Showing posts with label Romans. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Romans. Show all posts

08 July 2020

Devotional Notes Romans 3

B1 What does this mean?
C1 The Advantage of the Jew
D1 God gave His message through the Jews. Jesus is a Jew, too.
D2 Jewish unbelief will not stop God's plans.
D4 God is correct and righteous to judge and sentence Law breakers.
C2 All People Are Sinners and Cannot Seek God
D1 No one righteous. Does this mean Jesus sinned?
E1 No.
E2 The plain, normal sense understands this passage is a quote from the Old Testament.
F1 Robertson writes: [Verses 10-12 come from] Psalm 14:1-3; first half of 13 as far as εδολιουσαν from Psalm 5:9, the second half from Psalm 140:3; verse 14 from Psalm 10:7; 15-17 from an abridgment of Isaiah 59:7f.; verse 18 from Psalm 35:1.
E3 Jesus had not yet been born of the Virgin, so the quote of everyone being a sinner is correct.
E4 Jesus has finished His earthly ministry by the time Paul wrote this letter, so we understand that all humans are sinners in thoughts, desires, words, and deeds EXCEPT Jesus Christ. See 1 Peter 2:22, 2 Corinthians 5:21, Hebrews 4:15, 1 John 3:5, etc.
E5 Sin's effects are thoughts, desires, words, and deeds.
E6 Sin has consequences.
E7 Verse 19, since the Jew is guilty because of the Law, now all are guilty because of the Law.
C2 Salvation Not Through the Law but Through Faith
D1 The Law and keeping it does not bring forgiveness of sins, salvation, and fellowship with God.
D2 Believing God does.
D3 Jesus is Savior of Jew and Gentile.
D4 Salvation is the same. It is by grace alone through faith alone in Jesus Christ alone.
D5 Jesus's work on the cross was public.
D6 This death of Jesus is proof that Jesus suffered for our sins if we meet His conditions.
C3 Questions
D1 What advantages of Jews are listed?
D2 How can God be considered holy if sin and evil is in the universe?
D3 Is God’s grace so great that we can sin more to receive more grace? Explain.
D4 Why can’t keeping Mosaic Law bring salvation?
D5 What is the purpose of the Mosaic Law?
B2 How do I apply this to my life? Thank you for your theology, O Lord.

04 July 2020

Devotional Notes Romans 2

B1 What does this mean?
C1 God’s Judgment Is Righteous
D1 We must be careful when passing judgment. We must be aware that we often are guilty of the same sin. We must test. We cannot tolerate everything people do. JFB commentary has: The Jew under like condemnation with the Gentile. From those without, the apostle now turns to those within the pale of revealed religion, the self-righteous Jews, who looked down upon the uncovenanted heathen as beyond the pale of God’s mercies, within which they deemed themselves secure, however inconsistent their life may be. Alas! what multitudes wrap themselves up in like fatal confidence, who occupy the corresponding position in the Christian Church!
D2 Judging, etc. must be according to truth, that is, reality. It also must agree with Scripture, which is the only source of 100% truth.
D3 Verse 4, God's goodness towards us is so that we will repent and believe in Jesus. This goodness is expressed by God's kindness, forbearance, and longsuffering.
D4 If one does not repent, then it often to even greater sin, and greater sin leads to an increase in God's wrath.
D5 Verses 5-11 shows that choices and actions lead to consequences of relationship with God. God's judges all fairly. A Jew may think he is better than all, but this is not true. A Jew gets judged according to the same standards as non-Jews.
D6 Verses 14-15 show Jews have a written law and non-Jews have an unwritten law. All know that lying is wrong, murder is wrong, etc.
C2 The Spiritual Problem of the Jew
D1 A religious Jew has many advantages, but advantages bring greater responsibility.
D2 Ignorance is not an excuse, for all will be judged.
D3 Verses 28-29 show who is a true Jew. It is a heart matter, not just physical and DNA matter.
C3 Questions
D1 Is it wrong to judge? When is it wrong or right?
D2 By whose standard do we use to judge? Why?
D3 What is God’s judgment based on?
D4 How do people become stubborn?
D5 Why is self-seeking and rejecting truth dangerous?
D6 Does God show favoritism? How are we to understand each individual?
B2 How do I apply this to my life? The importance of truth.

03 July 2020

Devotional Notes Romans 1

B1 What does this mean?
C1 Salutation & Purpose
D1 Paul is an Apostle chosen and commissioned by Jesus Christ.
D2 Jesus Christ meets all the OT prophecy identifiers of Messiah especially so by His resurrection.
D3 Paul is to preach, and people are to repent.
C2Paul’s Desire to See the Believers in Rome
D1 Does Gospel (Good News) of or about His Son (God's Son, Jesus)? Most likely of, for it is the Good News that Jesus preached.
D2 Paul's purpose in desiring to visit them is to grow both his and their faith.
D3 Note Paul's evangelistic desire.
C3 Paul States His Boldness in the Good News
D1 Salvation is given to the one who believes that Jesus Christ is the Messiah and His message.
D2 It is an ability brought by God's grace alone in opening our hearts and minds to be freed in order to believe.
C4 The Downward Path of Sinful Humanity
D1 All are sinners by nature. This has been passed down from Adam.
D2 God initiates salvation by giving grace to understand the Gospel. He frees our will. With our will being freed, we need to believe. The decision is ours.
D3 Most refuse to believe, so they continue their descent into sin and incurring a greater punishment.
D4 Note how people suppress the truth. It is “in unrighteousness,” that is, they show their suppression of truth by doing unrighteousness.
D5 God reveals His character. People understand these truths. Most reject them.
D6 Verse 21, people refuse to give God the credit for what He has done and is doing. They also are not thankful for what He has done and is doing.
D7 Note that the punishment for sin is God allowing them to sin even more.
C5 Questions
D1 What are some proofs that Jesus is the promised Messiah?
D2 Is Christianity reasonable? Why?
D3 Why is the resurrection so important?
D4 How does “everyone know God?”
D5 Why does God punish sin by allowing a person to sin more?
D6 Does anyone HAVE TO sin?
D7 What is the solution?
B2 How do I apply this to my life? Repent and believe.

11 December 2019

1 Year Through the Bible Series—Romans Part F

C1 Chapter 12
D1 Romans 12 begins with an appeal for us to give our life in thoughts, desires, words, and deeds under Jesus’s rules and lifestyle for us. Most of this chapter and the following give us these rules.
E1 Romans 12:1 PickNT Now then, brothers, I exhort you, in view of God's compassions, to present your bodies as a living sacrifice, holy, satisfying to God—your intelligent duty.
E2 Pickering comments on this verse: Any animal in the Old Testament had to die in order to become a sacrifice, so what does Paul mean by a 'living' one? In 1Co 15:31 he said that he died every day. Paul could not have been referring to actual physical death, obviously, since Heb 9:27 affirms that it is appointed to men to die only once (no re-incarnation). He may well have faced possible death often enough, but I suppose he is referring to dying to himself. I suppose this is also the meaning of our Lord's words in Luke 9:23-24—"If anyone desires to come after me, let him deny himself, and take up his cross daily, and follow me. For whoever desires to save his life will lose it, but whoever loses his life for my sake will save it." In that day a cross was an instrument of death. We must die to our own will in order to embrace God's. To present the body is presumably a metonym for presenting one's whole self.
D2 Romans 12:3-8
E1 This deals with the gifts of grace for believers to serve God in ministering to others especially to the brothers and sisters.
E2 These gifts are prophecy, ministry, teaching, exhortation, giving, leadership, and compassion. As others have pointed out this is the division of labor in the body of believers. These are broad areas covering primarily the needs of the congregation and also for preaching the Gospel.
F1 Prophecy for foretelling (rarely) and giving a message to believers, which is effective and motivating messages. The message is blessed by God for service. Prophecy is for 1 Corinthians 14:3 WEL But he who prophesies speaks to people for edification, exhortation, and comfort.
G1 Edification to build up the knowledge, wisdom, and actions of believers.
G2 Exhortation to encourage and help in knowledge, wisdom, and actions of believers.
G3 Comfort to lessen anxiety and unrest in believers.
F2 There is time to speak of the other gifts but they are more easily understood by most people.
D3 Romans 12:9-21 are a list of some of the rules all Christians are to live by. Let us take heed. We can obey with the strength God gives us.
C2 Chapter 13
D1 Romans 13:1-7 deals with our relation and obligations to the government. We need to respect leaders and to pray For them. That God would give them wisdom, so that the country may live in peace and safety and that the believers may be allowed to live as Christians. 1 Timothy 2:1-4 NRSV First of all, then, I urge that supplications, prayers, intercessions, and thanksgivings be made for everyone, 2 for kings and all who are in high positions, so that we may lead a quiet and peaceable life in all godliness and dignity. 3 This is right and is acceptable in the sight of God our Savior, 4 who desires everyone to be saved and to come to the knowledge of the truth.
D2 Romans 13:8-10 deals with our relation and obligations to our neighbor.
E1 Our neighbor, as far as Scripture is concerned, refers to anyone we meet. Luke 10:29, 37 NIV But he wanted to justify himself, so he asked Jesus, "And who is my neighbor?" ... 37 The expert in the law replied, "The one who had mercy on him." Jesus told him, "Go and do likewise.
E2 Romans 13:10 NIV Love does no harm to a neighbor. Therefore love is the fulfillment of the law.
F1 The word harm is the Greek word for bad in many applications.
F2 Bad is based on God’s standard not mine, not yours, not the neighbor.
D3 Romans 13:11-14 is urging us to be ready for the return of Jesus Christ.
C3 Chapter 14
D1 The chapter gives rules regarding our responsibilities to our Christian brothers and sisters.
D2 Romans 14:1-4 deals with what we eat. We are not to eat something that might cause our fellow believer to fall from faith.
D3 Romans 14:5-9 deals with observation of days for worship or something special. It is not important what particular day we worship but that we worship. We don’t need to argue and fight about this. One worships God on Sunday? Amen Another worships on Saturday. Maybe someone worships on Wednesday or every day. It makes no difference.
D4 Romans 14:10-12 reminds us that each of us will face judgment at Jesus’s throne. This judgment is not regarding salvation but for rewards. 1 Corinthians 3:12-15 NLT Anyone who builds on that foundation may use a variety of materials--gold, silver, jewels, wood, hay, or straw. 13 But on the judgment day, fire will reveal what kind of work each builder has done. The fire will show if a person's work has any value. 14 If the work survives, that builder will receive a reward. 15 But if the work is burned up, the builder will suffer great loss. The builder will be saved, but like someone barely escaping through a wall of flames.
D5 Romans 14:13-23 teaches us the rationale and motive for these rules which are our love for God and our love for our brother and sister as shown by what we say and what we do. We are not to insist on our own way in many things but accept the other person. Many marital arguments could be avoided by not insisting on our own personal habit or opinion.
C4 Chapter 15
D1 Romans 15:1-6 continues with rules for the church (the people). It is in helping our weaker brother or sister. We might understand weaker as more sensitive personality. The goal is not to insist and demand our way but to build up the faith of each other.
E1 It is the attitude of Jesus Christ: John 5:30 NKJV I can of Myself do nothing. As I hear, I judge; and My judgment is righteous, because I do not seek My own will but the will of the Father who sent Me.
E2 We must have the same attitude: Matthew 16:24 NKJV Then Jesus said to His disciples, "If anyone desires to come after Me, let him deny himself, and take up his cross, and follow Me.
E3 Philippians 2:4 NIV not looking to your own interests but each of you to the interests of the others.
E4 Galatians 6:2 NASB Bear one another's burdens, and thereby fulfill the law of Christ.
D2 Romans 15:7-13 teach us that Gentiles and Jews believes are one. We are of one family. We have been adopted by God as sons and daughters. We are co-heirs with the Lord Jesus. Romans 8:17 NIV Now if we are children, then we are heirs--heirs of God and co-heirs with Christ, if indeed we share in his sufferings in order that we may also share in his glory.
D3 Romans 15:14-22 teaches us that Paul was their apostle.
D4 Romans 15:23-33 is Paul’s plans for visiting these believers.
C5 Chapter 16 is a list of personal greetings to many brothers and sisters and the finishing of the letter.

Romans 16:27 CSB to the only wise God, through Jesus Christ—to him be the glory forever! Amen.

10 December 2019

1 Year Through the Bible Series—Romans Part E+7 Reasons God has not Rejected Israel

C1 Israel
D1 There can be no confusion that Paul is speaking of DNA Israelites:
E1 Romans 9:3-5 ESV For I could wish that I myself were accursed and cut off from Christ for the sake of my brothers, my kinsmen according to the flesh. 4 They are Israelites, and to them belong the adoption, the glory, the covenants, the giving of the law, the worship, and the promises. 5 To them belong the patriarchs, and from their race, according to the flesh, is the Christ, who is God over all, blessed forever. Amen.
E2 Romans 10:1-2 ESV Brothers, my heart's desire and prayer to God for them is that they may be saved. 2 For I bear them witness that they have a zeal for God, but not according to knowledge.
E3 Romans 11:1-2 ESV I ask, then, has God rejected his people? By no means! For I myself am an Israelite, a descendant of Abraham, a member of the tribe of Benjamin. 2 God has not rejected his people whom he foreknew. Do you not know what the Scripture says of Elijah, how he appeals to God against Israel?
D2 Paul emphasizes that even though DNA Israel had the promises, it must be actualized by faith. Just being born a Jew is not enough. Romans 9:32 ESV Why? Because they did not pursue it by faith, but as if it were based on works. They have stumbled over the stumbling stone,
D3 To illustrate what he means, Paul gives some examples.
E1 Esau and Jacob
F1 These are real people
F2 The outcome and teaching HERE in this passage is about nations named Esau (Edom) and Jacob (Israel).
F3 The man Esau never served the man Jacob. The nation Edom did serve the nation Israel.
G1 Edom was servant to Israel: 2 Samuel 8:14 ESV Then he put garrisons in Edom; throughout all Edom he put garrisons, and all the Edomites became David's servants. And the LORD gave victory to David wherever he went.
G2 Edom would serve Israel but not forever: 2 Kings 8:20, 22 ESV In his days Edom revolted from the rule of Judah and set up a king of their own. ... 22 So Edom revolted from the rule of Judah to this day. Then Libnah revolted at the same time.
F4 Why? Romans 9:13 ESV As it is written, "Jacob I loved, but Esau I hated.
G1 Malachi 1:2-3 BSB “I have loved you,” says the LORD. But you ask, “How have You loved us?” “Was not Esau Jacob’s brother?” declares the LORD. “Yet Jacob I have loved, 3 but Esau I have hated, and I have made his mountains a wasteland and left his inheritance to the desert jackals.”
G2 Esau and his descendants did not have faith.
H1 The Edomites fought their brother instead of helping them: Amos 1:11 NLT This is what the LORD says: "The people of Edom have sinned again and again, and I will not let them go unpunished! They chased down their relatives, the Israelites, with swords, showing them no mercy. In their rage, they slashed them continually and were unrelenting in their anger.
H2 Idolatry: 2 Chronicles 25:20 NLT But Amaziah refused to listen, for God was determined to destroy him for turning to the gods of Edom.
H3 Esau himself did not have faith. He was immoral and profane: Hebrews 12:16 WEL Lest any be a fornicator or profane person like Esau, who for a single meal gave away his birthright.
G3 Jacob and his descendants (some) did have faith.
H1 Jacob himself: Genesis 28:22 NLT And this memorial pillar I have set up will become a place for worshiping God, and I will present to God a tenth of everything he gives me.
H2 Israel: Occasionally, the Scriptures mention the whole nation worshiping God, but often it is only small groups of Israel that worship. With the kings of Israel, some did and some did not. Compare 1 Kings 19:18.
E2 Pharaoh
F1 Romans 9:17-18 BSB For the Scripture says to Pharaoh: “I raised you up for this very purpose, that I might display My power in you, and that My name might be proclaimed in all the earth.” 18 Therefore God has mercy on whom He wants to have mercy, and He hardens whom He wants to harden.
F2 God knew what this man was like, so promoted him to Pharaoh.
F3 God choose Pharaoh to uncover the evil in Egypt, punishment for sin, and deliverance to those who believe Yahweh.
F4 Israel did believe as shown in that they obeyed the instructions for the Passover.
E3 Punishment and blessing
F1 Not an arbitrary decision/decree of God
F2 Sin (no faith, breaking God’s laws, etc.) bring punishment (Romans 2).
F3 Faith and trust in God, His words, His rules, etc. bring mercy
G1 Romans 4:20-22 NLT Abraham never wavered in believing God's promise. In fact, his faith grew stronger, and in this he brought glory to God. 21 He was fully convinced that God is able to do whatever he promises. 22 And because of Abraham's faith, God counted him as righteous.
G2 Romans 10:11 NRSV The scripture says, "No one who believes in him will be put to shame."
C2 Chapter 10
D1 Israel was confused and ignorant about salvation. They believed that by having the right DNA (descendant of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob) and keeping the Mosaic Law would bring forgiveness of sins and a home in heaven. They were zealous in this effort.
E1 Confused because of a wrong method of Bible Interpretation. They leaned on the teachings of man. Matthew 15:9 NIV They worship me in vain; their teachings are merely human rules
E2 They relied on theology and leaders rather than the plain, normal reading of the Scriptures as foremost importance. Mark 12:24 NKJV Jesus answered and said to them, "Are you not therefore mistaken, because you do not know the Scriptures nor the power of God?
D2 Salvation from the beginning of creation until the end is: Romans 10:9-13 NKJV that if you confess with your mouth the Lord Jesus and believe in your heart that God has raised Him from the dead, you will be saved. 10 For with the heart one believes unto righteousness, and with the mouth confession is made unto salvation. 11 For the Scripture says, "Whoever believes on Him will not be put to shame." 12 For there is no distinction between Jew and Greek, for the same Lord over all is rich to all who call upon Him. 13 For "whoever calls on the name of the LORD shall be saved."
D3 The greater part of Israel did not believe: Romans 10:16 NKJV But they have not all obeyed the gospel. For Isaiah says, "LORD, who has believed our report?"
C3 Chapter 11
D1 God has not rejected Israel
E1 Romans 11:2 CSB God has not rejected his people whom he foreknew. Or don't you know what the Scripture says in the passage about Elijah—how he pleads with God against Israel?
E2 All believing Israel will be saved, forgiven, and have eternal life: Romans 11:26-27 CSB And in this way all Israel will be saved, as it is written, The Deliverer will come from Zion; he will turn godlessness away from Jacob. 27 And this will be my covenant with them when I take away their sins.
E3 A glorious deliverance by Messiah Jesus at the end of the Tribulation: Zechariah 14:4-5 NLT On that day his feet will stand on the Mount of Olives, east of Jerusalem. And the Mount of Olives will split apart, making a wide valley running from east to west. Half the mountain will move toward the north and half toward the south. 5 You will flee through this valley, for it will reach across to Azal. Yes, you will flee as you did from the earthquake in the days of King Uzziah of Judah. Then the LORD my God will come, and all his holy ones with him.

C2 Applications
D1 We all sin.
D2 Being related to a certain people group does not guarantee salvation.
D3 Only the Gospel of Jesus Christ is true. It has never changed. God initiates salvation, we have our will, heart, and understanding opened by God as to our sinfulness (breaking God’s laws) and punishment. Either the sinner is punished or a substitute. The substitute must be voluntary and eligible (sinless). Only Jesus Christ is suitable. He died and suffered for our sins. God decreed that only by repentance, believing, and trusting in Jesus is the only plan of salvation. We need to do this calling on the name of the Lord Jesus to be saved.
D4 God still has a plan for Israel, the DNA people who have a piece of real estate in the Middle East.
C3 Resources:
D1 Articles on Romans 9-11 by theologians from the Society of Evangelical Arminians
D4 There are way too many Christians who believe that God has rejected the Jews and replaced her with the church. This article by Loren Jacobs refutes that teaching with 7 arguments:
E1 The Covenantal Argument (Romans 11:1 and Jeremiah 31:35-37)
E2 The Biographical Argument Israel is still God's people (Romans 11:1)
E3 The Theological Argument God foreknew Israel would reject the Gospel (Romans 11:2a and Acts 2:23, Acts 4:28, Romans 11:11 and Romans 11:25)
E4 The Historical Argument There has always been a remnant that believed (Romans 11b-10)
E5 The Argument of Origins God's promises are good and will result in a good conclusion (Romans 11:16)
E6 The Botanical Argument The natural branches (Israel) and the wild olive branches (Gentiles) (Romans 11:17-24)
E7 The Prophetic Argument Israel's hardening is only partial and temporary(Romans 11:25-27)

19 November 2019

1 Year Through the Bible Series—Romans Part D+15 Blessings given by the Holy Spirit

B5 Teaching about sanctification 6:1-8:39
C1 Freedom from sin
D1 In our sin nature, we are addicted to sin. It is the master, we are the slave.
D2 A result of salvation is that we died with the Lord Jesus. He died, and we died with Him. He rose, and we will rise with Him. Even now, we are risen into new life. Free from enslavement to sin. We still sin, because we still have the flesh, but in time that flesh will be dead, too.
D3 We are to live as freed people. We are freed from death, sin, and the world’s system (worldview and lifestyle).
D4 We are not to let sin, the sinful desires of the flesh, the worldview of the flesh, nor the lifestyle of the flesh to rule us. We are not to obey.
D5 God gives His grace to help us.
E1 James 1:12 WEL Blessed [is] the man who patiently endures temptation, for when he has passed the test, he will receive the crown of life, which the Lord has promised to those who love him.
E2 Hebrews 2:18 NIV Because he himself suffered when he was tempted, he is able to help those who are being tempted.
E3 Let us remember Ananias and Sapphira: Acts 5:3-4 ISV Peter asked, “Ananias, why has Satan filled your heart so that you should lie to the Holy Spirit and keep back some of the money you got for the land? 4 As long as it remained unsold, wasn't it your own? And after it was sold, wasn't the money at your disposal? So how could you have conceived such a thing in your heart? You did not lie to men but to God!
E4 God’s grace has given us the Armor of God to help us (Ephesians 6:10-20).
D6 We fail many times, but we must resist.
D7 God teaches us, reminds us, and chastens us we are now free from sin.
D8 Romans 6:12-14 WEL Therefore, sin must not rule your mortal body by obeying its evil desires, 13 Neither give any part of your body as tools to sin, but present yourselves to God as those who are alive from the dead and all of your body as righteous tools for God. 14 For sin must not rule over you, for you are not under the law but under grace.
C2 Freedom from sin illustrated
D1 Law, especially Mosaic law, only has authority over the living.
D2 Illustrated by marriage law.
E1 God’s ideal is once married, always married until death.
E2 There are reasons for divorce, but God’s perfect plan is no divorce.
E3 When a spouse dies, the law of marriage is dissolved, and the surviving spouse is free to marry.
E4 We have died with Messiah and are free from the law of sin (addiction to sin).
E5 Romans 7:6 NLT But now we have been released from the law, for we died to it and are no longer captive to its power. Now we can serve God, not in the old way of obeying the letter of the law, but in the new way of living in the Spirit.
C3 Purpose of the Law
D1 To make clear what God’s law is and when we have broken the law. God’s law is THE standard. God is King of the Universe. The 10 Commandments are 10 categories/sets of God’s law. God’s law reveals our true sinful nature. Romans 7:7 NLT Well then, am I suggesting that the law of God is sinful? Of course not! In fact, it was the law that showed me my sin. I would never have known that coveting is wrong if the law had not said, "You must not covet.
D2 The Law is the teacher and guardian until Christ. Now, Jesus is our teacher: Galatians 4:23-25 WEL But before faith came, we were kept under the law, shut away from the faith, which would later be revealed. 24 So then the law was our schoolmaster until Christ, so that we might be justified by faith. 25 But now that faith has come, we are no longer under a schoolmaster.
D3 Romans 7:8-11 teaches us that we thought we would be considered good, but God’s law shows us that we are evil.
D4 Romans 7:13-14. It is not the Law that is evil; it is us.
D5 To show the completely hopeless enslavement of the flesh to sin. Flesh refers to the worldview and lifestyle of sinful desires.
E1 The flesh of the physical body is a wonder of design.
E2 The desires of the flesh as hunger, thirst, rest, etc. is good, but it must be in its proper use. It is when we are outside God’s laws and purposes that we are in conflict with God’s laws.
E3 Sometime flesh refers to the flesh of the body, which is of amazing design and engineering
F1 Psalm 139:13-14 NLT You made all the delicate, inner parts of my body and knit me together in my mother's womb. 14 Thank you for making me so wonderfully complex! Your workmanship is marvelous—how well I know it.
F2 John 1:14 PickNT So the Word became flesh and lived among us, and we observed His glory, glory of an Only-begotten, from the Father, full of grace and truth.
E4 At other time flesh refers to the “flesh” lifestyle, which is described as evil
F1 Romans 8:1 PickNT Now then, there is no condemnation to those in Christ Jesus who do not walk according to the flesh but according to the Spirit,
F2 Galatians 5:17 NKJV For the flesh lusts against the Spirit, and the Spirit against the flesh; and these are contrary to one another, so that you do not do the things that you wish.
Another version: Galatians 5:17 NLT The sinful nature wants to do evil, which is just the opposite of what the Spirit wants. And the Spirit gives us desires that are the opposite of what the sinful nature desires. These two forces are constantly fighting each other, so you are not free to carry out your good intentions.
C4 Two worldviews and lifestyles contrasted
D1 The one termed “flesh”
E1 Flesh in this sense is the opposite of “spirit” and fights “spirit.”
E2 First list of examples: Galatians 5:19 Now the works of the flesh are obvious. They are adultery, sexual sins, moral corruption, unrestrained lust, 20 Idolatry, witchcraft, hatred, strife, provoking jealousy, hot anger, pushing to be first, selfish scheming, dissensions, heresy, 21 Envyings, murders, drunkenness, wild partying, and so on, about which I have told you before, and as I have also told you in the past that those who practice such things will not inherit the Kingdom of God.
E3 Second list: 1 Timothy 4:1-2 NIV The Spirit clearly says that in later times some will abandon the faith and follow deceiving spirits and things taught by demons. 2 Such teachings come through hypocritical liars, whose consciences have been seared as with a hot iron.
E4 Third: 1 John 2:16 NIV For everything in the world—the lust of the flesh, the lust of the eyes, and the pride of life—comes not from the Father but from the world.
D2 The one termed “spirit”
E1 This is the opposite of “flesh” and fights “flesh.”
E2 First list of examples: Galatians 5:22-23 WEL But, the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, longsuffering, gentleness, goodness, faith, 23 Meekness, and self-control. There is no law against such things.
E3 Second list: 1 Corinthians 13:4-8a Love is very patient and kind; love is not envious; love doesn’t brag about itself, is not haughty, 5 Doesn’t behave improperly, is not self-seeking; love isn’t easily aggravated, doesn’t keep a list of wrongs, 6 Doesn’t rejoice in injustice, but rejoices in the truth, 7 Bears all things, believes all things, hopes all things, calmly endures all things. 8 Love never ends,
C5 A list of blessings given by the Holy Spirit
D1 Freedom from the law of sin (being addicted to sin) and freedom from death: Romans 8:2 NIV because through Christ Jesus the law of the Spirit who gives life has set you free from the law of sin and death.
D2 Life and peace: Romans 8:6 NIV The mind governed by the flesh is death, but the mind governed by the Spirit is life and peace.
D3 Our regenerated heart (new birth) is the temple of the Holy Spirit: Romans 8:9 NIV You, however, are not in the realm of the flesh but are in the realm of the Spirit, if indeed the Spirit of God lives in you. And if anyone does not have the Spirit of Christ, they do not belong to Christ.
D4 Life instead of death: Romans 8:10 NIV But if Christ is in you, then even though your body is subject to death because of sin, the Spirit gives life because of righteousness.
D5 Promise of a coming resurrection to new body (like Jesus had after His resurrection): Romans 8:10 NIV But if Christ is in you, then even though your body is subject to death because of sin, the Spirit gives life because of righteousness.
D6 Leads (this is not a mystical leading): Romans 8:10 NIV But if Christ is in you, then even though your body is subject to death because of sin, the Spirit gives life because of righteousness.
D7 Does NOT make us slaves: Romans 8:10 NIV But if Christ is in you, then even though your body is subject to death because of sin, the Spirit gives life because of righteousness.
D8 An assurance of salvation: Romans 8:16 NIV The Spirit himself testifies with our spirit that we are God's children.
D9 Heirs of God (joint heirs with the Lord Jesus): Romans 8:17 NIV Now if we are children, then we are heirs--heirs of God and co-heirs with Christ, if indeed we share in his sufferings in order that we may also share in his glory.
D10 Freedom from the bondage of decay: Romans 8:21 NIV that the creation itself will be liberated from its bondage to decay and brought into the freedom and glory of the children of God.
D11 Hope: Romans 8:24-25 NIV For in this hope we were saved. But hope that is seen is no hope at all. Who hopes for what they already have? 25 But if we hope for what we do not yet have, we wait for it patiently.
D12 The Holy Spirit helping our weakness and helping us in prayer: Romans 8:26 NIV In the same way, the Spirit helps us in our weakness. We do not know what we ought to pray for, but the Spirit himself intercedes for us through wordless groans.
D13 Everything working our for good: Romans 8:28 NIV And we know that in all things God works for the good of those who love him, who have been called according to his purpose.
D14 God being for us, not against us: Romans 8:31 NIV What, then, shall we say in response to these things? If God is for us, who can be against us?
D15 Not separated from the Christ’s love: Romans 8:35 NIV Who shall separate us from the love of Christ? Shall trouble or hardship or persecution or famine or nakedness or danger or sword?