Showing posts with label Second Coming. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Second Coming. Show all posts

27 December 2019

A Few Thoughts on Maranatha

1 Corinthians 16:22 NASB If anyone does not love the Lord, he is to be accursed. Maranatha.

Dr. Wilbur Pickering notes: All commentators appear to be in agreement that Maranatha is a transliteration of an Aramaic expression [although I would have expected Paul to use Hebrew] made up of two words, but there is disagreement over how to make the division. It could be 'maranatha', meaning 'the Lord has come', or 'marana tha', meaning either 'the Lord is coming' or 'O Lord, come'. All three make good sense, so take your pick.

So people understand it, translate it, and interpret it different.

I understand it in the most common sense, “O Lord, Come.”

1 Corinthians 16:22 WEL If anyone does not love the Lord Jesus Christ, let the same be anathema. O Lord, come!

Revelation 22:20 BSB He who testifies to these things says, “Yes, I am coming soon.” Amen. Come, Lord Jesus!

We are waiting for His return: Philippians 3:20 NET But our citizenship is in heaven - and we also await a savior from there, the Lord Jesus Christ,

The return of Jesus Christ is promised
B1 To Israel
C1 Deliverance of Israel and setting up of the kingdom
C2 Doom of coming judgment to those who do not believe
C3 One example: Zechariah 14:1-4 NKJV Behold, the day of the LORD is coming, And your spoil will be divided in your midst. 2 For I will gather all the nations to battle against Jerusalem; The city shall be taken, The houses rifled, And the women ravished. Half of the city shall go into captivity, But the remnant of the people shall not be cut off from the city. 3 Then the LORD will go forth And fight against those nations, As He fights in the day of battle. 4 And in that day His feet will stand on the Mount of Olives, Which faces Jerusalem on the east. And the Mount of Olives shall be split in two, From east to west, Making a very large valley; Half of the mountain shall move toward the north And half of it toward the south.
B2 To church age believers
C1 John 14:3 NKJV And if I go and prepare a place for you, I will come again and receive you to Myself; that where I am, there you may be also.
C2 I Thessalonians 4:16-17 ISV With a shout of command, with the archangel's call, and with the sound of God's trumpet, the Lord himself will come down from heaven, and the dead in Christ will rise first. Then we who are alive and remain will be caught up in the clouds together with them to meet the Lord in the air. And so we will be with the Lord forever.

Patiently waiting
B1 Enduring trials: James 5:7-10 LEB Therefore be patient, brothers, until the coming of the Lord. Behold, the farmer waits for the precious fruit of the soil, being patient concerning it until it receives the early and late rains. You also be patient. Strengthen your hearts, because the coming of the Lord is near. Brothers, do not complain against one another, in order that you may not be judged. Behold, the judge stands before the doors! Brothers, take as an example of perseverance and endurance the prophets who spoke in the name of the Lord.
B2 Hebrews 10:37 NRSV For yet "in a very little while, the one who is coming will come and will not delay;

A promise of hope
B1 A crown: I Peter 5:4 ISV Then, when the Chief Shepherd appears, you will receive the victor's crown of glory that will never fade away.
B2 A joy in longing for His return: 2 Timothy 4:8 NRSV From now on there is reserved for me the crown of righteousness, which the Lord, the righteous judge, will give me on that day, and not only to me but also to all who have longed for his appearing.
B3 A new body without defects: 2 Corinthians 5:1-4 CEV Our bodies are like tents that we live in here on earth. But when these tents are destroyed, we know that God will give each of us a place to live. These homes will not be buildings that someone has made, but they are in heaven and will last forever. 2 While we are here on earth, we sigh because we want to live in that heavenly home. 3 We want to put it on like clothes and not be naked. 4 These tents we now live in are like a heavy burden, and we groan. But we don't do this just because we want to leave these bodies that will die. It is because we want to change them for bodies that will never die.
B4 A rescue from the coming wrath of God: 1 Thessalonians 1:10 NRSV and to wait for his Son from heaven, whom he raised from the dead—Jesus, who rescues us from the wrath that is coming.

An exciting expectation
B1 For the King of all kings to deliver and reign forever and ever: Jude 1:14 NET Now Enoch, the seventh in descent beginning with Adam, even prophesied of them, saying, "Look! The Lord is coming with thousands and thousands of his holy ones,
B2 Titus 2:13 NRSV while we wait for the blessed hope and the manifestation of the glory of our great God and Savior, Jesus Christ.
B3 Philippians 3:20-21 GNB We, however, are citizens of heaven, and we eagerly wait for our Savior, the Lord Jesus Christ, to come from heaven. 21 He will change our weak mortal bodies and make them like his own glorious body, using that power by which he is able to bring all things under his rule.

An encouragement to live a Christian life
B1 Hebrews 9:28 NRSV so Christ, having been offered once to bear the sins of many, will appear a second time, not to deal with sin, but to save those who are eagerly waiting for him.
B2 Luke 12:35-37 GW Be ready for action, and have your lamps burning.  36  Be like servants waiting to open the door at their master's knock when he returns from a wedding. 37 Blessed are those servants whom the master finds awake when he comes. I can guarantee this truth: He will change his clothes, make them sit down at the table, and serve them.
B3 1 John 2:28 GW Now, dear children, live in Christ. Then, when he appears we will have confidence, and when he comes we won't turn from him in shame.
B4 2 Peter 3:11-13 GW All these things will be destroyed in this way. So think of the kind of holy and godly lives you must live 12 as you look forward to the day of God and eagerly wait for it to come. When that day comes, heaven will be on fire and will be destroyed. Everything that makes up the universe will burn and melt. 13 But we look forward to what God has promised-a new heaven and a new earth-a place where everything that has God's approval lives.
B5 2 Timothy 4:1-2 NRSV In the presence of God and of Christ Jesus, who is to judge the living and the dead, and in view of his appearing and his kingdom, I solemnly urge you: 2 proclaim the message; be persistent whether the time is favorable or unfavorable; convince, rebuke, and encourage, with the utmost patience in teaching.

Lo, He comes with clouds descending
Once for favored sinners slain;
Thousand thousand saints attending
Swell the triumph of His train:
Alleluia! Alleluia!
God appears on earth to reign.

Now redemption, long expected,
comes in solemn splendor near;
all the saints this world rejected
thrill the trumpet sound to hear:
Alleluia! Alleluia! Alleluia!
See the day of God appear!

Those dear tokens of his passion
still his dazzling body bears,
cause of endless exultation
to his ransomed worshipers;
with what rapture, with what rapture, with what rapture
gaze we on those glorious scars!

Yea, amen! let all adore thee,
high on thine eternal throne;
Savior, take the power and glory,
claim the kingdom as thine own:
O come quickly! O come quickly! O come quickly!
Thou shalt reign, and thou alone.

04 July 2017

He Is Coming

Theme: Waiting in faithfulness

Scripture: 1 Thessalonians 4:13-5:11

Notes and questions:
B1 Objectives (From the D6 Fusion Sunday School Lesson book)
C1 Know: Christ will return to gather His saints. In that day, the wrath of the Lord will be unleashed upon the earth. Christians should be ready for His return.
C2 Think: Let consciousness of the Lord’s return guide my daily living.
C3 Do: Anticipate and be ready for Christ’s return, and encourage each other with that hope.
B2 First questions:
C1 Are you anticipating the return of the Lord Jesus? Why?
C2 Christians have been waiting for nearly 2,000 years. Why should we still wait?
C3 If we knew for sure, that He is coming tomorrow, would we change anything about our life?
C4 When our loved ones, who are believers, die, is there any hope to see them again? Why?
B3 After death--What happens? Conscious or not conscious?
C1 Not conscious (soul sleep). Technically, it is called Christian mortalism, or simply mortalism. Seventh Day Adventist and Jehovah Witness are among those that believe this. The Seventh Day Adventist believes that the believer with be raised (bodily) from death and live forever, while, the unbeliever’s body and soul are destroyed forever, that is, annihilated. The main arguments for this is
D1 Seventh Day Adventist--Their view: The unconscious nothingness of death separates us from the God of life, yet Jesus’ defeat of death means the saved can look forward to resurrection and living forever. The wages of sin is death. But God, who alone is immortal, will grant eternal life to His redeemed. Until that day death is an unconscious state for all people. When Christ, who is our life, appears, the resurrected righteous and the living righteous will be glorified and caught up to meet their Lord. The second resurrection, the resurrection of the unrighteous, will take place a thousand years later. (Job 19:25-27; Ps. 146:3, 4; Eccl. 9:5, 6, 10; Dan. 12:2, 13; Isa. 25:8; John 5:28, 29; 11:11-14; Rom. 6:23; 6:16; 1 Cor. 15:51-54; Col. 3:4; 1 Thess. 4:13-17; 1 Tim. 6:15; Rev. 20:1-10.)
D2 A reason given isThe words most commonly translated as “spirit” in the Scriptures of both Old (Hebrew: ruach) and New (Greek: pneuma) Testament are also the words for “wind” and “breath.” When someone dies, the “spirit” (breath, life-force) returns to God who gave it (Psalm 104:29-30; Acts 7:59).”
D3 There is a number of answers. I realize they have answers to what is below, but the problem is they do not take the Bible in its plain, normal sense, in grammatico-historical (grammatical-historical) understanding, context, and cross references.
E1 ‘I am the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob’ ? God is not the God of the dead, but of the living.” (Matthew 22:32, NKJV). No soul sleep, only consciousness and life.
E2 Then the Lamb broke open the fifth seal. I saw underneath the altar the souls of those who had been killed because they had proclaimed God's word and had been faithful in their witnessing. They shouted in a loud voice, “Almighty Lord, holy and true! How long will it be until you judge the people on earth and punish them for killing us?” Each of them was given a white robe, and they were told to rest a little while longer, until the complete number of other servants and believers were killed, as they had been. (Revelation 6:9-11, GNB92). It seems a little hard for someone to be shouting, when they are unconscious.
E3 And I saw thrones, and they sat on them, and judgment was committed to them. Then I saw the souls of those who had been beheaded for their witness to Jesus and for the word of God, who had not worshiped the beast or his image, and had not received his mark on their foreheads or on their hands. And they lived and reigned with Christ for a thousand years. (Revelation 20:4, NKJV)
E4 The sun sets and rises, a person sleeps in death are examples of phenomenological language. This means the language of appearances. It appears, looks like, the sun sets and rises and the dead person sleeps.
E5 And they stoned Stephen as he was calling on God and saying, “Lord Jesus, receive my spirit.” Then he knelt down and cried out with a loud voice, “Lord, do not charge them with this sin.” And when he had said this, he fell asleep. (Acts 7:59-60, NKJV). If humans possess no immaterial spirit, what is the point of Jesus receiving (welcoming) Stephen’s spirit? It would be meaningless.
E6 And Elijah appeared to them with Moses, and they were talking with Jesus. Then Peter answered and said to Jesus, “Rabbi, it is good for us to be here; and let us make three tabernacles: one for You, one for Moses, and one for Elijah”– (Mark 9:4-5, NKJV). Moses and Elijah are dead, they are not raised, so how can this be if not their conscious spirit?
E7 Having said these things He says to them, “Our friend Lazarus has fallen asleep, but I am going in order to awaken him.” His disciples said to Him, “Lord, if he is sleeping he will get well.” But Jesus had spoken of his death, while they thought He was talking about natural sleep. (John 11:11-13  (WPNT). Sleep is just a term for death depending on the content.
C2 Conscious--We believe that a human has material and nonmaterial substance, so even if the material turns to compost, the nonmaterial lives. The material is the body, the vessel, the container, for the nonmaterial.
B4 1 Thessalonians 4:13-18,
C1 Who has fallen asleep in this passage?
C2 Give one reason of the importance of the resurrection?
C3 What is the worry of the living believers in Thessaloniki?
C4 What is the importance of believing, that is, faith?
C5 1 Thessalonians 4:14 has two interpretations of where the souls are.
D1 The first is they are not with Jesus in heaven, and the second is the souls are with Jesus. One translates it:
E1 We believe that Jesus died and rose again, and so we believe that God will take back with Jesus those who have died believing in him. (1 Thessalonians 4:14, GNB92).
E2 For if we believe that Jesus died and rose again, even so God will bring with Him those who sleep in Jesus. (1 Thessalonians 4:14, NKJV)
D2 Consider: So we are always confident, knowing that while we are at home in the body we are absent from the Lord. For we walk by faith, not by sight. We are confident, yes, well pleased rather to be absent from the body and to be present with the Lord. (2 Corinthians 5:6-8, NKJV). The word with is pros, that is, near, with, close to, etc.
C6 What is meant by the phrase by the word of the Lord? (Either Paul received this by revelation, or it refers to his authority as an apostle).
C7 Note the idea of Imminence. Imminence is something to happen soon or at any time. The Rapture can happen at any time. For the Second Coming seen by all, various events have to happen before He returns. See here, here, and here for more information. Some other verses on imminence:
D1 You too be patient; strengthen your hearts, for the coming of the Lord is near. (James 5:8, NASB).
D2 Let your gentleness be known to all men. The Lord is at hand. (Philippians 4:5, NKJV)
D3 He who testifies to these things says, “Surely I am coming quickly.” Amen. Even so, come, Lord Jesus! (Revelation 22:20, NKJV)
C8 Who descends?
C9 Who is the archangel? (It is not mentioned. The only archangel mentioned in the Bible is Michael (Jude 1:9, Daniel 10:13, Revelation 12:7). Archangel is some type of high ranking angel who has more authority and power than others).
C10 Who goes first to be with the Lord Jesus?
C11 The word caught up is the Greek word, ἁρπάζω harpazo. It means to jerk up or snatch.
C12 Where do we meet the Lord?
C13 How do these words comfort?
B5 1 Thessalonians 5:1-11,
C1 Is there any warning or sign of this coming?
C2 How would you explain thief in the night?
C3 The term The Day of the Lord refers to special days that God intervenes in earthly affairs usually judgment. For the believer, it will be a day of joy. For the unbeliever, it will be a day of terror. Here it refers to the beginning of the end time events--the rapture, the tribulation, the Millennium, and the final judgment.
C4 Who are the one’s preaching a message of peace and safety? (These are false prophets as in "For from the least of them even to the greatest of them, Everyone is greedy for gain, And from the prophet even to the priest Everyone deals [fn] falsely. "They have healed the brokenness of My people superficially, Saying, 'Peace, peace,' But there is no peace. (Jeremiah 6:13-14, NASB).
C5 Why shouldn’t that day surprise believers?
C6 What kingdom are those of the light and day? What kingdom are those of the night and darkness?
C7 What do the words watch and sober mean? The word for watch is γρηγορεύω gregoreuo and means to be vigilant and alert. The word for sober is νήφω nepho and it means to not be drunk or having judgment, awareness, clouded.
C8 In 1 Thessalonians 5:7, what is to be our behavior? (Sober). What are we to put on? (A breastplate of faith and love, and a helmet of the hope of salvation).
C9 In 1 Thessalonians 5:8-9, who is appointed to wrath, and who is to obtain salvation? Another translation has But let us who live in the light be clearheaded, protected by the armor of faith and love, and wearing as our helmet the confidence of our salvation. (1 Thessalonians 5:8, NLT).
C10 Our salvation comes through whom? Can we obtain our salvation of ourselves?
C11 Who is going to live together with Him?
C12 How can we help and encourage one another?
B6 Did Paul know the date of the coming of Jesus Christ?
B7 Is the return of Jesus Christ an important doctrine to believe and teach?
B8 How are we to live knowing this doctrine?
B9 Next week:
C1 Stay on Track
C2 Theme: Practical Christian Living
C3 Scripture: 1 Thessalonians 5:12-28