(From the D6 Fusion Sunday School Lesson book)
We are heirs of God through faith in Christ, not by our own merits.
View my life as an opportunity to bring glory to my Father.
Live by faith in Christ, free to obey Him in the power He gives me.
Some interpret this as
Jews under the elementary principles of Jewish laws.
Jews and Gentiles before they believed.
Gentiles (the Galatians) who believed in many gods before believing
into Jesus Christ.
Some interpret this as
The many gods of idolatry
Whatever the meaning is the principle taught is every human is under
What are some things that people are in bondage to?
What is the significance of God sending His son as Redeemer?
Why did Jesus have to be born of a woman and under the Law?
Adoption as sons
here includes male and female gender.
The word for adoption is υἱοθεσία huiothesia.
It is used in Scripture 3 ways:
Physical adoption as going through an agency to adopt a son or
daughter. It is this sense the Pharaoh’s daughter adopted Moses
National adoption as Israel was adopted by God (Romans 9:4).
Spiritual adoption as being brought into the family of God, thus a
believer is a son of God or a daughter of God. He is our Father. He
has adopted us.
It is a present reality for believers: Ephesians 1:5 NKJV Having
predestined us to adoption as sons by Jesus Christ to Himself,
according to the good pleasure of His will.
It is also future:
Romans 8:19 NKJV For
the earnest expectation of the creation eagerly waits for the
revealing of the sons of God.
Romans 8:23 NKJV Not
only that, but we also who have the firstfruits of the Spirit, even
we ourselves groan within ourselves, eagerly waiting for the
adoption, the redemption of our body.
A note from Vincent’s Word Studies on this passage:
an heir (καὶ κληρονόμος): Καὶ marks the logical
sequence. Comp. Rom 8:17. The figure is based upon Roman, not upon
Jewish, law. According to Roman law, all the children, sons and
daughters, inherited alike. According to Jewish law, the inheritance
of the sons was unequal, and the daughters were excluded, except
where there were no male heirs. Thus the Roman law furnished a more
truthful illustration of the privileges of Christians. Comp. Gal
Give some of the benefits of being an adopted son or daughter of God.
Remember that we were slaves of sin: Romans 6:20-21 NKJV For
when you were slaves of sin, you were free in regard to
righteousness. 21 What fruit did you have then in the things of
which you are now ashamed? For the end of those things is death.
Now we are slaves to righteousness and heirs of God: Romans 6:22-23
now having been set free from sin, and having become slaves of God,
you have your fruit to holiness, and the end, everlasting life. 23
For the wages of sin is death, but the gift of God is eternal life in
Christ Jesus our Lord.
What is good about being able to address God as "Abba, Father?”
What do we inherit?
The earth (Matthew 5:5)
Eternal life (Matthew 19:29)
A heavenly family (Matthew 19:29)
God’s Kingdom (James 2:5)
The Tree of Life (Revelation 2:7)
Kings and Priests (Revelation 5:9-10)
What we need to live a Christian life (2 Peter 1:3)
The Holy Spirit (Acts 1:8)
Forgiveness of sins (1 John 1:9)
Freedom from guilt (Romans 8:1 and Hebrews 10:22)
Free from slavery to sin (Romans 6:18)
A heavenly home (John 14:1-2)
Perfect knowledge and freedom from ignorance (1 Corinthians 13:12)
Some other blessings: Revelation 21:4 NKJV And
God will wipe away every tear from their eyes; there shall be no more
death, nor sorrow, nor crying. There shall be no more pain, for the
former things have passed away.
Name some things that the Galatians were enslaved to.
In Galatians 4:10, days, months, seasons, and years are mentioned.
What would Paul be referring to?
We don’t know for sure what Paul’s physical condition was
(Galatians 4:14). It was not mentioned, because today there are many
physical conditions that would appear to be offensive. Why didn’t
the Galatians reject Paul and his message?
How do people become an enemy for telling the truth?
Are we to ask forgiveness for telling the truth?
The truth that they were sinners. (Galatians 5:11 and 1 Peter 2:8).
Truth can be offensive.
The truth that it is appointed to die, then to be judged. (See
Galatians 5:7 NKJV You
ran well. Who hindered you from obeying the truth?
Galatians 2:11 NKJV Now
when Peter had come to Antioch, I withstood him to his face, because
he was to be blamed. (and
read then through verse 14).
are enthusiastic about you, but not for any good. Instead, they want
to isolate you so you will be enthusiastic about them. 18 Now it is
always good to be enthusiastic about good—and not just when I am
false teachers are so eager to win your favor, but their intentions
are not good. They are trying to shut you off from me so that you
will pay attention only to them. 18 If someone is eager to do good
things for you, that’s all right; but let them do it all the time,
not just when I’m with you.
How do false teachers butter us up to manipulate us?
with the intention of getting something.
How can we avoid being manipulated?
What is the pain that Paul is feeling for the Galatians?
When does Paul state that he will not feel this pain anymore?
formed in you
Bob Utley makes this comment of the passage:
Christ is formed in you" "Formed" [Greek root morphç]
was used in a medical sense for fetal development. Morphç could
refer to the abiding character of something. This text refers to
their maturity in Christ (cf. Eph. 4:13), or in other words, their
Christlikeness (cf. Rom. 8:28-29; 2 Cor. 3:18; 7:1; Gal. 4:19;
Eph.1:4; 4:13; 1 Thess. 3:13; 4:3,7; 5:23; 1 Pet. 1:15). This does
not necessarily mean two different experiences of the Christian
life—salvation and maturity—and yet we all know that maturity is
a developmental experience.
showed that his motives in teaching and preaching to the Galatian
churches were totally different from those of the self-seeking false
Would this include right doctrine, a Christian worldview, a Christian
lifestyle in thoughts, desires, words, and deeds?
How do we develop this?
Explain in your own words Paul’s allegory of the 2 sons (Galatians
Why is being under the law (obeying Mosaic Law) being in bondage?
John Calvin writes in his commentary on Hebrews 12:22:
he contrasts mount Sion with mount Sinai; and he further adds, the
heavenly Jerusalem, and he expressly calls it heavenly, that the Jews
might not cleave to that which was earthly, and which had flourished
under the Law; for when they sought perversely to continue under the
slavish yoke of the Law, mount Sion was turned into mount Sinai as
Paul teaches us in the Gal 4:21 of the Epistle to the Galatians. Then
by the heavenly Jerusalem he understood that which was to be built
throughout the whole world, even as the angel, mentioned by
Zechariah, extended his line from the east even to the west.
What are we Christians to be firmly attached and steadfast
towards—the earthly or the heavenly?
In Paul’s allegory, how are Christians the children of the free
Are we to obey the Law of Moses? If so, how? (Basically, only when it
is repeated in the New Testament to be obeyed. Nine of the ten
commandments are repeated in the New Testament, for example. The
Sabbath Laws are not).
Is our righteousness only from faith or do we have to do good works
and follow the Law of Moses to be saved, forgiven, reconciled with
Galatians 1:1-12 and Galatians 2:15-21
(From the D6 Fusion Sunday School Lesson book)
The true gospel is salvation by grace through faith in Jesus Christ.
Live with the assurance that I have eternal life through faith in
Trust in Christ alone for salvation, and share the true gospel with
Gospel of the Kingdom: repentance, baptism, faith that Jesus is
Messiah and keep Moses’ Law. Source: here,
This is similar, if not the same, as the Judaism that Paul rebuked
the Galatians and others.
Faith plus works. Many believe this. There are the 3 sources above.
If someone believes into these gospels, they will end up in hell.
Only through Jesus Christ
John 3:17 NRSV Indeed,
God did not send the Son into the world to condemn the world, but in
order that the world might be saved through him.
Acts 4:12 (MEV) There
is no salvation in any other, for there is no other name under heaven
given among men by which we must be saved.
1 Timothy 2:5 (MEV) There
is one God and one mediator between God and men, the Man Christ
After God initiates salvation and opens the heart of any human, they
must request salvation: Acts 2:21 (MEV) And
whoever calls on the name of the Lord shall be saved.
Must believe God: Acts 16:31 NRSV They
on the Lord Jesus, and you will be saved, you and your household.
Through the shed blood of Jesus Christ: Romans 5:9 NRSV
Much more surely then, now that we have been justified by his blood,
will we be saved through him from the wrath of God.
Through the resurrection (we must believe it) and life of Jesus
Christ: Romans 5:10 NRSV For
if while we were enemies, we were reconciled to God through the death
of his Son, much more surely, having been reconciled, will we be
saved by his life.
After believing and being saved, we want to proclaim it: Romans
10:9-11 NRSV Because
if you confess with your lips that Jesus is Lord and believe in your
heart that God raised him from the dead, you will be saved. (10)
For one believes with the heart and so is justified, and one
confesses with the mouth and so is saved. (11) The scripture says,
"No one who believes in him will be put to shame.
Matthew 10:32 NKJV Therefore
whoever confesses Me before men, him I will also confess before My
Father who is in heaven.
1 John 4:15 NKJV Whoever
confesses that Jesus is the Son of God, God abides in him, and he in
Ask: Romans 10:13 NRSV For,
who calls on the name of the Lord shall be saved.
John 20:31 NRSV But
these are written so that you may come to believe that Jesus is the
Messiah, the Son of God, and that through believing you may have life
in his name.
An angel of God during the Tribulation also preaches the Gospel:
Revelation 14:6-7 NRSV Then
I saw another angel flying in midheaven, with an eternal gospel to
proclaim to those who live on the earth—to every nation and tribe
and language and people. (7) He said in a loud voice, "Fear
God and give him glory, for the hour of his judgment has come; and
worship him who made heaven and earth, the sea and the springs of
Only one Gospel. There are no multiple gospels
Moses wrote about it: Genesis 15:6 NKJV And
he believed in the LORD, and He accounted it to him for
Paul wrote to the Romans about it: Romans 4:3 NRSV For what does the
scripture say? Abraham
believed God, and it was reckoned to him as righteousness.
Paul wrote to the Galatians about it: Galatians 3:6 NRSV Just
as Abraham believed God, and it was reckoned to him as righteousness.
James wrote about it: James 2:23 NRSV Thus
the scripture was fulfilled that says, "Abraham believed God,
and it was reckoned to him as righteousness," and he was called
the friend of God.
Joel writes: Joel 2:32 NKJV And
it shall come to pass That whoever calls on the name of the Lord
Shall be saved. For in Mount Zion and in Jerusalem there shall be
deliverance, As the Lord has said, Among the remnant whom the Lord
Peter preached: Acts 2:21 NKJV And
it shall come to pass that whoever calls on the name of the Lord
shall be saved.
Paul writes: Romans 10:13 NKJV For
Whoever calls on the name of the Lord shall be saved.
Paul wrote: 1 Corinthians 15:1-4 NRSV Now
I would remind you, brothers and sisters, of the good news that I
proclaimed to you, which you in turn received, in which also you
stand, (2) through which also you are being saved, if you hold
firmly to the message that I proclaimed to you—unless you have come
to believe in vain. (3) For I handed on to you as of first
importance what I in turn had received: that Christ died for our sins
in accordance with the scriptures, (4) and that he was buried, and
that he was raised on the third day in accordance with the
Is faith really all a person needs to be saved?
Galatians 1:3-5 NKJV Grace
to you and peace from God the Father and our Lord Jesus Christ, who
gave Himself for our sins, that He might deliver us from this present
evil age, according to the will of our God and Father, to whom be
glory forever and ever. Amen.
Our Lord Jesus Christ
Lord—King of kings and Lord of lords. We have submitted to Him.
Jesus—the Jesus who is spoken of in the Bible.
Christ—Messiah. He always has been Messiah and always will be.
How should this affect us?
Who gave Himself for our sins
What does the word gave
Why is it important that it was Himself that He gave?
What was His purpose?
That He might deliver us from this present evil age
What is the condition of our present age?
Why should we be delivered from it?
Why would God want this?
Can anyone not glorify God?
What would be some reasons the Galatians are turning to another
How do people distort the gospel?
Why would they?
What is God’s opinion of those who preach a false gospel?
How does Paul know he preaches the correct gospel?
How do we know what the true gospel is?
What is the source of false doctrine?
Is the law written by Moses, who received it from God Himself, good?
Can anyone keep the law? (James 2:10 GW If
someone obeys all of God's laws except one, that person is guilty of
breaking all of them).
Breaking God’s law can be in thoughts, desires, words, and/or
What important points of doctrine can we learn from Galatians 2:16?
Do people sin after becoming Christians?
If we start trying to live by the law, what does that do to us?
Consider this translation: Galatians 2:18-19 GNB92 If
I start to rebuild the system of Law that I tore down, then I show
myself to be someone who breaks the Law. So far as the Law is
concerned, however, I am dead—killed by the Law itself—in order
that I might live for God. I have been put to death with Christ on
Adam Clarke on this passage: For
if I build again the things which I destroyed] If I act like a Jew,
and enjoin the observance of the law on the Gentiles, which I have
repeatedly asserted and proved to be abolished by the death of
Christ, then I build up what I destroyed, and thus make myself a
transgressor, by not observing the law in that way in which I appear
to enjoin the observance of it upon others.
If someone wants to follow the law, do so, but if in doing you think
it is necessary for salvation, you are a heretic. If you keep the law
and think you are more spiritual than others, you are in grave error.
And, you will be judged by God on the basis of keeping that Law, so
you will fail.
So called, Torah following Christians, feel it is important,
necessary to follow God’s (Mosaic) Law. They do not, of course, but
feel they are more spiritual and enlightened than others. But, Paul,
the Apostle, stated that this Law is what condemned him to spiritual
death, which is why he exclaims, “Galatians 2:20-21 WPNT I
have been crucified with Christ, so it is no longer I who live but
Christ lives in me; what I now live in this body I live by faith in
the Son of God, who loved me and gave Himself in my place. I do not
nullify the grace of God; for if righteousness is through the law,
then Christ died for nothing!”
2 Corinthians 3:6-9 NKJV who
also made us sufficient as ministers of the new covenant, not of the
letter but of the Spirit; for the letter kills, but the Spirit gives
life. 7 But if the ministry of death, written and engraved on
stones, was glorious, so that the children of Israel could not look
steadily at the face of Moses because of the glory of his
countenance, which glory was passing away, 8 how will the ministry
of the Spirit not be more glorious? 9 For if the ministry of
condemnation had glory, the ministry of righteousness exceeds much
more in glory.
Galatians 2:21 NKJV “I
do not set aside the grace of God; for if righteousness comes through
the law, then Christ died in vain.”
Is anyone more spiritual trying to keep the Law?
Does righteousness come through the Law?
Can we be more spiritual doing these works?
Paul is not condemning the Law. Paul is saying that no one can be
justified by keeping the Law. The Law condemns. The Law made Paul
realize that he was a sinner and could not be justified by keeping