Showing posts with label choice. Show all posts
Showing posts with label choice. Show all posts

12 December 2020

A Few Thoughts on Jeremiah 6:15-17

A short thought on free will in the Scriptures

Jeremiah 6:15-17 NIV Are they ashamed of their detestable conduct? No, they have no shame at all; they do not even know how to blush. So they will fall among the fallen; they will be brought down when I punish them," says the LORD. 16 This is what the LORD says: "Stand at the crossroads and look; ask for the ancient paths, ask where the good way is, and walk in it, and you will find rest for your souls. But you said, 'We will not walk in it.' 17 I appointed watchmen over you and said, 'Listen to the sound of the trumpet!' But you said, 'We will not listen.'

In our passage are those with detestable conduct refusing to obey God or has God decreed that choice? Is their decision contrary choice/resistance to God’s will or not?

Is God able to communicate perfectly, or must we interpret such Scriptures symbolically?

Does God make genuine invitations to repent and believe? Does God have 2 types of invitation, one understood and the other not understood?

Personally, I believe that God

B1 Tells the truth John 8:45-46, John 16:13/ etc.

B2 Can communicate perfectly Compare Genesis 2:16-17

B3 Does genuinely want all to repent 1 Timothy 2:4, Revelation 22:17, 2 Peter 3:9, Luke 13:3 and 5, etc.

B4 Wants us to interpret His words in a plain, normal sense. If it is allegorical, it will be understood from the context as allegorical. If it is symbolic, it will be understood from the context that it is symbolic.

C1 How can anyone obey God’s rules, unless they understand the rules in their plain, normal sense? Otherwise, their defense would be that God did not make the law clear enough to obey. Compare Mark 10:49, Matthew 4:10, Matthew 6:1, and Colossian 3:9.

C2 How can anyone believe prophesy, unless they understand what is being said? See for example, 2 Samuel 7:12-16 and fulfilled in Matthew 1:1, Luke 1:32-33, Acts 15:15-16, and Hebrews 1:5. Also see Micah 5:2 [Hebrew Bible, verse 1] and fulfilled in Matthew 2:1-6 and John 7:40-43.

C3 Compare 2 Peter 3:19 (Compare versions)

Also, I believe people

B1 Are enabled by God’s decree (prevenient grace), thus we have freed will. Compare Acts 16:14, Acts 2:37, and Jeremiah 32:32-33.

B2 Are able to resist/make contrary choice Compare Acts 7:51, Isaiah 63:10, and Zechariah 7:12.

B3 Will go to hell, it they choose to not believe or ignore it Compare Revelation 21:8, Isaiah 66:4, Acts 18:6, and John 12:48.

A few other verses

B1 Luke 13:3 NLT Not at all! And you will perish, too, unless you repent of your sins and turn to God.

B2 John 5:39-40 NLT You search the Scriptures because you think they give you eternal life. But the Scriptures point to me! 40 Yet you refuse to come to me to receive this life.

B3 1 Kings 18:21, Proverbs 3:31, Proverbs 1:28-33, Matthew 21:28-32 and many others.

A few articles

B1 An Arminian Account of Free Will by Roger Olson (defining terms among other things)

B2 A Beginner’s Guide to Free Will

B3 Predestination and Free Will in Romans 9 – 11, by Mako A. Nagasawa

B4 Steve Witzki, “Free Grace or Forced Grace”

27 July 2020

Devotional Notes Romans 9

B1 What does this mean?
C1 Paul’s Desire For All Israel To Be Saved
D1 Paul’s desire for Israel to believe in Messiah is very deep. Compare Moses’ attitude: Exodus 32:32-33 NRSV But now, if you will only forgive their sin—but if not, blot me out of the book that you have written." 33 But the LORD said to Moses, "Whoever has sinned against me I will blot out of my book.
D2 Paul lists many of the blessings of Israel.
D3 The greatest blessing is Messiah. Jesus (Yeshua) is the Messiah.
C2 God’s Plan To Choose Israel
D1 There is no automatic salvation just because a person is a Jews.
D2 A person is not saved by becoming a Jew.
D3 It is by faith, which is, believing God as Abraham did.
D4 If they believe, they are saved. If they refuse to believe, they are not [John 3:36]. It is the same for Gentiles. Heritage does not save.
D5 Verse 11, according to the context, the one who believes is saved, not heritage. God knew Jacob would believe and Esau would not. Esau and Jacob refer to nations not the individual.
E1 Two nations. God states to Rebekah that two nations are in her womb. God does not say two people. Personally, I don’t think of this passage as a promise. It is God stating a fact of what He (God) already knew. He knew Esau would be a rather worthless, selfish jerk. Genesis 25:23 NET and the LORD said to her, “Two nations are in your womb, and two peoples will be separated from within you. One people will be stronger than the other, and the older will serve the younger.
E2 Note the attitude of Esau. He could care less about his birthright, the birthright of the first born. This is important because of the promises given to Abraham. Esau is a despiser. Genesis 25:31-32 GNB92 Jacob answered, “I will give it to you if you give me your rights as the first-born son.” 32 Esau said, “All right! I am about to die; what good will my rights do me?
E3 The blessings to Abraham
F1 Blessings associated with God’s call and Abraham believing what God said: Genesis 17:6-8 NRSV I will make you exceedingly fruitful; and I will make nations of you, and kings shall come from you. 7 I will establish my covenant between me and you, and your offspring after you throughout their generations, for an everlasting covenant, to be God to you and to your offspring after you. 8 And I will give to you, and to your offspring after you, the land where you are now an alien, all the land of Canaan, for a perpetual holding; and I will be their God.
F2 List: Genesis 12:1-3 NKJV Now the LORD had said to Abram: “Get out of your country, From your family And from your father’s house, To a land that I will show you. 2 I will make you a great nation; I will bless you And make your name great; And you shall be a blessing. 3 I will bless those who bless you, And I will curse him who curses you; And in you all the families of the earth shall be blessed.
G1 I will make you a great nation.
G2 I will bless you.
G3 I will make your name great.
G4 I will make you a blessing.
G5 I will bless those who bless you.
G6 I will curse the one who curses you.
G7 I will bless all families on the earth because of you (if we believe, we are saved like Abraham was).
F3 which then passed to Isaac the son of promise. The birthright in that time usually was to get a double portion of the inheritance. Genesis 21:12 NKJV But God said to Abraham, “Do not let it be displeasing in your sight because of the lad or because of your bondwoman. Whatever Sarah has said to you, listen to her voice; for in Isaac your seed shall be called.
F4 The birthright would have been Esau’s but he would rather have a bowl of stew. The attitude of Esau is hard to understand that he would act this way. Genesis 25:34 NKJV And Jacob gave Esau bread and stew of lentils; then he ate and drank, arose, and went his way. Thus Esau despised his birthright.
G1 The Hebrew word for despised is בָּזָה bâzâh.
G2 It means despise, regard with contempt. So it is something disgusting, worthless, hated, sneering at, having no value, etc.
G3 Verses:
H1 1 Samuel 17:42 AMPC And when the Philistine looked around and saw David, he scorned and despised him, for he was but an adolescent, with a healthy reddish color and a fair face.
H2 Nehemiah 2:19 UKJV But when Sanballat the Horonite, and Tobiah the servant, the Ammonite, and Geshem the Arabian, heard it, they laughed us to scorn, and despised us, and said, What is this thing that all of you do? will all of you rebel against the king?
H3 Psalm 22:6 NIV But I am a worm and not a man, scorned by everyone, despised by the people.
H4 No person ever has, is, or will live who is more despised than Messiah, Yeshua, Jesus Christ: Isaiah 53:3 NLT He was despised and rejected—a man of sorrows, acquainted with deepest grief. We turned our backs on him and looked the other way. He was despised, and we did not care.
H5 Such was the attitude of Esau. God knew and thus rejected him.
F4 Isaac’s blessing to Jacob (whom he thought was Esau) is Genesis 27:27-29 NKJV And he came near and kissed him; and he smelled the smell of his clothing, and blessed him and said: “Surely, the smell of my son Is like the smell of a field Which the LORD has blessed. 28 Therefore may God give you Of the dew of heaven, Of the fatness of the earth, And plenty of grain and wine. 29 Let peoples serve you, And nations bow down to you. Be master over your brethren, And let your mother’s sons bow down to you. Cursed be everyone who curses you, And blessed be those who bless you!
F5 Note Isaac’s words to Esau concerning who would be master over the clan:
G1 Genesis 27:37 NET2 Isaac replied to Esau, “Look! I have made him lord over you. I have made all his relatives his servants and provided him with grain and new wine. What is left that I can do for you, my son?
G2 The blessing itself: Genesis 27:39-40 NET2 So his father Isaac said to him, “See here, your home will be by the richness of the earth, and by the dew of the sky above. 40 You will live by your sword but you will serve your brother. When you grow restless, you will tear off his yoke from your neck.”
H1 The above happened here: 2 Kings 8:20-22 NET2 During his reign Edom freed themselves from Judah’s control and set up their own king. 21 Joram crossed over to Zair with all his chariots. The Edomites, who had surrounded him, attacked at night and defeated him and his chariot officers. The Israelite army retreated to their homeland. 22 So Edom has remained free from Judah’s control to this very day. At that same time Libnah also rebelled.
F6 Some differences between Esau and Jacob
G1 Similarities
H1 Me first
H2 Evil
G2 Differences
H1 Esau
I1 Outdoor man. What we might call a mountain man. He is a hunter.
I2 We can learn from his example of failure.
J1 Being impulsive is unwise.
J2 Instant gratification may be a disaster (he lost the birthright).
J3 Living for pleasure brings great losses (especially spiritual).
H2 Jacob
I1 Indoor man, that is a shepherd type rather than living in the wilderness.
I2 We can learn from his example of failure.
J1 Covetousness can be very dangerous and make powerful enemies. (Jacob did not have to demand the birthright from Esau. He simply could have helped his brother).
J2 Lying to receive great riches and power has long lasting and unforeseen problems.
D6 Verse 13, God did not hate Esau because of God’s choice. God hated the nation of Esau because Esau and his descendants hated God and Israel.
E1 Hebrews 12:16-17 NRSV See to it that no one becomes like Esau, an immoral and godless person, who sold his birthright for a single meal. 17 You know that later, when he wanted to inherit the blessing, he was rejected, for he found no chance to repent, even though he sought the blessing with tears.
E2 2 Chronicles 28:17 NRSV For the Edomites had again invaded and defeated Judah, and carried away captives.
E3 Joel 3:19 NRSV Egypt shall become a desolation and Edom a desolate wilderness, because of the violence done to the people of Judah, in whose land they have shed innocent blood.
E4 Amos 1:11 NIV This is what the LORD says: "For three sins of Edom, even for four, I will not relent. Because he pursued his brother with a sword and slaughtered the women of the land, because his anger raged continually and his fury flamed unchecked.
E5 Obadiah
E6 God hated the nation.
D7 Verse 15, God’s mercy is on those who believe. It is not given by some choice or someone’s heritage.
E1 The Gospel is always the same.
E2 Abraham is our example: Genesis 15:6 NKJV And he believed in the LORD, and He accounted it to him for righteousness.
F1 Perhaps, I am making something out of nothing, but I think believes in the Lord is preferred. Adam Clarke comments:
And he believed in the Lord; and he counted it to him for righteousness—This I conceive to be one of the most important passages in the whole Old Testament. It properly contains and specifies that doctrine of justification by faith which engrosses so considerable a share of the epistles of St. Paul, and at the foundation of which is the atonement made by the Son of God: And he (Abram) believed האמן heemin, he put faith) in Jehovah, ויחשבה לו vaiyachshebeita lo, and he counted it—the faith he put in Jehovah, to Him for righteousness, צדקה tsedakah, or justification; though there was no act in the case but that of the mind and heart, no work of any kind. Hence the doctrine of justification by faith, without any merit of works; for in this case there could be none—no works of Abram which could merit the salvation of the whole human race. It was the promise of God which he credited, and in the blessedness of which he became a partaker through faith. See at Gen 15:19 (note); see also on Romans 4 (note). [Emphasis is mine].
F2 Habakkuk 2:4 ISV Notice their arrogance—they have no inward uprightness—but the righteous will live by their faith.
D8 Verse 17, we are not saved because of privilege. Pharaoh did not believe. Hardening is a punishment. Compare Romans 1:18-32 and Matthew 13:14-15. It is the same for all people as they refuse to give God credit for what things He has done and not being thankful. God healed Pharaoh and Egypt many times but both refused to be thankful and repent (Romans 1:21). Pharaoh just kept hardening his heart until he had crossed the line of hope. For a search of some articles from the plain, normal sense (Arminian) see here. Also, foreknowledge does not guarantee causality.
D9 God does not make His decisions on some secret will. He makes His decisions based on wisdom, love, and holiness. If one rejects God’s ways after God opens their heart, then that one will suffer the consequences of that decision.
D10 In Romans chapters 9-11 specifically, Paul is speaking to Jews who thought they were guaranteed heaven because they were Jews. God wanted them to know that if they refuse God’s gospel, then He will harden them. Abraham believed; most Jews did not. Adam Clarke writes on verse 22: What if God, willing to show his wrath - The apostle refers here to the case of Pharaoh and the Egyptians, and to which he applies Jeremiah’s parable of the potter, and, from them, to the then state of the Jews. Pharaoh and the Egyptians were vessels of wrath - persons deeply guilty before God; and by their obstinate refusal of his grace, and abuse of his goodness, they had fitted themselves for that destruction which the wrath, the vindictive justice of God, inflicted, after he had endured their obstinate rebellion with much long-suffering; which is a most absolute proof that the hardening of their hearts, and their ultimate punishment, were the consequences of their obstinate refusal of his grace and abuse of his goodness; as the history in Exodus sufficiently shows. As the Jews of the apostle’s time had sinned after the similitude of the Egyptians, hardening their hearts and abusing his goodness, after every display of his long-suffering kindness, being now fitted for destruction, they were ripe for punishment; and that power, which God was making known for their salvation, having been so long and so much abused and provoked, was now about to show itself in their destruction as a nation. But even in this case there is not a word of their final damnation; much less that either they or any others were, by a sovereign decree, reprobated from all eternity; and that their very sins, the proximate cause of their punishment, were the necessary effect of that decree which had from all eternity doomed them to endless torments. As such a doctrine could never come from God, so it never can be found in the words of his apostle.
D11 In verse 22, the objects of wrath are maturing for destruction. Vincent’s Words Studies on this passage:
Fitted (κατηρτισμένα)
Lit., adjusted. See on mending, Mat 4:21; perfect, see on Matthew 21:16; see on Luke 6:40; see on 1 Peter 5:10. Not fitted by God for destruction, but in an adjectival sense, ready, ripe for destruction, the participle denoting a present state previously formed, but giving no hint of how it has been formed. An agency of some kind must be assumed. That the objects of final wrath had themselves a hand in the matter may be seen from 1 Thessalonians 2:15, 1 Thessalonians 2:16. That the hand of God is also operative may be inferred from the whole drift of the chapter. “The apostle has probably chosen this form because the being ready certainly arises from a continual reciprocal action between human sin and the divine judgment of blindness and hardness. Every development of sin is a net-work of human offenses and divine judgments” (Lange).
D12 Verse 23: God has plans.
D13 Objects of mercy are those who complied with God’s conditions of His Gospel. Objects of mercy not receiving mercy because of privilege or heritage.
C3 Israel Did Not Believe
D1 Verse 30 makes it clear that righteousness is because of faith, not privilege or heritage.
E1 Philippians 3:9 GW and to have a relationship with him. This means that I didn't receive God's approval by obeying his laws. The opposite is true! I have God's approval through faith in Christ. This is the approval that comes from God and is based on faith.
E2 Galatians 2:15-16 GW We are Jewish by birth, not sinners from other nations. 16 Yet, we know that people don't receive God's approval because of their own efforts to live according to a set of standards, but only by believing in Jesus Christ. So we also believed in Jesus Christ in order to receive God's approval by faith in Christ and not because of our own efforts. People won't receive God's approval because of their own efforts to live according to a set of standards.
D2 Jesus is a stumbling stone because He taught one is saved by faith, by believing in God and His message. He taught one is NOT saved by keeping the Law.
C3 Summary:
D1 Salvation is not from:
E1 Privilege, position, socioeconomic status, etc.
E2 Heritage, relationships, etc.
E3 Works, that is, keeping God’s law perfectly in thoughts, desires, words, and deeds. Romans 3:28.
D2 Salvation is from:
E1 The Gospel, which is the teachings and life of Jesus Christ in His birth, ministry, death, resurrection, ascension, etc.
E2 Grace alone through faith alone in Jesus Christ alone.
E3 God’s mercy.
E4 It is evidenced by a more or less consistently changed life. James 2:18-20 NET But someone will say, "You have faith and I have works." Show me your faith without works and I will show you faith by my works. 19 You believe that God is one; well and good. Even the demons believe that - and tremble with fear. 20 But would you like evidence, you empty fellow, that faith without works is useless?
E5 Hebrews 11:6 NIV And without faith it is impossible to please God, because anyone who comes to him must believe that he exists and that he rewards those who earnestly seek him.
D3 We are taught there are two types of heritage
E1 Physical heritage with physical blessings.
F1 The blessings went from Abraham to Isaac to Jacob.
F2 There are physical deliverances but not necessarily spiritual.
F3 This is physical salvation as
G1 Galatians 3:12 NIV The law is not based on faith; on the contrary, it says, "The person who does these things will live by them.
E2 Spiritual heritage with spiritual blessing.
F1 The blessings went from Abraham to all those who believe like Abraham believed.
F2 There are spiritual deliverances but not necessarily physical.
F3 This is spiritual salvation as grace alone through faith alone in Jesus Christ alone.
G1 Galatians 3:11 NIV Clearly no one who relies on the law is justified before God, because "the righteous will live by faith.
G2 Grace alone: Romans 3:24 NIV and all are justified freely by his grace through the redemption that came by Christ Jesus.
G3 Faith alone:
H1 Ephesians 2:8-9 NIV For it is by grace you have been saved, through faithand this is not from yourselves, it is the gift of God9 not by works, so that no one can boast.
H2 John 3:18 WEL The one who believes in him is not condemned, but the one who does not believe is condemned already, because he has not believed in the name of the only begotten Son of God.
G4 Jesus Christ alone: Acts 4:12 NIV Salvation is found in no one else, for there is no other name under heaven given to mankind by which we must be saved.

09 March 2019

Who Is Our Lord?

There are only 2 lords. Some may think they are their own master and lord, but this is foolishness. People hurt them, steal from them, tax them, and eventually they die. They have no authority. There are only 2 lords. We can either serve God or the devil.

It is written:
B1 John 8:44 WEL You are of [your] father, the devil, and you want to do the lusts of your father. He was a murderer from the beginning, and he has not stood in the truth, because there is no truth in him. When he tells a lie, he tells [it] from himself, because he is a liar and the father of it.
B2 2 Corinthians 6:17-18 WEL So then come out from among them. Be separate," says the Lord, "and do not touch [what is] unclean, then I will accept you, 18 And I will be a Father to you, and you will be my sons and daughters," says the Lord Almighty.
B3 John summarizes: 1 John 3:10 WEL God's children and the Devil's children are plainly recognized by this: whoever does not do what is right is not of God, nor he who doesn't love his brother.

We are born as sinners: Ecclesiastes 7:20 NIV Indeed, there is no one on earth who is righteous, no one who does what is right and never sins.

We have evil thoughts and actions all the time: Genesis 6:5 NIV The LORD saw how great the wickedness of the human race had become on the earth, and that every inclination of the thoughts of the human heart was only evil all the time.

Our heart is the source of our evil. The heart is speaking of our soul: Matthew 15:18-20 WEL But those things which come out of the mouth come from the heart; they defile a person. 19 "For out of the heart comes evil thoughts, murders, adulteries, sexual sins, thefts, false witness, and blasphemies. 20 "These are what defile a person but to eat with unwashed hands does not defile a man.

We are…
B1 Servants of sin. This servant is one who gives himself up wholly to another's will (Thayer’s). John 8:34 WEL Jesus answered them, "Very truly, I say to you that all committing sin are servants of sin.
B2 Sin is addictive. We are all addicts before salvation. Ephesians 2:3 WEL Among whom we also lived our life in the past, in the lusts of our flesh, fulfilling the desires of the flesh and of the mind, by nature we were children of wrath even as others.
B3 We resist God by hardening out hearts. Hardening is the word for resisting.
C1 Psalm 95:8 NIV Do not harden your hearts as you did at Meribah, as you did that day at Massah in the wilderness.
C2 Hebrews 12:25 NIV See to it that you do not refuse him who speaks. If they did not escape when they refused him who warned them on earth, how much less will we, if we turn away from him who warns us from heaven?

These 2 lords have different styles of leadership. They are totally opposite of each other. It is either God’s method or the devil’s method. One is controlling and the other is with a measure of libertarian freedom.

Here is a good example of 2 styles of leadership.
B1 Controlling: Exodus 5:1-2, 5-6, 10, 15, 17 NIV Afterward Moses and Aaron went to Pharaoh and said, "This is what the LORD, the God of Israel, says: 'Let my people go, so that they may hold a festival to me in the wilderness.' " Pharaoh said, "Who is the LORD, that I should obey him and let Israel go? I do not know the LORD and I will not let Israel go." ... Then Pharaoh said, "Look, the people of the land are now numerous, and you are stopping them from working." That same day Pharaoh gave this order to the slave drivers and overseers in charge of the people: ... Then the slave drivers and the overseers went out and said to the people, "This is what Pharaoh says: 'I will not give you any more straw. ... Then the Israelite overseers went and appealed to Pharaoh: "Why have you treated your servants this way? ... Pharaoh said, "Lazy, that's what you are--lazy! That is why you keep saying, 'Let us go and sacrifice to the LORD.'
C1 A heavy yoke
C2 Rigorous service
C3 Pain
C4 Decisions made from one person
C5 Not mercy, care, compassion, or love.
B2 Godly: Matthew 11:28-30 WEL "Come to me, all who are exhausted and burdened, and I will give you rest. 29 "Take my yoke on you and learn from me, for I am meek and lowly in heart, and you will find rest for your souls. 30 "For my yoke is easy to bear, and my burden is light."
C1 A light yoke
C2 Delegation
C3 Care
C4 Merciful
C5 Loves his servants

Godly leadership style can be applied in many different situations: marriage, pastoral, employer, family, etc. Controlling is not Christian, and Christian is not controlling.

Even though God is sovereign, for He can do whatever He wants, and no one can prevent it. God is sovereign and can degree. No one can resist. We read this in the Bible regarding things in...
B1 Creation
C1 Colossians 1:17 NLT He existed before anything else, and he holds all creation together.
C2 God gave the order, and it was obeyed—perfectly. We read this in God’s command to the birds of the air in Revelation 19:17-21 NIV And I saw an angel standing in the sun, who cried in a loud voice to all the birds flying in midair, "Come, gather together for the great supper of God, so that you may eat the flesh of kings, generals, and the mighty, of horses and their riders, and the flesh of all people, free and slave, great and small." Then I saw the beast and the kings of the earth and their armies gathered together to wage war against the rider on the horse and his army. But the beast was captured, and with it the false prophet who had performed the signs on its behalf. With these signs he had deluded those who had received the mark of the beast and worshiped its image. The two of them were thrown alive into the fiery lake of burning sulfur. The rest were killed with the sword coming out of the mouth of the rider on the horse, and all the birds gorged themselves on their flesh.
B2 Humans. Here we read of an action performed that Jesus’s enemies did not want to do, but they did. They fell backwards: John 18:4-6 NLT Jesus fully realized all that was going to happen to him, so he stepped forward to meet them. "Who are you looking for?" he asked. "Jesus the Nazarene," they replied. "I AM he," Jesus said. (Judas, who betrayed him, was standing with them.) As Jesus said "I AM he," they all drew back and fell to the ground!
B3 The miracles done by the Lord Jesus show His power over creation, sickness, demons, people, and situations. In Matthew 14, Jesus feeds 5,000, walks on water, calms a storm, and heals the sick.
B4 Most of His covenants with people and nations are unconditional, but some are conditional.
C1 Conditional—Edenic: Genesis 2:16-17 NLT But the LORD God warned him, "You may freely eat the fruit of every tree in the garden-- except the tree of the knowledge of good and evil. If you eat its fruit, you are sure to die."
C2 Unconditional—Adamic: Genesis 3:15-17 NLT And I will cause hostility between you and the woman, and between your offspring and her offspring. He will strike your head, and you will strike his heel." Then he said to the woman, "I will sharpen the pain of your pregnancy, and in pain you will give birth. And you will desire to control your husband, but he will rule over you." And to the man he said, "Since you listened to your wife and ate from the tree whose fruit I commanded you not to eat, the ground is cursed because of you. All your life you will struggle to scratch a living from it.
C3 Unconditional—Noahic: Genesis 9
C4 Unconditional—Abrahamic: Genesis 12:1-4;13:14-17; 15:1-7; 17:1-8.
C5 Conditional—Mosasic: This is the Law given to Israel on Mt Sinai. If you obey, these blessings will happen. If you disobey, curses will happen.
C6 Unconditional—Land: Deuteronomy 29:1-30:20.
C7 Unconditional—Davidic: 2 Samuel 7:11b-16 and 1 Chronicles 17:10B-14.
C8 Unconditional—New: Jeremiah 31:31-40 and Hebrews 8:6-13.
C9 For further information on covenants see Part 1, Part 2, and Part 3.

God decrees a measure of freedom
B1 We can choose:
C1 2 Samuel 24:12 NIV Go and tell David, 'This is what the LORD says: I am giving you three options. Choose one of them for me to carry out against you.
C2 Proverbs 1:29 NIV since they hated knowledge and did not choose to fear the LORD.
C3 Isaiah 56:4 NIV For this is what the LORD says: "To the eunuchs who keep my Sabbaths, who choose what pleases me and hold fast to my covenant.
C4 Matthew 7:13-14 WEL Enter in at the narrow gate, for the gate is wide and the road is spacious that leads to destruction, and there are many who go in there. 14 "Because the gate is narrow and the road difficult that leads to life and there are few who find it.
B2 We can resist:
C1 Nehemiah 9:30 NIV For many years you were patient with them. By your Spirit you warned them through your prophets. Yet they paid no attention, so you gave them into the hands of the neighboring peoples.
C2 Acts 7:51 NLT You stubborn people! You are heathen at heart and deaf to the truth. Must you forever resist the Holy Spirit? That's what your ancestors did, and so do you!
B3 We can cause the Holy Spirit to grieve: Ephesians 4:30 WEL Don't grieve the Holy Spirit of God, by which you are sealed for the day of redemption.
B4 We can quench the Holy Spirit: 1 Thessalonians 5:19 WEL Don’t quench the Spirit.
B5 We can lie to God the Holy Spirit: Acts 5:3 WEL Peter said, "Ananias, why has Satan filled your heart to lie to the Holy Spirit to keep some of the money from [selling] the land?
B6 We can test God: Acts 5:9 WEL Then Peter said to her, "How is it that you have agreed together to test the Spirit of the Lord? Look! See the feet of those who have buried your husband are at the door and will carry you out."
B7 We can insult the Holy Spirit: Hebrews 10:29 WEL How much worse punishment, do you think, will be deserving the one who has spurned the Son of God and has considered the blood of the covenant, with which he was sanctified, an unholy thing and has insulted the Spirit of grace?
B8 We can blaspheme the Holy Spirit: Matthew 12:31-32 WEL Therefore, I say to you, 'All kinds of people’s sin and blasphemy will be forgiven, but a person’s blasphemy against the Spirit will not be forgiven.' 32 "Whosoever speaks a word against the Son of Man will be forgiven, but whoever speaks against the Holy Spirit, it will not be forgiven him, not in this age nor in the age to come.

Let us reverently serve God and enjoy His great leadership style. As we do, they us live by that same leadership style in all we do.

And remember, let us always choose life by choosing Yahweh and His ways. He will give us grace when we need it, if we ask. When it is time for judgment, there is no choice we can make. He is the judge who decides and who sentences.

30 August 2017

Loyal Love

Loyal Love

Theme: A Choice of Faith

Scriptures: Ruth 1:1-22

Objectives: (From the D6 Fusion Sunday School Lesson Book)
Know: Ruth chose to leave her people and false gods to embrace her mother-in-law Naomi, the Israelites, and God Almighty.
Think: Have the mindset that others’ needs are as important as my own.
Do: Commit to God and serve those around us in need.

Notes and Questions:
B1 Choice
C1 Dictionary: An act of selecting or making a decision when faced with two or more possibilities.
C2 Calvinism: The best definition (after searching for nearly an hour, for I wanted a clear definition from a 5 point Calvinist) is determinism and compatibilism. So, it comes down to God’s exhaustive decreeing of everything, or God decreeing the circumstances and desires so that a person will freely choose something. In other words a choice has to have a cause. If there is a cause, there is one who is the causer. The problem is that people do resist (Luke 13:34, John 5:40, Acts 7:39, etc.). A Calvinist believes that humans can ONLY always choose to sin but see Matthew 7:11. Also, God commands Isaiah to reason with Him (Isaiah 1:18).
D1 Determinism, particularly exhaustive determinism, is spelled out in the Westminster Confession of Faith: God from all eternity did, by the most wise and holy counsel of his own will, freely and unchangeably ordain whatsoever comes to pass: yet so, as thereby neither is God the author of sin, nor is violence offered to the will of the creatures, nor is the liberty or contingency of second causes taken away, but rather established. (3.1)
E1 Explanation A
F1 Humans freely choose.
F2 This is based on a cause. There has to be some reason a person chooses A instead of B.
F3 A cause has to have a causer. This causer is God.
E2 Explanation B
F1 God decrees the circumstances.
F2 God decrees the highest and best choice.
F3 A person freely choose the highest and best choice.
C3 Reformed/Classical Arminianism

D2 Lenos
E1 It is necessary to divide the idea of free will into 2 things.
E2 First, in regards to everything except God and salvation.
F1 Free will is not necessarily making choices freely.
F2 Free will has the necessity of there is no coercion whether deterministic or compatibilistic views.
F3 The Bible teaches that we are slaves of sin and dead in sins.
G1 Ephesians 2:1-3 NKJV  And you He made alive, who were dead in trespasses and sins,  (2)  in which you once walked according to the course of this world, according to the prince of the power of the air, the spirit who now works in the sons of disobedience,  (3)  among whom also we all once conducted ourselves in the lusts of our flesh, fulfilling the desires of the flesh and of the mind, and were by nature children of wrath, just as the others.
G2 John 8:34 NKJV  Jesus answered them, "Most assuredly, I say to you, whoever commits sin is a slave of sin.
G3 Romans 6:6 NKJV  knowing this, that our old man was crucified with Him, that the body of sin might be done away with, that we should no longer be slaves of sin.
E3 Second, in regards to God and salvation
F1 No one seeks God. We are totally depraved and totally unable.
G1 Romans 3:10-11 NKJV  As it is written: "There is none righteous, no, not one;  (11)  There is none who understands; there is none who seeks after God.
G2 Mark 10:18 NKJV  So Jesus said to him, "Why do you call Me good? No one is good but One, that is, God.
G3 Romans 3:12 NKJV  They have all turned aside; they have together become unprofitable; there is none who does good, no, not one."
F2 God initiates salvation
G1 John 16:8-9 NKJV  And when He has come, He will convict the world of sin, and of righteousness, and of judgment:  (9)  of sin, because they do not believe in Me.
G2 Acts 16:14 NKJV  Now a certain woman named Lydia heard us. She was a seller of purple from the city of Thyatira, who worshiped God. The Lord opened her heart to heed the things spoken by Paul.
F3 Then we have a freed will and can resist or not resist God’s call to believe. Unless God frees the will, we cannot be saved.
C4 Back to the Sunday School Lesson. Choices have consequences.
B2 Ruth 1:1-5,
C1 Ruth 1:1-5 NKJV  Now it came to pass, in the days when the judges ruled, that there was a famine in the land. And a certain man of Bethlehem, Judah, went to dwell in the country of Moab, he and his wife and his two sons.  (2)  The name of the man was Elimelech, the name of his wife was Naomi, and the names of his two sons were Mahlon and Chilion—Ephrathites of Bethlehem, Judah. And they went to the country of Moab and remained there.  (3)  Then Elimelech, Naomi's husband, died; and she was left, and her two sons.  (4)  Now they took wives of the women of Moab: the name of the one was Orpah, and the name of the other Ruth. And they dwelt there about ten years.  (5)  Then both Mahlon and Chilion also died; so the woman survived her two sons and her husband.
C2 Maps
C3 Why would a famine force Elimelech’s family to leave Israel, while others stayed?
C4 How would this choice affect the family?
C5 Why did Elimelech’s sons marry Moabite women?
C6 Three husbands died. Why would God allow this to happen?
D1 The universe is under the curse of sin and its penalty--death. (Genesis 2:17, Genesis 3, Isaiah 24:5-6, Romans 8:20-22).
D2 There is a redeemer, the Messiah Jesus (Isaiah 47:4, Revelation 5:9).
D3 There is the promise of the curse removed (Revelation 22:3-5).
B3 Ruth 1:6-18,
C1 Why did Naomi decide to return home to Israel?
C2 Why did Naomi urge her daughter-in-laws to return to their people?
C3 Why did Orpah return but Ruth went with Naomi?
C4 Ruth 1:16-17, why was Ruth so determined to return with Naomi?
C5 What affect did these two choices have?
C6 How can we make wise choices?
C7 Some verses on wise choice.
D1 Hebrews 11:24-26 GNB  It was faith that made Moses, when he had grown up, refuse to be called the son of the king's daughter.  (25)  He preferred to suffer with God's people rather than to enjoy sin for a little while.  (26)  He reckoned that to suffer scorn for the Messiah was worth far more than all the treasures of Egypt, for he kept his eyes on the future reward.
D2 1 Kings 3:5-10 GNB  That night the LORD appeared to him in a dream and asked him, "What would you like me to give you?"  (6)  Solomon answered, "You always showed great love for my father David, your servant, and he was good, loyal, and honest in his relation with you. And you have continued to show him your great and constant love by giving him a son who today rules in his place.  (7)  O LORD God, you have let me succeed my father as king, even though I am very young and don't know how to rule.  (8)  Here I am among the people you have chosen to be your own, a people who are so many that they cannot be counted.  (9)  So give me the wisdom I need to rule your people with justice and to know the difference between good and evil. Otherwise, how would I ever be able to rule this great people of yours?"  (10)  The Lord was pleased that Solomon had asked for this.
C8 How do we help someone who is hurting so badly? (Meeting spiritual needs first, then safety, listening closely, food, clothes, housing, etc.).
B4 Ruth 1:19-22,
C1 Ruth 1:19-22 NKJV  Now the two of them went until they came to Bethlehem. And it happened, when they had come to Bethlehem, that all the city was excited because of them; and the women said, "Is this Naomi?"  (20)  But she said to them, "Do not call me Naomi; call me Mara, for the Almighty has dealt very bitterly with me.  (21)  I went out full, and the LORD has brought me home again empty. Why do you call me Naomi, since the LORD has testified against me, and the Almighty has afflicted me?"  (22)  So Naomi returned, and Ruth the Moabitess her daughter-in-law with her, who returned from the country of Moab. Now they came to Bethlehem at the beginning of barley harvest.
C2 How was Naomi’s response to the people of Bethlehem typical of us today?
C3 Was the Almighty the cause all this sorrow?
C4 Was God punishing her?
C5 How was the time they arrived a blessing?
B5 How has life’s sorrows affect us?
B6 Who has helped us?
B7 How can we keep our faith is times of great sorrow and troubles?
B8 Next week:
C1 A good name
C2 Theme: Faithfulness is rewarded
C3 Scriptures: Ruth 2:1-23