02 January 2019

Ephesians 6:5-9


A1 Scripture
B1 Ephesians 6:5-9 WEL Servants be obedient to those who are your masters according to the flesh with deep respect and trembling in single loyalty of your heart as to Christ. 6 Not pleasing them only when they are watching, instead, be servants of Christ doing God's will from the heart, 7 With a cheerful willingness doing your work as to the Lord and not to men. 8 Knowing that whatever good thing anyone does, he will receive from the Lord, whether he is a freeman or servant. 9 Masters, you must do the same to them, stay away from threatening, knowing that your Master is also in heaven, neither is there any partiality with him.
B3 Ephesians 6:5-9 GNB Slaves, obey your human masters with fear and trembling; and do it with a sincere heart, as though you were serving Christ. (6) Do this not only when they are watching you, because you want to gain their approval; but with all your heart do what God wants, as slaves of Christ. (7) Do your work as slaves cheerfully, as though you served the Lord, and not merely human beings. (8) Remember that the Lord will reward each of us, whether slave or free, for the good work we do. (9) Masters, behave in the same way toward your slaves and stop using threats. Remember that you and your slaves belong to the same Master in heaven, who judges everyone by the same standard.
A2 Outline
B1 Servants/Slaves/Employees
C1 Obey
C2 Fear and trembling
C3 Simplicity of heart
C4 As to Christ
C5 Not with eyeservice
C6 As men pleasers
C7 But as slaves of Christ
C8 Doing the will of God wholeheartedly
C9 With good will
C10 As to the Lord
C11 Not to men
B2 God's principle
C1 Knowing that whatever good thing anyone does
C2 The same will receive back from the Lord
C3 Whether slave or free
B3 Masters/Employers
C1 Do the same towards them
C2 Do not threaten
C3 Know that your Master is in heaven
C4 Your master has no partiality
A3 Notes
B1 Slaves, Bond-servants
C1 Defined
D1 The main idea is service.
D2 This is not the cruel slavery as was practiced in the Old South. Compare: Some Initial Reflections on Slavery in the New Testament by Dr. Daniel B. Wallace.
D3 Female slaves in the Old Testament
E1 Scripture: Exodus 21:7-9 GW Whenever a man sells his daughter into slavery, she will not go free the way male slaves do. (8) If she doesn't please the master who has chosen her as a wife, he must let her be bought back by one of her close relatives. He has no right to sell her to foreigners, since he has treated her unfairly. (9) But if he has chosen her for his son, he must treat her like a daughter.
E2 Explanation
F1 Especially referring to getting a wife by slavery laws.
F2 The father owns a man money.
F3 The man who wants to marry the daughter has no money to pay a dowry.
F4 So the father sells her to the man as a slave for the purpose of being the man's wife, and the man who gets the wife doesn't have to pay a dowry.
F5 The daughter can walk free if the man who wants to marry her treats her badly.
D4 Most slaves in the Old Testament were slaves because of debt. God required them to be free from slavery after 7 years and debt free. Compare Deuteronomy 15:1-9.
D5 Slaves could be bought out of slavery by kinsman redeemer or after 7 years of service.
D6 By the Jubilee (Leviticus 25).
D7 By injury of the slave. If the slave owner injury a slave, the slave was free. Exodus 21:26-27 GW Whenever an owner hits his male or female slave in the eye and the slave is blinded, he must let the slave go free to make up for the loss of the eye. 27 If the owner knocks out the tooth of his male or female slave, he must let the slave go free to make up for the loss of the tooth.
D8 By escape. Deuteronomy 23:15 GW If a slave escapes from his master and comes to you, don't return him to his master.
D9 By the rejection of a female slave by her owner. Deuteronomy 21:14 GW But if it happens that you are no longer pleased with her, let her go wherever she wants. You must never sell her or mistreat her as if she were a slave, since you've already had sex with her.
D10 By paying off his (own) debt.
D11 By God's command. Jeremiah 34:8-10 GW The LORD spoke his word to Jeremiah after King Zedekiah and all the people in Jerusalem promised to free their slaves. (9) Everyone was supposed to free his Hebrew slaves, both male and female. No one was supposed to keep another Jew as a slave. (10) All the officials and all the people agreed and promised to free their male and female slaves and not to keep them as slaves anymore. So they set them free.
D12 New Testament laws were similar. Slaves were to obey and do their work as unto the Lord, and masters had to treat them as brothers.
D13 Slavery was taught to be wrong (1 Corinthians 7:23 GNB God bought you for a price; so do not become slaves of people), but if a person was a slave, God had strict rules to follow.
C2 The difference between God's version of a Master/servant relationship and humanity's
D1 God's version
E1 Trusts His servants. Delegates to His servants. Matthew 24:45 GNB Who, then, is a faithful and wise servant? It is the one that his master has placed in charge of the other servants to give them their food at the proper time.
E2 Rewards His servants for good work. Matthew 25:23 GNB 'Well done, you good and faithful servant!' said his master. 'You have been faithful in managing small amounts, so I will put you in charge of large amounts. Come on in and share my happiness!'
E3 Is moved by compassion. Forgives debts. Matthew 18:27 GNB The king felt sorry for him, so he forgave him the debt and let him go.
E4 Avoid being slaves of anything (sin, etc. These are addictions to any sin as addicted to lying, stealing, blaspheming God, idolatry, hate and so on. 1 Corinthians 7:23 GNB God bought you for a price; so do not become slaves of people.
E5 To be fair and just. Colossians 4:1 GNB Masters, be fair and just in the way you treat your slaves. Remember that you too have a Master in heaven.
D2 Man’s version is the opposite.
B2 Obey
C1 Defined: To do what was asked. Romans 6:16 GNB Surely you know that when you surrender yourselves as slaves to obey someone, you are in fact the slaves of the master you obey—-either of sin, which results in death, or of obedience, which results in being put right with God.
C2 Example: Hebrews 11:8 GNB It was faith that made Abraham obey when God called him to go out to a country which God had promised to give him. He left his own country without knowing where he was going.
B3 According to the flesh. This refers to fellow humans like ourselves. The other Master is God himself, and He is not flesh. While Jesus became flesh for us, He nonetheless is God who is spirit, not flesh.
B4 Simplicity of heart/singleness of heart/sincere heart. This refers to not having any ulterior motivations, making a facade to prevent loyalty and faithfulness but in heart being the very opposite. This is a type of hypocrisy, but God wants honesty or as worded here simplicity of heart. God also expects us to have this attitude towards Him, our Master. The word also signifies an attitude of freely giving without strings attached. Compare James 1:5 NRSV If any of you is lacking in wisdom, ask God, who gives to all generously and ungrudgingly, and it will be given you.
B5 Eye service. This means someone works only when the boss is around and otherwise they do little.Proverbs 18:9 GNB A lazy person is as bad as someone who is destructive.
B6 Men pleasers. Sucking up to the boss, but not really doing any work.
B7 Servants of Christ. As we would serve the Lord Jesus, we need to serve our masters on earth.
B8 Doing the will of God from the heart. This means with a good attitude and motivation with honesty. A boss can trust a person like that. Matthew 25:21 NKJV His lord said to him, 'Well done, good and faithful servant; you were faithful over a few things, I will make you ruler over many things. Enter into the joy of your lord.'
B9 Good thing...Lord. God watches us and will reward us for out faithfulness in how we live our life here.
B10 Bond or free. God doesn't give a better reward to a rich than to a poor person, nor a free person more than a servant.
B11 Masters. This means that the master has to have the same good attitude and actions that his slave/servant/employee must do. There are two types of leaders. The first is the control freak bully who treats those under him with abuse. He is like Nimrod—a mighty hunter. The second type of leader is the shepherd type who is firm and monitoring but delegates duties and gives freedom to obey or disobey. He is like the Lord Jesus.
B12 Forebear threatening. As above it reflects a type of leadership. A good leader does not have to threaten, because those under him will want to obey.
B13 Master in heaven. This means that a leader/master/employer is being watched by God. God is the master's Master and will reward or punish depending how he/she leads here on earth.
A4 Applications
B1 God is our Master. We must learn His ways and live His ways.
B2 We are to treat every as God treats us.
B3 God does not play favorites.
B4 God knows what we think and do.
B5 We are bond-slaves of Jesus, who is the King of the Universe and Head of the Church.

29 December 2018

A Few Thoughts on 1 Samuel 16:7


1 Samuel 16:7 NIV - But the LORD said to Samuel, "Do not consider his appearance or his height, for I have rejected him. The LORD does not look at the things people look at. People look at the outward appearance, but the LORD looks at the heart."

Our outward appearance

We may think ourselves as the most ugly person ever: we have ears on stalks, bulging eyes, crooked smile, skin that looks like a pizza, huge nose, and ugly feet.

What does God look at? The heart.

Examples of Failures
  • Saul: 1 Samuel 9:2 NIV - Kish had a son named Saul, as handsome a young man as could be found anywhere in Israel, and he was a head taller than anyone else.
  • Absalom: 2 Samuel 14:25 NIV - In all Israel there was not a man so highly praised for his handsome appearance as Absalom. From the top of his head to the sole of his foot there was no blemish in him.
  • A beautiful person with a dangerous personality: Proverbs 31:30 NIV - Charm is deceptive, and beauty is fleeting; but a woman who fears the LORD is to be praised.
Examples of the good heart
  • David: 1 Samuel 16:7 NIV - But the LORD said to Samuel, "Do not consider his appearance or his height, for I have rejected him. The LORD does not look at the things people look at. People look at the outward appearance, but the LORD looks at the heart."
  • Lord Jesus: Isaiah 53:2 NIV - He grew up before him like a tender shoot, and like a root out of dry ground. He had no beauty or majesty to attract us to him, nothing in his appearance that we should desire him.
  • Paul: 2 Corinthians 10:10 NIV - For some say, "His letters are weighty and forceful, but in person he is unimpressive and his speaking amounts to nothing."
What God knows:
  • A person’s thinking and inner person: Isaiah 55:8-9 NIV - "For my thoughts are not your thoughts, neither are your ways my ways," declares the LORD. "As the heavens are higher than the earth, so are my ways higher than your ways and my thoughts than your thoughts.
  • Religious people who trust in themselves: Luke 16:15 NIV - He said to them, "You are the ones who justify yourselves in the eyes of others, but God knows your hearts. What people value highly is detestable in God's sight.
  • The inner self: 1 Peter 3:4 NIV - Rather, it should be that of your inner self, the unfading beauty of a gentle and quiet spirit, which is of great worth in God's sight.
What God wants us to know and do:
  • Judging people according to truth: John 7:24 NIV - Stop judging by mere appearances, but instead judge correctly.
  • Making judgments according to appearance: 2 Corinthians 10:7 NIV - You are judging by appearances. If anyone is confident that they belong to Christ, they should consider again that we belong to Christ just as much as they do.
  • Outward beauty often leads to pride: Ezekiel 28:17 NIV - Your heart became proud on account of your beauty, and you corrupted your wisdom because of your splendor. So I threw you to the earth; I made a spectacle of you before kings.
Be encouraged! Real friends, family, and co-workers appreciate your person more than your looks.

God looks at the heart, so we need to develop our heart.
  • We are getting older but getting higher quality: 2 Corinthians 4:16 NIV - Therefore we do not lose heart. Though outwardly we are wasting away, yet inwardly we are being renewed day by day.
  • We need the truth, tell the truth, and live the truth: Colossians 3:9-10 NIV - Do not lie to each other, since you have taken off your old self with its practices and have put on the new self, which is being renewed in knowledge in the image of its Creator.
  • Recognize that the outward, valued so much by some, is of little worth to God: Luke 16:15 NIV - He said to them, "You are the ones who justify yourselves in the eyes of others, but God knows your hearts. What people value highly is detestable in God's sight.
We need to pray for and live this: Galatians 5:22-23 NIV - But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, forbearance, kindness, goodness, faithfulness, gentleness and self-control. Against such things there is no law.

26 December 2018

Ephesians 6:1-4



A1 Scripture
(Ephesians 6:1-4 WPNT) Children, obey your parents in the Lord, for this is right. “Honor your father and mother"—which is the first commandment with a promise—“that it may go well with you and you may live long on the earth.” And fathers, do not provoke your children to anger, but nurture them in the discipline and instruction of the Lord.
A2 Outline
B1 Children obey your parents
C1 It is right
C2 It is commanded
D1 First commandment with promise
D2 "Honor your father and mother"
D3 "That it may go well with you, and you may live long on the earth."
C3 Greek
D1 The word for obey is G5219 ὑπακούω hypakoúō. It means
E1 Literally, to hear under
E2 We understand it as listen to be able to follow instructions, so as to obey.
F1 The wind and sea heard the Lord Jesus and calmed (Matthew 8:27).
F2 People listen to and obey fleshly lusts (Romans 6:12).
F3 People listening to and obeying the Gospel (Romans 10:16).
E3 It is translated obey and listen (Acts 12:13).
D2 The word for honor is G5091 τιμάω timáō.
E1 Literally, to assign a value to. The Lord Jesus’s assigned value was only 30 pieces of silver (Matthew 27:9).
E2 It is used to honor God, parents, widows, and all people (1 Peter 2:17).
E3 The Lord Jesus honored His father in John 8:49, so I should be proud of my dad (proud in a good sense).
E4 Some dads are not worthy of honor because they are abusive.
B2 Fathers
C1 Do not provoke your children to anger
D1 Provoke is
E1 G3949 παροργίζω parorgízō. It means to make angry, bitter, going from a calm state to wrath.
E2 In English: to deliberately try to make someone angry (Source).
E3 Examples
F1 1 Samuel 20:30-34 NRSV Then Saul's anger was kindled against Jonathan. He said to him, "You son of a perverse, rebellious woman! Do I not know that you have chosen the son of Jesse to your own shame, and to the shame of your mother's nakedness? (31) For as long as the son of Jesse lives upon the earth, neither you nor your kingdom shall be established. Now send and bring him to me, for he shall surely die." (32) Then Jonathan answered his father Saul, "Why should he be put to death? What has he done?" (33) But Saul threw his spear at him to strike him; so Jonathan knew that it was the decision of his father to put David to death. (34) Jonathan rose from the table in fierce anger and ate no food on the second day of the month, for he was grieved for David, and because his father had disgraced him.
F2 1 Samuel 1:6-7 NRSV Her rival used to provoke her severely, to irritate her, because the LORD had closed her womb. (7) So it went on year by year; as often as she went up to the house of the LORD, she used to provoke her. Therefore Hannah wept and would not eat.
F3 1 Kings 16:33 NRSV Ahab also made a sacred pole. Ahab did more to provoke the anger of the LORD, the God of Israel, than had all the kings of Israel who were before him.
D2 What are the most common ways we as fathers do this? Here’s a helpful list from Lou Priolo.
  1. Lack of marital harmony
  2. Establishing and maintaining a child-centered home
  3. Modeling sinful anger
  4. Habitually disciplining in anger
  5. Scolding
  6. Being inconsistent with discipline
  7. Having double standards
  8. Being legalistic
  9. Not admitting you’re wrong and not asking for forgiveness
  10. Constantly finding fault
  11. Parents reversing God-given roles
  12. Not listening to your child’s opinion or taking his or her ‘side of the story’ seriously
  13. Comparing them to others
  14. Not making time ‘just to talk’
  15. Not praising or encouraging your child
  16. Failing to keep your promises
  17. Chastening in front of others
  18. Not allowing enough freedom
  19. Allowing too much freedom
  20. Mocking your child
  21. Abusing them physically
  22. Ridiculing or name calling
  23. Unrealistic expectations
  24. Practicing favoritism
  25. Child training with worldly methodologies inconsistent with God’s Word
C2 Bring them up (cherish them to train them) them in
D1 Nurture (education, instruction) of the Lord
D2 Admonition (calling attention to, mild rebuke, or warning (Thayer’s) of the Lord
B3 Our motive:
C1 Our motive is to please God in doing what is right.
C2 Teach by our life, example, and guidance self-control and expecting it from the children. Included in this would be to learn to sit still so they can learn in church, school, etc.
B4 Instruction of the Lord
C1 Instruction is constructive criticism with encouragement.
C2 "You have done well, but here is a few tips of doing better."
C3 Verses
D1 1 Corinthians 10:11 NRSV These things happened to them to serve as an example, and they were written down to instruct us, on whom the ends of the ages have come.
D2 Titus 3:10 NRSV After a first and second admonition, have nothing more to do with anyone who causes divisions.
B5 Of the Lord
C1 The Lord's way. The way God educates and instructs.
C2 Parents are to teach their children how to be the type of man or woman God wishes.
C3 With the help and approval of God.
A3 Applications
B1 God is our example of how to live.
B2 God wants us to be successful as He defines it.
B3 God children to be successful as He defines it.
B4 We must be consistent in thoughts, desires, words, and deeds.
B5 Our home should be God centered, then spouse centered (after the child turns 2), but not child centered. Your spouse is more important than your child.

25 December 2018

Advent for 25 Dec 18


Luke 2:6-11 NRSV  While they were there, the time came for her to deliver her child.  7  And she gave birth to her firstborn son and wrapped him in bands of cloth, and laid him in a manger, because there was no place for them in the inn.  8  In that region there were shepherds living in the fields, keeping watch over their flock by night.  9  Then an angel of the Lord stood before them, and the glory of the Lord shone around them, and they were terrified.  10  But the angel said to them, "Do not be afraid; for see—I am bringing you good news of great joy for all the people:  11  to you is born this day in the city of David a Savior, who is the Messiah, the Lord.


Messiah was born. The holy angels knew, the shepherds knew, the wise men knew, Joseph knew, Mary knew, and what about us? Do we know? I pray it is so. Be thankful that our only hope was born.

24 December 2018

Advent for 24 Dec 18


Luke 1:26-35 NRSV  In the sixth month the angel Gabriel was sent by God to a town in Galilee called Nazareth,  27  to a virgin engaged to a man whose name was Joseph, of the house of David. The virgin's name was Mary.  28  And he came to her and said, "Greetings, favored one! The Lord is with you."  29  But she was much perplexed by his words and pondered what sort of greeting this might be.  30  The angel said to her, "Do not be afraid, Mary, for you have found favor with God.  31  And now, you will conceive in your womb and bear a son, and you will name him Jesus.  32  He will be great, and will be called the Son of the Most High, and the Lord God will give to him the throne of his ancestor David.  33  He will reign over the house of Jacob forever, and of his kingdom there will be no end."  34  Mary said to the angel, "How can this be, since I am a virgin?"  35  The angel said to her, "The Holy Spirit will come upon you, and the power of the Most High will overshadow you; therefore the child to be born will be holy; he will be called Son of God.


Be thankful for Mary who was, according to the creed: yet as regards his manhood begotten, for us men and for our salvation, of Mary the Virgin, the God-bearer.