03 May 2019

Why Are You In Church This Morning?

This is rather long and probably needs to be divided into 2 parts. Cheers.

Why Are You Here?
Why Did You Come to Church Today?
A1 What is church?
A2 What is church supposed to be?
A3 What do we do in church?

A1 What is church?

B1 The Greek for church is ἐκκλησία ekklēsia. It means originally any public assembly of citizens summoned by a herald (Vocabulary of the Greek Testament by Moulton and Milligan 1914-1929). In the New Testament it is translated assembly, congregation, church.
B2 It is usually used in the sense of properly, people called out from the world and to God, the outcome being the Church (the mystical body of Christ) – i.e. the universal (total) body of believers whom God calls out from the world and into His eternal kingdom. (Source).
B3 Simply put it is believers. It is not simply Christians, because some people call themselves Christians but are not in the Bible use of the word.
B4 A Christian is someone who has been convicted they have broken God’s law and deserves God’s punishment. They must be convince that they are not a good person. It is someone who then repents, believes in, and trusts into Messiah Jesus for salvation and in no one and nothing else. Doing good works does not save.

A2 What is church supposed to be?

B1 Church is an assembly of believers. It is not for unbelievers. Unbelievers are always welcomed and encouraged, but they are not the reason and purpose for the church.
B2 We are not to stop meeting together. Hebrews 10:19-25 NKJV Therefore, brethren, having boldness to enter the Holiest by the blood of Jesus, 20 by a new and living way which He consecrated for us, through the veil, that is, His flesh, 21 and having a High Priest over the house of God, 22 let us draw near with a true heart in full assurance of faith, having our hearts sprinkled from an evil conscience and our bodies washed with pure water. 23 Let us hold fast the confession of our hope without wavering, for He who promised is faithful. 24 And let us consider one another in order to stir up love and good works, 25 not forsaking the assembling of ourselves together, as is the manner of some, but exhorting one another, and so much the more as you see the Day approaching.
C1 What Day is this? Some understand day to be the destruction of Israel. Some believe it is the rapture. I believe it refers to 1 Corinthians 3:13 MKJV each one's work shall be revealed. For the Day shall declare it, because it shall be revealed by fire; and the fire shall try each one's work as to what kind it is.
C2 This day is the judgment day for Christians.
D1 Romans 14:10 WPNT But you, why do you judge your brother? And you too, why do you look down on your brother? Because we will all stand before the Judgment Seat of Christ.
D2 2 Corinthians 5:10 WPNT Because we must all be exposed before Christ’s Judgment Seat, that each one may receive his due for the things he did while in the body, whether good or bad.
C3 This day is immediately after the rapture.
C4 This is where Christians are judged for what we have done in this life. 1 Corinthians 3:12-15 MKJV And if anyone builds on this foundation gold, silver, precious stones, wood, hay, stubble, 13 each one's work shall be revealed. For the Day shall declare it, because it shall be revealed by fire; and the fire shall try each one's work as to what kind it is. 14 If anyone's work which he built remains, he shall receive a reward. 15 If anyone's work shall be burned up, he shall suffer loss. But he shall be saved, yet so as by fire.
C5 Wilbur Pickering commenting on 2 Corinthians 5:10 states, “If we are wise, like Paul, we will never forget the Accounting. He was ‘confident’ that upon leaving his physical body he would be at home with the Lord. To have the same confidence we also must consciously live so as to be well pleasing to Him.”
B3 We are to be like our brethren in Acts 2. Acts 2:42 WPNT And they continued steadfastly in the Apostles’ teaching and in the fellowship, both in the breaking of the bread and in the prayers.
C1 Continued steadfastly
C2 Apostle’s teaching (doctrine and lifestyle). We must know what we believe.
C3 Fellowship (with other believers)
C4 Communion (Lord’s Supper)
C5 Prayer (part of worship both as individual and corporate)
B4 We need to be taught. Ephesians 4:14 NKJV that we should no longer be children, tossed to and fro and carried about with every wind of doctrine, by the trickery of men, in the cunning craftiness of deceitful plotting.
C1 We need to know what we believe. What we believe is important. We must be taught, and we must study the Bible and doctrine.
C2 We need to learn discernment. The pastor must lead in this, but every Christian needs to know what Christians believe. The pastor can go into error.
C3 We all need to be able to defend the faith. We all need to be taught and to be trained. 1 Peter 3:15-17 WPNT Rather, sanctify the Lord God in your hearts, and always be ready with an answer for everyone who asks you a reason concerning the hope that is in you, with meekness and respect; keeping a good conscience, so that wherein they speak against you as evildoers, those who revile your good way of life in Christ may be put to shame. For it is better to suffer for doing good, should the will of God so determine, than for doing evil.
C4 We need to learn to recognize deception. False teachers will try to deceive us. They change the meaning of words, they claim this teaching was only for the New Testament times, they will tell you the Scriptures have been corrupted, they will slowly—I mean slooowly—introduce lies (it might take years, but they will do it. It is how they take over a church), they will promote important people with many doctorates who believe some life (thus implying that we should believe them), they will assert authority (“We are elders, so you must submit).
D1 Example 1: 1 Timothy 2:4 CSB Who wants everyone to be saved and to come to the knowledge of the truth.
E1 Calvinist:
F1 All has different meanings.
F2 Here are some examples of different meanings.
F3 All here means all types.
F4 There are many sources. This one is from here.
E2 Plain, normal sense
F1 It states all.
F2 There are no qualifiers to modify the plain, normal sense of all.
F3 Even if it is kinds, types, etc., the Calvinist version fails.
G1 If all refers to gender, then we know there are only 2 genders—male and female. This would indicate that all means each and every male and female.
G2 If all refers to economic status, we know there are the rich, the poor, and everyone else. This would indicate each and every economic class.
G3 If all refers to occupation, we know that some are in the fields of education, legal, medical, government, agriculture, services, engineerings, repair, retired, ill, etc. This would indicate each and every person, since all have some occupation.
D2 Example 2: Acts 10:9-16 WEB Now on the next day as they were on their journey, and got close to the city, Peter went up on the housetop to pray at about noon. 10 He became hungry and desired to eat, but while they were preparing, he fell into a trance. 11 He saw heaven opened and a certain container descending to him, like a great sheet let down by four corners on the earth, 12 in which were all kinds of four-footed animals of the earth, wild animals, reptiles, and birds of the sky. 13 A voice came to him, “Rise, Peter, kill and eat!” 14 But Peter said, “Not so, Lord; for I have never eaten anything that is common or unclean.” 15 A voice came to him again the second time, “What God has cleansed, you must not call unclean.” 16 This was done three times, and immediately the vessel was received up into heaven.
E1 Hebrew Roots groups: If you read on, Peter is trying to make since (SIC) out of this vision, because he knew the Lord wouldn't have him eat unclean meat. What came about? In verse 28 Peter says, "Ye know how that it is an unlawful thing for a man that is a Jew to keep company, or come unto one of another nation; but God hath shewed me that I should not call any man common or unclean." Peter says here that God showed, in that vision, that he should not call any MAN common or unclean.
E2 The passage in the plain, normal sense was understood by Peter that he, Peter, was to get up, kill, and EAT. Peter was COMMANDED to EAT.
B5 We need to remember Jesus’s death and its purpose. 1 Corinthians 11:20 WEB When therefore you assemble yourselves together, it is not the Lord’s supper that you eat.
C1 We gather for the Lord’s Supper.
C2 This is only for believers.
D1 1 Corinthians 11:28-30 GNB So then, you should each examine yourself first, and then eat the bread and drink from the cup. 29 For if you do not recognize the meaning of the Lord's body when you eat the bread and drink from the cup, you bring judgment on yourself as you eat and drink. 30 That is why many of you are sick and weak, and several have died.
D2 Matthew 7:6 NKJV “Do not give what is holy to the dogs; nor cast your pearls before swine, lest they trample them under their feet, and turn and tear you in pieces.
B6 We need to live a Christian life.
C1 Good works which glorify our Father in heaven. Matthew 5:16 NKJV Let your light so shine before men, that they may see your good works and glorify your Father in heaven.
C2 Care and concern are in this order.
D1 Spouse
D2 My children
D3 The members of my local assembly
D4 The believers everywhere else.
D5 Non-Christians for a witness and testimony.
C3 Some things we are to avoid: Galatians 5:19-21 WPNT Now the works of the flesh are obvious, namely: adultery, fornication, uncleanness, licentiousness, idolatry, sorcery, hatred, strife, jealousies, fits of anger, selfish ambition, dissentions, factions, envyings, murders, drinking bouts, orgies, and the like; about which I am warning you beforehand, as, in fact, I did before, that those who practice such things will not inherit the Kingdom of God.
C4 Some things needed to be seen in our lives: Galatians 5:22-23 WPNT But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, patience, kindness, goodness, faithfulness, gentleness, self-control—against such things there is no law.

A3 What do we do in church?

B1 Sing: Ephesians 5:19-21 NKJV speaking to one another in psalms and hymns and spiritual songs, singing and making melody in your heart to the Lord, giving thanks always for all things to God the Father in the name of our Lord Jesus Christ, submitting to one another in the fear of God.
B2 Pray: 1 Thessalonians 5:17 NKJV pray without ceasing.
B3 Collect:
C1 For congregation expenses: 1 Timothy 5:17-18 NKJV Let the elders who rule well be counted worthy of double honor, especially those who labor in the word and doctrine. For the Scripture says, “You shall not muzzle an ox while it treads out the grain,” and, “The laborer [is] worthy of his wages.
C2 For the poor Christians: Galatians 2:10 NKJV [They desired] only that we should remember the poor, the very thing which I also was eager to do.
B4 Offer sacrifices
C1 The sacrifice of praise: Hebrews 13:15 NKJV Therefore by Him let us continually offer the sacrifice of praise to God, that is, the fruit of [our] lips, giving thanks to His name.
C2 The sacrifice of helping the brothers and sisters in financial need: Hebrews 13:16 NKJV But do not forget to do good and to share, for with such sacrifices God is well pleased.
C3 Ourselves: Romans 12:1 HCSB Therefore, brothers, by the mercies of God, I urge you to present your bodies as a living sacrifice, holy and pleasing to God; this is your spiritual worship. (Compare: Luke 9:23-24 WPNT Then He said to everyone: “If anyone desires to come after me, let him deny himself and take up his cross, and follow me. Because whoever desires to ‘save’ his life will lose it, but whoever ‘loses’ his life for my sake, he will save it).
C4 The sacrifice of prayer: 1 Timothy 2:1 HCSB First of all, then, I urge that petitions, prayers, intercessions, and thanksgivings be made for everyone.
C5 The sacrifice of thanksgiving: 1 Thessalonians 5:18 HCSB Give thanks in everything, for this is God’s will for you in Christ Jesus.
B5 Be taught
C1 The Gospel
C2 Jesus’s doctrine (teachings)
C3 The Christian life
C4 Apologetics
C5 Summary: Matthew 28:19-20 WPNT As you go make disciples in all ethnic nations: baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit; teaching them to obey everything that I commanded you; and take note, I am with you every day, until the end of the age!” Amen.
B6 Encourage each other
C1 By faith
C2 By prayer
C3 By good works
C4 By listening
C5 By helping serve in the congregation
C6 By the grace and help of the Holy Spirit
D1 Acts 9:31 WPNT So then the congregations throughout all Judea and Galilee, and Samaria, had peace and were built up; and proceeding in the fear of the Lord and in the encouragement of the Holy Spirit they were being multiplied.
D2 The Greek word for encouragement is παράκλησις paraklesis. It means (via Strong’s)
E1 An imploration, entreaty (urgent request (for mercy or help)).
E2 An exhortation (urgent counsel, encouragement, or caution).
E3 A comfort, solace.
D3 He helps in our prayers: Romans 8:26 NKJV Likewise the Spirit also helps in our weaknesses. For we do not know what we should pray for as we ought, but the Spirit Himself makes intercession for us with groanings which cannot be uttered.
D4 He strengthens us to get through trials: Ephesians 3:16 NKJV that He would grant you, according to the riches of His glory, to be strengthened with might through His Spirit in the inner man.
D5 He never abandons/forsakes us: John 14:16-17 GNB92 I will ask the Father, and he will give you another Helper, who will stay with you forever. He is the Spirit, who reveals the truth about God. The world cannot receive him, because it cannot see him or know him. But you know him, because he remains with you and is in you.
D6 Gives us peace in difficult situations: Romans 15:13 GNB92 May God, the source of hope, fill you with all joy and peace by means of your faith in him, so that your hope will continue to grow by the power of the Holy Spirit.
B7 Application
C1 The church is us believers.
C2 We are a family.
C3 We are to worship God together, be taught, and be encouraged.
C4 We are to bear one another’s burdens.
C5 We are to be taught, then do, then teach others.

A4 Sources and quotes

B1 1 Timothy 2:4:

Understanding 1 Timothy 2:4 by Pastor John Samson

God "desires all people to be saved and to come to the knowledge of the truth." 1 Timothy 2:4
I have often times heard people quote 1 Timothy 2:4 to dismiss, out of hand, the biblical teaching on Sovereign grace or Divine election. In quoting the verse they have told me that God has no interest in electing certain people to salvation but that His desire is for every person to be saved. Yet, we must remember that the word "all" always has a context. It can sometimes mean all people everywhere - many times it does - but it sometimes means "all" in the sense of "all kinds" or "all classes, types" of people or at other times it refers to all within a certain type or class.. For instance, we do the same thing in our English language when a school teacher in a classroom may ask the question, "are we ALL here?" or "is EVERYONE here?" She is not asking if everyone on planet earth is in the classroom, but because of the context in which the question is framed (the school teacher's classroom) we understand she is referring to all within a certain class or type - in this case, all the students signed up for the class.
I believe 1 Tim 2:4 is speaking of all in this sense of "all types."
What is my biblical basis for saying this?
The context. Lets read the passage:
1 Timothy 2:1-4 First of all, then, I urge that supplications, prayers, intercessions, and thanksgivings be made for all people, 2 for kings and all who are in high positions, that we may lead a peaceful and quiet life, godly and dignified in every way. 3 This is good, and it is pleasing in the sight of God our Savior, 4 who desires all people to be saved and to come to the knowledge of the truth.
Who are the "all people" of verse 1? I believe the "all people" of verse 1 are the same "all people" of verse 4, as the subject matter does not change in any way at all in the intervening verses.
When Paul wrote "First of all, then, I urge that supplications, prayers, intercessions, and thanksgivings be made for all people.." was he asking Timothy to get the equivalent of the local phone book and starting with the alphas and going all the way through to the omegas (the Greek alphabet) make supplication, pray, intercede and make thanksgiving for each individual in the city... or more than that, the whole world?
I don't think so. Why do I say this? Because Paul qualifies verse 1 with verse 2 when he speaks of "kings" (kings are types of people) and "those in high positions" (again "those in high positions" are types of people).
Why should we pray for them?
One of the reasons we should pray for them is because these people (kings and those in high positions of authority) make decisions which affect society at large. If these people have their eyes opened, they will not be persecutors of Christians but will enact laws that will actually restrain sin so "that we may lead a peaceful and quiet life, godly and dignified in every way." So one of the reasons to pray for them is because good government can mean a measure of peace in a society, and it is a lot easier to spread the Gospel when there is no civil unrest.
The passage also points us to another reason to pray, namely that God desires all (all who?) .. all types of people.. including these influential people with authority in society.. to be saved.
His message to Timothy was this: Do not just pray for the peasants, the farmers and the uneducated (the people who seem to be coming to Christ in great numbers right now), but remember to pray for kings and the very rulers in society who are at this moment persecuting Christians. Make prayer of this kind a priority - do it "first of all" - pray for these people Timothy - make sure the Church is praying for these people - because God desires all kinds of people - even kings (or Emperors like Caesar) and the elete in society - people of every kind, to be saved.
We must remember that the earliest Christians were almost all from the lower class of society, so this would be BIG news to them. As Paul wrote elsewhere..
1 Corinthians 1:26-29 26 For consider your calling, brothers: not many of you were wise according to worldly standards, not many were powerful, not many were of noble birth. 27 But God chose what is foolish in the world to shame the wise; God chose what is weak in the world to shame the strong; 28 God chose what is low and despised in the world, even things that are not, to bring to nothing things that are, 29 so that no human being might boast in the presence of God.
Turning to another Scripture in Revelation chapter 5, we are given prophetic insight into the future, revealing to us what Jesus the Lamb actually achieved in His atoning work on the cross. He did not save everybody or make a mere potential atonement available for everyone, but he made an effectual atonement - a powerful one that achieved its desired end or goal of saving certain specific people. What exactly did He achieve?
In Revelation 5:9, the heavenly anthems ring out in praise of the Lamb saying, "...for you were slain, and by your blood you ransomed (specific, actual) people for God from every tribe and language and people and nation..."
Note the words, for they are very specific. It does not say that Jesus ransomed the people OF but people FROM every tribe and language and nation. The Greek word for "from" is ekmeaning "out of" - He redeemed people out of every tribe, language, people group and nation.. NOT all without exception, but all without distinction.
I mention this verse in Revelation 5 because this is in perfect harmony with 1 Timothy 2:4 which teaches very clearly that God desires all (all kinds of people) to be saved. God will have every tribe, tongue, people group and nation represented around the throne as the heavenly hosts sing of the Lamb who was slain to redeem them.

The World’s Worst Bible Interpretation in History
This is obviously a touchy subject and you are free to believe or not to believe whatever you feel. However, Jesus never said He made all food clean.

If you read the scripture of Peter's vision, it says (Acts 10:15) "What God hath cleansed, that call not thou common." As far as I can see throughout scripture, the unclean animals were never cleansed.

If you read on, Peter is trying to make since out of this vision, because he knew the Lord wouldn't have him eat unclean meat.

What came about?

In verse 28 Peter says, "Ye know how that it is an unlawful thing for a man that is a Jew to keep company, or come unto one of another nation; but God hath shewed me that I should not call any man common or unclean."

Peter says here that God showed, in that vision, that he should not call any MAN common or unclean.

I believe the issue of the clean and unclean meats is not a Salvation issue, but God loves us and cares about us enough to show us what is good food to put into our bodies (His Temple) and what is not good. Why would we want to eat things that live off of waste?

As for the bad grammar that that man has... I agree with you!

22 April 2019

A Few Thoughts On Hebrews 10:14

Hebrews 10:14 WEL For by one sacrifice, he has perfected forever those who are being sanctified.

B1 Was written by an unknown author, but the Holy Spirit is the originator.
B2 Was written to show the greatness of Jesus Christ.
C1 He is greater than the angels. He is the Son of God.
C2 He is greater than the words of man and angels. He is the Word of God.
C3 He, who is greater than all of creation, was found in the fashion, that is, flesh of a human.
C4 He, who created all, is the Messiah, the Savior, the Author of Salvation.
C5 He is greater than Moses. Moses spoke and wrote about Him.
C6 He is the Prince of Peace. He gives peace with God to those who obey in faith. He gives no peace to those who disobey, those who do not believe.
C7 He is the High Priest of all High Priests. He is greater than all.
C8 He was appointed and anointed High Priest by God Himself, because of His greatness.
C9 His work as High Priest is greater, more glorious, and final.
C10 He is greater than us and has warned us not to deconvert, to stop believing, or to disobey Him. He gives grace every day, so that we do not. But, if we reject Him and stop believing, there is a final rejection where it becomes too impossible for us to repent.
C11 He gives greater help and assistance than any other priest.
C12 He is a priest in the order of Melchizedek who was greater than Abraham.
C13 He is even greater than Melchizedek.
C14 His priesthood never ends.
C15 His covenant, His agreement with us, never fails. It never ends.
C16 He is so great, because He never sinned in thoughts, desires, words, or deeds.
C17 He is priest in a greater Temple. The Temple written about here is the true Temple in Heaven.
C18 He details this greatest of all Covenants.
C19 He is greater than all sacrifices. His blood is sinless and holy.
C20 His sacrificial gift in the Temple of Heaven at that holy altar is more perfect and holy than any gift ever offered.
C21 All sacrifices on earth need to be offered daily. His sacrificial offering is greater than any of these, for it was given one time. It does not need to be offered ever again.
C22 His faith is greater than all the heroes of faith (Hebrews 11).
C23 His life is greater than any life. He overcame everything. He is greater than anyone and so He is able to help us every day.
C24 He gives strength to finish our life faithfully.
C25 He has a kingdom that cannot be shaken, overpowered, or conquered.
C26 He decrees those who believe to also be under-priests. Both sisters and brothers can offer the sacrifices of praise and giving.
C27 He promises to never abandon us.
B3 It is in this context our passage is written.
C1 Hebrews 10:14 WEL For by one sacrifice, he has perfected forever those who are being sanctified.
C2 A sacrifice
D1 Given, that is offered, only one time. It was the perfect, satisfying sacrifice. The Lord Jesus suffered for our sins, carried our sins, was punished for our sins, abandoned by His Father for our sins, and died for our sins. One offering. One sacrifice. One burial. One resurrection. All for us. Any can believe, for the Holy Spirit awakens our heart, opens our eyes, gives understanding to our minds of our sinful condition, the sentence for our sin, and the helplessness of our life and effort.
D2 One time only, for it was the greatest of all offerings, of all sacrifices. 1 Peter 3:18 NKJV For Christ also suffered once for sins, the just for the unjust, that He might bring us to God, being put to death in the flesh but made alive by the Spirit.
C3 A perfecting
D1 The Greek word is τελειόω teleióō.
E1 It means here to bring to a goal, to finish what was needed. It is complete.
E2 We lack the character that God requires for any to enter heaven.
E3 Jesus Christ’s work as High Priest and Passover Lamb has brought to every human that hope of forgiveness, fellowship, and an eternal home in heaven—if we believe His plan and place our trust into Jesus Christ.
E4 Jesus’s complete work also gives us a perfect hope in this life. His promise is sure.
D2 An acceptable sacrifice: Ephesians 5:2 NKJV And walk in love, as Christ also has loved us and given Himself for us, an offering and a sacrifice to God for a sweet-smelling aroma.
D3 A sacrifice to reconcile humans and God: Romans 5:10 WEL For if, when we were enemies, we were reconciled to God by his Son's death, much more, having been reconciled, we will be saved by his life.
D4 All sins atoned for. All sins forgiven and fellowship restored: 1 John 1:7 MKJV But if we walk in the light, as He is in the light, we have fellowship with one another, and the blood of Jesus Christ His Son cleanses us from all sin.
Note: Q: Why were we created? A: We were created for fellowship with God and to serve Him forever (John 12:26, etc.).
D5 All sins are forgiven in such a complete manner that we are considered without sin in His sight. This is because of the sacrifice of Jesus Christ. Romans 5:9 MKJV Much more then, being now justified by His blood, we shall be saved from wrath through Him.
D6 We are perfected to serve Him: Titus 2:14 GNB He gave himself for us, to rescue us from all wickedness and to make us a pure people who belong to him alone and are eager to do good.
D7 This perfecting is a one time event. It was after the fact of sins for the believers living before Messiah came, and before the fact of our sins who live after He came. It is forever!
C3 A work in our lives who are being sanctified
D1 We have been sanctified. This is justification. This is a one time full and complete sanctification whereby we are considered sinless because of His sacrifice. We have been saved.
D2 We are being sanctified. This is progressive sanctification. Our life here, however, is a period of learning, testing, learning, and testing. God teaches, we learn. God tests, we learn. This is what is termed progressive sanctification. So, this passage states, “...those, who are being sanctified.” We are learn to live and think in God’s ways. We are being saved.
D3 We will be sanctified. This is also another one time full and complete sanctification for us at death. We will never sin again. Romans 6:7 NRSV For whoever has died is freed from sin. We will be saved.
D4 For further reading: The Necessity of Sanctification

21 April 2019

He Is Risen!

Romans 1:1-7 WEL Paul, Jesus Christ's servant, called upon to be an apostle, separated for God's Gospel. 2 [The Gospel] that he had promised through his prophets in the Holy Scriptures 3 Concerning his Son, Jesus Christ our Lord, who came from the offspring of David, according to the flesh, 4 [And] pointed out to be the Son of God in power according to the spirit of holiness by [his] resurrection from the dead. 5 We have received grace and apostleship through him [to bring] into obedience to the faith those among all nations for his name. 6 You also are among those called by Jesus Christ. 7 Grace and peace from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ to all of you who are in Rome, beloved by God, [and] called to be saints.

1 Corinthians 15:1-8 WEL Moreover, brothers, I making the Gospel known to you which I preached to you, which you also received and in which you stand, 2 Also you are saved by this, if you firmly hold on to what I preached to you, unless you believed in vain. 3 For the first thing I passed on to you was what I also received, how that Christ died for our sins, according to the Scriptures, 4 And that he was buried, then rose again the third day according to the Scriptures, 5 And that he was seen by Cephas then the twelve. 6 After that, he was seen by more than five hundred brothers at one time, of whom the greater part remain to this present hour, but some have fallen asleep, 7 After that he was seen by James then by all the apostles. 8 Last of all, he was seen by me also, as of one born at the wrong time.

And indeed, all of 1 Corinthians 15 is important.

The Gospel of Jesus is meaningless, unless Jesus really resurrected from the dead.

The Gospel is centered on Jesus Christ.
B1 The Gospel was promised.
C1 The Gospel is the Good News.
C2 The Gospel has been, is, and always will be the same.
C3 The Gospel was preached to Adam and Eve and as well as the last book of the Bible by the angel (Revelation 14:6 (PickNT) And I saw another angel flying in mid-heaven, having an everlasting gospel to be proclaimed to those who reside on the earth—to every ethnic nation and tribe and language and people—
C4 It is to believe God. This is found in Romans 4:3 WEL What does the Scripture say? "Abraham believed God, and it was credited as righteousness to him." It is a quoted from Genesis 15:6 and repeated in Galatians 3:6 and James 2:23.
C5 We have to believe God that we are lawbreakers, sinful, worthy of death and hell, and are not good in God’s opinion. We have to believe that Jesus is Messiah and call on His name.
D1 John 3:16-19 NKJV For God so loved the world that He gave His only begotten Son, that whoever believes in Him should not perish but have everlasting life. 17 For God did not send His Son into the world to condemn the world, but that the world through Him might be saved. 18 "He who believes in Him is not condemned; but he who does not believe is condemned already, because he has not believed in the name of the only begotten Son of God. 19 And this is the condemnation, that the light has come into the world, and men loved darkness rather than light, because their deeds were evil.
D2 Romans 10:13 NRSV For, "Everyone who calls on the name of the Lord shall be saved."
D3 1 Corinthians 15:1-4 WEL Moreover, brothers, I making the Gospel known to you which I preached to you, which you also received and in which you stand, 2 Also you are saved by this, if you firmly hold on to what I preached to you, unless you believed in vain. 3 For the first thing I passed on to you was what I also received, how that Christ died for our sins, according to the Scriptures, 4 And that he was buried, then rose again the third day according to the Scriptures,
D4 Luke 18:13-14 NRSV But the tax collector, standing far off, would not even look up to heaven, but was beating his breast and saying, 'God, be merciful to me, a sinner!' 14 I tell you, this man went down to his home justified rather than the other; for all who exalt themselves will be humbled, but all who humble themselves will be exalted.
B2 The prophets relayed this Gospel message to the people of the day plus the promise to us.
B3 This Gospel message is in the Scriptures. The Scriptures Paul referring to is what we call the Old Testament.
B4 Messiah would have to be King David’s descendants.
B5 Messiah would be a man.
B6 Messiah would also be God.
B7 Messiah is the Son of David and the Son of God (Psalms 2:7 NRSV I will tell of the decree of the LORD: He said to me, "You are my son; today I have begotten you). Most interpret this as referring to EITHER the incarnation or the resurrection. I believe both are referred to.
C1 Incarnation: Luke 1:32-35 NRSV He will be great, and will be called the Son of the Most High, and the Lord God will give to him the throne of his ancestor David. 33 He will reign over the house of Jacob forever, and of his kingdom there will be no end." 34 Mary said to the angel, "How can this be, since I am a virgin?" 35 The angel said to her, "The Holy Spirit will come upon you, and the power of the Most High will overshadow you; therefore the child to be born will be holy; he will be called Son of God.
C2 Resurrection: Acts 13:32-33 NRSV And we bring you the good news that what God promised to our ancestors 33 he has fulfilled for us, their children, by raising Jesus; as also it is written in the second psalm, 'You are my Son; today I have begotten you.'
B8 According to the Spirit of Holiness, Jesus never sinned. He had no need for punishment.
B9 The resurrection is an important witness that He is God and never sinned.

1 Corinthians 15:1-8 WEL Moreover, brothers, I making the Gospel known to you which I preached to you, which you also received and in which you stand, 2 Also you are saved by this, if you firmly hold on to what I preached to you, unless you believed in vain. 3 For the first thing I passed on to you was what I also received, how that Christ died for our sins, according to the Scriptures, 4 And that he was buried, then rose again the third day according to the Scriptures, 5 And that he was seen by Cephas then the twelve. 6 After that, he was seen by more than five hundred brothers at one time, of whom the greater part remain to this present hour, but some have fallen asleep, 7 After that he was seen by James then by all the apostles. 8 Last of all, he was seen by me also, as of one born at the wrong time.

The Gospel’s truths are centered on the resurrection of Jesus Christ.
B1 This Gospel is the only gospel to save us.
B2 We have to be steadfast in the faith. God gives grace to help us.
B3 Christ did not die for His sins; He died for our sins.
B4 Just as the Scriptures say.
B5 He was buried.
B6 He did rise from the dead.
B7 If there is no resurrection of Jesus, then He is a liar, a sinner, and not God’s son.
B9 But He did rise as seen by many witnesses. First were the women. Second was the men. Later individuals and groups. A total of well over 500 people saw Him after His death, burial, and resurrection.
B10 Those who saw Him would be required to have seen Him before death, too. If not, how would they know it was Him? It is most reasonable to understand 1 Corinthians to have been written in the first century C.E.
B11 For more information about the resurrection of Jesus Christ see Dr. Gary Habermas’ site. There are some free books, papers, and videos if you search.

What is most glorious of our faith?
B1 Jesus rose from death. This is not resuscitation but resurrection.
B2 We honor our Savior for His suffering for our sins, shed His blood for our sins, died for our sins, and rose for our justification.
B3 We now want to live for Him, glorifying Him, and obeying Him in following the ~1,000 rules in the New Testament. This is walking in the Spirit. If the fruit of the Spirit is not seen, then we are fakes.
B4 Here are a few quotes:
C1 The risen life of Jesus is the nourishment and strengthening and blessing and life of a Christian—Alexander MacLaren
C2 Philosophically, there is no system on earth suited to destroy man’s sinful disposition and to change his heart, but Christianity; and, historically, nothing else has ever done it—D. Thomas, D.D.
C3 In that gospel these Corinthians were now “standing.” Their ancient superstitions had passed away, and they “stood” upon the rock—“Jesus Christ,” and the hope of a resurrection. That reception of his apostolic message was not only the pledge of blessedness in the great hereafter, it indicated their present security. Now they were safe. The strong swimmer, battling with the waves of a stormy sea, may be living, and not without hope; but not until his feet touch the beach may he whisper to himself, “Now I am safe!” So these Corinthians had been “saved,” but their Christian work was not then over. The saved Christian is not to stand still and think of doing nothing more. “Keep in memory” might rather be translated “firmly maintain.” Without this they had “believed in vain—J. Cochrane, A.M.
B5 Rejoice! He is risen.

18 April 2019

New Christian Handbook Part 9

I'll be posting a part each day, then when done will post a link to a downloadable pdf that is CC BY NC ND

The New Christian’s Handbook Part 9

Pray at the start
Read the material
Answer the questions
Pray again

Basic Christian Life


B1 What is prayer?
C1 Talking to God, our God, in Jesus’s name.
C2 Examples
D1 By evil spirits: Matthew 8:30-32 NKJV Now a good way off from them there was a herd of many swine feeding. 31 So the demons begged Him, saying, "If You cast us out, permit us to go away into the herd of swine." 32 And He said to them, "Go." So when they had come out, they went into the herd of swine. And suddenly the whole herd of swine ran violently down the steep place into the sea, and perished in the water. [Edited by me]
E1 The evil spirits: demons begged Him, saying
E2 Their prayer: "If You cast us out, permit us to go away into the herd of swine."
E3 The Lord Jesus gave them their request, but they were destroyed along with the pigs. God gives no blessing to evil.
D2 By both evil and good people: Luke 18:9-14 NKJV Also He spoke this parable to some who trusted in themselves that they were righteous, and despised others: 10 "Two men went up to the temple to pray, one a Pharisee and the other a tax collector. 11 The Pharisee stood and prayed thus with himself, 'God, I thank You that I am not like other men—extortioners, unjust, adulterers, or even as this tax collector. 12 I fast twice a week; I give tithes of all that I possess.' 13 And the tax collector, standing afar off, would not so much as raise his eyes to heaven, but beat his breast, saying, 'God, be merciful to me a sinner!' 14 I tell you, this man went down to his house justified rather than the other; for everyone who exalts himself will be humbled, and he who humbles himself will be exalted." [Edited by me]
E1 The “holy” man, the Pharisee, talked to God, but he was rejected and not justified by God.
E2 The truthful man, the tax collector, talked to God, but he was accepted and justified.
D3 By good people:
E1 Formal prayer by King Solomon: see 1 Kings 8:12-53.
E2 Informal prayer by Peter: Matthew 14:30 NIV But when he saw the wind, he was afraid and, beginning to sink, cried out, "Lord, save me!"
B2 Principles
C1 Prayer is talking with God.
C2 God cannot be manipulated with special language, ritual, following some author’s plan, flattery, talking for a long time, etc.
C3 God will not answer us at all if we
D1 Treat our wife badly (1 Peter 3:7)
D2 Refuse to forgive someone (that is, not to seek revenge. If they have commited a crime, they must, MUST, be reported, for there is no such thing as forgive and forget. Forgive and forget is used by abusers to silence people) Matthew 18:35, Colossians 3:13, etc.
D3 To satisfy our evil lusts (James 4:3)
D4 If we are evil (Proverbs 15:29)
D5 If we have unconfessed sin (Isaiah 59:2, John 9:31, Psalm 66:18)
D6 Hate the Bible and refuse to obey anything in it (Israel has the ~613 laws of the Old Testament, while Christians have over 1,000 rules in the New Testament, for example, 1 Thessalonians 5:14-22 NLT Brothers and sisters, we urge you to warn those who are lazy. Encourage those who are timid. Take tender care of those who are weak. Be patient with everyone. See that no one pays back evil for evil, but always try to do good to each other and to all people. Always be joyful. Never stop praying. Be thankful in all circumstances, for this is God's will for you who belong to Christ Jesus. Do not stifle the Holy Spirit. Do not scoff at prophecies, but test everything that is said. Hold on to what is good. Stay away from every kind of evil. [Emphasis is mine. In the passage, in there are 14 rules]
D7 If we doubt His existence or His ability to answer (James 1:6-7).
C4 He will answer our prayer in his time and IF it is His will (1 John 5:14). Some prayers He will answer for sure as:
D1 Asking for forgiveness of sins (1 John 1:9)
D2 If we ask for wisdom (James 1:5). He does not say WHEN he will answer, but that He WILL answer.
D3 For salvation (Romans 10:13)
B3 Questions
C1 What is prayer?
C2 Do we have to follow a formula?
C3 Does God always answer prayer? (This is a trick question).
C4 Name some reasons God does not answer prayer?
C5 If prayer becomes boring, what should we do?
C6 Is praying with others important?
B4 For further study on prayer see here. Here is a general list of prayer verses.
B5 Answer to Does God always answer prayer? Yes, the answer is yes, no, wait, or a different way and time than we expect.


B1 Question: Why did God create us? Answer: To have fellowship with God and serve Him forever. (Fellowship: 1 John 1:3, Hebrews 10:25, 1 Corinthians 1:9, also see here and here. Serve Him: Colossians 3:23-24, John 12:26, 1 Thessalonians 1:9, also see here).
B2 Are some types of fellowship wrong? Consider
C1 1 Corinthians 10:20 NKJV Rather, that the things which the Gentiles sacrifice they sacrifice to demons and not to God, and I do not want you to have fellowship with demons.
C2 2 Corinthians 6:14 NKJV Do not be unequally yoked together with unbelievers. For what fellowship has righteousness with lawlessness? And what communion has light with darkness?
C3 Ephesians 5:11 NKJV And have no fellowship with the unfruitful works of darkness, but rather expose them.
B3 Some things about fellowship (Manser Theme #7025) Study the passages in one of the following topics and share something you have learned. 7025 — church, unity and fellowship of
C1 The church is one in essence, because it is founded on one gospel, united to one Lord and indwelt by one Spirit. Its unity is under constant threat because of the tendency to division that is inherent in fallen humanity, and needs to be continually maintained and actively expressed in fellowship.
C2 The unity of the church
D1 The church is one Romans 12:5 See also 1 Corinthians 12:12, 1 Corinthians 12:20; Ephesians 4:25
D2 The church transcends all barriers Colossians 3:11 See also John 10:16; Acts 10:28-29, Acts 10:47; Acts 15:8-9; Galatians 3:28; Ephesians 2:14-16; 3:6 The great divide threatening the first Christians was between Jew and Gentile, but the church was able to unite the two into one body in Christ.
D3 The church’s unity reflects the unity within the Trinity Ephesians 4:4-6 The unity of the church is built around the persons of the Trinity: one Spirit, one Lord, one Father. See also John 17:11; Romans 3:29-30; Romans 10:12-13; Galatians 3:27-28
D4 The church’s unity is the work of the Trinity Ephesians 2:16-18 See also John 11:52; Acts 10:45-47; 1 Corinthians 12:13; Ephesians 2:22; Ephesians 4:3
D5 The purpose of the church’s unity
E1 To lead others to faith John 17:23 See also John 17:21
E2 To lead believers to maturity Ephesians 4:13
D6 The nature of the church’s unity Philippians 2:1-2 Emphasis is placed on an inner unity of mind and spirit rather than external uniformity. See also 2 Corinthians 13:11; Philippians 1:27; Colossians 2:2
D7 Appeals for unity in the church Ephesians 4:3 See also Romans 12:10; Romans 15:5, Romans 15:7; 1 Corinthians 12:25; Colossians 3:14; 1 Peter 3:8
D8 The church’s unity is expressed in fellowship
E1 Fellowship with God 1 Corinthians 1:9 See also 2 Corinthians 13:14; Philippians 2:1; 2 Peter 1:4; 1 John 1:3,
E2 Fellowship expressed by meeting together Acts 2:46 See also Acts 2:1, Acts 2:42; Acts 5:12; Acts 6:2; 1 Corinthians 14:26; Hebrews 10:25
E3 Fellowship expressed through sharing resources Acts 2:44-45 See also Acts 4:32, Acts 4:34-37; Acts 11:27-30; Romans 15:26; 1 Corinthians 16:1-2; 2 Corinthians 8:2-5, 2 Corinthians 13-14; 2 Corinthians 9:13; Philippians 4:14-18
E4 Fellowship through suffering Revelation 1:9 See also Romans 8:17; 2 Corinthians 1:7; Philippians 3:10; Philippians 4:14; Hebrews 10:33-34; Hebrews 13:3
E5 Fellowship through shared spiritual blessings 1 Corinthians 9:23 See also Romans 11:17; Philippians 1:7; 2 Thessalonians 2:14; 1 Peter 5:1; Jude 1:3
D9 Specific actions which express fellowship and unity in the church
E1 Sharing in the Lord’s Supper 1 Corinthians 10:16-17 See also Acts 2:46; Acts 20:7; 1 Corinthians 11:33
E2 Baptism as an expression of unity Ephesians 4:4-6 See also 1 Corinthians 12:13
E3 Extending hospitality Acts 28:7; Romans 12:13; Romans 16:23; 1 Timothy 5:10; Titus 1:8; 1 Peter 4:9; 3 John 8
E4 Greeting one another Acts 18:27; Romans 16:3-16; 1 Corinthians 16:19-20; Colossians 4:10; Philemon 1:17
E5 Welcoming former opponents Acts 9:26-27; Galatians 2:9; 2 Corinthians 2:5-8
C3 Divisions in the church
D1 Causes of division in the NT church
D2 Personal ambition: Mark 9:34; Mark 10:35-41 pp Matthew 20:20-24
D3 Ethnic tension: Acts 6:1
D4 Differences of opinion: Acts 15:37-40; Philippians 4:2
D5 Troublesome heretical leaders: Romans 16:17; Jude 19
D6 Partisan spirit: 1 Corinthians 1:11-12; 1 Corinthians 3:3-4 1 Corinthians 6:1-6 litigation and disputes
D7 Greed: 1 Corinthians 11:18, 1 Corinthians 11:20-21; James 4:1-3
C4 Warnings against divisions in the church 1 Corinthians 1:10 See also Romans 12:16; Romans 16:17; 2 Corinthians 12:20; Ephesians 4:31; James 4:11
D1 Acceptable differences in the church
E1 In secondary matters of conscience, Christians are to respect rather than judge each other. These things need not impair the essential unity that is in Christ: Romans 14:1-3, 5-6; 1 Corinthians 8:9-13
E2 In varieties of spiritual gifts: 1 Corinthians 12:4-6, 1 Corinthians 12:14-25; Galatians 2:7
D2 Necessary divisions in the church
E1 Between the true gospel and heretical alternatives: 2 Corinthians 11:2-6, 2 Corinthians 11:13-15; Galatians 1:6-9; Colossians 2:8, Colossians 2:16-19; 1 Timothy 4:1-6; 1 John 2:18-19; 2 John 9-11; Jude 1:18-20
E2 Between those truly committed to Jesus Christ, and those apparently part of the church but living sinful lives: 1 Corinthians 5:9-10; 2 Thessalonians 3:6; 1 Timothy 6:3-5; 2 Timothy 3:2-9; 2 Peter 1:20-21; 2 Peter 2:1-3; Revelation 2:20, 24; Revelation 3:1, 4
E3 Over essential gospel principles: Acts 15:2, Acts 15:5-6, Acts 15:19; Galatians 2:11

1 Peter 2:9-10 NKJV But you are a chosen generation, a royal priesthood, a holy nation, His own special people, that you may proclaim the praises of Him who called you out of darkness into His marvelous light; 10 who once were not a people but are now the people of God, who had not obtained mercy but now have obtained mercy.

Adam Clarke writes concerning this passage:
...they had these privileges that they might show forth the praises of Him who had thus called them; αρετας, the virtues, those perfections of the wisdom, justice, truth, and goodness of God, that shone most illustriously in the Christian dispensation. These they were to exhibit in a holy and useful life, being transformed into the image of God, and walking as Christ himself walked.