL

 I have update the New Testament daily and thought to post Hebrews. God bless.

Welcome Bible

New Testament

Version 2020-289

Copyright © 1990-2020 by Len Gane. All Rights Reserved.

Preface to the Welcome Bible

  1. My Greek is weak, having only 2 years of Greek study, but with Greek and other languages helps.

  2. It is offered to all freely.

  3. I have worked on this since the late 1990s and continue revising it.

  4. It came about due to my younger children having difficulty understanding the text.

  5. It is based on the Textus Receptus and the Majority Text as edited by Dr. Wilbur Pickering et al.

  6. Brackets [] are used to enclose text that is added to clarify the sense.

  7. Occasionally, italics are used to indicate a questionable valid text in the Greek, as Matthew 3:11 and fire.

  8. I have prayed and continually sought to be aware of doctrinal or other biases that would influence the choice of a word. But, all work by humans is tainted.


Hebrews Chapter 1

Jesus Is God

1 God, who in times past spoke by the prophets to the fathers at various times and in various ways,

2 Has in these last days spoken to us by [His] Son, whom he has appointed heir of all things and through whom he made the worlds.

3 [The Son], being the brilliant shining of [His] glory and of the same essence, and maintaining everything by his powerful word, after—by himself—making purification of our sins, sat down at the right hand of the Majesty of high,

4 Being so much better than the angels as he has inherited a more excellent name than they.

Superior To Angels

5 For to which of the angels did he ever say, “You are my son, this day I have begotten you?” [Psalm 2:7] And again, “I will be a Father to him, and he will be a Son to me?”

6 Again, when he brings in the first born into the world, he says, “Let all the angels of God worship him.” [Deuteronomy 32:43 LXX]

7 But about the angels he says, “Who makes his angels spirits and his attendants a flame of fire.” [Psalm 104:4]

8 But to the Son [he says], “Your throne, O God, is forever and ever. A scepter of righteousness is the scepter of your kingdom.

9 “You have loved righteousness and hated breaking the law, therefore, God, your God, has anointed you with the oil of gladness far above your peers.” [Psalm 45:6-7]

10 And, “You, Lord, in the beginning laid the foundation of the earth, and the heavens are the work of your hands.

11 “They will perish, but you remain. All of them will become worn out like garment,

12 “Like outer clothing you will fold them up, and they will be changed, but you are the same, and your years do not end.” [Psalm 102:25-27]

13 To which of the angels did He ever say, “Sit at my right hand, until I make your enemies your footstool?” [Psalm 110:4]

14 Are not all ministering spirits sent out to help those who will be heirs of salvation?

Hebrews Chapter 2

Jesus Provides the Only Salvation

1 Therefore we must pay closer attention to the things that we have heard, lest we drift away.

2 For if the message spoken by angels was proven true, and every violation and disobedience received a just repayment,

3 How will we escape, if we disregard such a salvation, which first began to be proclaimed by the Lord and was confirmed to us by those who heard him.

4 God also bore witness, both with signs and miracles, and with different types of power and gifts of the Holy Spirit, according to His own will.

Jesus Is Fully Human and His Purpose

5 For he has not made the world to come—of which we speak—under the authority of angels.

6 But someone somewhere gave his witness saying, “What is man, that you would remember him, or the son of man that you would come and help him.

7 “You made him a little lower than the angels; you adorn him with glory and honor; you set him over the works of your hands.

8 “You put everything under his feet.” [Psalm 8:4-6] For to put all under his authority, [means] he left out nothing that is unable to be under his authority, but now we do not see everything under his authority.

9 But we can look at Jesus, who was made a little lower than the angels for the suffering of death, so that he by the grace of God might taste death for everyone, [now] crowned with glory and honor.

10 In bringing many sons to glory, it was right for him—for whom are all things and by whom are all things—to perfect the leader of their salvation through sufferings.

11 For both the one who sanctifies and those being sanctified are all from one, for this reason he is not ashamed to call them brothers.

12 He says, “I will declare your name to my brothers. In the midst of the church, I will sing praise to you.” [Psalm 22:22]

13 Again, “I will put my confidence in him.” And again, “Look, I and the children whom God has given me.” [Isaiah 8:18]

14 So then, as the children have flesh and blood in common, so he also likewise took of the same, so that through death he might inactivate the one who had the power of death, that is, the Devil

15 And deliver those who through fear of death were all their lifetime held in bondage.

16 Truly, he didn’t come to help angels. He came to help the descendants of Abraham.

17 Therefore, it was necessary in all things to become like his brethren, so that he could be a merciful and faithful high priest before God, to make atonement for the sins of the people,

18 Because he has himself suffered from being tempted, he is able to help those who are now tempted.

Hebrews Chapter 3

Jesus Is Superior to Moses

1 As a result, holy brethren, partakers of the heavenly calling, consider the Apostle and High Priest of our common confession, Christ Jesus.

2 He was faithful to him who appointed him, just like Moses [was faithful] in all of God’s house.

3 For this man is entitled to greater honor than Moses, in the same way as one who builds the house has greater honor than the house.

4 For every house is built by someone, but he who built everything is God.

5 Truly Moses was faithful as a servant in all of God’s house as a witness for those things spoken about later,

6 But Christ as a son over his own house. We are his house, if we tightly hold on to our boldness and rejoicing of hope firmly to the end.

Jesus Warning About Unbelief

7 Therefore, as the Holy Spirit says, “Today, if you will listen to his voice,

8 “Do not harden your hearts, as in ’The Provocation,’ the day of testing in the wilderness,

9 “When your fathers challenged me, questioned my credibility, and saw my works for forty years.

10 “Therefore, I was totally disgusted with that generation and said, ‘Their hearts are always going astray, and they have not really known my ways.’

11 “So I swore in my wrath, ’They will never enter my rest.’” [Psalm 95:7-11]

12 Be careful, brothers, lest there be in any of you an evil heart of unbelief in departing from the living God.

13 Urge one another every day while it is still “Today,” lest any of you become hardened by the deceitfulness of sin.

14 For we have been made partakers of Christ, if we hold on to the beginning of our confidence firmly to the end.

15 That’s why it is said, “Today—if you will listen to his voice—do not harden your hearts as in ’The Provocation.’”

16 For some, after they had heard, did provoke to anger, but not everyone who came out of Egypt with Moses.

17 But with whom was he exasperated with for forty years? Wasn’t it with those who had sinned, whose carcasses fell in the wilderness?

18 Or to whom was it that he swore that they wouldn’t enter into his rest? Wasn’t it with those who refused to believe?

19 So we see that they could not enter because of unbelief.

Hebrews Chapter 4

God’s Promised Rest Is Coming

1 Therefore, let us be very careful, lest, since the promise of entering his rest still remains, any of you perhaps will fall short of it.

2 For the Good News was spoken to us as well as to them, but the message heard [by them] did not benefit them, [because it was] not united with faith in those who heard it,

3 Yet, we who have believed enter rest, just like he said, “As I have sworn in my wrath, those people will never enter into my rest,” even though the works were finished from the foundation of the world.

4 For he spoke in a certain place about the seventh day this way, “And God rested the seventh day from all his works.” [Genesis 4:4]

5 Again here, “If they will enter into my rest...”

6 So then, it follows for some to enter into it, and those to whom it was first spoken did not enter because of obstinate unbelief.

7 Moreover, he designates a certain day, today—saying through David after such a long time—to quote it exactly, “Today—if you will listen to his voice—do not harden your hearts.”

8 If Joshua had given them rest, then [God] afterward wouldn’t have spoken about another day.

9 Therefore, there remains a rest for the people of God.

10 For one who enters his rest also ceases from his own works, just as God did from his.

11 Therefore, let us be diligent to enter into that rest, in order that no one would fall in the same obstinate unbelief.

12 For the Word of God is living, powerful, and sharper than any two-edged sword, piercing even to separate the soul and spirit, and joints and marrow, and is a discerner of the thoughts and intents of the heart.

13 Nor is there anything in creation that is not transparent in his sight, but all things are uncovered and opened to the eyes of him to whom we must give an account [of ourselves].

Jesus Is The High Priest

14 Therefore, since we have a great high priest who is gone into the heavens, Jesus the Son of God, let us hold on tightly to what we believe,

15 For we don’t have a high priest who cannot sympathize with our weaknesses but was in every way tempted like us, yet without any sin.

16 Therefore, let us come boldly to the throne of grace, so that we may obtain mercy and find grace to help in the time of need.

Hebrews Chapter 5

1 All high priests taken from among men are appointed for people in things [pertaining] to God, so that he may offer both gifts and sacrifices for sins,

2 Being able to be gentle to those who are ignorant and those who have wandered away, for he himself is also encompassed with weakness.

3 For this reason, he must bring an offering for his own sins just as he does for the people.

4 No man takes this honor for himself, instead [it is for] him who is called by God, like Aaron.

5 So also, Christ didn’t glorify himself to be made high priest, instead [it was] he who said to him, “You are my Son. Today, I have begotten you.” [Psalm 2:7]

6 As he also says in another place, “You are a priest forever in the order of Melchizedek.” [Psalm 110:4]

7 [Christ] in the days of his flesh, when he had offered requests and urgent appeals for help with intense cries and tears to him who was able to save him from death was heard because he feared.

8 Even though he was a son, yet he learned obedience through the things which he suffered.

9 Having finished all this, he became the author of eternal salvation to those who obey him,

10 Having been verbally designated by God a high priest in the order of Melchizedek.

Warning Not To Fall From the Faith

11 About whom we have many things to say and difficult to explain, since you have become too lazy to listen.

12 Also at the time you should be teachers, you need someone to reteach you the basics of the word of God and have become as those who need milk and not solid food.

13 For everyone who uses milk is inexperienced with the word of righteousness, because he is a baby.

14 But solid food belongs to those who are mature having their spiritual senses exercised through use to discern both good and evil.

Hebrews Chapter 6

Encouragement to Grow Doctrine

1 So then, leaving the discussion about the basic principles about Christ, let us go on to maturity, not laying the foundation again of repentance from dead works and of faith in God,

2 Of the doctrine about baptisms, of laying on of hands, of resurrection from the dead, and eternal judgment.

3 We will do that, if God permits it.

4 For those who were once enlightened, experienced the heavenly gift, were made partakers of the Holy Spirit,

5 Experienced the good word of God and the powers of the coming age,

6 And have fallen away, it is impossible to renew them to repentance again, since they put the Son of God up on the cross again for themselves and expose him to public disgrace.

7 For the earth, which soaks in the rain that frequently falls on it and produces herbs useful for those who work the soil, receives blessing from God,

8 But that which produces thorns and briars is rejected and about to be doomed, whose final state is to be burned.

9 But, beloved, even though we speak this way, we are convinced of better things of you and things that accompany salvation.

10 For God is not unrighteous to forget your work and labor of love, which you have shown [by your life] for his name in that, you have served and do serve the saints.

11 We desire that each one of you would show the same diligence to [obtain] the unshakable assurance of hope all the way to the end,

12 So that you will not be apathetic but followers of those who through faith and patience inherit the promises.

God’s Promise Is Sure

13 For when God made a promise to Abraham, and since he could not solemnly swear by anyone greater, he swore by himself,

14 Saying, “I will bless you, surely blessing, and multiplying, multiply you.” [Genesis 22:17]

15 So, after he had patiently endured, he obtained the promise.

16 Truly people swear by the greater, and a vow of confirmation is to them the end of all argument.

17 In this, God wanting even more abundantly to show to the heirs of promise the unchangeableness of his counsel confirmed it with a vow,

18 So that by two unchangeable things, in which it was impossible for God to lie, we who have fled for refuge could have great comfort to hang on to the hope set before us.

19 That [hope] we have is a sure and steadfast anchor for the soul and enters the other side of the veil,

20 Where our forerunner, Jesus, entered, having become a high priest forever in the order of Melchizedek.

Hebrews Chapter 7

The Great Priest Melchizedek

1 For this Melchizedek, king of Salem [and] priest of the most high God, met Abraham returning from the slaughter of the kings, and blessed him.

2 Abraham also gave him a tenth of everything. First of all, [Melchizedek] by interpretation [means] King of righteousness, and then King of Salem [means] King of peace.

3 [He is] without father, mother, or a genealogy, having neither beginning of days, nor end of life. In this sense, he continually remains a priest like the Son of God.

4 Now consider how great this man was, to whom even the patriarch Abraham gave ten percent of the spoils of war.

5 Truly those who are from the sons of Levi, who receive the office of the priesthood, have a command to take a tenth from the people according to the law, that is, from their brethren even though they come out of the loins of Abraham.

6 But he whose lineage is not from them received a tenth from Abraham and blessed him who had the promises.

7 Without any contradiction, the lesser is blessed by the greater.

8 Here, men who die receive a tenth, but there, he of whom it is witnessed that he lives [receives them].

9 If I may say so, Levi also, who receives the tenth, paid ten percent through Abraham,

10 For he was still in the loins of his forefather when Melchizedek met him.

Jesus Is Greater Than Aaronic Priesthood

11 Therefore, if perfection was through the Levitical priesthood (for under it the people received the law) what further need [was there] that another priest should arise in the order of Melchizedek and not be mentioned in the order of Aaron?

12 Because the priesthood was being transferred, there needed to be a change in the law also.

13 For the one of whom these things are spoken about belongs to another tribe about which no one attended the altar.

14 For [it is] obvious that our Lord arose from Judah, [and] about this tribe Moses said nothing pertaining to the priesthood.

15 Yet something is still more obvious―another priest arose, similar to Melchizedek,

16 Who was made [a priest] not according to the law about meeting human requirements but according to the power of an endless life.

17 For he testifies, “You are a priest forever in the order of Melchizedek.” [Psalm 110:4]

18 So there truly is a canceling of the former commandment because of its weakness and ineffectiveness,

19 For the law made nothing perfect. But bringing in a better hope [did], by which we draw near to God.

20 None of this happened without an oath,

21 For indeed, they [Mosaic Law priests] were made priests without an oath, but this one [was made priest] with an oath by him who said to him, “The Lord swore and will not repent, ’You are a priest forever in the order of Melchizedek.’”

22 By so much more was Jesus made a guarantee of a better covenant.

23 Truly, there were many priests, because they were prevented from continuing by death,

24 But this one, because he endures forever, has a nontransferable priesthood.

25 Therefore, he is also able to save them, who come to God through him, to the uttermost, since he always lives to make intercession for them.

26 For such a high priest is suitable for us. [He is] holy, harmless, undefiled, separate from sinners, and made higher than the heavens,

27 Who doesn’t need daily, like those high priests, to offer up a sacrifice first for his own sins, then for the people’s. He did this [sacrifice for the people] once when he offered up himself.

28 The law appoints men high priests who have weakness, but the word of the oath, which came after the law, [appoints] forever the Son, who is completely perfect.

Hebrews Chapter 8

The Priestly Work of Jesus

1 Now, this is the summary of what we have talked about. We have such a High Priest who sits at the right hand of the throne of the Majesty in the heavens.

2 [He serves as] the minister of the most holy place and the true tent, which the Lord set up, not man.

3 Every high priest is appointed to bring both gifts and sacrifices, and so [it is] necessary that this man have something to bring also.

4 If he were on earth, then he would not be a priest, since there are priests, who bring gifts according the law,

5 Who serve as an example and shadow of heavenly things just as Moses was warned by God when he was ready to make The Tent, for he says, “See, [that] you make everything according to the pattern shown to you on the mountain.”

6 But now he [Jesus] has gotten a more excellent ministry and is far superior, as he is the mediator of a better covenant, which was established on better promises.

Jesus Is the Priest of The New Covenant

7 For if that first [covenant] had been faultless, then there would be no need to seek the second.

8 But finding fault with them, he says, “Look, the days are coming when I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel and with the house of Judah,

9 “Not like the covenant that I made with their ancestors on the day when I took them by the hand to lead them out of the land of Egypt. Since they did not continue in my covenant, I had no interest in them,” says the Lord.

10 “For this is the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel in those days,” says the Lord. “I will put my laws into their mind and write them in their heart. I will be their God, and they will be my people.

11 “Never again will they teach their neighbor saying, ’Know the Lord,’ for they all will know me, from the least to the greatest.

12 “For I will be merciful to their unrighteousness, and I will certainly no longer remember their sins and wickedness.” [Jeremiah 31:31-34]

13 By saying, “New,” he has made the first [covenant] old. Now that which is worn out and grows old [is] soon to disappear.

Copyright © 1990-2020 by Len Gane. All Rights Reserved.

14 October 2020

A Few Thoughts About the devil’s Methods

2 Corinthians 2:11 WEL Fearing that Satan would take advantage of us, for we are not ignorant of his schemes.

What are some of the devil’s schemes?

From the article, Temptation: The Ordinary Ways the Devil Attacks Us by Kathleen Beckman (beware Roman Catholic), I quote:

The devil tempts us to sin by several means: deception, accusa­tion, doubt, seduction, and provocation. These are ways of disquiet­ing us and of arranging circumstances that will likely stir us to commit deadly sins of pride, greed, anger, envy, lust, gluttony, and sloth.

In his excellent book The Devil You Don’t Know, Fr. Louis Cameli articulates four ordinary, common means of diabolical temptation: deception, division, diversion, and discouragement. In my experience, we could add distance, destruction, disobedi­ence, and duplicity. Below, I’ll demonstrate these and other ordi­nary demonic.

The list includes the following ways of deception:

B1 Deception

B2 Accusation

B3 Doubt

B4 Seduction

B5 Provocation

B6 Division

B7 Diversion

B8 Destruction

The Greek word for schemes/devices is νόημα nóēma. It means mental processes, thoughts, plans, mind and depends on context.

All of satan’s schemes are based on lies instead of truth. It can be seen throughout history.

B1 Jesus: John 1:17 NIV For the law was given through Moses; grace and truth came through Jesus Christ.

B2 satan: John 8:44 NIV You belong to your father, the devil, and you want to carry out your father's desires. He was a murderer from the beginning, not holding to the truth, for there is no truth in him. When he lies, he speaks his native language, for he is a liar and the father of lies.

B3 A contrast of a few verses in Proverbs illustrates truth vs lies.

C1 Proverbs 6:16, 19 NIV There are six things the LORD hates, seven that are detestable to him: ... 19 a false witness who pours out lies and a person who stirs up conflict in the community.

C2 Proverbs 12:17 NIV An honest witness tells the truth, but a false witness tells lies.

C3 Psalm 5:5-6 NIV The arrogant cannot stand in your presence. You hate all who do wrong; 6 you destroy those who tell lies. The bloodthirsty and deceitful you, LORD, detest.

C4 Proverbs 29:12 NIV If a ruler listens to lies, all his officials become wicked.

C5 Zechariah 8:16-17 NIV These are the things you are to do: Speak the truth to each other, and render true and sound judgment in your courts; 17 do not plot evil against each other, and do not love to swear falsely. I hate all this," declares the LORD.

C6 Hebrews 6:18 NLT So God has given both his promise and his oath. These two things are unchangeable because it is impossible for God to lie. Therefore, we who have fled to him for refuge can have great confidence as we hold to the hope that lies before us.


B1 Defined

C1 From Cambridge Dictionary the act of hiding the truth, especially to get an advantage.

C2 From Merriam-Webster Dictionary

D1 the act of causing someone to accept as true or valid what is false or invalid : the act or practice of deceiving : deception achieving one's goals through a web of deceit.

D2 an attempt or device to deceive : trick Her excuse turned out to be a deceit.

D3 the quality of being dishonest or misleading : the quality of being deceitful .

B2 Examples

C1 Genesis 3:1-5 NIV Now the serpent was more crafty than any of the wild animals the LORD God had made. He said to the woman, "Did God really say, 'You must not eat from any tree in the garden'?" 2 The woman said to the serpent, "We may eat fruit from the trees in the garden, 3 but God did say, 'You must not eat fruit from the tree that is in the middle of the garden, and you must not touch it, or you will die.' " 4 "You will not certainly die," the serpent said to the woman. 5 "For God knows that when you eat from it your eyes will be opened, and you will be like God, knowing good and evil."

C2 Genesis 37:31-34 NIV Then they got Joseph's robe, slaughtered a goat and dipped the robe in the blood. 32 They took the ornate robe back to their father and said, "We found this. Examine it to see whether it is your son's robe." 33 He recognized it and said, "It is my son's robe! Some ferocious animal has devoured him. Joseph has surely been torn to pieces." 34 Then Jacob tore his clothes, put on sackcloth and mourned for his son many days.

B3 Scripture

C1 Jesus warned us. Matthew 24:4 AFV Then Jesus answered and said to them, "Be on guard, so that no one deceives you.

C2 Romans 16:18 EMTV For such people do not serve our Lord Jesus Christ, but their own belly, and through smooth speech and flattering, they deceive the hearts of the innocent.

C3 2 Thessalonians 2:10-12 NRSV and every kind of wicked deception for those who are perishing, because they refused to love the truth and so be saved. 11 For this reason God sends them a powerful delusion, leading them to believe what is false, 12 so that all who have not believed the truth but took pleasure in unrighteousness will be condemned.


B1 Defined

C1 Cambridge Dictionary

D1 a statement saying that someone has done something morally wrong, illegal, or unkind, or the fact of accusing someone

D2 Using a FALSE accusation is a lie.

C2 Free Dictionary

D1 an allegation that a person is guilty of some fault, offence, or crime; imputation

D2 Using a FALSE accusation is a lie

B2 Example

C1 Jeremiah 37:13-15 NRSV When he reached the Benjamin Gate, a sentinel there named Irijah son of Shelemiah son of Hananiah arrested the prophet Jeremiah saying, "You are deserting to the Chaldeans." 14 And Jeremiah said, "That is a lie; I am not deserting to the Chaldeans." But Irijah would not listen to him, and arrested Jeremiah and brought him to the officials. 15 The officials were enraged at Jeremiah, and they beat him and imprisoned him in the house of the secretary Jonathan, for it had been made a prison.

C2 Luke 6:7 NRSV The scribes and the Pharisees watched him to see whether he would cure on the sabbath, so that they might find an accusation against him.

B3 Scriptures

C1 Exodus 20:16 NLT You must not testify falsely against your neighbor.

C2 Matthew 5:10-12 EMTV Blessed are those who have been persecuted for righteousness' sake, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven. 11 "Blessed are you whenever they revile you, and they persecute you, and they say all kinds of evil against you falsely for My sake. 12 Rejoice and be exceedingly glad, for great is your reward in heaven, for so they persecuted the prophets who were before you.


B1 Defined

C1 Wordnik To be uncertain as to a truth or fact; be undetermined or undecided; waver or fluctuate in opinion; hesitate.

C2 Free Dictionary The state of being uncertain about the truth or reliability of something.

B2 Examples. The devil or even ourselves start to question what we know is true.

C1 Luke 7:18-19 NRSV The disciples of John reported all these things to him. So John summoned two of his disciples 19 and sent them to the Lord to ask, "Are you the one who is to come, or are we to wait for another?"

C2 Psalms 77:7-9 GNB Will the Lord always reject us? Will he never again be pleased with us? 8 Has he stopped loving us? Does his promise no longer stand? 9 Has God forgotten to be merciful? Has anger taken the place of his compassion?"

B3 Scriptures

C1 Knowing truth. Psalm 119:130 NKJV The entrance of Your words gives light; It gives understanding to the simple.

C2 Colossians 2:2 NET My goal is that their hearts, having been knit together in love, may be encouraged, and that they may have all the riches that assurance brings in their understanding of the knowledge of the mystery of God, namely, Christ.


B1 Defined

C1 Enticement and temptation. (FreeDictionary)

C2 History and Etymology for seduction Middle French, from Late Latin seduction-, seductio, from Latin, act of leading aside, from seducere. (Merriam-Webster)

C3 The deliberate enticement or persuasion of someone into the abandonment of godly principles. Scripture speaks of both sexual and spiritual seduction. (Source Manser Dictionary of Bible Themes)

B2 Examples

C1 Genesis 39:6-12.

C2 Acts 20:28-31 NIV Keep watch over yourselves and all the flock of which the Holy Spirit has made you overseers. Be shepherds of the church of God,[a] which he bought with his own blood. 29 I know that after I leave, savage wolves will come in among you and will not spare the flock. 30 Even from your own number men will arise and distort the truth in order to draw away disciples after them. 31 So be on your guard! Remember that for three years I never stopped warning each of you night and day with tears.

B3 Scriptures

C1 Philippians 4:8-9 GNB In conclusion, my friends, fill your minds with those things that are good and that deserve praise: things that are true, noble, right, pure, lovely, and honorable. 9 Put into practice what you learned and received from me, both from my words and from my actions. And the God who gives us peace will be with you.

C2 Ephesians 6:11 NRSV Put on the whole armor of God, so that you may be able to stand against the wiles of the devil.


B1 Defined

C1 unfriendly behavior that causes anger or resentment (FreeDictionary)

C2 an action or statement that is intended to make someone angry (Cambridge Dictionary)

B2 Examples

C1 Proverbs 18:6 ERV Fools say things to start arguments. They are just asking for a beating.

C2 Deuteronomy 9:18 NLT Then, as before, I threw myself down before the LORD for forty days and nights. I ate no bread and drank no water because of the great sin you had committed by doing what the LORD hated, provoking him to anger. Compare 1 Kings 14:9.

B3 Scriptures

C1 Proverbs 29:11 NLT Fools vent their anger, but the wise quietly hold it back.

C2 1 Peter 2:23 EMTV who, being verbally abused, did not return verbal insults, when He suffered, He did not threaten, but committed Himself to Him who judges righteously.


B1 Defined

C1 Disagreement in opinion, usually of a violent character, producing warm debates or angry words; contention in words; partisan and contentious divisions; breach of friendship and union; strife; discord; quarrel. (Webster 1913)

C2 The Greek word is σχίσμα schísma. It means

Gloss: tear, split, divide an object into parts, with an implication that the object is now damaged; by extension: division, dissension, implying discord and damage to the unity of the original group

Definition: a split, Mt. 9:16; Mk. 2:21; met. a division into parties, schism, Jn. 7:43; 9:16; 10:19; 1 Cor. 1:10; 11:18; 12:25* (Mounce)

B2 Examples.

C1 1 Corinthians 1:10-17 Compare 2 Corinthians 12:20 and Galatians 5:20.

C2 Romans 16:17 ESV I appeal to you, brothers, to watch out for those who cause divisions and create obstacles contrary to the doctrine that you have been taught; avoid them.

C3 John 9:16 GW Some of the Pharisees said, "The man who did this is not from God because he doesn't follow the traditions for the day of worship." Other Pharisees asked, "How can a man who is a sinner perform miracles like these?" So the Pharisees were divided in their opinions.

B3 Scriptures

C1 Read 1 Corinthians 12 which addresses why there should not be divisions.

C2 “The spirit and the law of the Life of Christ is to be that of every member of the Church, and the law of the Life of Christ is that of sympathy. How little, during the eighteen hundred years, have the hearts of men been got to beat together! Nor can we say that this is the fault of the capitalists and the masters only. It is the fault of the servants and dependents also.”—Robertson. (Quoted by Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges. Scroll down to verse 25).


B1 Defined

C1 The act of turning aside from any course, occupation, or object; as, the diversion of a stream from its channel; diversion of the mind from business. (Webster Dictionary 1913)

C2 The act or an instance of diverting or turning aside; deviation. (Wordnik)

B2 Examples

C1 Proverbs 4:27 NLT Don't get sidetracked; keep your feet from following evil.

C2 Psalms 40:4 ESV Blessed is the man who makes the LORD his trust, who does not turn to the proud, to those who go astray after a lie!

B3 Scriptures

C1 1 Thessalonians 5:22 EMTV Abstain from every form of evil.

C2 Philippians 3:13-14 EMTV Brothers, I do not count myself to have laid hold; but one thing I do, forgetting those things which are behind, and reaching forward to those things which are ahead, 14 I press toward the goal for the prize of the high calling of God in Christ Jesus.

C3 Adam Clarke writes:

I press toward the mark - Κατα σκοπον διωκω· I pursue along the line; this is a reference to the white line that marked the ground in the stadium, from the starting place to the goal, on which the runners were obliged to keep their eye fixed; for they who transgressed or went beyond this line did not run lawfully, and were not crowned, even though they got first to the goal. See the concluding observations on 1Co 9:27.

What is called σκοπος, mark or scope, here, is called κανων, the line, i.e. the marked line, Phil 3:16. When it was said to Diogenes, the cynic, "Thou art now an old man, rest from thy labors;" to this he answered: Ει δολιχον εδραμον, προς τῳ τελει εδει με ανειναι, και μη μαλλον επιτειναι; "If I have run long in the race, will it become me to slacken my pace when come near the end; should I not rather stretch forward? " Diog. Laert., lib. vi. cap. 2. sec. 6.

For the prize of the high calling of God - The reward which God from above calls me, by Christ Jesus, to receive. The apostle still keeps in view his crown of martyrdom and his glorious resurrection.


B1 Defined

C1 One of the Greek words is ἀπώλεια apṓleia. It mean complete ruin in various senses.

C2 the state or fact of being rendered nonexistent, physically unsound, or useless (Merriam-Webster Dictionary)

B2 Examples

C1 Love of money leads to destruction. 1 Timothy 6:9-10 EMTV But those desiring to be rich fall into temptation and a snare, and many senseless and harmful lusts which sink men in destruction and perdition. 10 For the love of money is a root of all evils, of which some by aspiring have strayed away from the faith in their greediness, and pierced themselves through with many sorrows.

C2 So does pride. Proverbs 16:18 NRSV Pride goes before destruction, and a haughty spirit before a fall.

C3 Can be done verbally. Psalms 52:1-4 NRSV To the leader. A Maskil of David, when Doeg the Edomite came to Saul and said to him, "David has come to the house of Ahimelech." Why do you boast, O mighty one, of mischief done against the godly? All day long 2 you are plotting destruction. Your tongue is like a sharp razor, you worker of treachery. 3 You love evil more than good, and lying more than speaking the truth. [Selah] 4 You love all words that devour, O deceitful tongue.

B3 Scriptures

C1 Psalm 15:2 CSB The one who lives blamelessly, practices righteousness, and acknowledges the truth in his heart

C2 By knowing God’s ways: Proverbs 10:14 NRSV The wise lay up knowledge, but the babbling of a fool brings ruin near.

Gill writes on this passage: Wise [men] lay up knowledge,.... Which they get by reading, prayer, meditation, hearing the word of God, and conversation with good men: this they lay up in their hearts, minds, and memories, that they may not forget it, and as a rich treasure they highly value it; that they may bring it forth at proper times, and on proper occasions, for the benefit of others; see Mt 12:35; or hide {f} it; conceal it; do not boast and brag of it, as foolish men do;

but the mouth of the foolish [is] near destruction: who rashly and unguardedly utters things which bring swift and sudden destruction on himself and others; or terror and consternation, as the word {g} also signifies. The Vulgate Latin version is, "but the mouth of the foolish is near to confusion"; he boasts of his knowledge, betrays his ignorance, and so brings himself to shame and confusion.

Other articles on types of lies.

B1 5 Different Types Of Lies You Tell Without Noticing (And How To Be More Honest)

B2 The truth is everybody lies.

B3 100 Bible Verses about Dealing With A Liar

Truth and reality are the defense

B1 Know the truth. Become mature in the faith, which only comes from Bible study.

C1 Ephesians 4:13-14 NLT This will continue until we all come to such unity in our faith and knowledge of God's Son that we will be mature in the Lord, measuring up to the full and complete standard of Christ. 14 Then we will no longer be immature like children. We won't be tossed and blown about by every wind of new teaching. We will not be influenced when people try to trick us with lies so clever they sound like the truth.

C2 Psalms 119:11 LEB In my heart I have hidden your word, so that I may not sin against you.

B2 Study truth

C1 2 Timothy 3:16-17 EMTV All Scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness, 17 that the man of God may be proficient, having been thoroughly equipped for every good work.

C2 Matthew 22:29 NRSV Jesus answered them, "You are wrong, because you know neither the scriptures nor the power of God.

C3 Proverbs 23:23 NRSV Buy truth, and do not sell it; buy wisdom, instruction, and understanding.

Adam Clarke writes: Buy the truthAcquire the knowledge of God at all events; and in order to do this, too much pains, industry, and labor cannot be expended.

And sell it notWhen once acquired, let no consideration deprive thee of it. Cleave to and guard it, even at the risk of thy life. Coverdale translates: "Labour for to get the treuth; sell not awaye wissdome."

B3 Be a little skeptical

C1 1 Thessalonians 5:21 EMTV But test all things; hold fast that which is good.

C2 1 John 4:1-3 EMTV Beloved, do not believe every spirit, but test the spirits, whether they are from God; because many false prophets have gone out into the world. 2 By this the Spirit of God is known: Every spirit that confesses that Jesus Christ has come in the flesh is of God, 3 and every spirit which does not confess that Jesus Christ has come in the flesh is not of God. And this is the spirit of the Antichrist, which you have heard that it is coming, and now is already in the world.

B4 Live the truth

C1 These teachers did NOT: Matthew 23:3-4 NRSV therefore, do whatever they teach you and follow it; but do not do as they do, for they do not practice what they teach. 4 They tie up heavy burdens, hard to bear, and lay them on the shoulders of others; but they themselves are unwilling to lift a finger to move them.

C2 Romans 2:21 NRSV you, then, that teach others, will you not teach yourself? While you preach against stealing, do you steal?

B5 Practice truth in thoughts, desires, words, and deeds to yourself and all people

B6 Make true decisions

C1 John 7:24 EMTV Do not judge according to appearance, but judge with righteous judgment.

C2 Proverbs 17:15 GNB Condemning the innocent or letting the wicked go—both are hateful to the LORD.

B7 Choices have consequences

C1 Galatians 6:7-8 EMTV Do not be deceived, God is not mocked; for what a man sows, this also he will reap. 8 For he who sows to his flesh, from his own flesh will reap corruption, but he who sows to the Spirit, from the Spirit will reap everlasting life.

C2 1 Corinthians 15:33 GNB Do not be fooled. "Bad companions ruin good character."

Articles about truth

B1 What Is Truth? — A Question for the Ages

B2 How to Know Truth and Evaluate Competing Worldviews

The father of lies, the devil, will be punished forever. Revelation 20:10 NRSV And the devil who had deceived them was thrown into the lake of fire and sulfur, where the beast and the false prophet were, and they will be tormented day and night forever and ever.

The bringing of truth, Jesus, will live and reign forever. Revelation 11:15 NRSV Then the seventh angel blew his trumpet, and there were loud voices in heaven, saying, "The kingdom of the world has become the kingdom of our Lord and of his Messiah, and he will reign forever and ever."