Showing posts with label faith. Show all posts
Showing posts with label faith. Show all posts

29 October 2019

A Few More Thoughts About Faith

Faith
B1 Defined
C1 I define faith as believing God.
C2 Bible verses
D1 Jonah 3:5 CSB Then the people of Nineveh believed God. They proclaimed a fast and dressed in sackcloth—from the greatest of them to the least.
D2 Romans 4:3 CSB For what does the Scripture say? Abraham believed God, and it was credited to him for righteousness. (Genesis 15:6)
D3 Romans 11:30 WEL For just as in times past you refused to believe God, yet now you have received mercy through their disobedience.
D4 Psalm 78:20-22 NLT Yes, he can strike a rock so water gushes out, but he can't give his people bread and meat." 21 When the LORD heard them, he was furious. The fire of his wrath burned against Jacob. Yes, his anger rose against Israel, 22 for they did not believe God or trust him to care for them.
D5 John 3:18 WEL The one who believes in him is not judged, but the one who does not believe is judged already, because he has not believed in the name of the only begotten Son of God.
B2 Hebrews 11 is the faith chapter. What faith is. Examples of brothers and sisters in faith. They show their faith by what they do. We do what we really believe. It is not just what we say we believe.

Classes of faith (from my feeble mind)
B1 Blind faith
C1 Blind faith is the faith where there is no reason to believe something other than what someone says of writes. An example might be I might someone whom I have never met before. This person tells me that they have 3 earned doctorate degrees. This person tells me something he/she has learned. I believe this person explicitly. I have never met them before. I do not know if they have any degrees. They give no reasons or logic to support their statement. I just believe it. This is blind faith. We all must have a little skepticism to test what someone claims.
C2 The common example: Too many still mention God’s command to Abraham to sacrifice his son Isaac. They claim this was blind faith.
C3 But
D1 Abraham had many times believed God. Always it was the best choice to make.
E1 Genesis 12 Leave Haran:
F1 Genesis 12:1-4 NIV The LORD had said to Abram, "Go from your country, your people and your father's household to the land I will show you. 2 "I will make you into a great nation, and I will bless you; I will make your name great, and you will be a blessing. 3 I will bless those who bless you, and whoever curses you I will curse; and all peoples on earth will be blessed through you." 4 So Abram went, as the LORD had told him; and Lot went with him. Abram was seventy-five years old when he set out from Harran.
F2 The rest of the chapter and following chapters show how God blessed Abraham.
E2 Genesis 15 Prediction of a son who will be the heir:
F1 Genesis 15:1-6 NIV After this, the word of the LORD came to Abram in a vision: "Do not be afraid, Abram. I am your shield, your very great reward." 2 But Abram said, "Sovereign LORD, what can you give me since I remain childless and the one who will inherit my estate is Eliezer of Damascus?" 3 And Abram said, "You have given me no children; so a servant in my household will be my heir." 4 Then the word of the LORD came to him: "This man will not be your heir, but a son who is your own flesh and blood will be your heir." 5 He took him outside and said, "Look up at the sky and count the stars—if indeed you can count them." Then he said to him, "So shall your offspring be." 6 Abram believed the LORD, and he credited it to him as righteousness.
F2 Prediction of a son in about one year: Genesis 18:10 NIV Then one of them said, "I will surely return to you about this time next year, and Sarah your wife will have a son." Now Sarah was listening at the entrance to the tent, which was behind him.
F3 Prediction fulfilled: Genesis 21:1-3 NIV Now the LORD was gracious to Sarah as he had said, and the LORD did for Sarah what he had promised. 2 Sarah became pregnant and bore a son to Abraham in his old age, at the very time God had promised him. 3 Abraham gave the name Isaac to the son Sarah bore him.
E3 Genesis 18 Prediction of judgment:
F1 Genesis 18:1, 20-23 NIV The LORD appeared to Abraham near the great trees of Mamre while he was sitting at the entrance to his tent in the heat of the day. ... 20 Then the LORD said, "The outcry against Sodom and Gomorrah is so great and their sin so grievous 21 that I will go down and see if what they have done is as bad as the outcry that has reached me. If not, I will know." 22 The men turned away and went toward Sodom, but Abraham remained standing before the LORD. 23 Then Abraham approached him and said: "Will you sweep away the righteous with the wicked?
F2 Prediction fulfilled: Genesis 19:28-29 NIV He looked down toward Sodom and Gomorrah, toward all the land of the plain, and he saw dense smoke rising from the land, like smoke from a furnace. 29 So when God destroyed the cities of the plain, he remembered Abraham, and he brought Lot out of the catastrophe that overthrew the cities where Lot had lived.
E4 Genesis The test:
F1 Genesis 22:1-2, 8, 10, 13 NIV Some time later God tested Abraham. He said to him, "Abraham!" "Here I am," he replied. 2 Then God said, "Take your son, your only son, whom you love--Isaac--and go to the region of Moriah. Sacrifice him there as a burnt offering on a mountain I will show you." ... 8 Abraham answered, "God himself will provide the lamb for the burnt offering, my son." And the two of them went on together. ... 10 Then he reached out his hand and took the knife to slay his son. ... 13 Abraham looked up and there in a thicket he saw a ram caught by its horns. He went over and took the ram and sacrificed it as a burnt offering instead of his son.
F2 Isaac was delivered by a substitute.
D2 So it was reasonable for Abrahma to believe God in Genesis 22. Abraham had had many dealings with God. God proved faithful. What God predicted about Isaac being the heir came true. If Isaac was to die, then God would prove to be a liar or too weak. Isaac lived. Further, we know from Hebrews 11 that Abraham couldn’t understand this command but thought that God would raise Isaac from the dead. Hebrews 11:17-19 NIV By faith Abraham, when God tested him, offered Isaac as a sacrifice. He who had embraced the promises was about to sacrifice his one and only son, 18 even though God had said to him, "It is through Isaac that your offspring will be reckoned." 19 Abraham reasoned that God could even raise the dead, and so in a manner of speaking he did receive Isaac back from death.
C4 Some articles:
B2 Reasonable faith—is a faith that the person mentioned about might have some proof of their degrees or perhaps, we have met them before. Still, we need a little skepticism to see if they really have these degrees and need more than a little, simple support for their statements. We simply must have some evidence.
C1 Personally, I look to Jesus as the foundation.
D1 It is reasonable that He existed. See here (also read the comments as there is much more information there) and here (PDF) for examples.
D2 It is reasonable that what is written about Him is true. See here and here and here (book) for examples.
D3 It is reasonable that what He said was true.
D4 It is reasonable that He is the Messiah. See here and here for examples.
C2 The Gospel chain of custody as presented by J. Warner Wallace. It is also here.
C3 Some examples of how others twist meaning into Jesus’s words.
D1 This is from a rebuttal to a debate by atheist Richard Carrier in the David Marshall v. Richard Carrier debate.
D2 Words of the Lord Jesus:
E1 Matthew 26:60-61 NLT But even though they found many who agreed to give false witness, they could not use anyone's testimony. Finally, two men came forward 61 who declared, "This man said, 'I am able to destroy the Temple of God and rebuild it in three days.
E2 John 2:19-21 NLT "All right," Jesus replied. "Destroy this temple, and in three days I will raise it up." 20 "What!" they exclaimed. "It has taken forty-six years to build this Temple, and you can rebuild it in three days?" 21 But when Jesus said "this temple," he meant his own body.
C4 Some other sources (I don’t necessary agree with all they teach. Always be a Berean).
D2 The Evidence for Christianity by William Lane Craig

12 October 2019

A Few Thoughts on the Epistle of Titus Titus 1:1-4

Outline

B1 Chapter 1
C1 Titus 1:1-4 Salutation
C2 Titus 1:5-9 Church leaders
C3 Titus 1:10-16 Rebuke

B2 Chapter 2
C1 Titus 2:1-2 Older Men
C2 Titus 2:3-5 Older Women
C3 Titus 2:6-8 Young Men
C4 Titus 2:9-10 Slaves and Masters
C5 Titus 2:11 God Wants All to Be Saved
C6 Titus 2:12-15 Preach Godliness

B3 Chapter 3
C1 Titus 3:1-2 Dealing with non-Christians
C2 Titus 3:3-8 What We Were, and How God Changed Us
C3 Titus 3:9-11 Avoid
C4 Titus 3:12-15 Final Greetings

Chapter 1

Titus 1:1-4 Salutation

1 Paul a servant of God and apostle of Jesus Christ according to the faith of God’s chosen and full knowledge of that truth, which is according to godliness,
2 In hope of eternal life, which God, who cannot lie, promised before the world began.
3 At the right time, he made his word unmistakably clear through preaching which was entrusted to me according to the commandment of God our Savior.
4 To Titus, my true son in the common faith, may grace, mercy, and peace be yours from God the Father and the Lord Jesus Christ, our Savior.

Notes
B1 Verse 1
C1 Servant and apostle
D1 Paul is a voluntary servant. He is not the slave of a harsh owner.
D2 God’s style of leadership (He is King of the Universe) is that He prefers voluntary service and obedience rather than coerced service.
D3 Paul’s commission from God is apostleship. God delegates. God is not a micromanager decreeing everything exhaustively and rendering it certain.
D4 God’s offices that He commissions: 1 Corinthians 12:28 NLT Here are some of the parts God has appointed for the church: first are apostles, second are prophets, third are teachers, then those who do miracles, those who have the gift of healing, those who can help others, those who have the gift of leadership, those who speak in unknown languages.
D5 The purpose of these offices is to assist and increase the church in knowledge (includes apologetics), faith, living the Christian life, teaching the Christian worldview, answering questions, healing the hurts (as much as possible) of the believers, etc. Ephesians 4:11-12 NLT Now these are the gifts Christ gave to the church: the apostles, the prophets, the evangelists, and the pastors and teachers. Their responsibility is to equip God's people to do his work and build up the church, the body of Christ.
D6 Every believer has a spiritual gift from God to serve each other. Hopefully we are exercising that gift, and not claiming, “It’s the pastor’s job.” 1 Corinthians 12:4-7 WEL Now there are different gifts, but the same Spirit. 5 There are different ministries, but the same Lord. 6 There are different results, but it is the same God who works all in all. 7 This observable ministry of the Spirit is given to everyone for the benefit [of all].
D5 An apostle
E1 Qualifications: Acts 1:21-22 CSB Therefore, from among the men who have accompanied us during the whole time the Lord Jesus went in and out among us—beginning from the baptism of John until the day he was taken up from us—from among these, it is necessary that one become a witness with us of his resurrection.
E2 Paul had not accompanied Jesus but has seen the resurrected Christ on the Damascus road.
F1 1 Corinthians 9:1 NKJV Am I not an apostle? Am I not free? Have I not seen Jesus Christ our Lord? Are you not my work in the Lord?
F2 1 Corinthians 15:8 NKJV Then last of all He was seen by me also, as by one born out of due time.
F3 Acts 9:3, 5 NKJV As he journeyed he came near Damascus, and suddenly a light shone around him from heaven. ... And he said, "Who are You, Lord?" Then the Lord said, "I am Jesus, whom you are persecuting. It is hard for you to kick against the goads."
C2 Faith of God’s chosen
D1 Faith refers to the body of Christian belief (Gospel, doctrine, and life).
D2 God’s chosen may refer to either Jesus Christ or all believers. Jesus is the teacher of the faith continued on through the work of the Holy Spirit.
E1 Refers to Jesus as in 1 Peter 2:6 NIV For in Scripture it says: "See, I lay a stone in Zion, a chosen and precious cornerstone, and the one who trusts in him will never be put to shame."
E2 Refers to all believers as in Colossians 3:12-13 WEL Therefore put on—as the chosen of God, holy and dearly loved—a heart of compassion, kindness, a humble attitude, caring gentleness, longsuffering, 13 Putting up with one another and forgiving one another. If anyone has a quarrel against any other, then even as Christ forgave you, so you also do.
C3 Full knowledge would be complete knowledge. It is the responsibility of the leaders to teach the people the complete faith. It is the responsibility of the believers to read and study their New Testament to learn the faith. Biblical illiteracy is much too high.
C4 Godliness, that is, God’s standard.
B2 Verse 2
C1 Hope. Faith is believing God. Hope is the expectant waiting for what is promised.
D1 Paul had faith, that is, he believed God’s promise of eternal life.
D2 Paul had hope, that is, he has not yet experienced it but is confident it will happen.
D3 Faith is believing God: Hebrews 11:1 CSB Now faith is the reality of what is hoped for, the proof of what is not seen.
D4 Hope is the confidence of what we believe: 1 Thessalonians 5:8 NLT But let us who live in the light be clearheaded, protected by the armor of faith and love, and wearing as our helmet the confidence of our salvation.
C2 God cannot lie.
D1 Truth is the core character trait of God. Because of this we know God’s love is true love, God’s compassion is true compassion, God’s warning are true warnings, God’s offer of salvation is a true offer, God’s promises are true promises, and what God says (Scripture) is truth. It is not flattery, manipulation, deceiving, etc. God’s being, God’s thoughts, God’s words, God’s rules, God’s kingship, God’s character traits, God’s lifestyle, God’s decisions are all truth done in wisdom, love, and holiness.
D2 Psalm 12:6 NET The LORD's words are absolutely reliable. They are as untainted as silver purified in a furnace on the ground, where it is thoroughly refined.
D3 James 1:17 GW Every good present and every perfect gift comes from above, from the Father who made the sun, moon, and stars. The Father doesn't change like the shifting shadows produced by the sun and the moon.
D4 Compare those who did not (refuse to believe). They understood but did not believe.
E1 Psalm 106:24 NET They rejected the fruitful land; they did not believe his promise.
E2 Matthew 21:32 NET For John came to you in the way of righteousness, and you did not believe him. But the tax collectors and prostitutes did believe. Although you saw this, you did not later change your minds and believe him.
E3 Jude 1:5 NET Now I desire to remind you (even though you have been fully informed of these facts once for all) that Jesus, having saved the people out of the land of Egypt, later destroyed those who did not believe.
C1 Promised before world began
D1 All was planned by God’s before creating.
D2 1 Corinthians 2:7 NLT No, the wisdom we speak of is the mystery of Godhis plan that was previously hidden, even though he made it for our ultimate glory before the world began.
B2 Verse 3
D1 Messiah dying for our sins. Salvation as a gift in meeting God’s conditions. Faith, not works, for salvation. All was hidden and mysterious until Jesus came and preached.
E1 Romans 16:25 NASB Now to Him who is able to establish you according to my gospel and the preaching of Jesus Christ, according to the revelation of the mystery which has been kept secret for long ages past,
E2 Ephesians 6:19 CSB Pray also for me, that the message may be given to me when I open my mouth to make known with boldness the mystery of the gospel.
B3 Verse 4
C1 Grace is God’s gift of strength to do His will.
C2 Mercy is God’s gift of not giving us what we really deserve, because of the ministry of His Son, the Lord Jesus.
C3 Faith is believing God.

07 March 2018

It's Always Been Faith




Theme: Justified by faith

Scriptures: Galatians 3:1-29

Objectives: (From the D6 Fusion Sunday School Lesson book)
Know: Justification has always been through faith, even in the Old Testament.
Think: Maintain an awareness that I am totally dependent on Christ for salvation and for power to live for Him each day.
Do: Continue to walk by faith each and every day.

B1 Galatians 3:1-5 NKJV O foolish Galatians! Who has bewitched you that you should not obey the truth, before whose eyes Jesus Christ was clearly portrayed among you as crucified? This only I want to learn from you: Did you receive the Spirit by the works of the law, or by the hearing of faith? Are you so foolish? Having begun in the Spirit, are you now being made perfect by the flesh? Have you suffered so many things in vain–if indeed it was in vain? Therefore He who supplies the Spirit to you and works miracles among you, does He do it by the works of the law, or by the hearing of faith?
C1 What did the Galatians have a clear description of?
C2 Why did they not obey the truth? (Wilbur Pickering notes, Perhaps 3% of the Greek manuscripts omit “that you not be persuaded by the Truth (as in NIV, NASB, LB, TEV, etc.)).
C3 How does this verse apply to the Galatians (and perhaps, to us): Proverbs 14:15 NKJV The simple believes every word, But the prudent considers well his steps.
C4 How would you summarize Jesus’s death? Give some physical aspects of Jesus’s death and some spiritual aspects.
C5 Does keeping the Law bring salvation, forgiveness of sins, and reconciliation with God?
C6 Can any human keep God’s Law?
C7 Could Paul, the Apostle, keep God’s law?
C8 There are 3 questions in this text. How do WE answer these questions?
D1 You began by God's Spirit; do you now want to finish by your own power?
D2 Did all your experience mean nothing at all?
D3 Does God give you the Spirit and work miracles among you because you do what the Law requires or because you hear the gospel and believe it?
C9 Note the contrast between works of the law and hearing of faith. The Galatians knew little or nothing of the Law. What they had experienced was a result of hearing the Gospel, not keeping Mosaic Law.

B2 Galatians 3:6-9 NKJV just as Abraham “believed God, and it was accounted to him for righteousness.” Therefore know that only those who are of faith are sons of Abraham. And the Scripture, foreseeing that God would justify the Gentiles by faith, preached the gospel to Abraham beforehand, saying, “In you all the nations shall be blessed.” So then those who are of faith are blessed with believing Abraham.
C1 The Scripture referred to is the spoken word that God spoke to Abraham. The only written Scripture at that time was possibly Job.
C2 What did Abraham do to be accepted by God as righteous? Did He keep the Law or believe? How could Abraham have kept the Law of Moses?
C3 How are Israelites put right with God? How about Gentiles?
C4 What Gospel did Abraham hear? How is that Gospel different from the Gospel of today?

B3 Galatians 3:10-12 NKJV For as many as are of the works of the law are under the curse; for it is written, “Cursed is everyone who does not continue in all things which are written in the book of the law, to do them.” But that no one is justified by the law in the sight of God is evident, for “the just shall live by faith.” Yet the law is not of faith, but “the man who does them shall live by them.”
C1 What does trying to keep the Law result in?
C2 How much of the Law is each person required to obey?
C3 Is keeping the Law just in outward actions or in thoughts, desires, words, AND deeds?
C4 How many people have been justified by the Law?
C5 What does the Law have to do with faith?
C6 What does the Law require?

B5 Galatians 3:13-14 NKJV Christ has redeemed us from the curse of the law, having become a curse for us (for it is written, “Cursed is everyone who hangs on a tree”), that the blessing of Abraham might come upon the Gentiles in Christ Jesus, that we might receive the promise of the Spirit through faith.
C1 Explain how Christ became a curse for us.
C2 How does Christ redeem us from the Law’s curse? Redeem has the idea of buying back something. We humans are sold under sin; we are enslaved to it. We are set free by faith and the sacrifice of Jesus Christ on the cross.
C3 How does a person receive the Spirit promised by God?

B6 Galatians 3:15-18 NKJV Brethren, I speak in the manner of men: Though it is only a man’s covenant, yet if it is confirmed, no one annuls or adds to it. Now to Abraham and his Seed were the promises made. He does not say, “And to seeds,” as of many, but as of one, “And to your Seed,” who is Christ. And this I say, that the law, which was four hundred and thirty years later, cannot annul the covenant that was confirmed before by God in Christ, that it should make the promise of no effect. For if the inheritance is of the law, it is no longer of promise; but God gave it to Abraham by promise.
C1 Wilbur Pickering notes: Less than 3% of the Greek manuscripts, of inferior quality, omit “in Christ” (as in NIV, NASB, LB, TEV, etc.). Without Christ, the Seed, there would have been no promise.
C2 If 2 people agree on a business or legal matter, they have a written contract. Can it be changed or broken without the other agreeing to it?
C3 Who then can break God’s agreement with Abraham?
C4 Who is the descendant (singular, not plural)?
C5 What does God’s promise to keep this covenant mean today?
C6 What is the difference between a gift and an obligation?
C7 Did Abraham earn righteousness or receive it as a gift?

B7 Galatians 3:19-20 NKJV What purpose then does the law serve? It was added because of transgressions, till the Seed should come to whom the promise was made; and it was appointed through angels by the hand of a mediator. Now a mediator does not mediate for one only, but God is one.
C1 What is the purpose of the Law? Is it to forgive sins and find reconciliation with God?
C2 What was keeping (trying to keep) the Law meant to do?
C3 How long was the Law to last (stay in effect)?

B8 Galatians 3:21-22 NKJV Is the law then against the promises of God? Certainly not! For if there had been a law given which could have given life, truly righteousness would have been by the law. But the Scripture has confined all under sin, that the promise by faith in Jesus Christ might be given to those who believe.
C1 Does this mean that the Law is against God's promises?
C2 Does the Law bring life?
C3 What is the whole world (every human) enslaved to?
C4 What is the gift of salvation based on?
C5 Who receives this gift of salvation? Is it law keepers or those with faith in Christ?

B9 Galatians 3:23-25 NKJV But before faith came, we were kept under guard by the law, kept for the faith which would afterward be revealed. Therefore the law was our tutor to bring us to Christ, that we might be justified by faith. But after faith has come, we are no longer under a tutor.
C1 What did the Law do to us before faith (the Gospel) was revealed?
C2 What was the purpose of the Law?
C3 How are people put right with God?
C4 Does the Law have authority over us?

B10 Galatians 3:26-29 NKJV For you are all sons of God through faith in Christ Jesus. For as many of you as were baptized into Christ have put on Christ. There is neither Jew nor Greek, there is neither slave nor free, there is neither male nor female; for you are all one in Christ Jesus. And if you are Christ’s, then you are Abraham’s seed, and heirs according to the promise.
C1 God looks upon believers as His children. Was it through keeping God’s Law or faith in Jesus Christ?
C2 Is salvation’s status different if one is a male or female, a slave or nonslave, between Jews or Gentile?

B11 A topical study on...Obey the truth…
C1 Truth is reality (the correspondence theory of truth).
C2 Truth needs to be in thoughts, desires, words, and deeds.
C3 Yahweh is the only source of 100% truth.
C4 The Bible, given by inspiration by the Holy Spirit, is 100% truth.
C5 The Gospel is truth.
C6 Truth is rejected by many because it may bring discomfort in revealing the real person we are.
C7 God desires for us to come to the full knowledge of truth: 1 Timothy 2:4 WEB who desires all people to be saved and come to full knowledge of the truth.
C8 How can a person be deceived?

B12 Next week:
C1 Rags to Riches
C2 Theme: Heirs of God
C3 Scriptures: Galatians 4:1-31

10 January 2018

The Harder They Fall




Theme: Courageous Faith


Scriptures: 1 Samuel 17:1-58


Objectives: (From the D6 Fusion Sunday School Lesson book)
Know: Displaying great faith in God, the young shepherd David fought and killed Goliath, the giant warrior champion of the Philistines.
Think: Live with the assurance that anything is possible with the Lord’s help.
Do: Do everything God leads you to do, confident that He will bring about His will.


Notes and questions:
B1 Goliath, at this time
C1 Birth place—Gath
C2 Nationality—Philistine
C3 Ancestry—Sons of Anak
D1 Numbers 13:33 NKJV “There we saw the giants (the descendants of Anak came from the giants); and we were like grasshoppers in our own sight, and so we were in their sight.”
D2 Joshua 15:13-14 NRSV  According to the commandment of the LORD to Joshua, he gave to Caleb son of Jephunneh a portion among the people of Judah, Kiriath-arba, that is, Hebron (Arba was the father of Anak).  14  And Caleb drove out from there the three sons of Anak: Sheshai, Ahiman, and Talmai, the descendants of Anak.
C4 Height—
D1 Everything from a little over 6 feet (Wikipedia) to 13 feet
D2 Bible—6 cubits and a span
E1 If cubit is 21 inches, then over 11 feet (~358 cm).
E2 If cubit is 18 inches, then over 9 feet (~297cm).
C5 Weight—
D1 If he was 11.75 feet, then based on the healthy BMI recommendation, his recommended weight is 515.7 lbs - 696.9 lbs lbs (237.1 kgs - 320.4 kgs).
D2 If he was 9.75 feet, then based on the healthy BMI recommendation, his recommended weight is 354.1 lbs - 478.5 lbs (163.2 kgs - 220.5 kgs).
C6 Strength—If he is 580 pounds, then according to the Livestrong article, he can on average
D1 1,143 pounds for the squat
D2 850 pounds for the bench press
D3 1,348 pounds for the deadlift
C7 Armament—
D1 His torso armor, chain of mail, made of bronze weighed about 125 pounds (~57kg).
D2 He also had a bronze helmet and shin guards.
D3 His iron spear point was made of iron and weighed about 15 pounds (~6.8kg).
B2 David
C1 He was a shepherd, the youngest of 8 sons of Jesse of Bethlehem.
C2 He may have been ~17 years old.
C3 God gave him strength to kill a bear and a lion to protect his father’s flock of sheep.
C4 What other characteristics of David can you think of?
B3 Israel
C1 God’s chosen earthly people.
D1 Isaiah 45:4 NKJV  For Jacob My servant's sake, And Israel My elect, I have even called you [Cyrus--ed] by your name; I have named you, though you have not known Me.
D2 Exodus 19:5-6 NKJV  Now therefore, if you will indeed obey My voice and keep My covenant, then you shall be a special treasure to Me above all people; for all the earth is Mine.  6  And you shall be to Me a kingdom of priests and a holy nation.' These are the words which you shall speak to the children of Israel."
C2 Many blessings are promised and will happen.
D1 Jeremiah 31:37 NKJV  Thus says the LORD: "If heaven above can be measured, And the foundations of the earth searched out beneath, I will also cast off all the seed of Israel For all that they have done, says the LORD.
D2 Romans 11:26-29 NKJV  And so all Israel will be saved, as it is written: "The deliverer will come out of Zion, and he will turn away ungodliness from Jacob;  27  for this is my covenant with them, when I take away their sins."  28  Concerning the gospel they are enemies for your sake, but concerning the election they are beloved for the sake of the fathers.  29  For the gifts and the calling of God are irrevocable.
C3 Israel has been and will be punished for disbelief.
D1 Ezekiel 24:13-14 GNB  Jerusalem, your immoral actions have defiled you. Although I tried to purify you, you remained defiled. You will not be pure again until you have felt the full force of my anger.  14  I, the LORD, have spoken. The time has come for me to act. I will not ignore your sins or show pity or be merciful. You will be punished for what you have done." The Sovereign LORD has spoken.
D2 Deuteronomy 28—the list of blessings and cursings that happened because of obedience or disobedience.
C4 The church is
D1 Jesus’s body: Colossians 1:24 NKJV I now rejoice in my sufferings for you, and fill up in my flesh what is lacking in the afflictions of Christ, for the sake of His body, which is the church.
D2 Heavenly assembly and church of firstborn: Hebrews 12:23 NKJV To the general assembly and church of the firstborn who are registered in heaven, to God the Judge of all, to the spirits of just men made perfect.
B3 Defiance
C1 1 Samuel 17:1-10
C2 1 Samuel 17:10 NKJV And the Philistine said, “I defy the armies of Israel this day; give me a man, that we may fight together.”
C3 Defined (Wordsymth)
  • definition 1: resistance against authority; insubordination; rebellion.
  • definition 2: contempt or disregard for some danger or opposing force.
  • definition 3: a provocation or challenge for combat.
C4 Blasphemy is always in word or deed, injury, dishonor and defiance offered to God, and its penalty is death by stoning; (c) (חרף, ḥāraph) of idolatry as blasphemy against Yahweh (Isa 65:7); (d) (נקב, nāḳabh) “And he that blasphemeth the name of Yahweh, he shall surely be put to death” (Lev 24:11, Lev 24:16); (e) (נאץ, nā'ac) David's sin is an occasion to the enemies of the Lord to blaspheme (2Sa 12:14; also Psa 74:10, Psa 74:18; Isa 52:5; compare Eze 35:12; 2Ki 19:3 the King James Version; Isa 37:3). (ISBE on the topic blasphemy).
C5 How serious is blasphemy?
B4 1 Samuel 17:10-17: some background on David
B5 1 Samuel 17:18-23: how David got to the battlefield, then heard Goliath’s challenge
B6 1 Samuel 17:24-31,
C1 1 Samuel 17:26 NKJV  Then David spoke to the men who stood by him, saying, "What shall be done for the man who kills this Philistine and takes away the reproach from Israel? For who is this uncircumcised Philistine, that he should defy the armies of the living God?"
C2 Why did David become angry?
C3 What characteristics does David show?
C4 Why did Eliab, David’s older brother, become angry with David?
B7 1 Samuel 17:32-39,
C1 Why did King Saul believe David’s story about the bear and lion?
C2 Why did David refuse the King’s armor?
C3 What can Christians learn from this? Why do things happen in our lives before God calls us to a ministry?
B8 1 Samuel 17:40-47,
C1 Goliath and David address each other before the battle. What is the differences between the two?
C2 What was David’s purpose, what he wanted to show the Philistines? (See 1 Samuel 17:46-47).
C3 What is our purpose for doing something?
C4 Faith,
D1 What is faith?
D2 Why does God require faith?
D3 Why do we need God to initiate salvation freeing us to trust in Jesus Christ?
D4 Can any person seek God on their own? (Romans 3:9-18, which is a quote from Psalm 53:1-3).
D5 Why do we need to know God by faith?
E1 Hebrews 11:6 NKJV  But without faith it is impossible to please Him, for he who comes to God must believe that He is, and that He is a rewarder of those who diligently seek Him.
E2 Numbers 14:11 NKJV  Then the LORD said to Moses: "How long will these people reject Me? And how long will they not believe Me, with all the signs which I have performed among them?
E3 Psalms 78:21-22 NKJV  Therefore the LORD heard this and was furious; So a fire was kindled against Jacob, And anger also came up against Israel,  22  Because they did not believe in God, And did not trust in His salvation. This Psalm speaks of the greatness of God, His help, His guidance, His care and compassion, yet they did not believe. They are fools, just like Psalm 53:1 states, “Psalms 53:1 NKJV  To the Chief Musician. Set to "Mahalath." A Contemplation of David. The fool has said in his heart,"There is no God." They are corrupt, and have done abominable iniquity; There is none who does good.
D6 What was David showing to Israel and the Philistines? (Faith).
D7 How do trials affect faith?
D8 How did the bear and lion attacks on David and his sheep help prepare David?
D9 Does one have to be in their 60’s or 70’s before they can show great faith?
B9 1 Samuel 17:48-51,
C1 Why did David run quickly towards Goliath?
C2 What attitudes is David showing?
C3 Why did David cut Goliath’s head off?
B10 1 Samuel 17:52-58,
C1 Why didn’t King Saul and Abner recognize David?
D1 Note the words in verse 55: 1 Samuel 17:55 LITV  And when Saul saw David going out to meet the Philistine, he said to Abner, the army commander, Whose son is this youth, Abner? And Abner said, As your soul lives, O king, I do not know.
D2 Perhaps with all the actions and brief encounter with David before going out, they did not recognize him.
D3 A suggestion given by Jamieson-Faussett-Brown commentary is that when David was the King’s musician he was too young to have a beard or much of one, but now, older, he does.
D4 King Saul may have known who David is but not whom his father was. King Saul needed this information to keep his promise to the victor. 1 Samuel 17:25 NRSV  The Israelites said, "Have you seen this man who has come up? Surely he has come up to defy Israel. The king will greatly enrich the man who kills him, and will give him his daughter and make his family free in Israel.
C2 Matthew Henry points out:
D1 The Philistines relied on Goliath; Goliath relied on himself.
D2 David relied on God.
D3 Pride precedes a fall.
B11 Other questions
C1 What hinders faith?
C2 What stops us from doing God’s will?
B12 Next week:
C1 Seeking to please him
C2 Theme: A heart for God

C3 Scripture: 2 Samuel 6:1-15 and 2 Samuel 7:1-29