Wade Mullen identifies some techniques of spiritual abuse into 2 categories: macro-level techniques and micro-level techniques. Here is a summary of these:
Four Steps of Spiritual AbuseMullen said Liberty employed four typical “macro-level,” spiritually abusive tactics in its convocation with Freeze. These included:
In addition to these “macro-level” tactics, Mullen said Liberty also employed several “micro-level” tactics like “exemplification” and “polishing.” Mullen said those on the receiving end, like the students, often don’t grasp the truth behind the scandal being covered up or whitewashed, because the abusive people are defining everything for them.
- Define the situation so people don’t define it for themselves.
- Use excuses to manage people’s perception of the situation.
- Claim forgiveness as an entitlement.
- Get Endorsements.