Showing posts with label Titus. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Titus. Show all posts

09 February 2020

1 Year Bible—Titus and Philemon

Titus Outline
B1 Chapter 1
C1 Titus 1:1-4 Salutation
C2 Titus 1:5-9 Church leaders
C3 Titus 1:10-16 Rebuke
B2 Chapter 2
C1 Titus 2:1-2 Older Men
C2 Titus 2:3-5 Older Women
C3 Titus 2:6-8 Young Men
C4 Titus 2:9-10 Slaves and Masters
C5 Titus 2:11 God Wants All to Be Saved
C6 Titus 2:12-15 Preach Godliness
B3 Chapter 3
C1 Titus 3:1-2 Dealing with non-Christians
C2 Titus 3:3-8 What We Were, and How God Changed Us
C3 Titus 3:9-11 Avoid
C4 Titus 3:12-15 Final Greetings
Philemon Outline
B1 Salutation Chapter 1:1-3
B2 Thankfulness for Philemon’s Faith Chapter 1:4-7
B3 Paul’s Appeal for Onesimus Chapter 1:8-22
B4 Final Greetings Chapter 1:23-25

Titus and 1&2 Timothy are similar. Both are written to pastors. Both are instructions to young pastors. Both give qualifications of church leaders.

The first chapter of Titus has this:
B1 Titus 1:16 ESV They profess to know God, but they deny him by their works. They are detestable, disobedient, unfit for any good work.
B2 We learn
C1 There are fake believers
C2 There are fake church leaders
C3 There is a test. Do their words and live in private and public match?
C4 These fakes are describes as detestable, disobedient, and unfit for any good work.
D1 The Greek word for detestable is βδελυκτός bdelyktós. It means something hated, loathing something, entirely disgusting. God has a poor view of these creeps.
D2 God says this about these people: Isaiah 65:5 GW They said, "Stay away! Don't touch me! I'm holier than you are." They have become like smoke in my nose, like a smoldering fire all day long.
D3 The Greek word for disobedient is ἀπειθής apeithḗs. It means impersuasible, uncompliant, contumacious [A. V. disobedient] (Source is Strong’s). It has the idea of being obstinate and rebellious.
D4 The Greek word for unfit is ἀδόκιμος adókimos. It means worthless after being tested. It does not meet the standard. God is the one who does the testing. His standard is what is used to judge. These fail the test.
D5 Hebrews 6:8 GNB But if it grows thorns and weeds, it is worth nothing; it is in danger of being cursed by God and will be destroyed by fire.
C5 The Greek word for deny is ἀρνέομαι arnéomai. It means contradict, reject, disavow.
D1 Peter did repent and restored, but he did deny (same word) Christ. Peter spoke his denial. These in our passage speak correctly but what they do shows their denial.
D2 Mark 14:69-71 NIV When the servant girl saw him there, she said again to those standing around, "This fellow is one of them." 70 Again he denied it. After a little while, those standing near said to Peter, "Surely you are one of them, for you are a Galilean." 71 He began to call down curses, and he swore to them, "I don't know this man you're talking about."
D3 Matthew 23:2-3 NIV The teachers of the law and the Pharisees sit in Moses' seat. 3 So you must be careful to do everything they tell you. But do not do what they do, for they do not practice what they preach.
C6 We must not imitate them. God help us.
The second chapter of Titus has this
B1 Teach sound doctrine
C1 Sound doctrine is the teachings of Jesus and His Apostles.
C2 Consider the opposite: 2 Timothy 4:3 GNB The time will come when people will not listen to sound doctrine, but will follow their own desires and will collect for themselves more and more teachers who will tell them what they are itching to hear.
B2 Sound rules for our actions in society
B3 Salvation is offered to all people: Titus 2:11 WEL For the saving grace of God has appeared to all people,
B4 Titus 2:13-14 GNB as we wait for the blessed Day we hope for, when the glory of our great God and Savior Jesus Christ will appear. 14 He gave himself for us, to rescue us from all wickedness and to make us a pure people who belong to him alone and are eager to do good.
C1 Jesus is going to return.
C2 We are to be excited that He will. We are to look forward to seeing Him.
C3 He gave Himself. He did not have to do this.
C4 He rescued us from our wickedness, the wickedness of society and the world, and the sin nature.
C5 His desire is that we be pure Christians, that is, Christians who believe what He taught and live the way He instructed us.
The third chapter of Titus teaches us
B1 The contrast between who and what we were to who and what we are.
C1 What and who we were: Titus 3:3 ESV For we ourselves were once foolish, disobedient, led astray, slaves to various passions and pleasures, passing our days in malice and envy, hated by others and hating one another.
C2 What and who we are: Titus 3:4-7 ESV But when the goodness and loving kindness of God our Savior appeared, 5 he saved us, not because of works done by us in righteousness, but according to his own mercy, by the washing of regeneration and renewal of the Holy Spirit, 6 whom he poured out on us richly through Jesus Christ our Savior, 7 so that being justified by his grace we might become heirs according to the hope of eternal life.
D1 The Greek word for kindness (goodness) is χρηστότης chrēstótēs. It means 1. moral goodness, integrity 2. benignity, kindness (Source is Thayer’s).
D2 The Greek work for loving kindness is φιλανθρωπία (philanthrōpía. It means benevolence, kind-heartedness, humane feeling, or, in a weaker sense, kindliness, courtesy (Source is Liddell/Scott/Jones Greek-English Lexicon).
D3 Note: these are characteristics of God, so they must be our characteristics, too.
D4 The washing of regeneration might refer to baptism but only in the sense of
E1 Probably in both cases there is a reference to baptism, but, as in Romans 6:3-6, the immersion is the picture or the symbol of the new birth, not the means of securing it. (Source is Robertson’s Word Pictures in the New Testament).
E2 Conversion is really a new creation (2Corinthians 5:17), and here that new creation is presented under the figure of a bath. It is the same figure used by the Lord Jesus when He taught the disciples that there is only one bath of regeneration but many necessary cleansings from defilement (John 13:10). That bath of regeneration has nothing to do with baptism. It is not a bodily cleansing by water, but a moral cleansing by the word of God (John 15:3). Baptism is not even a symbol of this bath; it rather depicts burial with Christ into death (Romans 6:4). (Source is Believer's Bible Commentary by MacDonald).
E3 Also note Titus 3:7 ESV so that being justified by his grace we might become heirs according to the hope of eternal life. [Emphasis is mine]. We are not justified by baptism.
D5 Titus 3:9-11 teach us
E1 To avoid arguments in stupid controversies, genealogies, dissensions, and quarrels about the law (NRSV).
E2 MacDonald (Believer’s Bible Commentary) gives good advice:
The man who majors on these minors is a divisive heretic. He usually has one note on his violin and plays it to death. Soon he gathers around himself a coterie of people with a negative outlook, and the rest he drives away. He will divide an assembly rather than abandon his doctrinal hobbyhorse. No church should put up with such nonsense. If after one or two warnings, he refuses to desist, he should be expelled from the fellowship of the local church and the Christians should refrain from having social contact with him. Hopefully, this ostracism will bring him to repentance and to a more balanced handling of the word of God.

Philemon is a personal letter to an owner of servants/slaves. Onesimus, a slave, ran away, became a Christian, and is helping Paul in the ministry. Paul makes an appeal to Philemon to forgive Onesimus and if willing release him to help me (Paul). We learn how to make an appeal, a reason for making an appeal, helping our brother/sister, and how to forgive.

Psalms 13:5 GW But I trust your mercy. My heart finds joy in your salvation.
Psalms 31:7 GW I will rejoice and be glad because of your mercy. You have seen my misery. You have known the troubles in my soul.

23 October 2019

A Few Thoughts on the Epistle of Titus Part 10

Titus 3:12-15 Final Greetings


Final Greetings

12 When I send Artemas or Tychicus to you, be diligent to come to me at Nicopolis, for I have determined to winter there.
13 Help Zenas the lawyer and Apollos in any way you can, so that they are lacking nothing.
14 Also, let ours learn to keep up good works for essential needs, so that they won’t be unfruitful.
15 All that are with me greet you. Greet those who love us in the faith. Grace be with you all. Amen.

Notes
B1 Paul doesn’t mind asking for assistance. Asking God for assistance is the first thing we do, but asking help from fellow believers is good and right.
C1 Acts 18:27 NIV When Apollos wanted to go to Achaia, the brothers and sisters encouraged him and wrote to the disciples there to welcome him. When he arrived, he was a great help to those who by grace had believed.
C2 It is fellowship.
D1 God desires fellowship: 1 John 1:3 NLT We proclaim to you what we ourselves have actually seen and heard so that you may have fellowship with us. And our fellowship is with the Father and with his Son, Jesus Christ.
D2 United into one family: 1 Corinthians 10:16-18 NLT When we bless the cup at the Lord's Table, aren't we sharing in the blood of Christ? And when we break the bread, aren't we sharing in the body of Christ? 17 And though we are many, we all eat from one loaf of bread, showing that we are one body. 18 Think about the people of Israel. Weren't they united by eating the sacrifices at the altar?
D3 The whole church: Philippians 4:14-15 NLT Even so, you have done well to share with me in my present difficulty. 15 As you know, you Philippians were the only ones who gave me financial help when I first brought you the Good News and then traveled on from Macedonia. No other church did this.
D4 In suffering: Hebrews 10:33-34 NLT Sometimes you were exposed to public ridicule and were beaten, and sometimes you helped others who were suffering the same things. 34 You suffered along with those who were thrown into jail, and when all you owned was taken from you, you accepted it with joy. You knew there were better things waiting for you that will last forever.
D5 In hospitality: 1 Peter 4:9 NLT Cheerfully share your home with those who need a meal or a place to stay.
D6 In prison: Colossians 4:10 NLT Aristarchus, who is in prison with me, sends you his greetings, and so does Mark, Barnabas's cousin. As you were instructed before, make Mark welcome if he comes your way.
D7 Financially: 1 Timothy 6:17-18 NLT Teach those who are rich in this world not to be proud and not to trust in their money, which is so unreliable. Their trust should be in God, who richly gives us all we need for our enjoyment. 18 Tell them to use their money to do good. They should be rich in good works and generous to those in need, always being ready to share with others.
D8 Brothers and sisters in the congregation: 1 Corinthians 14:26 NLT Well, my brothers and sisters, let's summarize. When you meet together, one will sing, another will teach, another will tell some special revelation God has given, one will speak in tongues, and another will interpret what is said. But everything that is done must strengthen all of you.
D9 Help when tempted, in sin, and/or other burdens (spiritual, emotional, intellectual, physical, financial, etc.): Galatians 6:1-2 NLT Dear brothers and sisters, if another believer is overcome by some sin, you who are godly should gently and humbly help that person back onto the right path. And be careful not to fall into the same temptation yourself. 2 Share each other's burdens, and in this way obey the law of Christ.
D10 We need each other: Romans 1:12 NLT When we get together, I want to encourage you in your faith, but I also want to be encouraged by yours.
D11 Our brother or sister should be a very high concern:
E1 1 Corinthians 10:24 NLT Don't be concerned for your own good but for the good of others.
E2 Philippians 2:1-4 CSB If then there is any encouragement in Christ, if any consolation of love, if any fellowship with the Spirit, if any affection and mercy, 2 make my joy complete by thinking the same way, having the same love, united in spirit, intent on one purpose. 3 Do nothing out of selfish ambition or conceit, but in humility consider others as more important than yourselves. 4 Everyone should look out not only for his own interests, but also for the interests of others.
D12 Praying for one another. Many, many of our brothers and sisters are suffering in every area of the world. Come, Lord Jesus: James 5:14-16 CSB Is anyone among you sick? He should call for the elders of the church, and they are to pray over him, anointing him with oil in the name of the Lord. 15 The prayer of faith will save the sick person, and the Lord will raise him up; if he has committed sins, he will be forgiven. 16 Therefore, confess your sins to one another and pray for one another, so that you may be healed. The prayer of a righteous person is very powerful in its effect.
B2 Verse 13 is to help our brothers and sisters in any ministry they have:
C1 Acts 18:27 CSB When he wanted to cross over to Achaia, the brothers and sisters wrote to the disciples to welcome him. After he arrived, he was a great help to those who by grace had believed.
C2 Romans 16:1-2 WEL I commend to you Phoebe, our sister, who is a deaconess of the church at Cenchrea, 2 So you may welcome her in the Lord in a worthy manner as saints and assist her in whatever matter she has need of you, for she has been a helper to many including me.
B3 Verse 14 Encourages us to not quit doing good works to honor God.
C1 Matthew 5:16 CSB In the same way, let your light shine before others, so that they may see your good works and give glory to your Father in heaven.
C2 Praying for each other that God will encourage and strengthen us to do them: 2 Thessalonians 2:16-17 CSB May our Lord Jesus Christ himself and God our Father, who has loved us and given us eternal encouragement and good hope by grace, 17 encourage your hearts and strengthen you in every good work and word.
C3 God’s grace enables, provides, and strengthens us: 2 Corinthians 9:8 NIV And God is able to bless you abundantly, so that in all things at all times, having all that you need, you will abound in every good work.
C4 We do these because we love our God and our brothers and sisters: Hebrews 6:9-10 CSB Even though we are speaking this way, dearly loved friends, in your case we are confident of things that are better and that pertain to salvation. 10 For God is not unjust; he will not forget your work and the love you demonstrated for his name by serving the saints—and by continuing to serve them.
B4 Verse 15 deals with greeting one another and encouraging in the faith.
C1 When we meet in a foreign place or a familiar place, let us greet one another and assist as needed.
C2 In the faith is the Gospel, doctrine, and life God wishes for us to be consistent. 1 Corinthians 16:13-14 CSB Be alert, stand firm in the faith, be courageous, be strong. 14 Do everything in love.

22 October 2019

A Few Thoughts on the Epistle of Titus Part 9

Titus 3:9-11 Avoid


Some Things To Avoid

9 Avoid foolish questions, genealogies, big arguments and battles over the law, for they are not beneficial and useless.
10 Reject a heretic—after the first and second warning—
11 Knowing that such a person is twisted and sins, being self-condemned.

Notes
B1 Actions to avoid
C1 The actions
D1 Foolish questions
E1 Some cross references
F1 2 Timothy 2:23 WEL Avoid foolish and stupid questions, knowing that they breed hostilities.
G1 The Greek word for foolish is μωρός mōrós. It means imprudent, without forethought or wisdom, useless, impious, godless.
G2 The Greek word for stupid (unlearned KJV) is ἀπαίδευτος apaídeutos. It means questions that are without instruction, and disciple, uneducated, ignorant, rude.
G3 To avoid means to decline to answer.
G4 Some examples:
H1 Who is 666? Whose name can be reduced to these numbers?
H2 Could Jesus have sinned? A brief answer would suffice, but to prolong an answer to this or get in an argument over it, would be foolish.
F2 1 Timothy 4:7 CSB But have nothing to do with pointless and silly myths. Rather, train yourself in godliness.
F3 1 Timothy 6:4 CSB he is conceited and understands nothing, but has an unhealthy interest in disputes and arguments over words. From these come envy, quarreling, slander, evil suspicions,
F4 Dealing with foolish questions
G1 Proverbs 26:4-5 NLT Don't answer the foolish arguments of fools, or you will become as foolish as they are. 5 Be sure to answer the foolish arguments of fools, or they will become wise in their own estimation.
H1 A strange pair of verses. Are we to answer or not?
H2 My opinion is that there are fools with different attitudes. Some you can discuss and deal with questions. Others you cannot, for they become angry or abusive. We need to answer the former and decline to answer the latter.
H3 We must state the truth. We must state truth calmly, not as an abusive bully.
H4 We are not to use the same method of argument as a foolish person.
G2 Listen. Really listen, so that we understand what the other person is saying.
H1 If they criticism me, just be quiet and don’t respond. Do not defend yourself. We may need to clarify what we believe, but to angrily argue to defend myself, is wrong.
H2 If they criticize God, we must tell them the truth.
H3 If they blaspheme, we must warn them that it is dangerous to do so.
G3 Christians are not to have blind faith; we have a reasonable faith. Thus, we need to study the Bible and know philosophical basics to have an answer to seekers or challengers.
D2 Genealogies.
E1 This mainly deals with Jewish genealogies, but certainly other groups place a great importance on their heritage.
E2 Titus 1:10-11 CSB For there are many rebellious people, full of empty talk and deception, especially those from the circumcision party. 11 It is necessary to silence them; they are ruining entire households by teaching what they shouldn't in order to get money dishonestly.
D3 Arguments
E1 How is this for arguing? Instead of corporate worship, they fight: Isaiah 58:4 NET Look, your fasting is accompanied by arguments, brawls, and fistfights. Do not fast as you do today, trying to make your voice heard in heaven.
E2 Hebrews 13:9 NET Do not be carried away by all sorts of strange teachings. For it is good for the heart to be strengthened by grace, not ritual meals, which have never benefited those who participated in them.
D4 About the Law. This deals with Judaizers who felt that Christians had to keep the Law or at least the feasts, etc. This was answered at the Jerusalem Council. See Acts 15.
C2 The reason
D1 God wants reconciliation not revenge, nevertheless He is just and will judge and sentence. Ezekiel 18:23 NET Do I actually delight in the death of the wicked, declares the sovereign LORD? Do I not prefer that he turn from his wicked conduct and live?
D2 2 Peter 3:9 NET The Lord is not slow concerning his promise, as some regard slowness, but is being patient toward you, because he does not wish for any to perish but for all to come to repentance.
D3 We Christians want to reflect the character of God to enemies and friends. Arguing, issues about Mosaic law, genealogies, and/or foolish questions are not important. These things to not reflect God’s character. Often we see the Lord Jesus ignoring these questions.
E1 Matthew 26:62-64 CSB The high priest stood up and said to him, "Don't you have an answer to what these men are testifying against you? " 63 But Jesus kept silent. The high priest said to him, "I charge you under oath by the living God: Tell us if you are the Messiah, the Son of God." 64 "You have said it," Jesus told him. "But I tell you, in the future you will see the Son of Man seated at the right hand of Power and coming on the clouds of heaven.
E2 Luke 23:8-9 NET When Herod saw Jesus, he was very glad, for he had long desired to see him, because he had heard about him and was hoping to see him perform some miraculous sign. 9 So Herod questioned him at considerable length; Jesus gave him no answer.
B2 People to avoid
C1 Heretic
D1 Christianity has a gospel, a set of beliefs, and a lifestyle (worldview).
D2 Many claim to be Christians but have non-biblical beliefs.
E1 Revelation 2:6 NET But you do have this going for you: You hate what the Nicolaitans practice - practices I also hate.
E2 Revelation 2:14 NET But I have a few things against you: You have some people there who follow the teaching of Balaam, who instructed Balak to put a stumbling block before the people of Israel so they would eat food sacrificed to idols and commit sexual immorality.
E3 2 Timothy 2:17-18 NET and their message will spread its infection like gangrene. Hymenaeus and Philetus are in this group. 18 They have strayed from the truth by saying that the resurrection has already occurred, and they are undermining some people's faith.
E4 2 Corinthians 11:13-15 NET For such people are false apostles, deceitful workers, disguising themselves as apostles of Christ. 14 And no wonder, for even Satan disguises himself as an angel of light. 15 Therefore it is not surprising his servants also disguise themselves as servants of righteousness, whose end will correspond to their actions.
D3 How to deal with what is false
E1 Remain calm: Colossians 4:6 CSB Let your speech always be gracious, seasoned with salt, so that you may know how you should answer each person.
E2 Pray for wisdom
E3 Know the truth
F1 Bible knowledge:
G1 Colossians 3:16 CSB Let the word of Christ dwell richly among you, in all wisdom teaching and admonishing one another through psalms, hymns, and spiritual songs, singing to God with gratitude in your hearts.
G2 2 Timothy 2:15 NET Make every effort to present yourself before God as a proven worker who does not need to be ashamed, teaching the message of truth accurately.
F2 Bible theology
F3 Answers to people’s questions. This is apologetics.
C2 Reason
D1 Twisted
E1 The Greek word is ἐκστρέφω ekstréphō. This has the idea of turning something inside out.
E2 Redefining words
E2 Explaining away the plain, normal sense.
E3 You can read more here and here.
D2 Sins
E1 The sin is mainly lying. Lying in the sense of misrepresenting what the text actually states.
E2 Proverbs 19:3 NLT People ruin their lives by their own foolishness and then are angry at the LORD.

19 October 2019

A Few Thoughts on the Epistle of Titus Part 8

Titus 3:3-8 What We Were, and How God Changed Us


What We Were and How God Changed Us

3 We ourselves were also at one time foolish, disobedient, deceived, serving various evil desires and pleasures, passing our time being spiteful, envious, obnoxious, and hating one another.
4 But as soon as the kindness and love of God our Savior toward mankind appeared,
5 He saved us, not by works of righteousness, which we have done, but according to his mercy, by the washing of regeneration and renewal by the Holy Spirit,
6 Which he abundantly poured out on us through Jesus Christ our Savior,
7 That having been justified by means of his grace, we should be made heirs according to the hope of eternal life.
8 This is a trustworthy saying, and I want you to insist on them, so that those who believe in God might be conscientious to keep up good works. These things are right and beneficial to people.

Notes
B1 Before we believed the Gospel
C1 Sin is defined as
D1 Transgressing God’s law 1 John 3:4 NIV Everyone who sins breaks the law; in fact, sin is lawlessness.
D2 Unrighteousness 1 John 5:17 NIV All wrongdoing is sin, and there is sin that does not lead to death.
D3 Knowing what is right, but refusing to do: James 4:17 NIV If anyone, then, knows the good they ought to do and doesn't do it, it is sin for them.
D4 Anything not of faith (believing God): Romans 14:23 GNB But if they have doubts about what they eat, God condemns them when they eat it, because their action is not based on faith. And anything that is not based on faith is sin.
D5 Foolish plans as here: Proverbs 24:9 GNB Any scheme a fool thinks up is sinful. People hate a person who has nothing but scorn for others.
C2 Penalty and punishment are necessary
C3 All humans are addicted to sin. We are enslaved. John 8:34, Romans 6:12-20, Titus 3:3
C4 The characteristics of the human addicted to sin
D1 Pride
D2 The lie of believing ourselves to be good
D3 The lie that we can overcome sin on our own strength
D4 Blind and in darkness to truth and the reality of our condition
D5 The free will is hindered because of our addiction to sin
D6 We are addicted to what is pleasurable to us
D7 We do the opposite of the Ten Commandments
E1 We have other gods, namely ourselves
E2 We have idols of some type of material or imagination
E3 We blaspheme God’s character
E4 We don’t rest from anything to worship the creator, the King of the Universe (and beyond).
E5 We don’t honor our parents
E6 We commit sexual sins
E7 We steal
E8 We murder
E9 We lie
E10 We covet
D8 If we sin 10 times a day, then in one year, we break God’s law 3,650 times every year. Each sin will receive the death penalty. Some protest that it is not fair to suffer for eternity for committing one lie, but they forget or are ignorant that God, the King of the Universe, warns them that one sin will receive this penalty. James 2:10 NLT For the person who keeps all of the laws except one is as guilty as a person who has broken all of God's laws.
D9 The penalty (and God warns us) is death. Death is spiritual and physical. The spiritual death of the unconverted is spiritual, emotional, intellectual, and physical resulting in physical death and eventually eternal death of torment in fire.
E1 Genesis 2:17 CSB but you must not eat from the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, for on the day you eat from it, you will certainly die.
E2 We earn something for what we work for. The wages of sin in death. Romans 6:23 CSB For the wages of sin is death, but the gift of God is eternal life in Christ Jesus our Lord.
E3 Works count, but all have sinned. Punishment is eternal: Revelation 20:12, 14-15 CSB I also saw the dead, the great and the small, standing before the throne, and books were opened. Another book was opened, which is the book of life, and the dead were judged according to their works by what was written in the books. ... 14 Death and Hades were thrown into the lake of fire. This is the second death, the lake of fire. 15 And anyone whose name was not found written in the book of life was thrown into the lake of fire.
E4 Matthew 25:46 NLT And they will go away into eternal punishment, but the righteous will go into eternal life.
D10 All these sins are done in thoughts, desires, words, and/or deeds. Matthew 5:28 NLT But I say, anyone who even looks at a woman with lust has already committed adultery with her in his heart.
D11 People have different levels of how evil they are. Some are more evil than others.
D12 We show our sin by actions. People live the way they believe. What they say is not necessarily what anyone really believes. Some of these actions are shown in our passage. ... foolish, disobedient, deceived, serving various evil desires and pleasures, passing our time being spiteful, envious, obnoxious, and hating one another.
D13 We do not and we can not seek God. We are enslaved to our sins.
E1 Romans 3:11 WEL There is no one who is understanding, there is no one seeking for God. (See Romans 3:10-18).
E2 John 8:34 NLT Jesus replied, "I tell you the truth, everyone who sins is a slave of sin.
D14 All are sinning.
D15 All will be judged.
D16 All will be found guilty.
D17 All will die.
D18 All will be sentenced to eternity suffering as our punishment.
D19 The salvation that is offered is because God is kind and loves us enough to genuinely offer it.
B2 After we believed the Gospel
C1 What God does
D1 God initiates salvation. If God does not, then no one will be saved. John 16:8 and John 6:44
D2 God in His sovereign power frees the will from darkness, blindness, ignorance, etc. to understand our sin and God’s punishment. Acts 16:14
D3 Having a freed will, God presents the Gospel through the preaching of it. 1 Corinthians 1:21
D4 One can then believe or not believe, resist or not resist, comply or refuse the Holy Spirit of God. God has freed our will, that is, given us the ability to make a choice or contrary choice. Acts 7:51, Isaiah 63:10, Isaiah 1:20
D5 If one believes, then God gives new life (regeneration), the earnest of the Holy Spirit, forgiveness of sins, eternal life, etc. 2 Corinthians 5:17
D6 All sin must be punished. Romans 6:23 and Romans 1:18
D7 Either I can be punished or someone else.
D8 If someone else is chosen, they must be sinless. Otherwise, they are being punished for their own sin.
D9 Jesus, Son of God and Son of Man, is sinless. 2 Corinthians 5:21 and Hebrews 4:15
D10 Jesus is the Passover Lamb. He did this only one time. 1 Corinthians 5:7 and Hebrews 9:28
D11 The blood of Jesus paid penalty. 1 Peter 1:2, Hebrews 12:24, Ephesians 1:7
D12 Jesus suffered for our sins bearing the wrath of God. 1 Peter 2:24 and 1 Peter 3:18
D12 Salvation is not something earned. Our passage shows this. Faith is not a work.
D13 Jesus raised from the dead proving He is God, He is sinless, and He has paid that penalty successfully. Romans 1:3-4
D14 Jesus lives forever to make intercession for believers. Hebrews 7:25
D15 If we drift and finally and forever deny Jesus Christ, we will be apostate and go to eternal punishment. It is rare but does happen. When it happens? Only God knows. Let us stay in the grace of God. Hebrews 6:4-6 and Hebrews 10:26-31
C2 Characteristics of the regenerated
D1 Fruit of the Spirit. These are not something is ourselves but a fruit of the Holy Spirit working in our life. Galatians 5:22-23
D2 We are sanctified. We are separated from addiction and slavery to sin to be separated to God for serving Him, His kingdom, and His will.
E1 Instant and completed sanctification when believing is justification. Acts 26:18, 1 Corinthians 6:11, Hebrews 10:26
E2 The Holy Spirit's continuous teaching and convicting is a ongoing work of sanctification. This is progressive sanctification. 2 Corinthians 7:1 and 1 Thessalonians 4:3
E3 Instant and completed sanctification after physical death is glorification. Romans 8:30, Philippians 3:20-21
D3 God frees us from our sins. Romans 6:7
D4 His grace gives us the grace and power to know His will and do it. Philippians 2:13
D5 The gift of the Holy Spirit who works in our lives Romans 8:7-9
B3 Verse 5 He saved us, not by works of righteousness, which we have done, but according to his mercy, by the washing of regeneration and renewal by the Holy Spirit,
C1 Works of righteousness do not save us from God’s wrath. Isaiah 64:6
C2 Faith is not works. The Scripture states it so: Romans 4:2-4 LEB For if Abraham was justified by works, he has something to boast about, but not before God. 3 For what does the scripture say? "And Abraham believed God, and it was credited to him for righteousness." 4 Now to the one who works, his pay is not credited according to grace, but according to his due.
C3 Mercy is receiving what we do not deserve. We deserve the wrath of God, but the Lord Jesus, the Son of God and Son of Man, received God’s wrath for us.
C4 Washing of regeneration and renewal
D1 These are the work of the Holy Spirit John 1:12-13, 1 Corinthians 6:11, Romans 6:3-9 (baptism does not make one saved, it is the result of being saved and then identified with Jesus Christ).
D2 Renewal. What was dead in now alive. Colossians 3:10, Psalm 51:10, Ephesians 2:4-7
B4 Verse 6 Which he abundantly poured out on us through Jesus Christ our Savior,
C1 Not just a little but much
C2 Done in love, wisdom, and holiness
B5 Verse 7 That having been justified by means of his grace, we should be made heirs according to the hope of eternal life.
C1 Justification is instant sanctification accomplished entirely by God for those who believe in His son Jesus Christ.
C2 It is God’s grace, not our work
C3 God made us heirs of a heavenly kingdom Romans 8:17, Galatians 3:29, Ephesians 3:6
B6 Verse 8 This is a trustworthy saying, and I want you to insist on them, so that those who believe in God might be conscientious to keep up good works. These things are right and beneficial to people.
C1 Good works glorify God. So the works we do must be works that are approved by Go. Stealing to help the poor would not qualify as a good work.
C2 The good works we do are first for our family, then for our local brothers and sisters, then for our other brothers and sisters worldwide, and finally as a witness to those who do not believe.
C3 It must be a work that we can do. Some can give money, food, clothes, necessities. Some can give in labor as cleaning, repairing, running errands, etc. All can pray, but for some that is all they are able to do.
B7 Philippians 1:9-11 GNB I pray that your love will keep on growing more and more, together with true knowledge and perfect judgment, 10 so that you will be able to choose what is best. Then you will be free from all impurity and blame on the Day of Christ. 11 Your lives will be filled with the truly good qualities which only Jesus Christ can produce, for the glory and praise of God.