Paul, an apostle of Jesus Christ by the will of God, To the saints who are in Ephesus, and faithful in Christ Jesus: Grace to you and peace from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ. Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who has blessed us with every spiritual blessing in the heavenly places in Christ, just as He chose us in Him before the foundation of the world, that we should be holy and without blame before Him in love, having predestined us to adoption as sons by Jesus Christ to Himself, according to the good pleasure of His will, to the praise of the glory of His grace, by which He made us accepted in the Beloved. In Him we have redemption through His blood, the forgiveness of sins, according to the riches of His grace which He made to abound toward us in all wisdom and prudence, having made known to us the mystery of His will, according to His good pleasure which He purposed in Himself, that in the dispensation of the fullness of the times He might gather together in one all things in Christ, both which are in heaven and which are on earth—in Him. In Him also we have obtained an inheritance, being predestined according to the purpose of Him who works all things according to the counsel of His will, (Ephesians 1:1-11 NKJV)
C1 Author: Holy Spirit
C2 Writer: Paul
C1 God's people in Ephesus
C2 The faithful in Christ Jesus (the rest of us)
A3 Notes: Dealings with God and His people (Christians)
B1 Who has blessed us .
C1 When the lesser blesses, he thanks and praises the greater.
C2 When the greater blesses, it is gifts of many types.
D1 Spiritual blessings
E1 Fruit of the Spirit: But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, patience, kindness, goodness, faithfulness, gentleness, self-control–against such things there is no law. (Galatians 5:22-23, WPNT)
E2 Some blessing listed here
F2 Forgiveness of sins
F3 Knowledge of the mystery (The Gospel)
F4 Our gathering together (Unity—God's unity not the worldly unity that is currently preached uniting believers with heretics and apostates).
F5 An inheritance (Heaven and especially fellowship with God).
E3 God himself. (Jesus Christ is the ultimate blessing in this life, because of all He is and is, has, and will do).
D2 Heavenly blessings
B2 He has chosen us.
C1 Meaning of the word
D1 A choosing for Himself.
D2 To pick out as in upon seeing a number of choices, one is picked out. If I went with a brother to a cafe, and he said, "Pick out something on the menu; I'll pay for it," and I picked out the fried ehis word means.
C2 He chose us.
D1 This decision, the plan, was made before the creation of the world.
D2 This decision is God's plan.
D3 This does not seem to involve individuals as much as the group/set consisting of Christians. (Consider corporate election).
D4 Election is different than unconditional election.
E1 Unconditional election, in its various versions, is where God makes His choice of who goes to heaven and who goes to hell. The elect for heaven have no choice in the matter, nor those who are the elect for hell. God does the choosing. (See, Election is, therefore, that decree of God which He eternally makes, by which, with sovereign freedom, He chooses to Himself a people, upon whom He determines to set His love, whom He rescues from sin and death through Jesus Christ, unto Himself in everlasting glory.
This election is sovereign - God's sovereign and free choice. This election is eternal even as God's counsel is eternal. This election is unchangeable even as God's counsel is unchangeable. This election is efficacious so that the decree of election itself is, through Christ, the power by which the elect are actually saved. Source).
E2 Conditional election is, Therefore, election is corporate and embraces individual persons only as they identify and associate themselves with the body of Christ, the true church (Ephesians 1:22-23 and source).
C3 Chose for a purpose.
D1 For us to be holy
D2 And blameless
D3 To be adopted
E1 Sons and daughters of God
E2 Privileges of the family
E3 Possible because of the atoning death of Jesus Christ
E4 2 Corinthians 6:18 WPNT And, “I will be a Father to you, and you will be sons and daughters to me, says the LORD Almighty.”
B3 He predestined us.
C1 Meaning of the word
D1 Plan, though, because of theology it has picked up the meaning of exhaustively determined.
D2 Predetermine in the sense of a decision was determined before the situation that demanded it. So, it is a plan, a decision, that occurred in the past before creation.
D3 It does not mean to pick out an individual and determine him/her to heaven or hell.
D4 I would never chose him for I was dead and could not, but the Holy Spirit opened my eyes and heart to the Gospel and offered me salvation. I could resist or not resist. If God had not predestined me, I would never have believed.
C2 Predestination was done "in love," though "in love" might refer to verse 4 in which it would refer to our love to Him.
C3 Predestination is for adoption not salvation. It was God’s plan.
C4 The good pleasure of His will, that is, this was a happy decision.
C5 It is of grace, which is receiving what we do not deserve.
B4 He has made us accepted in the beloved.
C1 Grace has made us accepted.
C2 Grace is getting what we do not deserve.
C3 We deserve hell, but instead, because of His grace we are accepted, not rejected.
C4 Those who are rejected are those who resisted God's gracious call.
D1 Luke 13:34 EMTV "O Jerusalem, Jerusalem, the one who kills the prophets and stones those who are sent to her! How often I wanted to gather your children together, like a hen gathers her brood under her wings, but you were not willing!
D2 John 5:40 EMTV But you are unwilling to come to Me, so that you may have life.
B5 We have redemption.
C1 Meaning of the word
D1 Freedom because of something paid.
D3 Jesus suffered and died to pay the penalty of sin.
D1 Through His blood. No blood shed, no salvation.
D2 Because of His shed blood, we have forgiveness of sins.
C3 Some cross references
D1 Galatians 3:13-14 EMTV Christ has redeemed us from the curse of the law, having become a curse for us, for it is written, "Cursed is everyone who hangs on a tree," 14 so that the blessing of Abraham might come to the Gentiles in Christ Jesus, that we might receive the promise of the Spirit through faith.
D2 Colossians 1:13-14 WPNT who delivered us out of the dominion of the darkness and transferred us into the kingdom of the Son of His love, in whom we have the redemption through His blood, the forgiveness of our sins.
D3 Romans 5:6 EMTV For while we were still weak, in due time Christ died for the ungodly.
D4 Hebrews 13:12 EMTV Therefore Jesus also, so that He might sanctify the people through His own blood, suffered outside the gate.
D5 John 19:30 EMTV Therefore when Jesus received the sour wine, He said, "It is finished!" And bowing His head, He gave up His spirit.
B6 His grace is abounded.
C1 Not just a little grace but lots of grace.
D1 Wisdom deals with decision making.
D2 God shows His wisdom in salvation and the plan of salvation.
D1 Making a choice with moral insight
D2 Deals with the practical details of how to carry this plan/decision out.
B7 He made known to us the mystery of His will.
C1 The mystery of His will is the Gospel.
D1 1 Timothy 3:16 EMTV And confessedly, great is the mystery of godliness: God was manifested in the flesh, justified in the Spirit, seen by angels, proclaimed among [the] Gentiles, believed on in the world, [and] was received up in glory.
D2 t2 Timothy 1:10 EMTV but has now been revealed through the appearance of our Savior Jesus Christ, having abolished death on the one hand, [and] having brought to life immortality through the gospel on the other.
D3 A mystery: what was hidden is now known
C2 He knew the plan but did not reveal it until the time of Jesus on this earth.
D1 This plan was done in
E1 Accordance with His good pleasure (satisfaction, delight)
E2 His plan not a plan put together by others
E3 Psalms 33:11 GNB92 But his plans endure forever; his purposes last eternally.
D2 A plan hatched in justice and love
B8 He will gather us together.
C1 The true unity of believers is not the forced, and we are still a family in the 21st century.
C2 God does this gathering, not some pastor, church, or group of people.
B9 We have an inheritance.
C1 Our main inheritance is God himself.
C2 Jesus shares His inheritance with us (Romans 8:17 CSB - and if children, also heirs—heirs of God and coheirs with Christ—if indeed we suffer with him so that we may also be glorified with him).
D1 Forgiveness of sins
D3 Fellowship with God, holy angels, and God's people
D4 Relief from the sufferings caused by sin.
C1 God made a plan. He followed that plan.
C2 Jesus always was, is, and will be Messiah.
C3 God’s plan, through Abraham, was to have a physical nation, Israel, and a spiritual nation, the church. When one is born again, they enter the spiritual nation, the church, which is Christ’s body.
C4 We are a family of believers.
C5 We have an inheritance.
C6 We need to preach the Gospel.