Showing posts with label Titus. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Titus. Show all posts

18 October 2019

A Few Thoughts on the Epistle of Titus Part 7

Chapter 3


Titus 3:1-2 Dealing with non-Christians


Dealing with non-Christians

1 Remind them to be under the authority of rulers and authorities, to comply with [their rules], to be ready for every good work,
2 Not to insult anyone, or be contentious, [but to be] gentle, showing a complete meekness to all people.

Notes:
B1 Government authorities
C1 As much as possible, we are to follow the law of our government.
C2 There is no such thing as a just government. As far as I know, all governments have corruption.
D1 A rather full review of the Roman Empire is here .
D2 Some the main reasons that the Empire fell is here.
D3 Basically, the empire fell due to governmental and society corruption. Just like governement and society do today.
C3 Romans 12:18 CSB If possible, as far as it depends on you, live at peace with everyone.
C4 Some things we are required as Christians:
D1 Pray for leaders: 1 Timothy 2:1-2 CSB First of all, then, I urge that petitions, prayers, intercessions, and thanksgivings be made for everyone, 2 for kings and all those who are in authority, so that we may lead a tranquil and quiet life in all godliness and dignity.
D2 Be respectful of them: Acts 23:5 CSB I did not know, brothers, that he was the high priest," replied Paul. "For it is written, You must not speak evil of a ruler of your people.
D3 Pay taxes: Romans 13:6-7 NLT Pay your taxes, too, for these same reasons. For government workers need to be paid. They are serving God in what they do. 7 Give to everyone what you owe them: Pay your taxes and government fees to those who collect them, and give respect and honor to those who are in authority.
D4 No bias in society: 1 Timothy 5:21 NLT I solemnly command you in the presence of God and Christ Jesus and the highest angels to obey these instructions without taking sides or showing favoritism to anyone.
D5 Seek peace, not confrontation: Matthew 5:9 NLT God blesses those who work for peace, for they will be called the children of God.
D6 Telling and living the truth: Matthew 5:37 NLT Just say a simple, 'Yes, I will,' or 'No, I won't.' Anything beyond this is from the evil one.
D7 No molestation, exploitation, or abuse:
E1 1 Timothy 4:12 NLT Don't let anyone think less of you because you are young. Be an example to all believers in what you say, in the way you live, in your love, your faith, and your purity.
E2 1 Timothy 5:2 NLT Treat older women as you would your mother, and treat younger women with all purity as you would your own sisters.
B2 Attitudes towards all people
C1 Humility: Philippians 2:5-8 NLT You must have the same attitude that Christ Jesus had. 6 Though he was God, he did not think of equality with God as something to cling to. 7 Instead, he gave up his divine privileges; he took the humble position of a slave and was born as a human being. When he appeared in human form, 8 he humbled himself in obedience to God and died a criminal's death on a cross.
C2 No complaining or arguing: Philippians 2:14 NLT Do everything without complaining and arguing.
C3 Thankfulness: Colossians 4:2 NLT Devote yourselves to prayer with an alert mind and a thankful heart.
C4 Faithfulness: John 8:31 NLT Jesus said to the people who believed in him, "You are truly my disciples if you remain faithful to my teachings.
B3 Speech What we say is to be
C1 Truth
D1 Jesus is the perfect example. Everything He did and said is 100% truth: John 14:6 CSB Jesus told him, "I am the way, the truth, and the life. No one comes to the Father except through me.
D2 Our worship must be true. John 4:24 GW God is a spirit. Those who worship him must worship in spirit and truth.
E1 God is spirit, that is, Yahweh is not flesh, stone, wood, etc. He is not material.
E2 Worship in spirit:
F1 An attitude of reverence
F2 The opposite of fleshly worship such as many heathen worship ceremonies
G1 Deuteronomy 12:31 CSB You must not do the same to the LORD your God, because they practice every detestable act, which the LORD hates, for their gods. They even burn their sons and daughters in the fire to their gods.
G2 Deuteronomy 18:9-11, 14 CSB When you enter the land the LORD your God is giving you, do not imitate the detestable customs of those nations. 10 "No one among you is to sacrifice his son or daughter in the fire, practice divination, tell fortunes, interpret omens, practice sorcery, 11 "cast spells, consult a medium or a spiritist, or inquire of the dead. ... 14 "Though these nations you are about to drive out listen to fortune-tellers and diviners, the LORD your God has not permitted you to do this.
G3 1 Kings 14:23-24 NLT For they also built for themselves pagan shrines and set up sacred pillars and Asherah poles on every high hill and under every green tree. 24 There were even male and female shrine prostitutes throughout the land. The people imitated the detestable practices of the pagan nations the LORD had driven from the land ahead of the Israelites.
G4 1 Timothy 4:1 NIV The Spirit clearly says that in later times some will abandon the faith and follow deceiving spirits and things taught by demons.
F3 According to God’s standards
G1 1 Timothy 4:13 NIV Until I come, devote yourself to the public reading of Scripture, to preaching and to teaching.
G2 Ephesians 5:18-20 NIV Do not get drunk on wine, which leads to debauchery. Instead, be filled with the Spirit, 19 speaking to one another with psalms, hymns, and songs from the Spirit. Sing and make music from your heart to the Lord, 20 always giving thanks to God the Father for everything, in the name of our Lord Jesus Christ.
E3 Worship in truth
F1 Not outward form or piety
F2 But in inward piety
C2 Being contentious (also translated quarrelsome, argumentative, etc. Also, some understand not to be referring to speech but action so it is translated as peaceable)
D1 Not hot tempered about personal opinions
D2 Gentle in what we say instead of abusive, emotionally hurting words
C3 Gentle
D1 In words, deeds, body language
D2 Seen in pleasant treatment of others (especially vulnerable people) and animals.
D3 Antonyms often help us understand. Some listed antonyms of gentleness are abusive, brutal, ferocious, fierce, violent
D4 Philippians 4:5 NIV Let your gentleness be evident to all. The Lord is near.
D5 Note the contrast: 1 Corinthians 4:21 NLT Which do you choose? Should I come with a rod to punish you, or should I come with love and a gentle spirit?
C4 Meekness
D1 Again some antonyms: aggressive, arrogant, and being rude and pushy
D2 With some people it is their way or no way. It is their opinion only. They are controlling and demanding.
D3 Some verses
E1 God separates the meek and the arrogant in judgment: Zephaniah 3:11-12 NIV On that day you, Jerusalem, will not be put to shame for all the wrongs you have done to me, because I will remove from you your arrogant boasters. Never again will you be haughty on my holy hill. 12 But I will leave within you the meek and humble. The remnant of Israel will trust in the name of the LORD.
E2 Speaking of Messiah, the Psalmist writes: Psalms 45:4 ESV In your majesty ride out victoriously for the cause of truth and meekness and righteousness; let your right hand teach you awesome deeds!
E3 Note the contrast: Proverbs 16:19 GW Better to be humble with lowly people than to share stolen goods with arrogant people.
E4 God helps the meek (the humble) and opposes the proud and arrogant: James 4:6 CSB But he gives greater grace. Therefore he says: God resists the proud, but gives grace to the humble.

17 October 2019

A Few Thoughts on the Epistle of Titus Part 6

Titus 2:11 God Wants All to Be Saved

and

Titus 2:12-15 Preach Godliness


God Wants All to Be Saved

11 For the saving grace of God has appeared to all people,

Preach Godliness

12 Teaching us that by refusing ungodliness and worldly lusts, we should live in this present world with self-restraint, righteously, and pleasingly to God.
13 Looking for that blessed hope and glorious appearing of our great God and Savior, Jesus Christ,
14 Who gave himself for us that he might redeem us from all lawlessness and purify for himself a special people, zealous for good works.
15 Talk about these things, prod and admonish [them] with full authority. Don’t let anyone despise you.

Notes
B1 God’s grace
C1 Is the grace given by God and only by God. It is not earned, deserved, or even sought after by any human. It is God’s strength to do what we can not do on our own. It is a good that God gives to help us, bless us, comfort us, and promise us. It is receiving what we do not deserve.
C2 The word means everything from loveliness, gratitude, favor, good-will, and many other words. In general, it means things that are very good and pleasant.
C3 The is no salvation unless God initiates salvation.
C4 God’s grace
D1 Has appeared to all people
E1 The Greek word appear is ἐπιφαίνω epiphaínō. It means a light shining on something to clearly reveal it. It makes it obvious. It is used 3 other times in the New Testament.[Emphasis is mine]
F1 Luke 1:79 NIV to shine on those living in darkness and in the shadow of death, to guide our feet into the path of peace."
F2 Acts 27:20 NIV When neither sun nor stars appeared for many days and the storm continued raging, we finally gave up all hope of being saved.
F3 Titus 3:4 NIV But when the kindness and love of God our Savior appeared,
E2 This is one of the Scriptures plainly showing unlimited atonement. If anyone needs to know what Arminians really believe, this article will help: The FACTS of Salvation: A Summary of Arminian Theology/the Biblical Doctrines of Grace. David L. Allen on unlimited atonement writes:
The key passages asserting unlimited atonement include Isa 53:6; Mark 10:45; John 1:29, 3:14–16; Rom 5:18–19; 1 Cor 15:3–11; 2 Cor 5:14–21; 1 Tim 2:4–6, 4:10; Titus 2:11–14; Heb 2:9, 9:28; 2 Pet 2:1; and 1 John 2:1–2.

There are other texts that implicitly affirm unlimited atonement: Luke 22:20–23; John 17:21,23; Acts 3:26, 10:34; Rom 1:16, 2:11, 3:21–26, 5:15, 11:32, 14:15; 1 Cor 8:11–12; 2 Pet 3:9; Jude 4; and Rev 22:17.
D2 Has taught us to refuse ungodliness and worldly lusts
E1 We need God’s grace to help us identify it, recognize it, and resist it.
E2 2 Corinthians 1:12 NLT We can say with confidence and a clear conscience that we have lived with a God-given holiness and sincerity in all our dealings. We have depended on God's grace, not on our own human wisdom. That is how we have conducted ourselves before the world, and especially toward you.
D3 Has taught us to live in this present world with self-restraint, righteously, and pleasingly to God
E1 There is a Christian life to live.
E2 We are required to live this life. Colossians 3:5 NLT So put to death the sinful, earthly things lurking within you. Have nothing to do with sexual immorality, impurity, lust, and evil desires. Don't be greedy, for a greedy person is an idolater, worshiping the things of this world. (The whole passage in Colossians 3:1-17 is instructive).
C5 We are to look forward and be alert for
D1 The return of Jesus Christ which is our hope
D2 This return is in glory, Jesus coming in the glory of God. He is God the Son.
D3 The deity of Jesus is described here. He is identified as the Great God and Savior
C6 Out savior
D1 Gave Himself for us
D2 Redeemed us from lawlessness
E1 If He redeemed us from lawlessness, then it makes good sense for us to be lawful.
E2 The law Christians follow is the New Testament. There are ~1,000 rules for us. The passage in Colossians gave some.
D3 Purify a special people who are zealous to do good works
E1 Doing good works are important.
E2 These are deeds to help the brothers and sisters but also in presenting the Gospel to unbelievers.
E3 Basically, we help our family first, then our congregational family, then the greater congregation of believers throughout the world, and finally the lost as a witness.
B2 The pastor/teacher and church leaders, yes, all believers are to talk about these things and be urged on in the faith.
B3 Titus is encouraged not to let those who despise him affect his teaching and preaching.
B4 From a devotional: Anne Cetas writes (The full devotional is here scroll down, a long way down).
We leave fingerprints on doorknobs, on books, on walls, on keyboards. Each person’s fingerprints are unique, so we leave our identity on everything we touch. Some supermarkets are even testing a technology that allows customers to pay by fingerprint. Each customer’s unique print and bank account number are kept on file so that the only thing needed to pay a bill is a scan of their finger.

A woman in the early church left another kind of print—a “heartprint.” Dorcas touched many people’s lives through her unique gift of sewing and giving away garments. She’s described as “full of good works and charitable deeds” (Acts 9:36). We too are to be “zealous for good works” (Titus 2:14). We each have a unique heartprint that can touch another.

16 October 2019

A Few Thoughts on the Epistle of Titus Part 5

Titus 2:9-10 Slaves and Masters


Advice to Servants and Masters
Titus 2:9-10 WEL [Tell] servants to be under the authority of their own masters, to be well pleasing in everything, not talking back [to them], 10 Not stealing [from them], but demonstrating complete trustworthiness, so as to adorn the doctrine of God our Savior in everything,
Notes
B1 Ephesians 6:5-9 NLT Slaves, obey your earthly masters with deep respect and fear. Serve them sincerely as you would serve Christ. 6 Try to please them all the time, not just when they are watching you. As slaves of Christ, do the will of God with all your heart. 7 Work with enthusiasm, as though you were working for the Lord rather than for people. 8 Remember that the Lord will reward each one of us for the good we do, whether we are slaves or free. 9 Masters, treat your slaves in the same way. Don't threaten them; remember, you both have the same Master in heaven, and he has no favorites.
B2 Does God like slavery?
C1 Often atheists will make a statement (this link is dead. A link to another atheist site writing about slavery) as “Slavery remains a modern day travesty—a travesty with the Bible and the Koran on the wrong side of the issue. You would never think that owning people as slaves is immoral if you rely on the Bible or the Koran as your source of morality. If you need the Bible or Koran to tell you something as obvious as owning people as slaves is immoral, then you would never think that because neither the Bible nor the Koran says a word against slavery.
C2 Two types are spoken of in the Bible
D1 Voluntary—because of debt, etc.
D2 Involuntary—because of war, etc.
E1 Old Testament
F1 Cities that are not in the land of Canaan (Deuteronomy 20)
G1 Offer peace. If they agree, they will serve you.
G2 Offer peace. If they reject, the men die and the others are spoils of war to enjoy, thus the people were to be treated kindly (see Jamieson, Faussett, Brown commentary).
F2 Cities in the land of Canaan. (Deuteronomy 20) All must die, because they have sinned so much, that God has judged them, and Israel was to carry out the sentence.
E2 New Testament. The saints lived in the Roman culture and were under Roman laws.
F1 1 Corinthians 7:21-23 GW Were you a slave when you were called? That shouldn't bother you. However, if you have a chance to become free, take it. 22 If the Lord called you when you were a slave, you are the Lord's free person. In the same way, if you were free when you were called, you are Christ's slave. 23 You were bought for a price. Don't become anyone's slaves.
F2 Ephesians 6:5 GW Slaves, obey your earthly masters with proper respect. Be as sincere as you are when you obey Christ.
C3 Old Testament rules for slaves (Jews could not be considered property)
D1 If one is a thief (to serve until restitution is paid in full): Exodus 22:2-3 NKJV If the thief is found breaking in, and he is struck so that he dies, there shall be no guilt for his bloodshed. 3 If the sun has risen on him, there shall be guilt for his bloodshed. He should make full restitution; if he has nothing, then he shall be sold for his theft.
D2 If one sells himself because of debt (as in indentured servant):
E1 Leviticus 25:39-41 NKJV 'And if one of your brethren who dwells by you becomes poor, and sells himself to you, you shall not compel him to serve as a slave. 40 As a hired servant and a sojourner he shall be with you, and shall serve you until the Year of Jubilee. 41 And then he shall depart from you—he and his children with him—and shall return to his own family. He shall return to the possession of his fathers.
E2 Deuteronomy 15:12-15 NKJV "If your brother, a Hebrew man, or a Hebrew woman, is sold to you and serves you six years, then in the seventh year you shall let him go free from you. 13 And when you send him away free from you, you shall not let him go away empty-handed; 14 you shall supply him liberally from your flock, from your threshing floor, and from your winepress. From what the LORD has blessed you with, you shall give to him. 15 You shall remember that you were a slave in the land of Egypt, and the LORD your God redeemed you; therefore I command you this thing today.
D3 War (possibly slaves until they die): 2 Samuel 12:29-31 NKJV So David gathered all the people together and went to Rabbah, fought against it, and took it. 30 Then he took their king's crown from his head. Its weight was a talent of gold, with precious stones. And it was set on David's head. Also he brought out the spoil of the city in great abundance. 31 And he brought out the people who were in it, and put them to work with saws and iron picks and iron axes, and made them cross over to the brick works. So he did to all the cities of the people of Ammon. Then David and all the people returned to Jerusalem.
D4 If the master causes an injury to a slave (injured and dies, the slave owner will be given the death penalty. If the slave is injured and lives, the slave owner loses a worker. My understanding is that if injured, the slave is to be set free, see verses 26-27): Exodus 21:20-21 NKJV "And if a man beats his male or female servant with a rod, so that he dies under his hand, he shall surely be punished. 21 Notwithstanding, if he remains alive a day or two, he shall not be punished; for he is his property.
D5 Master abuses slave (Slave goes free): Exodus 21:26-27 GNB "If someone hits his male or female slave in the eye and puts it out, he is to free the slave as payment for the eye. 27 If he knocks out a tooth, he is to free the slave as payment for the tooth.
D6 If slave runs away (They must not be returned to their master): Deuteronomy 23:15-16 GNB "If slaves run away from their owners and come to you for protection, do not send them back. 16 They may live in any of your towns that they choose, and you are not to treat them harshly.
D7 Slave traders are to receive the death penalty. Exodus 21:16 NKJV He who kidnaps a man and sells him, or if he is found in his hand, shall surely be put to death.
C4 New Testament rules for slaves (remember that the Christians lived under the laws of the Roman Empire)
D1 Be calm and choose freedom if offered: 1 Corinthians 7:21-23 GW Were you a slave when you were called? That shouldn't bother you. However, if you have a chance to become free, take it. 22 If the Lord called you when you were a slave, you are the Lord's free person. In the same way, if you were free when you were called, you are Christ's slave. 23 You were bought for a price. Don't become anyone's slaves.
D2 Be doing the best work as you can: Ephesians 6:5 GW Slaves, obey your earthly masters with proper respect. Be as sincere as you are when you obey Christ.
D3 Paul’s appeal to Philemon to free Onesimus from slavery. See Philemon 1:8-21.
C4 The Bible teaches that freedom is better.
D1 Philemon and Onesimus
E1 Philemon, the slave owner, is a Christian.
E2 Paul makes an appeal to Philemon to free Onesimus, so he can help Paul.
E3 Paul does not condone Onesimus’ running away.
E4 We don’t know why Onesimus ran away.
D2 I cannot find the introduction to Philemon from the IVP Background Commentary NT (by Craig Keener) online. It’s introduction to the letter of Philemon is instructive on slavery, so if you have it is helpful to read.
C5 The Bible does not teach us to overthrow government. We are to fight a spiritual warfare, not physical. The Gospel is freeing, not enslaving. For example, see Some Initial Reflections on Slavery in the New Testament.
C6 Slavery is spoken against in Ephesians 6:9 NLT Masters, treat your slaves in the same way. Don't threaten them; remember, you both have the same Master in heaven, and he has no favorites.
D1 Slaves in the Roman Empire had masters.
D2 These masters also had a master in heaven—God Himself. Paul reminds the slave owners that they are slaves, too.
D3 God has no favorites. He treats all people with justice and equity.
C7 God demands kindness, gentleness, love
D1 It is a fruit of the Holy Spirit. Is there no showing of kindness and compassion, then that master is going to hell. He is a fake. Galatians 5:22 NLT But the Holy Spirit produces this kind of fruit in our lives: love, joy, peace, patience, kindness, goodness, faithfulness,
D2 A master must show gentleness. No gentleness seen? They are fake. God will punish.
E1 Colossians 3:12 NLT Since God chose you to be the holy people he loves, you must clothe yourselves with tenderhearted mercy, kindness, humility, gentleness, and patience.
E2 1 Timothy 6:11 NLT But you, Timothy, are a man of God; so run from all these evil things. Pursue righteousness and a godly life, along with faith, love, perseverance, and gentleness.
D3 We are to love even our enemies. Surely, these slaves were NOT their enemies; they were to be loved.
E1 Luke 6:35 NLT Love your enemies! Do good to them. Lend to them without expecting to be repaid. Then your reward from heaven will be very great, and you will truly be acting as children of the Most High, for he is kind to those who are unthankful and wicked.
E2 The actions of love show that no one can treat any person any other way except God’s way. The actions are love are in 1 Corinthians 13:4-8a WEL Love is very patient and kind; love is not envious; love doesn’t brag about itself, is not haughty. 5 Doesn’t behave improperly, is not self-seeking; love isn’t easily aggravated, doesn’t keep a list of wrongs, 6 Doesn’t rejoice in injustice, but rejoices in the truth, 7 Bears all things, believes all things, hopes all things, calmly endures all things. 8 Love never ends…
D4 God shows goodness to all, so should we. Slavery is wrong. It is not God’s way of doing things. Slave owners are doing evil. Acts 14:16-17 NLT In the past he permitted all the nations to go their own ways, 17 but he never left them without evidence of himself and his goodness. For instance, he sends you rain and good crops and gives you food and joyful hearts."
D5 God wants freedom, not slavery:
E1 2 Corinthians 3:17 NLT For the Lord is the Spirit, and wherever the Spirit of the Lord is, there is freedom.
E2 Galatians 4:5 NLT God sent him to buy freedom for us who were slaves to the law, so that he could adopt us as his very own children.
E3 1 Timothy 2:6 NLT He gave his life to purchase freedom for everyone. This is the message God gave to the world at just the right time.
E4 1 Peter 2:16 NLT For you are free, yet you are God's slaves, so don't use your freedom as an excuse to do evil.
D6 God sent His Son, Jesus, to free slaves:
E1 Prophesied: Isaiah 61:1 CSB The Spirit of the Lord GOD is on me, because the LORD has anointed me to bring good news to the poor. He has sent me to heal the brokenhearted, to proclaim liberty to the captives and freedom to the prisoners;
E2 Fulfilled: Luke 4:18-19 WEL The Spirit of the Lord is on me, because he has anointed me to preach the Gospel to the poor; he has sent me to heal the brokenhearted, to preach deliverance to the captives, restoring sight to the blind, to set free those who are oppressed, 19 “And to announce the favorable year of the Lord.”
C8 William Wilberforce (1759-1833)
D1 Fought to abolish slavery in the British Empire due to Christian principles.
D2 Two links for studying him.
E1 Short biography and bibliography= http://www.brycchancarey.com/abolition/wilberforce.htm
C9 Slavery and its statistics can be found here: EPCAT USA
B3 Some thoughts on the slavery that is most dangerous
C1 Some verses
D1 Romans 6:20 LEB For when you were slaves of sin, you were free with respect to righteousness.
D2 John 8:34 NKJV Jesus answered them, "Most assuredly, I say to you, whoever commits sin is a slave of sin.
D3 Sin is an addiction. Sin controls us. Romans 6:16 NLT Don’t you realize that you become the slave of whatever you choose to obey? You can be a slave to sin, which leads to death, or you can choose to obey God, which leads to righteous living.
C2 The end result of this slavery leads to death just like most addictions:
D1 Romans 6:23 NKJV For the wages of sin is death, but the gift of God is eternal life in Christ Jesus our Lord.
D2 Galatians 3:22 NLT But the Scriptures declare that we are all prisoners of sin, so we receive God’s promise of freedom only by believing in Jesus Christ.
C3 The rescue from this addiction, slavery, to sin is only through grace alone through faith alone in Jesus Christ alone. No one can do this themselves.
D1 1 Corinthians 15:3-4 NLT I passed on to you what was most important and what had also been passed on to me. Christ died for our sins, just as the Scriptures said. He was buried, and he was raised from the dead on the third day, just as the Scriptures said.
D2 1 Corinthians 15:57 NLT But thank God! He gives us victory over sin and death through our Lord Jesus Christ.
D3 Acts 4:12 NLT There is salvation in no one else! God has given no other name under heaven by which we must be saved.
B4 Application
C1 It is not God’s will for people to be slaves. God does not have that kind of leadership. He is a shepherd, but most of those with authority are slave owner style of leadership.
D1 John 10:11 NKJV I am the good shepherd. The good shepherd gives His life for the sheep.
D2 Matthew 20:25 NLT But Jesus called them together and said, "You know that the rulers in this world lord it over their people, and officials flaunt their authority over those under them.
C2 Sin is addictive. All humans are addicted to sin.
C3 Jesus died for us to be free from the addiction to sin: 1 Timothy 2:6 NLT He gave his life to purchase freedom for everyone. This is the message God gave to the world at just the right time.
C4 We are to use our body to honor God: 1 Corinthians 6:19-20 NLT Don’t you realize that your body is the temple of the Holy Spirit, who lives in you and was given to you by God? You do not belong to yourself, for God bought you with a high price. So you must honor God with your body.
C5 Jesus didn’t live and die to change the government, but if all were real Christians, society and government would change.

15 October 2019

A Few Thoughts on the Epistle of Titus Part 4

Chapter 2


Titus 2:1-8 Instructions for both older and younger believers


Advice to Older Men

1 But you are to talk about things which are appropriate for sound doctrine.
2 The older men are to be sober, dignified, self-controlled, being sound in faith, love, and perseverance.

Advice to Older Women

3 The elder women in the same way [are to be] in behavior what is consistent with holiness, not slanderers, not enslaved to much wine, teachers of what is good,
4 So that they teach the younger women to be clear headed, to love their husbands, to love their children,
5 To be self-controlled, chaste, taking care of the family, good, under authority to their own husbands, so that the Word of God is not reviled.

Advice to Young Men

6 Likewise, strongly encourage the young men to be sensible.
7 In everything showing yourself to be a model of good works, and in teaching [using] integrity, seriousness, incorruptibility, [and]
8 Sound words that can’t be condemned, so that one who is antagonistic may be ashamed, having nothing evil to say about you.

Notes
B1 Older men
C1 This is hard to identify but probably would include the age group where children are either grown up or nearly so.
C2 This age group is to be sober, dignified, self-controlled, being sound in faith, love, and perseverance
D1 Because of Titus 2:3 and Titus 1:7, it is understood to be referring to not addicted to alcohol.
E1 Alcohol effects decision making and remembering the next day what decision was made. This can be a disaster in many cases.
E2 Alcohol effects judgment.
E3 Alcohol effects body functions including balance.
D2 Dignified refers to acting sensible, being of good character, respectable, etc. This is an attitude that leads to godly character. We need to maintain a good reputation.
D3 Self-controlled rather than impulsive. It has the ideas of remaining calm, keeping one’s composure, having patience and restraint.
D4 Being of sound faith. This would be knowing what the Christian faith is and able to defend it. It is a pure faith, rather than being mixed with error. We need to study and read the Bible.
D5 Love
E1 This is agape love.
E2 With some older men there is the tendency to rest from our labors.
E3 The labor of love must continue. This is love of God, love of family, love of the believers, and love of unbelievers (in order to preach the Gospel).
E4 What the older men have learned by living (experience both unpleasant and pleasant) needs to be passed on to younger people. Love is the motive to do this.
E5 This love is a fruit of the Holy Spirit. It is not do of ourselves. Galatians 5:22-23 NRSV By contrast, the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, patience, kindness, generosity, faithfulness, 23 gentleness, and self-control. There is no law against such things.
D6 Perseverance
E1 Many understand this to refer to tribulations of persecution and temptation.
E2 Romans 12:12 CSB Rejoice in hope; be patient in affliction; be persistent in prayer.
E3 This should be the goal of all old male believers: Luke 8:15 NLT And the seeds that fell on the good soil represent honest, good-hearted people who hear God's word, cling to it, and patiently produce a huge harvest.
E4 For believers, let us remind ourselves: Romans 2:6-7 NIV God "will repay each person according to what they have done." 7 To those who by persistence in doing good seek glory, honor and immortality, he will give eternal life.
B2 Older women
C1 Consistent
C2 Not slanderers
C3 Not enslaved to alcohol
C4 Teachers of what is good, especially to the younger women to be
D1 Clear headed
D2 Love husbands
D3 Love children
D4 Self-controlled
D5 Chaste
D6 Care givers of the family
D7 Under authority of husbands
D8 All has a purpose to honor God, His ways, His kingdom, and His gospel.
D9 People need to know God’s way is best in everything
C5 The role of experience cannot be underestimated. These older women have much experience in life from marriage to child bearing to child raising.
C6 They can be present in the house to physically help. For example, they can help manage the household after the baby is born. Mom needs time to recover and a new born typically needs more attention from mom. She can also help taking care the chores and helping the other children for a time.
C7 I’m sure most older women already know these things and certainly much better than I.
C8 The list given by Paul here can surely be applied to all believers.
C9 Certainly this verse can be applied to anyone: Proverbs 31:26 NLT When she speaks, her words are wise, and she gives instructions with kindness.
B3 Younger men
C1 The need for younger men to be sensible
C2 The need for the pastor, especially younger pastors, and in particular Titus. Living, teaching, preaching in public or private to be
D1 An godly example, thus, be consistent in what you say and what you do.
D2 Your teaching (Titus) in speaking, showing, demonstrating, etc. is to be
E1 Truth
E2 Serious instead of everything being a big joke
E3 Honest and not changeable to pressure. Being steadfast and true.
E4 People may disagree with the teaching, but they cannot condemn the teaching when held to the Scriptural standards.
E5 In life and teaching be blameless both publicly and privately. This would include many things including handling of money, counseling, delegating, answering questions from seekers, doubters, or the curious, where they would go and what they do in public, who their best friends are, the music they listen to, how they handle complaints, disagreements, hurts, etc.
B4 Dictionary of Bible Themes by Manser gives a topical listing with many verses on The Believers Character. It would be good for all believers to study.