Showing posts with label Baptism. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Baptism. Show all posts

30 December 2020

A Few Thoughts about Baptism


B1 Immersion which signifies identification with the death, burial, and resurrection of Jesus Christ. Romans 6:4-5 NIV We were therefore buried with him through baptism into death in order that, just as Christ was raised from the dead through the glory of the Father, we too may live a new life. 5 For if we have been united with him in a death like his, we will certainly also be united with him in a resurrection like his.

B2 Pouring which signifies the gift of the Holy Spirit in believers. All believers have the Holy Spirit in the tabernacle of the recreated heart.

C1 Acts 2:33 NIV Exalted to the right hand of God, he has received from the Father the promised Holy Spirit and has poured out what you now see and hear.

C2 Acts 10:45 NIV The circumcised believers who had come with Peter were astonished that the gift of the Holy Spirit had been poured out even on Gentiles.

C3 Romans 5:5 NIV And hope does not put us to shame, because God's love has been poured out into our hearts through the Holy Spirit, who has been given to us.

C4 John 1:33 NIV And I myself did not know him, but the one who sent me to baptize with water told me, 'The man on whom you see the Spirit come down and remain is the one who will baptize with the Holy Spirit.'

C5 See also Romans 8:9, Romans 5:5, 1 Corinthians 1:22, Galatians 4:6, etc.

B3 Sprinkling which signifies the purifying the conscience.

C1 Hebrews 9:13-14 NIV The blood of goats and bulls and the ashes of a heifer sprinkled on those who are ceremonially unclean sanctify them so that they are outwardly clean. 14 How much more, then, will the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered himself unblemished to God, cleanse our consciences from acts that lead to death, so that we may serve the living God!

C2 Hebrews 12:22-24 NKJV But you have come to Mount Zion and to the city of the living God, the heavenly Jerusalem, to an innumerable company of angels, 23 to the general assembly and church of the firstborn who are registered in heaven, to God the Judge of all, to the spirits of just men made perfect, 24 to Jesus the Mediator of the new covenant, and to the blood of sprinkling that speaks better things than that of Abel.

Questions at baptism

B1 Have you sinned by breaking the 10 Commandments?

B2 Do you agree that God is angry and will punish sin?

B3 Have you confessed you are a sinner and have repented.

B4 Have you asked God to forgive your sins?

B5 Have you placed faith into Jesus Christ alone for salvation?

B5 Do you renounce the works of the devil?

B6 Do you agree to study the Bible, pray, and plan to live the Christian life with God’s help?


B1 A testimony of being under the leadership of Jesus Christ.

C1 Israel by going under the sea (going on dry land in Exodus 14:21-22) acknowledged Moses as God’s anointed leader. Israel going through the Red Sea are signifying they are leaving the worldview, lifestyle, religion, etc. of Egypt. 1 Corinthians 10:2 NIV They were all baptized into Moses in the cloud and in the sea.

C2 Christians (those who have become believers by grace alone through faith alone in Jesus Christ alone) now acknowledge Jesus as leader of the church. We have died to the world’s lifestyle, worldview, and the authority of the devil (1 John 3:10 and John 8:44). Romans 6:3 NRSV Do you not know that all of us who have been baptized into Christ Jesus were baptized into his death?

B2 A testimony of have a cleared conscience coming from being regenerated.

C1 1 Peter 3:21 NLT And that water is a picture of baptism, which now saves you, not by removing dirt from your body, but as a response to God from a clean conscience. It is effective because of the resurrection of Jesus Christ.

C2 Hebrews 9:13-14 NIV The blood of goats and bulls and the ashes of a heifer sprinkled on those who are ceremonially unclean sanctify them so that they are outwardly clean. 14 How much more, then, will the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered himself unblemished to God, cleanse our consciences from acts that lead to death, so that we may serve the living God!

We are in Christian. Think of it as a set; Christ is the set. We are a member of that set, that is, in Christ. We become a member of Christ by grace alone through faith alone in Jesus Christ alone. See Luke 18:9-14.


B1 What Questions Should be asked and answered at one’s baptism?

B2 Three Questions (Wesleyan)

B3 Is baptism required for salvation?

01 December 2016

The Kingdom Comes

Theme: Baptism of Jesus

Know: God confirmed Jesus's authority as His Son at Jesus's baptism.
Think: I should always be mindful that Jesus is the Son of God, and my Lord and King.
Do: Turn from all sin, be baptized, and submit completely to Christ as Lord of my life.

Scriptures: Matthew 3:1-17

Notes and questions:
B1 The baptisms in the New Testament. There are 7, perhaps 10 or more  baptisms.
  • The Baptism into Moses (into Moses's authority) (1 Corinthians 10:1-5). Compare Exodus 14:29-31.
  • The Baptism by John (a baptism that is after you have confessed your sins) (Matthew 3:1-12, Mark 1:4-8, Luke 3:3-18, Acts 18:25, and Acts 19:3-5).
  • The Baptism of Jesus (Matthew 3:13-17, Mark 1:9-11, Luke 3:21-23).
  • The Baptism of suffering (also called the Baptism of the Cross) (Matthew 20:22-23, Mark 10:38-39, Luke 12:49-50).
  • The Baptism of The Holy Spirit (Matthew 3:11, John 1:33, John 7:39, Acts 1:5, Acts 2:1-18, Acts 10:44-47, 1 Corinthians 12:13, Ephesians 1:13-14).
  • The Believer’s Baptism (Matthew 28:19, Acts 2:41, Acts 8:12-39, Acts 16:33, Acts 18:8, Romans 6: 1-7, Colossians 2:12, 1 Peter 3:21)
  • Baptism for the Dead (1 Corinthians 15:29)
  • Baptism of fire (Matthew 3:11-22
  • Ritual baptism of Jews before they ate (Mark 7:4, Luke 11:38, Hebrews 6:2).
  • Ritual baptism of utensils, tables, etc. (Mark 7:4, Hebrews 9:10).
B2 The word for baptize, etc. means to make fully wet, so dip, immerse, or wash.
B3 Matthew 3:1-3,
  • What is the importance of John?
  • What was his mission from God?
  • Was he successful in his mission?
  • Can you think of two examples of repentance?
    • King Manasseh in 2 Chronicles 33:10-17
    • In the parable of the two sons in Matthew 21:28-32
B4 Matthew 3:4-6,
  • Why did John wear the clothes that he wore and ate the type of food that he ate? Compare 2 Kings 1:8, Zechariah 13:4, Malachi 4:5, Luke 1:17, also Leviticus 11:22 (typically the food of the poor).
  • What motivated the people to go out to hear John the Baptist? Compare John 16:8.
  • Why did these people confess their sins, but others did not?
  • Why did John baptize? Does baptism take away sins? The Jews knew about baptism for proselytes. The idea of baptism for a Jew was rare. Confession of sin points to their acceptance of God's evaluation of them. God does not sin, people sin. We are not good people. Compare Acts 19:18, James 5:16, and 1 John 1:8-10. Note that the repentance came first, then baptism. Baptism is the sign of internal cleansing that God has done upon the heart.
B5 Matthew 3:7-12,
  • Why did the Pharisees and Sadducees come to be baptized?
  • Why did John tell them they were sinners?
  • What is needed with repentance to show we are serious? Do people get baptized only for show and not real repentance?
  • Does everyone go through the baptism of fire? Compare 1 Corinthians 3:11-15.
B6 Matthew 3:13-17,
  • Why did Jesus come to be baptized? Had He sinned?
    • He may have wanted to do this as our representative. He was the substitutionary sacrifice for our sins. Here he made Christian baptism holy, that is, He sanctified it.
    • To show that baptism does NOT wash away sins. Jesus has always been sinless.
    • To show that John's baptism was authoritative, that is, from heaven. See Luke 20:4 and John 17:19.
    • To show that it was the time to begin His ministry, and that His ministry to be authorized by God. This would be the reason John saw the Spirit descend like a dove upon Jesus.
  • What is the significance of the Father saying that Jesus was His Son? Compare Hebrews 1:1-14, Isaiah 42:1-4.
  • How does this make Jesus special?
B7 Some questions from the study guide.
  • How do you think John and his message would be accepted in world today?
  • Why is there such a temptation today for churches and/or preachers to water down the message of repentance?
  • What excuses do people give for not being baptized?
  • What message does a new believer proclaim by being baptized?
  • What are some areas in which Christ-followers sometimes struggle with total obedience? Why?
  • What can a follower of Christ do in order to become more obedient to what he or she knows Christ wants?
B8 Next week:
  • Beating temptation
  • Theme: The temptation of Jesus.
  • Scriptures: Matthew 4:1-11.

19 February 2016

Sunday School Lesson—The Church Expands

All are welcome

sunday school

Theme. The church expands

Scripture. Acts 10.1-48

A1 Outline

B1 Cornelius and the angel Acts 10.1-9

B2 Peter's vision Acts 10.10-16

B3 Cornelius's servants and Peter Acts 10.17-29

B4 Cornelius and Peter Acts 10.30-43

C1 Cornelius talks to Peter Acts 10.30-34

C2 Peter talks to Cornelius Acts 10.35-43

B5 Cornelius and his family are baptized Acts 10.44-48

A2 Notes and questions

B1 Cornelius

C1 God fearing

C2 Generous

C3 Compassionate

C4 Alms giver

C5 Centurion--a military leader of 200 to 1,000 or more men

C6 Stationed in Caesarea.

C6 Italian band

D1 View one.

Name of the archery unit of the Roman army to which the Gentile centurion Cornelius belonged (Acts 10.1 ). KJV calls it the Italian band. Probably 1,000 men who had been mustered in Italy composed the unit. Little is known about this Italian Cohort. Extrabiblical evidence exists for the presence in Caesarea of a unit called Cohors II Italica after A.D. 69. That date, however, is too late for the events recorded in Acts 10.1 . Perhaps the Cohors II actually was in Caesarea prior to A.D. 69. Or perhaps the Italian Cohort to which Cornelius belonged was a different unit.

(Copyright Statement

These dictionary topics are from the Holman Bible Dictionary, published by Broadman & Holman, 1991. All rights reserved. Used by permission of Broadman & Holman.

Bibliography Information

Butler, Trent C. Editor. Entry for 'Italian Cohort'. Holman Bible Dictionary. http.// 1991).

D2 View two. from Wikipedia

Cohors II Italica Civium Romanorum was a Roman cohort from Italia formed from Roman citizens. A cohort based in Caesarea is referred to in the Acts of the Apostles (Greek. σπειρης της καλουμενης ιταλικης, Latin. Cohors Italica in Acts 10.1, translated as the Italian band in the King James Version, or the Italian Regiment in the Good News Translation and World English Bible), and is associated with Cornelius the Centurion, the first gentile convert to Christianity.

According to Josephus, the principal portion of the Roman army stationed at Caesarea were Syrians. and the Pulpit Commentary therefore considers it 'pretty certain ... that the Italian cohort here spoken of were auxiliaries, so called as being made up in whole or in part of Italians, probably volunteers or velones.'

The cohort was among those stationed in Syria in 157 under legate Arridius Cornelianus.

C7 Other than what the Bible tells us, we know nothing else of Cornelius.

B2 Acts 10.1-9

C1 The word devout means serious about worshiping God. It is used 4 times in the New Testament. Twice it is used in Acts 10. It is also used in Acts 22.22 and in 2 Peter 2.9. Cornelius was sincere and a serious worshiper of God. This is seen in his actions and life.

C2 Was Cornelius saved? (No, "And there is salvation in no one else; for there is no other name under heaven that has been given among men by which we must be saved." Acts 4.12).

C3 Is God able to get the Gospel to those who are seeking no matter where they are?

C4 Note that this vision includes specific information.

C5 Could Cornelius have disobeyed and not sent men to Joppa? (Yes, You stiff-necked people! Your hearts and ears are still uncircumcised. You are just like your ancestors. You always resist the Holy Spirit! Acts 7.51. See also Isaiah 63.10, Ephesians 6.30, etc. It seems in the plain, normal sense, people can resist God.

C6 How long did it take for Cornelius to obey and send men to Joppa? How long does it take for us to obey, when we read in the Scriptures what God wants from us?

C7 What can be said about Cornelius and his family? Does Cornelius's family reflect his attitudes towards them?

B3 Acts 10.10-16

C1 Peter went on the roof to pray. Are there special places to pray or can we pray anywhere?

C2 Trance

D1 This Greek word is ekstasis. a displacement (of the mind), i.e. bewilderment, ecstasy

  • Original Word. ἔκστασις, εως, ἡ

  • Part of Speech. Noun, Feminine

  • Transliteration. ekstasis

  • Phonetic Spelling. (ek'-stas-is)

  • Short Definition. bewilderment, amazement

  • Definition. (properly. distraction or disturbance of mind caused by shock), bewilderment, amazement; a trance

D2 It is translated in the KJV as astonishment, amazed, and trance. It is that state of mind when we are in shock, as in the sudden death of a loved one. The mind seems to not hear what others are saying or doing. In Peter's case it would be an unawareness of surroundings seeing only the sheet and hearing only the voice.

D3 A dream happens when we are asleep. A vision is as an insert in a video. A trance is as an full 3-D surround screen cinema. In a trance one may look as if they are sleeping or staring at something.

D4 Can the devil bring about visions, trances, etc.? (Yes, and it is important to know, so that we may, with God's help, be wise and discerning. Remember Jeremiah 17.9 and Mark 7.21-22

C3 What kind of shock did Peter have at the announcement of "Get up, kill, and eat"?

C4 How did this experience change Peter's views towards non-Jews? How do we apply this to ourselves?

C5 In Acts 10.15-16 who is the one who "cleanses"?

C6 What does 'cleanse' mean?

D1 According to God's law to Israel, there are clean and unclean animals.

D2 Those animals listed as unclean, God has now cleansed.

D3 Jews and Gentiles can now eat clean and unclean, if they want to, without any punishment from God.

D4 Cleansed because of Jesus Messiah; see Matthew 15.11, Romans 14.14, 1 Timothy 4.4, etc.

D5 So He said to them, "Are you also without understanding? Do you not understand that everything entering a man from outside cannot defile him, because it does not enter into his heart but into his stomach, and passes into the latrine, thus purifying all foods?" (Mark 7.18-19, EMTV) Utley in his commentary on this Mark 7.19 states, "The parentheses reflect the translators' view that it is an editorial comment (probably from Peter's experience in Acts 10). It is such an important NT truth (cf. Rom. 14.13-23; 1 Cor. 8.1-13; 10.23-33). Humans are not right with God based on what they eat or do not eat! The new covenant is not based on OT regulations (i.e., Leviticus 11; Acts 15). God looks at the heart, not the stomach!

C7 How does "So the law was our guardian [tutor or schoolmaster] until Christ came that we might be justified by faith. Now that this faith has come, we are no longer under a guardian. (Galatians 4.24-25) apply to this passage?

C8 What point is God teaching Peter? How do we apply this to today? Consider "For John came neither eating nor drinking, and they say, 'He has a demon.' "The Son of Man came eating and drinking, and they say, 'Look, a glutton and a drunkard, a friend of tax collectors and sinners!' And so wisdom is justified by her children." (Matthew 11.18-19, EMTV).

B4 Acts 10.17-29

C1 Acts 10.23, Peter left to go to Cornelius with the messengers as well as "some of the believers." Is it better to go as a team, single, or doesn't matter?

C2 Acts 10.19-20, God told Peter to get off his upholstery, meet the men, and go with them, for I have sent them." How is it that God sent them? Didn't Cornelius send them?

C3 Acts 10.24--Why did Cornelius invite so many people to hear Peter?

C4 Acts 10.25--Why did Cornelius fall/bow at Peter's feet?

C5 Acts 10.28

D1 What has Peter learned?

D2 The word impure or unclean has religious significance. Gentiles, in the opinion of the Jews, were worth little, which is why they are called 'dogs.'

D3 Cleansed hearts by means of faith. Faith is believing God.

B5 Acts 10.30-34--Cornelius and the others have a receptive heart.

B6 Acts 10.35-43

C1 God wants the truth in words, desires, thoughts, and deeds. How does favoritism, partiality, etc. different from truth?

C2 Is any type of favoritism OK? (Yes, it will be seen as in any given situation most would be partial to their spouse and their children).

C3 What type of favoritism is evil and wrong?

D1 Based on the amount of melanin?

D2 Based on how much money one has?

D3 Based on status?

D4 Based on age?

D5 Based on looks?

D6 Based on nationality?

D7 Based on gender?

D8 Do Jews have more favor with God than Gentiles?

D9 What about these?

E1 The angel of the LORD encamps all around those who fear Him, And delivers them. (Psalms 34.7, NKJV)

E2 As a father pities his children, So the LORD pities those who fear Him. (Psalms 103.13, NKJV)

C4 "But in every nation whoever fears Him and works righteousness is accepted by Him. (Acts 10.35, NKJV). Does this passage teach salvation by works? (No. The Greek word for acceptable means accepted, in other words, God is willing to save a Jew just as He would a Gentile. Robertson in his commentary on this verse writes, "Acceptable to him (δεκτος αυτω). Verbal adjective from δεχομα. Acceptabilis. That is to say, a Gentile would not have to become a Jew in order to become a Christian. Evidently Peter had not before perceived this fact. On the great Day of Pentecost when he spoke of the promise "to all those afar off" (2.39) Peter understood that they must first become Jews and then Christians. The new idea that now makes a revolution in Peter's outlook is precisely this that Christ can and will save Gentiles like this Cornelius group without their becoming Jews at all").

C5 We must remember that in the Bible God initiates salvation and completes salvation. Humans do not initiate salvation, do not seek God, and do not choose God.

C6 Acts 10.36-43 Peter summarizes the Gospel, which Cornelius and his family and close friends believe.

D1 What peace is Acts 10.36 talking about? Is there a difference in the peace that the world is seeking for today?

D2 What does "Lord of all" signify? (He is king overall and sovereign. It does not imply all are saved. Both Jews and Gentiles are included).

D3 "Sons of Israel" refers to the current generation of Israel that had Jesus in their midst.

D4 Acts 10.38, when was Jesus anointed? (This is a trick question. Jesus was baptized by John who then saw the Holy Spirit descend on Jesus. This is the initiation for Jesus's ministry. It should be noted that Jesus is Messiah, has always been Messiah, and will always be Messiah. There was never a time that Jesus was not Messiah. Some people/groups teach that Jesus became Messiah at His baptism, which is heresy. Consider

E1 For unto you is born this day in the city of David a Savior, who is Christ the Lord. (Luke 2.11, EMTV) He is already Messiah.

E2 Also we have come to believe and know that You are the Christ, the Son of the living God." (John 6.69, EMTV)

E3 interpreting and pointing out that it was necessary for the Christ to suffer, and to arise from the dead, and saying that "This Jesus, whom I preach to you, is the Christ." (Acts 17.3, EMTV) The witness of the prophets.

E4 And it had been revealed to him by the Holy Spirit that he would not see death before he should see the Lord's Christ. (Luke 2.26, EMTV) Simeon was old, yet was shown the Jesus is the Messiah. This was before Jesus's baptism.

E5 but with the precious blood of Christ, as of a lamb blameless and spotless, having been foreknown indeed before the foundation of the world, He was made manifest in these last times for you, (1 Peter 1.19-20, EMTV). Before the foundation of the world (creation), Jesus was Messiah).

D5 Acts 10.39

E1 What is the significance of the word 'witness?'

E2 Is there any value in an eye-witness? Just one eye-witness? How about over 500 at the same time? (Then he appeared to over five hundred brothers at once, most of whom remain until now, but some have also fallen asleep. (1 Corinthians 15.6, WEB).

F1 Afterwards He appeared to the eleven as they were reclining at the table; and He rebuked their unbelief and hardness of heart, because they did not believe those who saw Him after He had been raised. Mark 16.14 (EMTV)

F2 Why not openly to all? Clarke in his commentary answers, "But why was not Christ, after his resurrection, shown to all the people! 1. Because it was impossible that such a thing could be done without mob and tumult. Let it only be announced, "Here is the man who was dead three days, and who is risen from the dead!" what confusion would be the consequence of such an exposure! Some would say, This is he; others, He is like him; and so on; and the valid testimony must be lost in the confusion of the multitude. 2. God chose such witnesses whose testimony should be unimpeachable; the men who knew him best, and who by their depositions in proof of the fact should evidently risk their lives. And, 3. as multitudes are never called to witness any fact, but a few selected from the rest, whose knowledge is most accurate, and whose veracity is unquestionable, therefore, God showed not Christ risen from the dead to all the people, but to witnesses chosen by himself; and they were such as perfectly knew him before, and who ate and drank with him after his resurrection, and consequently had the fullest proof and conviction of the truth of this fact."

D6 Acts 10.42

E1 Is believing and preaching the resurrection important? Why?

E2 The Lord Jesus is the Judge of the living and the dead.

F1 For He is coming, for He is coming to judge the earth. He shall judge the world with righteousness, And the peoples with His truth. Psalms 96.13 (NKJV)

F2 He that rejects Me, and does not receive My words, has that which judges him—the word which I spoke, that word will judge him in the last day. John 12.48 (EMTV)

D7 Acts 10.43--what is the wonderful blessing in this verse? Is there any partiality with God, or can all be saved?

B7 Acts 10.44-48

C1 What happened to those who believed?

C2 Why don't we see this today? Four times this is noted in the Scriptures.

D1 Jews--Acts 2.4

D2 Samaritans--Acts 8.17

D3 Gentiles--Acts 10.44-45

D4 Disciples of John the Baptist--Acts 19.1-7

C3 Why were the Jewish believers with Peter shocked?

C4 Do we have to be baptized in water to be saved? See here and here

D1 A common Bible verse used to "prove" this is "He that believes and is baptized shall be saved; but he that does not believe shall be condemned. (Mark 16.16, EMTV).

D2 Another verse that is used is "which as an antitype, baptism now also saves us—(not the putting away of the filth of the flesh, but an appeal to God for a good conscience), through the resurrection of Jesus Christ," (1 Peter 3.21, EMTV)

D3 Peter said to them, "Repent, and be baptized, every one of you, in the name of Jesus Christ for the forgiveness of sins, and you will receive the gift of the Holy Spirit. (Acts 2.38, WEB)

D4 Jesus answered him, "Most certainly, I tell you, unless one is born anew, he can't see the Kingdom of God." Nicodemus said to him, "How can a man be born when he is old? Can he enter a second time into his mother's womb, and be born?" Jesus answered, "Most certainly I tell you, unless one is born of water and spirit, he can't enter into the Kingdom of God! (John 3.3-5, WEB)

D5 The Nicene Creed has "I acknowledge one baptism for the remission of sins."

D6 Most Christians on conversion believe in the "ordinance" of baptism and are baptized.

D7 It all boils down to, what happens to a person who believes but dies before they can be baptized? The Roman Catholic Church teach and believe that there is also a "Baptism of desire" and a "Baptism by blood." The first refers to Old Testament believers and any person who desires baptism but died before they could be baptized. The latter refers to those who believe but were martyred before they could be baptized in water.

D8 Seven baptisms

E1 John's--John 1.25-28, Acts 1.5, Acts 11.16, Acts 19.4. This is because the people had repented of their sins.

E2 Moses--1 Corinthians 10.1-4. This was into Moses's authority. They also, under Moses, left slavery for freedom, and Pharaoh's authority for Moses' authority. Now Christians are baptized into Christ (Galatians 3.27 and Acts 8.16).

E3 Jesus--Matthew 3.13-15, Luke 3.21--This was "to fulfill all righteousness," that is, an official sign to begin His ministry.

E4 Water--Acts 10.47 and many places

E5 Fire--Luke 3.16, Ephesians 5.26, Titus 3.5

E6 Washing--Mark 7.4 (utensils, hands, etc.) and Hebrews 9.10

E7 Holy Spirit--Mark 1.8, Acts 1.5, Acts 2.38 (the gift of the Holy Spirit is after water baptism), 1 Corinthians 12.13, Ephesians 4.5 (commentators are divided on whether baptism refers to water or the Holy Spirit).

D9 What came first the pouring out of the Holy Spirit or water baptism?

D10 Were they saved/born again before or after water baptism?

D11 Were they truly saved before water baptism or after the pouring out of the Holy Spirit?