Showing posts with label Daily Bible Study. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Daily Bible Study. Show all posts

05 January 2016

Using the four steps to study Bible texts

Bible study

[From my Christian Brother Daniel Dickey

Using the Four Steps to Study Bible Texts

Try using the four steps on a text of your choice from any Bible book. All you need is a Bible, a pen, some paper, and about 30 minutes.

1. Pray: Pray before and throughout your study of the Bible

Start by praising and worshiping God. Confess your sins. Ask God for the Holy Spirit's help so you can correctly understand and apply God's Word to your life today. Do not proceed to the next step until you have done this.

2. Say: What does the text say?

Select a text to study from any Bible Book. Write the reference (book, chapter, and verse) here:

Now read the text carefully and study the text you chose. All observations should be based on what the text actually says. Write your observations here.

Some Additional Guidance

Observe: Ask questions like…

  • Who is talking?

  • What is the theme?

  • Where is this happening?

  • When is this happening?

  • Why did this happen?

  • How is god working?

3. Mean: What does the text mean in its context?

Determine what the author intended to communicate to the first readers according to the context. The following questions will help you do this for your text.

What is the immediate context for the text you chose? (Hint: use paragraph breaks, subtitles, and chapter breaks to help you.) . What is the larger context? Remember that it always helps to study a larger context than is necessary, but studying too small a context can lead to error.

Now read at least the immediate context and answer the following question to the best of your ability. For some texts, you may need to read a larger context. According to the context, what did the author intend your text to communicate to the first readers?

Briefly write down any questions you have about what the text means. These questions can be helpful for future study. God can use them to help you understand the Bible better.

The complete context of every text also includes the language, the culture, the historical background, and the setting of the author and first readers. Helpful resources would be a Study Bible, Bible Dictionary, Bible Encyclopedia, Greek Lexicon and Interlinear/Reverse Interlinear Bible.

4. Apply: How will I apply this text to my life today?

Whenever we study the Scriptures we should also determine what God is saying to us personally and make a plan to put that into practice. To do that, you can ask God, "What do You want me to do as a result of my study of Your Word?"

While praying, make a practical plan to apply what you have learned from God's Word to your life. To make a plan, answer the following questions:

•    What will I do?

•    When will I do it?

•    Where will I do it?

•    How will I do it?

Review your plan. Is it something you can do today? Does it include a way for you to know when you have completed it? If not, revise your plan.

Here is an Acrostic to help Apply God's Word

PRECEPTS: Prayer to pray, Reason to praise, Error to avoid, Command to obey, Example to follow, Promise to claim, Truth to believe, Sin to Confess.

So remember PRECEPTS and after studying the text ask yourself, is there a…

  • Prayer to pray

  • Reason to praise

  • Error to avoid

  • Command to obey

  • Example to follow

  • Promise to claim

  • Truth to believe

  • Sin to Confess

From my Christian brother Daniel Dickey

09 October 2015

Daily Bible Study—1 John 1:9

If we confess our sins, He is faithful and just to forgive us our sins and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness. (1 John 1:9, EMTV)


A1 Outline

B1 Conditional sentence 2. 1 John 1:9

C1 If

D1 We confess

E1 Our sins

C2 Main clause

D1 He is

E1 Faithful

E2 Just

F1 To

G1 Forgive

H1 Us

H2 Our sins

G2 Cleanse

H1 Us

H2 From all unrighteousness

A2 Notes

B1 Words

C1 Confess

D1 The Greek word is ὁμολογέω

D2 It means to agree with, acknowledge, confess.

D3 In this case to agree with God's appraisal and according to God's standards.

D4 The New Testament has over 1,000 rules.

D5 "I know that you can do all things, and that no purpose of yours can be restrained. You asked, 'Who is this who hides counsel without knowledge?' therefore I have uttered that which I did not understand, things too wonderful for me, which I didn't know. You said, 'Listen, now, and I will speak; I will question you, and you will answer me.' I had heard of you by the hearing of the ear, but now my eye sees you. Therefore I abhor myself, and repent in dust and ashes." (Job 42:2-6, WEB)

C2 Sin

D1 The Greek word is ἀμαρτία

D2 The Daily Bible Study on 1 John 1:8 explains this word.

D3 Cross references

E1 Jesus responded, "I assure you: Everyone who commits sin is a slave of sin. (John 8:34, HCSB)

E2 When He comes, He will convict the world about sin, righteousness, and judgment: About sin, because they do not believe in Me; (John 16:8-9, HCSB)

C3 Faithful

D1 The Greek word is πιστός pistos.

D2 It means faithful and trustworthy.

D3 An example would be a faithful, trustworthy, worker or messenger.

D4 "Who then is the faithful and wise servant, whom his master has set over his household, to give them their food at the proper time? (Matthew 24:45, ESV2011)

D5 A truthful witness will not lie, but a false witness pours out lies. (Proverbs 14:5, WEB)

C4 Just

D1 The Greek word is δίκαιος dikaios.

D2 It means just, righteous, correct.

D3 It has the idea of conforming to a standard, not only in mind and attitude but also action.

D4 If you know that He is righteous, you know that everyone who practices righteousness has been born of Him. (1 John 2:29, EMTV)

D5 You will know them by their fruits. Do men gather grape clusters from thorns, or figs from thistles? Thus every good tree produces good fruit, but a corrupt tree produces evil fruit. A good tree cannot produce evil fruit, neither can a corrupt tree produce good fruit. (Matthew 7:16-18, EMTV)

C5 Forgive

D1 The Greek word is ἀφίημι aphiemi

D2 It means to send away.

D3 Sin is sent away from us. It has no effect on us on Judgment Day.

D4 God is just because He is the Law giver and because Jesus suffered for our sins.

D5 They refused to obey and were not mindful of the wonders that you performed among them, but they stiffened their neck and appointed a leader to return to their slavery in Egypt. But you are a God ready to forgive, gracious and merciful, slow to anger and abounding in steadfast love, and did not forsake them. (Nehemiah 9:17ESV)

D6 To him all the prophets bear witness that everyone who believes in him receives forgiveness of sins through his name." (Acts 10:43ESV)

C6 Cleanse

D1 The Greek word is καθαρίζω katharizo

D2 It means to clean or make clean. It is applied to physical, ethical, and spiritual conditions.

D3 The cleaning is because sin makes us spiritually unclean. God alone can clean. No human or organization can clean.

D4 For if the blood of bulls and goats and the ashes of a heifer, sprinkling those having been defiled, sanctifies for the purity of the flesh, by how much more shall the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered Himself without spot to God, purge your conscience from dead works in order that we might serve the living God? (Hebrews 9:13-14, EMTV)

D5 And made no distinction between us and them, purifying their hearts by faith. (Acts 15:9, EMTV)

C7 Unrighteousness

D1 The Greek word is ἀδικία adikia

D2 It means injustice and unrighteousness. Injustice would be as a corrupt judge (Luke 18:6). Unrighteousness is not doing what is right (Matthew 22:25, 2 Thessalonians 2:10, etc.).

D3 'I will cleanse them from all their iniquity by which they have sinned against Me, and I will pardon all their iniquities by which they have sinned and by which they have transgressed against Me. (Jeremiah 33:8, NKJV)

D4 But Christ came as High Priest of the good things to come, with the greater and more perfect tabernacle not made with hands, that is, not of this creation. Not with the blood of goats and calves, but with His own blood He entered the Most Holy Place once for all, having obtained eternal redemption. For if the blood of bulls and goats and the ashes of a heifer, sprinkling the unclean, sanctifies for the purifying of the flesh, how much more shall the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered Himself without spot to God, cleanse your conscience from dead works to serve the living God? (Hebrews 9:11-14, NKJV)

A3 Questions

B1 How important is confession?

B2 Who do we confess to first?

B3 Who is the Law Giver?

B4 What attitude is shown when we confess our sins?

B5 How does God's faithfulness in forgiving us affect you?

B6 Is there any reason to feel guilty after God has forgiven and cleanse us?

B7 What do we do when we remember our sins?

27 August 2015

Daily Bible Study—1 John 1:2

"and the life was manifested, and we have seen and testify and proclaim to you the eternal life which was with the Father and was manifested to us— " (1 John 1:2, EMTV)

Daily Bible Study—1 John 1:2

daily Bible study

A1 Outline

B1 Life was manifested

B2 We

C1 Have seen

C2 Testify

C3 Proclaim

D1 The eternal life

E1 Which

F1 Was with the Father

F2 Was manifested to us

A2 Notes

B1 Life refers to verse 1--the Word of Life

B2 Manifest means

C1 Greek

D1 φανερόω phaneroō

D2 "to make manifest or visible or known what has been hidden or unknown, to manifest, whether by words, or deeds, or in any other way" (Thayer)

C2 English

D1 "to show something such as a feeling or ability, so that it is easy to notice. Jane manifested an unwillingness to sit and talk to Lydia." Link

D2 Something that is not seen is in a state where it will be quickly and easily seen.

C3 Read Romans 16:25-26, 1 Timothy 3:16, Acts 10:41.

B3 Eternal can mean

C1 Starting now and never ending

C2 No start and no end

C3 Read John 17:3, 1 John 5:20, Revelation 1:8

A3 Questions

B1 What point is John emphasizing about Jesus again?

B2 Manifested in Greek is the aorist tense, which indicates past action without showing completion or continuation. It is used translated in the past tense. Why is manifested in the past tense (English)?

B3 Have seen is in the perfect tense which indicates completed action. Why is this tense uses?

B4 Testify (speak about truthfully) and proclaim are in the present tense. Why is the present tense used for these words?

B5 Who was with the Father?

B6 When was He there? John 1:1

B7 This passage uses the word "life" twice. The second time it is used there is the adjective "eternal." Why is this adjective used?

21 August 2015

Bible Interpretaion

Chapter 2 outline/notes of Methodical Bible Study by Robert A. Traina


literal figure of speech



A1 Purpose of Interpretation and Function of Interpreter

A2 Major phases of interpretation

B1 Definitive Phase--defining terms, words, phrases

B2 Rational Phase--why these terms, words, and phrases used instead of others

B3 Implicational Phase--besides the obvious meaning are their facets that are not obvious. For example, "And blessed is he who is not offended because of Me" (Matthew 11:6, NKJV) implies that one who is offended at and by Jesus is not going to be blessed.

A3 Specifics

B1 Interpretative Questions

C1 Defined--asking questions. "What does this mean?" "Why did he say this?" "Why did he say it this way?" These are but a few of the type of questions that could be asked.

C2 Types

D1 Who or what is involved in this passage?

D2 How is ________ accomplished?

D3 When does it happen?

D4 Where does this happen?

C3 Some will have a short answer and some will need a much longer answer.

C4 What is happening here? This is the main, underlying question.

C5 Example, "Jesus spoke these words, lifted up His eyes to heaven, and said: "Father, the hour has come. Glorify Your Son, that Your Son also may glorify You," (John 17:1, NKJV).

D1 What does the word "glorify" mean?

D2 What does it mean for Jesus to be glorified?

D3 How is Jesus to be glorified?

D4 When?

D5 Why Him?

C6 What form is this?

D1 Poetry

D2 Prose

D3 For a fuller list see here, here (a shorter list with an assignment),

C7 What attitude/tone is present (Traina uses the word "atmosphere")?

D1 Happy (Luke 24:41, for example)

D2 Sad (Psalm 3, for example)

D3 Condemning (Psalm 7, for example)

D4 Historical (Ezra 1, for example)

D5 Thanksgiving (Psalm 136, for example)

D6 Teaching (Psalm 1, for example)

C8 Rational/logic/defensive/apologetics, etc.

D1 These different words describe the argument the Bible writer employs to prove his statement. See Hebrews 1, for example, where the author states that Jesus Christ is superior and lists the reasons why.

D2 Sometimes is found in a cascade of "why" questions?

E1 Why did this happen?

E2 Why did they make the choices that they did?

E3 Where is God in this passage?

E4 What does this say, then why does it said it this way, then what does it mean? One could go on with another "why" question that builds on the previous one.

D3 Example Psalm 23

E1 What does "Lord" mean?

E2 Why is this word for God uses instead of another?

E3 Why is God compared to a shepherd?

E4 What are sheep in this passage?

E5 Many other questions come from the rest of the verses.

B2 Interpretative Answers

C1 Subjective

D1 The Bible is a spiritual book and must be understood thusly.

D2 The Bible is a book to be read and studied with common sense. If something is obvious, then it is obvious. Don't try to find some hidden meaning in an obvious passage.

D3 Illustrations by a teacher (Jesus used illustrations a lot) must be understood as illustration. Statements must be taken as statement. We cannot change the plain, obvious sense of a passage into an image. For example see here especially Test question #2. Also see Matthew 16:5-12. The phrase "leaven of the Pharisees" was understand as the yeast that Pharisees use, but Jesus uses it as an illustration, in a figurative sense.

"When the plain sense of Scripture

makes common sense,

seek no other sense;

Therefore, take every word

at its primary, ordinary,

usual, literal meaning

Unless the facts

of the immediate context,

studied in the light

Of related passages and

axiomatic and fundamental truths

indicate clearly otherwise." Dr. David L. Cooper

D4 We cannot let our life experiences interpret or have a bearing on our interpretation. We are not to say, "What does this passage mean to you?" We are to say, "What does this passage mean?"

C2 Objective

D1 Language

E1 Our own mother tongue. This deals with translation. Words rarely translate with the exact definition.

E2 Original language.

F1 Reference source such as "Theological Dictionary of the New Testament, Abridged in One Volume."

F2 See how the word is used in other passages and how other translations have it.

F3 When it is a compound word, do not place too much weight on the root word. For example ἐπίγνωσις epignosis does mean something different than its root word γνῶσις gnosis.

D2 Tense

E1 This is referring to the Greek tense as present or aorist, for example. For more information on tense, mood, and etc. see here, here, and here

E2 What do these various tenses mean?

E3 What effect do they have on the passage?

D3 Hebrew (aspect. There is no idea of tense in Biblical Hebrew). For information see here, here, and here

D4 Literary forms--simile and so on

D5 Mood--the tone of the writing as happy, warning, praise, etc.

D6 Historical setting

D7 Interpretations of others--Important because if I am the only one to come up with an interpretation since the New Testament was written, then it is most likely to be a false interpretation.

A4 False Kinds of Interpretation--Errors in Interpretation

B1 Fragmentary

C1 Approaches Scriptures as a bunch of isolated texts without any relationship to each other.

C2 Ignores context--especially the greater context

C3 Often happens in preaching where a text is chosen, a topic decided upon, and preached out of context.

B2 Dogmatic

C1 A certain doctrine is a well-established belief to that person.

C2 Any doctrine that does not seem to fit the said belief is ignored or changed.

C3 This is the idea of theology preceding Scriptures, that is, doctrine/theology is more important and of higher authority than the Bible.

B3 Rationalistic

C1 Some incidents in the Bible cannot be true because they cannot be explained with logic.

C2 Miracles are not accepted so are explained away.

C3 The feeding of the 5,000 could not happen the way it is recorded in the Gospels, so it must be every one brought their own sack lunch.

B4 Mythological

C1 Some things in the Bible cannot be explained.

C2 These passages then are considered to be a myth of ignorant people.

C3 Some teach what the Bible teaches about salvation is truth, but not necessarily science and history.

B5 Historical

C1 The Bible is only the historical writings of an ancient people.

C2 It is studied only in that sense.

C3 The spiritual implications and purposes are ignored.

B6 Allegorical

C1 This is often applied to parables, those all passages are open for their imagination.

C2 Sometimes greatly distorted definitions are given for objects in a lesson.

C3 There is only some spiritual truth to be taught.

B7 Literal

C1 Sometimes called wooden literalism.

C2 When the plain sense shows a passage to be an illustration/simile, but the interpreter understands it as literal.

B8 Typological

C1 Scriptures contain types.

C2 An example would be the Israeli sacrifices of Leviticus which point to the ultimate sacrifice of Messiah--Jesus Christ.

C3 Since C2 is true, then all Scripture is forced into this idea. Not much is taken in its plain, normal sense.

B9 Predictive

C1 Some Scriptures are predictive, that is, speaks of future events.

C2 Since some do, we must interpret all Scriptures speaking of the future.

B10 Systematized

C1 A New Testament passage deals with a particular action that we are to do.

C2 Then all the Bible is interpreted in light of that one action.

B11 Cross-reference

C1 Cross references are important to help understand a passage.

C2 But the cross references are not examined in their context.

B12 Encyclopedic

C1 The Bible has answers for many situations that arise in our life.

C2 Thus every single situation that happens to us has an answer in the Bible.

C3 The danger is that passages will be twisted/wrested to force an interpretation not fitting the context.

B13 Literary

C1 The Bible is great literature.

C2 It is nothing more.

B14 interpretation other

C1 Misinterpretation--the wrong interpretation

C2 Sub-interpretation--not getting the FULL interpretation from a Scripture verse/passage.

C3 Super-interpretation--getting more out of a passage than is really there.

C4 Grammatical-historical

C5 Traditional--a passage is not examined for its meaning because it is interpreted already by a denomination or church authority.

C6 The Bible author interprets a passage. This happens in some of the parables of Jesus where he interprets that passage.

A5 Further resources

B1 Bible Interpretation

C1 Bible Interpretation by Cooper Abrams III

C2 Inductive Bible Study

B2 Bible Interpretation Errors

C1 Nine common errors in Bible Interpretation

C2 Common Errors